Marlboro County, South Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Marlboro County, South Carolina Genealogy ancestry, family history and genealogy court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

Marlboro County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Marlboro County
Location in the state of South Carolina, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1798
County Seat Bennettsville

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Duke of Marlborough. The County is located in the north central location of the state. [1]

Marlboro County, South Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1915 1788 1915 1785 1786 1787 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1915. General compliance by 1918.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Marlboro County Courthouse
105 Main Street
Bennettsville, SC 29512

Clerk of Court
105 Main Street
Bennettsville, SC 29512
Phone: 843-479-5613
Court and Land records

Probate Judge
P.O. Box 455
Bennettsville, SC 29512-0455
Phone: 843-479-5610
Probate and Marriage records.

Hours:8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

History[edit | edit source]

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722)

The county is named after John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722).[3]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1798--Marlboro County was created in 1798 from Cheraws District.
County seat:  Bennettsville [4]

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

  1. Hear it spoken[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating South Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the website.

Variant Spellings[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1890 Lost census

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Census-designated places

Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Known Marlboro County plantations, South Carolina Plantations:

  • Appin - Bennettsville
  • Broad Oaks - Clio
  • Claudius Pegues House
  • Fulton
  • Rose Hill
  • Weatherly Plat
  • Wolftrap

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
SCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
SCGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See South Carolina Cemeteries for more information.

There are more than 100 burial grounds in the county.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 10,706
1800 5,452 −49.1%
1810 4,966 −8.9%
1820 6,425 29.4%
1830 8,582 33.6%
1840 8,408 −2.0%
1850 10,789 28.3%
1860 12,434 15.2%
1870 11,814 −5.0%
1880 20,598 74.4%
1890 23,500 14.1%
1900 27,639 17.6%
1910 31,189 12.8%
1920 33,180 6.4%
1930 31,634 −4.7%
1940 33,281 5.2%
1950 31,766 −4.6%
1960 28,529 −10.2%
1970 27,151 −4.8%
1980 31,634 16.5%
1990 29,361 −7.2%
2000 28,818 −1.8%
2010 28,933 0.4%
Source: "".

1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Marlboro County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Marlboro County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files The USGenWeb Census Project®

1790 (Parent County)[edit | edit source]
  • Pigg, James C. and Chesterfield County, South Carolina Genealogical Services. 1790 Cheraw District & 1800, 1810 Chesterfield County, S.C. Federal Census. Tega Cay, S.C.: The Services & J.C. Pigg, 1997. FHL Collection 975.7 X2c. 1790 Cheraws District included present-day Marlboro County.
1820 Manufactures[edit | edit source]

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820;
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners[edit | edit source]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital version at [1] Google Books. See South Carolina, Marlborough [Marlboro] District on page 144.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church of England (Anglican, Episcopal)[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png See St. Davids Parish, South Carolina

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Marlboro County has court records from 1785 that are held in the office of the Clerk of Court. Marlboro County was a part of the Cheraws District from 1785 - 1800.

The South Carolina Archives and History Center has court records available on microfilm for Marlboro County.

The Family History Library collection includes books and microfilm regarding court records for Marlboro County.

DNA[edit | edit source]

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Marlboro County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested. 

Randy Quick ggg grandson of Eli Quick 1802-1877

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

This bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors)


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Marlboro, South Carolina at World Connect, produces more than 10,000 results.

Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders | Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

  • Thomas, J.A.W. A History of Marlboro County, with Traditions and Sketches of Numerous Families. Atlanta, Ga.: Foote & Davis, 1897. FHL 824348 Item 5; digital version at World Vital Records ($).

