Winona County, Minnesota Genealogy

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Guide to Winona County, Minnesota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Winona
Organized: Feburary 23, 1854[1]
Parent County(s): Fillmore, Wabasha[2]
Neighboring Counties
Buffalo (WI)  • Fillmore  • Houston  • La Crosse (WI)  • Olmsted  • Trempealeau (WI)  • Wabasha
See County Maps
Minnesota, Winona County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Minnesota Winona County Map.svg.png
Maiden Rock

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for a Dakota legend regarding a woman, referred to as Winona, who was betrothed to marry a warrior whom she did not love. Rather than marry him, she is said to have leapt to her death from a rock now called "Maiden's Rock" on Lake Pepin. This legend is colloquially referred to as the Winona legend. The County is located in the southeast area of the state. [3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Winona County Courthouse
171 W 3rd Street
Winona, MN 55987
Phone: 507-615-5183
Winona County Website

Clerk District Court has birth and death records from 1870 probate records from 1871 and school records 1909-1939. [4]

Winona County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1870 1854 1870 1854 1853 1871 1836
*Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Portrait and biographical record of Winona County, Minnesota; containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county. Lake City Publishers, Chicago, IL 1895. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, HathiTrust.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Winona County, Minnesota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links to Federal, State, and Territorial censuses, see Minnesota Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 9,208
1870 22,319 142.4%
1880 27,107 21.5%
1890 33,797 24.7%
1900 35,686 5.6%
1910 33,398 −6.4%
1920 33,653 0.8%
1930 35,144 4.4%
1940 37,795 7.5%
1950 39,841 5.4%
1960 40,937 2.8%
1970 44,409 8.5%
1980 46,256 4.2%
1990 47,828 3.4%
2000 49,985 4.5%
2010 51,461 3.0%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.

1781-1969 U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Church Records, 1781-1969 at Ancestry ($)

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Online Books

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Winona County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Houston CountyFillmore CountyOlmsted CountyWabasha CountyLa Crosse CountyTrempealeau CountyBuffalo CountyMN WINONA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men from Winona County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Winona County.

- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company A.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry, Companies G, I and L.
- 3rd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company K.
- 7th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Companies B and D.
- 9th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company K
- Brackett's Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, Company A.
- Hatch's Independent Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, Company B.

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Winona County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Winona County. For state-wide library facilities, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Laird Lucas Memorial Library and Archives
160 Johnson St
Winona, MN 55987

Winona Public Library
151 West 5th Street
Winona, MN 55987

Fitzgerald Library
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota
700 Terrace Heights #26
Winona MN 55987

Darrell W. Krueger Library
Winona State University
PO Box 5838
175 W Mark St
Winona, MN 55987

St. Charles Public Library
125 West 11th Street
St Charles, MN 55972

Museums[edit | edit source]

Polish Cultural Institute and Museum
102 Liberty St
Winona, MN 55987

Winona County History Museum
160 Johnson St
Winona, MN 55987

Minnesota City Historical Association
149 Mill St
Minnesota City, MN 55959

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Winona County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Minnesota Societies.

Winona County Historical Society
160 Johnson St
Winona 55987


Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 5 February 2021.
  2. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 5 February 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Winona County, Minnesota" in,_Minnesota accessed 5 March 2021
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 5 February 2021.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Winona County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Minnesota, accessed 5 March 2021.