Gibson County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Guide to Gibson County, Tennessee ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Trenton
Organized: October 21, 1823
Parent County(s): Chickasaws land from Jackson Purchase [1]
Neighboring Counties
Carroll  • Crockett  • Dyer  • Madison  • Obion  • Weakley
See County Maps
Location Map
Location of Gibson County, Tennessee.PNG
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for John H. Gibson, a soldier of the Natchez Expedition and the Creek War. The County is located in the northwest area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Gibson County Courthouse
PO Box 228
1 Court Square
Trenton, TN 38382
Gibson County Courthouse Phone: 731-855-7639, 731-855-7642
Chancery Court Clerk Phone: 731- 855-7639
Circuit Court Clerk Phone: 731-855-7615
Register of Deeds Phone: 731-855-7627
County Clerk Phone: 731-855-7642

County Clerk has marriage records from 1824 and probate records 1824-1981.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]

Gibson County, Tennessee Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Marriage Court Land Probate Census
1881 1824 1909 1824 1819 1824 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1914. General compliance by 1927.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1941 There was a fire at the Gibson County courthouse in 1941, but records are complete.[5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • County seat: Trenton[6]

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1823 October 21. The Tennessee General Assembly created Gibson County out of lands ceded by the Chickasaws in the Jackson Purchase.[8] It was named in honor of John H. Gibson, who served with distinction under Andrew Jackson in the Natchez Expedition and in the Creek Wars.
  • 1819 Thomas Fite built the first cabin in Gibson County, which was then part of Carroll County. Luke Biggs, Davy Crockett, and others followed. Settlement progressed rapidly, and residents soon petitioned the general assembly for the formation of a new county, citing the difficulty of getting to the courts of Carroll County.
  • 1824 Commissioners appointed by the general assembly selected a county seat site near the center of the county where Thomas Gibson, a brother of John Gibson, operated a trading post. Initially called Gibson-Port, the name was soon changed to Trenton.
  • 1824 January. County government was organized, when the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions met at Biggs's residence. Following terms of the court met in the residence of William C. Love.
  • 1825 April. The first term of court met in a temporary courthouse made of hewn logs.

For a more extensive history see Goodspeeds History of Gibson County.

Additional Information
West Tennessee county. Established 1823.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Miller, Alan N. West Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1821 to 1889. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2man. Purchase at [Includes Gibson County.]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Gibson County, Tennessee online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.


  • Daughters of the American Revolution - Clement-Scott Chapter (Humboldt, Tennessee) Rose Hill Cemetery in Humboldt, Tennessee: a listing of all marked graves, 1868-1974. 1976 - Epitaphs Google Books$

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 5,801
1840 13,689 136.0%
1850 19,548 42.8%
1860 21,777 11.4%
1870 25,666 17.9%
1880 32,685 27.3%
1890 33,859 3.6%
1900 39,408 16.4%
1910 41,630 5.6%
1920 43,388 4.2%
1930 46,528 7.2%
1940 44,835 −3.6%
1950 48,132 7.4%
1960 44,699 −7.1%
1970 47,871 7.1%
1980 49,467 3.3%
1990 46,315 −6.4%
2000 48,152 4.0%
2010 49,683 3.2%
Source: "".

1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Gibson County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Gibson County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®



1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners


  • Seventh census of the United States, 1850, Gibson County, Tennessee,population schedules Huntsville, Arkansas Century Enterprises Genealogical Services, 1970 FHL US/CAN book 976.823 X2



  • Sistler, Barbara 1880 census Gibson County, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee Byron Sistler and Associates, 2002 FHL US/CAN book 976.823 X2

1890 Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 3 1891. Gibson County is included in Vol. 3.
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.