Message Boards


  • Adams - Pate, Julia Claire. Pate, Adams, Newton and Allied Families Principally in Richmond, Scotland and Robeson Counties in North Carolina and Marlboro County, South Carolina. Red Springs, N.C.: J.C. Pate, 1958. FHL 929.273 P271pj
  • Darby - Templeton, R.H. "Darbys of the South Carolina Pee Dee Area," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Spring 2009):63-68. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 38
  • Drake - Watson, John Drake. Descendents of Zachariah Alford Drake of Marlboro County, S.C. Newberry, S.C.: J.D. Watson, 1981. FHL 929.273 D789wj
  • Fuller - "An Unusual Migration in the Fuller Family," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Fall 1999):208-209. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 27
  • Grant- Kendall, Jerry T. The Grant Family Descendants of Duncan Grant, Marlboro County, South Carolina. Bennettsville, S.C.: J.T. Kendall, 2002. FHL 929.273 G767k
  • Harris - Harris, Malcolm Hart. "Three William Harrises in Hanover County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):3-15; Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1978):99-104; Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):187-192. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 22 (1978).
  • McCollum - McCollum, J. Kinloch. The Family of John McCollum (1792-1867) of Bennettsville (Marlboro County) South Carolina. Middleburg, Fla.: J.K. McCollum, 1999. FHL 929.273 M133mk
  • Newton - Pate, Julia Claire. Pate, Adams, Newton and Allied Families Principally in Richmond, Scotland and Robeson Counties in North Carolina and Marlboro County, South Carolina. Red Springs, N.C.: J.C. Pate, 1958. FHL 929.273 P271pj
  • Pate - Pate, Julia Claire. Pate, Adams, Newton and Allied Families Principally in Richmond, Scotland and Robeson Counties in North Carolina and Marlboro County, South Carolina. Red Springs, N.C.: J.C. Pate, 1958. FHL 929.273 P271pj
  • Stubbs - Andrea, Leonardo and Joseph Edward Hill. Abstracts of Divisions of Estates of Stubbs and Allied Families of Marlboro County, South Carolina. 1964. FHL Book 929.273 St93a

Land[edit | edit source]

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Marlboro County:

Tracing Land Currently in Marlboro County with Parent Counties and Districts [8]
Date Government Office  
1868-present Darlington County
1800-1868 Marlboro District
1785-1800 Marlboro County
1769-1785 Cheraws District
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants

* Some early records may be in North Carolina

Land and Deeds Records, USGenWeb Archives

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • McColl, D.D. Sketches of Old Marlboro. 1916. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Thomas, J. A. W. A History of Marlboro County: With Traditions and Sketches of Numerous Families. Atlanta, Ga.: Foote & Davies Co., Printers and Binders, 1897. Digital versions at Ancestry ($), Google Books, and Internet Archive.
  • Gregg, Alexander.  History of the Old Cheraws : Containing an Account of the Aborigines of the Pedee, the First White Settlements, their Subsequent Progress, Civil Changes, the Struggle of the Revolution, and the Growth of the Country Afterward, Extending from About A.D. 1730 to 1810 with Notices of Families and Sketches of Individuals   (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Pub. Co., 1967 ), 629 pages. Book at FHL 975.7 F2g 1967
  • Kelly, Margaret McLaurin Ricaud. A Short History of Marlboro County, S.C., 1600-1979. (Baltimore, Maryland : Gateway Press, 1979), 74 pages. The first settlers on the Great Pee Dee River, in what is now Marlboro County and their descendants. Book at FHL 975.764 H2s and Other Libraries.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Anson CountyRichmond CountyScotland CountyDillon CountyFlorence CountyDarlington CountyChesterfield CountySC MARLBORO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Marlboro County for European settlers included:[9]

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
War of 1812[edit | edit source]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Marlborough [sic] County, p. 187. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Regiments. Civil War service men from Marlboro County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Marlboro County or from many of its men:

- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's), Company H (also known as Pee Dee Guards)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Artillery, Company D
- 4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Rutledge's), Company A and Company E
- 4th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops, Company H
- 6th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (1st Partisan Rangers), Company B
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry , Company F
- 7th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Ward's), Company C Roster
- 8th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Company G and Company K
-9th Battalion, South Carolina infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion), Company C
- 16th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry, Company B
-20th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Reorganized Company I, Reorganized Company L, Reorganized Company M, and Reorganized Company N
-21st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Company F
-23rd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hatch's Coast Rangers), Company G
- 24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Company B

