Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Poweshiek County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Montezuma
Organized: April 3, 1848[1]
Parent County(s): Keokuk[2]
Neighboring Counties
Benton  • Iowa  • Jasper  • Keokuk  • Mahaska  • Marshall  • Tama
See County Maps
Courthouse
Iowa, Poweshiek County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Poweshiek Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Poweshiek County was named for Wabokieshiek, a Sauk medicine man, prophet and military leader and is located in central Iowa.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Poweshiek County Courthouse
302 East Main Street / P.O. Box 218
Montezuma, IA 50171
Phone: 641-623-5644
Poweshiek County Website

Poweshiek County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1860 1880 1880 1843 1860 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths January 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
  • Ewart
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • The history of Poweshiek County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., biographical sketches of its citizens, war record, history of the northwest. 1880, Des Moines, IA: Union Historical. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • History of Poweshiek County, Iowa : a record of settlement, organization, progress and achievement. 1911, Chicago, IL: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Online at:FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Portrait and biographical record of Johnson, Poweshiek and Iowa counties, Iowa. Containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, also biographies of the presidents of the United States. 1893, Chicago, IL: Chapman Brothers. Online at:Internet Archive
  • Poweshiek County, Iowa Biographies Project at RootsWeb — links to biographies and local histories
  • IAGenWeb Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Poweshiek County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa recorded not only federal, but state censuses for several in-between years as well. For more information, see the very informative Iowa Census article.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 615
1860 5,668 821.6%
1870 15,581 174.9%
1880 18,936 21.5%
1890 18,394 −2.9%
1900 19,414 5.5%
1910 19,589 0.9%
1920 19,910 1.6%
1930 18,727 −5.9%
1940 18,758 0.2%
1950 19,344 3.1%
1960 19,300 −0.2%
1970 18,803 −2.6%
1980 19,306 2.7%
1990 19,033 −1.4%
2000 18,815 −1.1%
2010 18,914 0.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.

Lutheran

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Records and Indexes

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Online Land and Property Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Poweshiek County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

  • The history of Poweshiek County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., biographical sketches of its citizens, war record, history of the northwest. 1880, Des Moines, IA: Union Historical. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • A historical sketch of Chester township, Poweshiek county, Iowa, read at the quarter-centennial, July [1881]. 1881, By G.H. White. Grinnell, IA: Cravath & Shaw, Steam Printers. Online at:FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Portrait and biographical record of Johnson, Poweshiek and Iowa counties, Iowa. Containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, also biographies of the presidents of the United States. 1893, Chicago, IL: Chapman Brothers. Online at:Internet Archive

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For online maps and collections in libraries and societies, see Iowa Maps. Historical maps may be especially useful.

Marshall CountyTama CountyBenton CountyJasper CountyMahaska CountyKeokuk CountyIowa CountyIA POWESHIEK.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men in Poweshiek County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 10th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company F
- 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 28th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company C and H
- 46th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company B

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Grinnell Herald Register. 1940, 1953, 1954. Grinnell, IA, USA. Online at: Ancestry.com ($)

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Online School Indexes and Records

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Poweshiek County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Poweshiek County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Drake Community Library
930 Park Street
Grinnell, IA 50112
641-236-2661
Email:library@grinnelliowa.gov
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Poweshiek County Museum
201 South Third Street
Montezuma, IA 50171
641-623-3322
Website

Grinnell Historical Museum
P.O. Box 254
Grinnell, IA 50112
641-236-7827
E-mail:grinnellhistoricalmuseum@gmail.com
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Poweshiek County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Iowa Societies.

Poweshiek County Historical and Genealogical Society
200 South Third Street
P.O. Box 280
Montezuma, IA 5017
641-623-3322
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Poweshiek, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poweshiek_County,_Iowa."
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  6. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Poweshiek County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poweshiek_County,_Iowa, accessed 23 October 2019.