1891 Male Voters

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

  • Hays, Tony Gibson County (Tennessee) records, 1824-1846 [S.I. Kitchen Table Press, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 976.823 P2h
  • Historical Records Survey Chancery Court minutes, 1834-1847, Gibson County, Tennessee Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1939. FHL US/CAN Film 24650
  • Historical Records Project (Tennessee) and Tennessee Circuit Court (Gibson County) Circuit Court Minutes, 1824-1832, Gibson County, Tennessee Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1939. FHL US/CAN Film 24652 item 2
  • Historical Records Survey, Gibson County, Tennessee County Court and Gibson County, Tennessee Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions County Court Minutes, 1824-1828, Gibson County, Tennessee Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1942. FHL US/CAN Film 24651 items 1-2
  • Walker, Emily B. Gibson County, Tennessee, court minutes Includes index. South Fulton, Tennessee E.B. Walker, 1987. FHL US/CAN Book 976.823 P2w

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service. The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at the TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]


  • Brown - Multiple descendants of John Brown, b. 1824 ?Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, resident of Gibson County, Tennessee in 1850, d. 1858 ?Missouri. Y-DNA 25 and 37 Marker Tests, FTDNA (Kits 64730, 64731). Genetic signatures available online (labeled Group No. 46), genealogical description available online, courtesy: Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study. Matches have been found.

Family Histories


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Gibson, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 44,000 entries.

  • Families and History of Gibson County, Tennessee to 1989. Milan, Tenn.: Lee-Davis United Daughters of the Confederacy Historical Society, 1989. FHL Book 976.823 H2L.


  • Burress - Burress, Charles G. The Family of William Burress (ca. 1799-1850?) of Tennessee. Phoenix, Ariz.?: unknown, 1971. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 962162; Ancestry ($); and Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • Jennings - Jennings, Virginia L. and Robert B. Jennings. William Crunk Jennings and Allied Families. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: V.L. Jennings, 1983. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 J449j.
  • King - Hill, Ailene King and Lowrance, Juantia King Alvin King His Ancestors and Descendants 1630-1996 [1996] Available at the Family History Library FamilySearch Digital Library; FHL book 929.273 K58ha
  • Luckey - Luckey, Ann Colvin and Elizabeth Luckey Bennett. The Luckey Family of Tennessee: A Genealogical History of the John Henry Luckey, William Franklin Luckey and Samuel Joseph Luckey of Gibson/Madison Counties, Tennessee Their Ancestors and Descendants, 1732-1987. Cullman, Ala.: Gregath, 1987. FHL HIST;Book 929.273 L964L.
  • Wade - Beadles, Zada Wade. The Wades the history of a family, dealing with the kith and kin of Zachary and Mary Hatton Wade, their descendants and related lines, male and female, in Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina and other states. Cairo, IL: Published for the author, Mrs. Jesse Asa Beadles, 1963. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 W119c; digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($).

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Gibson County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1823 and is located at the Courthouse, Trenton, Tennessee , P.O. Box 228, Trenton, TN 38382-0228; Telephone: (731) 855-7642. Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries

Online Records and Indexes

Book Abstracts and Indexes

  • Crumpton, Barbara Gibson County, Tennessee [deed books] Duncan, Oklahoma Creative Copies, c2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.823 R2c v. 1-2
  • Smith, Jonathan Kennon Thompson Genealogical abstracts from early land, chancery and other records of Gibson County, Tennessee Jackson, Tennessee J.K.T. Smith, c1998 FHL US/CAN 976.823 R28s
  • Walker, Emily B. Gibson County, Tennessee, landowners, 1877 South Fulton, Tennessee E.B. Walker, c1986 FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A1 no.99
  • Walker, Emily B. North Carolina land grants in the Western District (Tennessee), most particularly Gibson and surrounding counties: volumes A-B, 1788-1796 E.B. Walker, 1987. googlebooks $

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Weakley CountyCarroll CountyMadison CountyCrockett CountyDyer CountyObion CountyTN GIBSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War
The following Gibson County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Men in Gibson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Gibson County:

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Gibson County:

World War I

  • With the Colors written in 1920 by Mrs. Gordon Brame Hargrove. It is described by Mrs. Hargrove as an "Honor Roll containing a pictorial history of Gibson County Tennessee, USA, Specially honoring Those that Served in the Great World War, 1917-1918 - 1919."In most instances it gives the name, date of birth, parents names, enlistment date, where served and muster out date of the soldiers that fought in World War I from Gibson County Tennessee.
  • General Books The Honor Roll, Gibson County, Tennessee, U.S.A., 1917-1918-1919 General Books, LLC, 2010. - freely available at the Internet Archive and googlebooks $

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Walker, Emily Basham Gibson County, Tennessee, newspaper extracts South Fulton, Tennessee E.B. Walker, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 976.823 B3w Volumes 1-5
  • Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Gibson County click on the following cities or towns:

For deaths of Methodists in Gibson County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try the following resources:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Prisons[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Genealogical periodicals can contain unique sources and can be local, regional, or statewide. The following periodicals cover this county:

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

The County Court and Probate Court have responsibility for the probate records of Gibson County.

Online Records

Book Abstracts and Indexes

  • 1825-1861 - Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Tennessee Wills & Administrations 1779-1861. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1990. FHL US/CAN 976.8 P22s. Includes an index to this county's probate records.
  • 1824-1846 - Walker, Emily B. Gibson County, Tennessee, Bond and Will Books A,B and C, 1824-1846 South Fulton, Tenn.: E.B. Walker, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A1 no. 98

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Book Abstracts and Indexes

  • 1824-1832 - Walker, Emily B. Gibson County, Tennessee, Tax Lists, with Map. 2 vols. [1824-1832] South Fulton, Tenn.: E.B. Walker, 1988. FHL US/CAN Book 976.823 R4w ff.
  • 1830 - "Gibson County, Tennessee 1830 List of Inhabitants," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Fall 1994):99-102; Vol. 41, No. 4 (Winter 1994):169-171. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1830 Cox, Jere and Vicki Shaffer. "1830 Sheriff's List" [2 parts], available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1830 Cox, Jere and Vicki Shaffer. "1830 2nd Sheriff's List," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1833 Tucker, Rick. "1833 Gibson Co. Tax List," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1834 Tucker, Rick. "1834 Gibson Co. Tax List," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1834 Tucker, Rick. "1834 Sheriff's Tax List," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1834 Tucker, Rick. "1834 Tax Rates," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1835 Tucker, Rick. "1835 Sheriff's Tax List," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1835 Tucker, Rick. "1835 Tax List & Rates," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1836 - Hollis, Jane. "Gibson County, Tennessee Tax List-1836," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Summer 1978):65-70; Vol. 25, No. 3 (Fall 1978):124-129, 144. For FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Gibson.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

Book Abstracts and Indexes

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Online Titles

  • Hays, Tony Gibson County Death Records Kitchen Table Press, 1987 googlebooks

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Online Titles

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Gibson County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Gibson County. For state-wide library facilities, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Gibson County Memorial Library
303 High St
Trenton, TN 38382

Humboldt Public Library
115 S 16th Ave
Humboldt, TN 38343

The Anne Laurie James Genealogy Room holds newspapers as well as other genealogical materials.

Mildred G. Fields Memorial Library
1075A E Van Hook St
Milan, TN 38358

West Tennessee Heritage Study Center
Paul Meek Library
University of Tennessee at Martin
Phone: 731-881-7060

The Heritage Study Center holds a variety of genealogical resources including materials relating to the following counties in Tennessee: Benton, Carroll, Chester, Crockett, Decatur, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Houston, Humphreys, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, McNairy, Obion, Perry, Shelby, Stewart, Tipton, Wayne, Weakley and Carlisle (KY), Fulton (KY), and Hickman (KY) counties in Kentucky.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Gibson County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Tennessee Societies.

  • Gibson County Tennessee Historical Society

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Gibson, Tennessee" in,_Tennessee accessed 18 Dec 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Robert M. McBride, Tennessee County Data (Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee States Library and Archives, 1966), 23.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Gibson County, Tennessee," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 14 November 2019.
  8. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 639. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at