Other Resources

  • Kendall, Jerry T. Confederate Burials, Marlboro County, South Carolina. (Bennettsville, South Carolina : J.T. Kendall, c2001), 124 pages. Purpose is to make a record of the places where Confederate Veterans are buried in Marlboro County, South Carolina so their grave sites can be marked and preserved. Book at FHL 975.764 M2k and Other Libraries.

Newspapers[edit | edit source]


The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Marlboro County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

University of South Carolina Library Catalog


Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[10] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. Archival records include estate papers from 1790-1893 from the court of ordinary and probate court records, along with other corollary papers. Statewide Will Transcriptions, 1782 to 1855, database is available online with a searchable index by name. Images are available.

Early will records of Marlboro County may be found in Cheraws and Chesterfield District. See James C. Pigg's compilation of Cheraw[s]/Chesterfield District wills, 1750-1865 & Abstracts from the Court of Common Pleas, 1823-1869 for some early Marlboro County probate records, formerly recorded in Cheraws District. FHL Book 975.763 P2pj

Estate records of Marlboro County are found in the county court of ordinary, probate court, civil court, and court of equity. Many of these records are also available on microfilm, including the following:

  • Estate papers, ca. 1790-1904; index to estate papers, ca. 1790-1973. Probate court, Marlboro County. FHL Film 1027336
  • Estate record books, 1787-1840, Court of Ordinary, Marlboro District. FHL Film 1027491

Note: Marlboro County frequently assigned the same apartment and package number to more than one estate files. Whenever estate files with duplicate file numbers were found they were filmed consecutively.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Marlboro County.

Original sources

The 1868 tax execution book is kept at the county courthouse. Copies: FHL Films 1027335 and SC Dept. Archives and History.

Published abstracts

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth[edit | edit source]

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Marlboro County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Marlboro County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records

  • Some Marriage Records Online by Marlboro County, South Carolina USGenWeb - index, incomplete
  • Marriage Lists, North Carolina by Leonardo Andrea [11]FHL Collection - index; includes Marlboro County, South Carolina
  • 1724-1953 - Marlboro County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, 1724-1953 [12]FHL Collection - index and records
  • 1791-1825 - Marlboro County Marriage Index 1791-1825. Batch M736288 at FamilySearch - free.[13]
  • 1791-1825 - Marriage Bonds and Licenses from abt. 1791-1825 [14]FHL Collection
  • 1885-1906 - Early Marlboro County, South Carolina Newspapers by Gloria Calhoun [15]FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • 1911-1950 - Marlboro County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, ca. July 1911-Dec. 1950 [16]FHL Collection - records
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death[edit | edit source]

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Marlboro County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage [edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Marlboro County, South Carolina

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Marlboro County, South Carolina" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_South_Carolina." accessed 27/06/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marlboro County, South Carolina. Page 611-615 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 607-608.
  3. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883), 187. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Marlboro County, South Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_South_Carolina, accessed 27 December 2019.
  8. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  10. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  11. Andrea, Leonardo, Marriage Lists, North Carolina, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974.
  12. Marlboro County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, 1724-1953, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2002.
  13. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  14. South Carolina. County Court (Marlboro County), Marriage Bonds and Licenses from abt. 1791-1825, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1963.
  15. Calhoun, Gloria, Early Marlboro County, South Carolina Newspapers, [Pee Dee, SC]: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Pee Dee Chapter, [1988/1989].
  16. South Carolina. Probate Court (Marlboro County), Marlboro County, South Carolina marriage licenses, ca. July 1911-Dec. 1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001-2002.
  17. Calhoun, Gloria, Early Marlboro County, South Carolina Newspapers, [Pee Dee, SC]: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Pee Dee Chapter, [1988/1989].