Iowa County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Iowa County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Marengo
Organized: July 1, 1845[1]
Parent County(s): Keokuk[2]
Neighboring Counties
Benton  • Johnson  • Keokuk  • Linn  • Poweshiek  • Tama  • Washington
See County Maps
Courthouse
Iowa, Iowa County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Iowa Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Iowa County was named for the Iowa River and it is located in southeastern Iowa.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Iowa County Courthouse
901 Court Ave
Marengo, IA 52301
Phone: 319-642-3914
Iowa County Website

Iowa County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1851 1880 1851 1847 1848 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths January 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
  • Genoa Bluff
  • Koszta
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Iowa County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa recorded not only federal, but state censuses for several in-between years as well. For more information, see the very informative Iowa Census article.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 822
1860 8,029 876.8%
1870 16,644 107.3%
1880 19,221 15.5%
1890 18,270 −4.9%
1900 19,544 7.0%
1910 18,409 −5.8%
1920 18,600 1.0%
1930 17,332 −6.8%
1940 17,016 −1.8%
1950 15,835 −6.9%
1960 16,396 3.5%
1970 15,419 −6.0%
1980 15,429 0.1%
1990 14,630 −5.2%
2000 15,671 7.1%
2010 16,355 4.4%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Online Land and Property Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Iowa County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

  • History of Iowa County, Iowa, and its people. 1915. By James C. Dinwiddie. Chicago, IL: The J.S. Clarke Publishing Company. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library Vol 1, FamilySearch Digital Library Vol 2, Ancestry ($)
  • Amana today : a history of the Amana Colonies from 1932 to the present. 1975. By Lawrence L. Rettig. South Amana, Iowa. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Pioneer recollections : stories and pictures depicting the early history and development of Iowa County selected from the family albums and libraries of the descendants of the pioneers of the county, also stories as written or dictated by these residents, from records in their possession or tales related to them by their parents. 1941. By Harley Ransom. Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Historical Publishing Company. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Plat book of Iowa County, Iowa. 1886. By Geo G Warner & C.M. Foote. Minneapolis, MN: Warner & Foote. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • The History of Iowa County, Iowa : containing a history of the county, its cities, town &c., biographical sketches of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion.... 1881. Des Moines, IA., Union Historical Company Birdsall, Williams, and Company. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Iowa Indexes at EveryNameIndex.com — Select the county.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For online maps and collections in libraries and societies, see Iowa Maps. Historical maps may be especially useful.

Tama CountyBenton CountyLinn CountyPoweshiek CountyJohnson CountyKeokuk CountyWashington CountyIA IOWA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men in Iowa County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 6th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry, Company E
- 7th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company G
- 8th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company G
- 11th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company B
- 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 18th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company D
- 24th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
- 28th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company B, G, I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Iowa County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Iowa County. For state-wide library facilities, see Iowa Archives and Libraries.

Marengo Public Library
235 East Hilton Street
Marengo, IA 52301
319-741-3825
E-mail: director@marengo.lib.ia.us
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Amana Heritage Society Museums
705 44th Avenue
Amana, IA 52203
319-622-3567
E-mail: amanaheritage@southslope.net
Website

Pioneer Heritage Museum
PO Box 288
675 East South Street
Marengo, IA 52301
319-642-7018
E-mail: marilynr@netins.net
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Iowa County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Iowa Societies.

Iowa County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 207
121 Main St
North English, IA 52316
319-664-3194
E-mail: iacogen@netins.net
Website

Williamsburg Historical Society
PO Box 1091
516 Elm Street
Williamsburg, IA 52361
319-668-1822 or 319-668-1651
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Iowa County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa_County,_Iowa."
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  6. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Iowa County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa_County,_Iowa#Communities, accessed 28 September 2019.