Monona County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Monona County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Onawa
Organized: April 3, 1854[1]
Parent County(s): Non-County Area 9[2]
Neighboring Counties
Crawford  • Harrison  • Ida  • Woodbury  • Burt (NE)  • Thurston (NE)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Iowa, Monona County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Monona Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Monona County was named for the Indian word meaning "beautiful valley" and is located in western Iowa.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]


Monona County Courthouse
610 Iowa Avenue
Onawa, IA 51040
Phone: 712-423-2491
Monona County Website

Monona County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1857 1880 1856 1858 1858 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths January 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Listed below are resources for Bible records specific to Monona County. To find more resources, go to the Iowa Bible Records page.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • History of Monona County, Iowa : containing full-page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the Governors of Iowa, and of the Presidents of the United States. 1890. Chicago, IL: National Publishing Company. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Monona County, Iowa Biographies Project at RootsWeb — links to biographies and local histories

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monona County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa recorded not only federal, but state censuses for several in-between years as well. For more information, see the very informative Iowa Census article.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 832
1870 3,654 339.2%
1880 9,055 147.8%
1890 14,515 60.3%
1900 17,980 23.9%
1910 16,633 −7.5%
1920 17,125 3.0%
1930 18,213 6.4%
1940 18,238 0.1%
1950 16,303 −10.6%
1960 13,916 −14.6%
1970 12,069 −13.3%
1980 11,692 −3.1%
1990 10,034 −14.2%
2000 10,020 −0.1%
2010 9,243 −7.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.

Lutheran

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Online Land and Property Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Monona County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

  • History of Monona County, Iowa : containing full-page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the Governors of Iowa, and of the Presidents of the United States. 1890. Chicago, IL: National Publishing Company. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Iowa Indexes at EveryNameIndex.com — Select the county.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For online maps and collections in libraries and societies, see Iowa Maps. Historical maps may be especially useful.

Thurston CountyBurt CountyWoodbury CountyIda CountyCrawford CountyHarrison CountyShelby CountyIA MONONA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Monona County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Monona County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Fisher Whiting Memorial Library
609 Courtright Street
Mapleton, IA 51034
712-881-1312
EMail: staff@mapleton.lib.ai.us
Website
Facebook

Onawa Public Library
707 Iowa Avenue
Onawa, IA 51040
712-423-1733
Email: webmaster@onawa.lib.ia.us
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Monona County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Iowa Societies.

Monona County Genealogical Society
Box 91
Smithland, IA 51056
Website

Monona County Historical Museum/Loess Hills Historical Society
101 12th Street
PO Box 382
Onawa, IA 51040-0382
712-423-3452
Facebook

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Monona, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monona_County,_Iowa."
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  6. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Monona County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monona_County,_Iowa, accessed 17 October 2019.