Marion County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Marion County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Knoxville
Organized: August 4, 1845[1]
Parent County(s): Non-County Area 3[2]
Neighboring Counties
Jasper  • Lucas  • Mahaska  • Monroe  • Polk  • Warren
See County Maps
Courthouse
Iowa, Marion County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Marion Map.png
Adoption
Francis Marion

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Marion county was named for Francis Marion and is located in southeastern Iowa.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Marion County Courthouse
214 E Main St
Knoxville, IA 50138
Phone: 641-828-2207
Marion County Website

Marion County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1846 1880 1854 1846 1845 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths January 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Townships
  • Clay
  • Dallas
  • Franklin
  • Indiana
  • Knoxville
  • Lake Prairie
  • Liberty
  • Pleasant Grove
  • Red Rock
  • Summit
  • Union
  • Washington


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • The history of Marion County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc. ; biographical sketches of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the northwest, history of Iowa, map of Marion County, constitution of Iowa, miscellaneous matters, etc. 1881. Des Moines, IA: Union Historical Company; Birdsall, Williams & Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Pioneers of Marion county, consisting of a general history of the county from its early settlement to the present date. Also, the geography and history of each township, including brief biographical sketches of some of the more prominent early settlers in each, together with numerous incidents illustrative of pioneer life more than twenty-five years ago.1872. By William M. Donnel. Des Moines, IA: Republican Steam Printing House. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Marion County, Iowa Biographies Project at RootsWeb — links to biographies and local histories

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Marion County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa recorded not only federal, but state censuses for several in-between years as well. For more information, see the very informative Iowa Census article.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 5,482
1860 16,813 206.7%
1870 24,436 45.3%
1880 25,111 2.8%
1890 23,058 −8.2%
1900 24,159 4.8%
1910 22,995 −4.8%
1920 24,957 8.5%
1930 25,727 3.1%
1940 27,019 5.0%
1950 25,930 −4.0%
1960 25,886 −0.2%
1970 26,352 1.8%
1980 29,669 12.6%
1990 30,001 1.1%
2000 32,052 6.8%
2010 33,309 3.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.

Lutheran

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Online Land and Property Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Marion County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

  • The history of Marion County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc. ; biographical sketches of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the northwest, history of Iowa, map of Marion County, constitution of Iowa, miscellaneous matters, etc. 1881. Des Moines, IA: Union Historical Company; Birdsall, Williams & Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Pioneers of Marion county, consisting of a general history of the county from its early settlement to the present date. Also, the geography and history of each township, including brief biographical sketches of some of the more prominent early settlers in each, together with numerous incidents illustrative of pioneer life more than twenty-five years ago.1872. By William M. Donnel. Des Moines, IA: Republican Steam Printing House. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Down on the Ridge : reminiscences of the old days in Coalport and down on the Ridge, Marion County, Iowa. 1909. by Alfred B. McCown. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • History of Marion County, Iowa and its people. 1915. By John W. Wright. Chicago, IL: S. J. Clarke Pub. Co. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library Vol 1, Internet Archive, FamilySearch Digital Library Vol 2, Ancestry.com ($)
  • Iowa Indexes at EveryNameIndex.com — Select the county.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For online maps and collections in libraries and societies, see Iowa Maps. Historical maps may be especially useful.

Polk CountyJasper CountyPoweshiek CountyWarren CountyMahaska CountyLucas CountyMonroe CountyIA MARION.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men in Marion County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 3rd Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company B
- 8th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
- 15th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company G and K
- 17th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company G and H
- 18th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company G
- 47th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company A

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Marion County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Marion County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

The Knoxville Public Library
213 East Montgomery
Knoxville, IA 50138
641-828-0585
E-mail: knoxlib@knoxville.lib.ia.us
Website

Pella Public Library
603 Main Street
Pella, IA 50219
641-628-4268
E-mail: pplcirc@cityofpella.com
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Marion County Historical Village
Marion County Park
306 Willets Drive
Knoxville, IA 50138
641-891-4124
E-mail: dcarlson@mchsi.com
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Marion County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Iowa Societies.

Marion County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 385
Knoxville, IA 50138-0385
Website

Marion County Historical Society
PO Box 21
Knoxville, IA 50138
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Marion, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marion_County,_Iowa."
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Marion County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marion_County%2C_Iowa#Communities, accessed 16 October 2019.