Prairie County, Arkansas Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Guide to Prairie County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Des Arc
Organized: November 25, 1846
Parent County(s): Pulaski and Monroe[1]
Neighboring Counties
Arkansas  • Lonoke  • Monroe  • White  • Woodruff
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Grand Prairie. It is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Prairie County Courthouse
P.O. Box 278;
Des Arc, AR 72040-0278
Phone: 870.256.3741
Prairie County Website

County Clerk in Devalls, Bluff, Arkansas has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1885, naturalization records 1907-1912 and military discharge records from 1917[3]

Prairie County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1854 1914 1854 1854 1854 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1854 A fire at Brownsville on September 16, 1854 destroyed records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Barrettsville
  • Bay Plantation
  • Beulah
  • Brasfield
  • Buck's Landing
  • Childers
  • Crossroad
  • Edwards
  • Erwin
  • Fairmount
  • Four Mile Corner
  • Peppers Lake
  • Peppers Landing
  • Plunketts
  • Sand Hill
  • Screeton
  • Siedenstricker
  • Slovak
  • Tarnceville
  • Tollville
  • Vaby
  • Belcher
  • Bullard
  • Calhoun
  • Center
  • Des Arc

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Prairie County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [7]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Prairie, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 2,097
1860 8,854 322.2%
1870 5,604 −36.7%
1880 8,435 50.5%
1890 11,374 34.8%
1900 11,875 4.4%
1910 13,853 16.7%
1920 17,447 25.9%
1930 15,187 −13.0%
1940 15,304 0.8%
1950 13,768 −10.0%
1960 10,515 −23.6%
1970 10,249 −2.5%
1980 10,140 −1.1%
1990 9,518 −6.1%
2000 9,539 0.2%
2010 8,715 −8.6%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes - How to Use this Collection

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

  • Probate Records 1851-1951 Prairie County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images) - How to Use this Collection
    • Includes Administration and executor bonds and letters 1851-1866; Administration and executor dockets 1852-1895; Administration and executor settlements 1854-1867; Administration and guardian bonds and letters 1885-1951; Administration bonds 1865-1894; Administration, executor and guardian dockets 1885-1925; Executors bonds and letters 1886-1949; Guardian bonds 1866-1894; Guardian dockets 1853-1896; Letters of administration 1866-1894; Letters of guardianship 1866-1891; Letters of testamentary 1865-1933; Probate records 1854-1907; Wills 1852-1932.

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Prairie County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

White CountyWoodruff CountyLonoke CountyMonroe CountyArkansas CountyJefferson CountyAR PRAIRIE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Men in Prairie County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- Louis' Company, Arkansas Militia (Confederate),
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate)[8], Company B
- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate), Company C
- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Volunteers (Confederate), Company B
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Companies AandE
- 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company C
- 36th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company C

Online Records

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Prairie newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[9] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Prairie County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Prairie County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Prairie County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Prairie County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Prairie County, Arkansas. Page 70 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 67.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Prairie County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 26 September 2018.
  7. Marilyn Hambrick Sickel, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 15, 2016), “Prairie County.”
  8. Desmond Walls Allen, First Arkansas Confederate Mounted Rifles, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 2. FHL book 976.7 M2a
  9. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  10. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
  11. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at