Northampton County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Northampton County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Jackson
Organized: 1741
Parent County(s): Bertie[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bertie  • Brunswick (VA)  • Greensville (VA)  • Halifax  • Hertford  • Southampton (VA)  • Warren
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Northampton County is located in the northeastern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Virginia. It was named for James Compton, Earl of Northampton.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Northampton County Courthouse
102 W. Jefferson Street
PO Box 120
Jackson, NC 27845
Phone: 252-534-2511
Northampton County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage and death and land records.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce records from 1800, probate and court records from 1761.[3]

Northampton County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1917 1811 1917 1761 1741 1759 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Some records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1741 Northampton County was created from Bertie County.
  • County seat: Jackson[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Gaston
  • Jackson
  • Kirby
  • Occoneechee
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Rich Square
  • Roanoke
  • Seaboard
  • Wiccanee

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Northampton County was formed in 1741 from Bertie County and was named in honor of James Crompton Earl of Northampton, an English nobleman. Located in the northeastern section of the state, it is bounded by the State of Virginia and neighboring North Carolina counties of Halifax, Bertie and Hertford. The Roanoke River determines the southwest boarder of Northampton following its flow from the Roanoke Rapids Lake in the northwestern corner of Northampton County. The Meherrin River marks the northeastern border. The present land area is 536 square miles and the 2003 estimated population was 21,782. Jackson is the seat of Northampton County and is an extremely fertile area along the Roanoke River with cotton, corn and peanuts being its principal crops. The first courthouse was built here in 1742 and was known as Northampton Courthouse; Jackson, NC was incorporated in 1823 and named after Andrew Jackson who was born near the NC/SC line, studied law in Salisbury, NC and later became the seventh President of the United States.

During the Nat Turner slave insurrection of 1831 in the adjoining Southampton County, Virginia, NC militia were mobilized at Jackson, NC in readiness for the anticipated slave uprising that was quelled prior to the militia's intervention. The Northampton County Courthouse was built in 1859 and it is purported that Cornwallis visited a tavern that was located diagonally opposite the Courthouse. Lafayette, the first Frenchman to come to the aid of the American revolutionary cause and whom the United States Congress commissioned a major general of the Continental Army on July 31, 1777 dined in Jackson on his 1825 triumphal visit to North Carolina.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Northampton County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 9,992
1800 12,353 23.6%
1810 13,082 5.9%
1820 13,242 1.2%
1830 13,391 1.1%
1840 13,369 −0.2%
1850 13,335 −0.3%
1860 13,372 0.3%
1870 14,749 10.3%
1880 20,032 35.8%
1890 21,242 6.0%
1900 21,150 −0.4%
1910 22,323 5.5%
1920 23,184 3.9%
1930 27,161 17.2%
1940 28,299 4.2%
1950 28,432 0.5%
1960 26,811 −5.7%
1970 24,009 −10.5%
1980 22,584 −5.9%
1990 20,798 −7.9%
2000 22,086 6.2%
2010 22,099 0.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

There was a Baptist Church at Potecasi by 1778.[7]

Church of England

  • Northwest Parish. Established by 1727.[8]
  • St. George's Parish. Established by 1762. Vestry minutes begin 1773.[9]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]


Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • Twelve Northhampton County, North Carolina Families, 1650-1850: Bridgers, Daughtry, Futrell, Jenkins, Joyner, Lassiter, Martin, Odom, Parker, Stephenson, Sumner, Woodard. By Dozier, Rebecca Leach, Lou Woodard King and Penn Perry. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press, 2004. FHL Book 975.649 D2d
  • [Binford] Bruner, Mary L. Binford Family Genealogy. Greenfield, Ind.: Wm. Mitchell Printing Co., [1925]. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • [Boddie] Leary, Helen F.M. "The Two William Boddies of North Carolina," The American Genealogist, Vol. 66, No. 1 (Jan. 1991):16-29; Vol. 62, No. 2 (Apr. 1991):106-110; Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jul. 1991):148-153. Available at FHL.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Brunswick CountyGreensville CountySouthampton CountyWarren CountyHalifax CountyBertie CountyHertford CountyNC NORTHAMPTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Northampton County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Northampton County:

- Northampton County U.S. Colored Troops
- 12th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company N
- 12th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company O
- 15th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 5th Volunteers, Company A
- 1st Brigade, North Carolina Reserves, Company K
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company B
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company K
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company H
- 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery, Company A
- 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company K
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (59th North Carolina State Troops), Company K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1773-1814 Wardens of the Poor, Northampton County, North Carolina, Stephen W. Worrel, Amazon KDP, 2019, 139 pp.

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Probate records, including wills & estate records are handled by the Northampton County Clerk of the Superior Court.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Northampton County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Northampton County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Northampton County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Northampton County, North Carolina. Page 511 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Northampton County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Northampton County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina, accessed 23 February 2020.
  7. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:476. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  8. Donna Sherron, "North Carolina Parishes," accessed 12 October 2012. Digital version at Lost Souls Genealogy.
  9. Robert J. Cain, ed., The Church of England in North Carolina: Documents, 1699-1741 (Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1999), 432, 501. FHL Book 975.6 K2cr.