Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Appomattox County, Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Appomattox
Organized: May 1, 1845[1]
Parent County(s): Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Prince Edward[2]
Neighboring Counties
Amherst  • Buckingham  • Campbell  • Charlotte  • Nelson  • Prince Edward
See County Maps
Courthouse
VirginiaAppomattoxCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Location of Appomattox County, Virginia.png
Adoption
OLd Appomattox County, Virginia Courthouse Sign.JPG

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Appomattox County is located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was named after the Appamatuck people who were shown on Captain John Smith's map of 1612. The name eventually evolved into "Appomattox"[3].

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Appomattox County Courthouse
297 Court Street
Appomattox, VA 24522-0672
Phone: 434-352-5540
Appomattox County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce and probate records from 1892, court and land records[4]

Appomattox County, Virginia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1853 1892 1853 1892 1892 1892 1810
* Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1892 All county courthouse records except land tax books were destroyed by fire in 1892.[6][7]
  • Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.
  • For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

The county was named after the Appomattox River.[10]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For databases and indexes, see Virginia Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Appomattox County, Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For databases, indexes, and information online, see Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 9,193
1860 8,889 −3.3%
1870 8,950 0.7%
1880 10,080 12.6%
1890 9,589 −4.9%
1900 9,662 0.8%
1910 8,904 −7.8%
1920 9,255 3.9%
1930 8,402 −9.2%
1940 9,020 7.4%
1950 8,764 −2.8%
1960 9,148 4.4%
1970 9,784 7.0%
1980 11,971 22.4%
1990 12,298 2.7%
2000 13,705 11.4%
2010 14,973 9.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org". United States Census Bureau.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford (Virginia State Library). By H.J. Eckenrode. 1908. Richmond, Virginia : Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing. Online at: Google Books.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

For databases and immigrant groups, see Virginia Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Compiled Genealogies by Surnames

Compiled Genealogies for Multiple Families

  • Featherston, Nathaniel Ragland. Appomattox County History and Genealogy. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1998. FHL Book 975.5625 H2f.
  • Heritage Book Committee. Appomattox County, Virginia. Summersville, W. Va.: S.E. Grose and the Appomattox Heritage Committee, 2001. FHL Book 975.5625 H2a.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

For land indexes, records, and databases, see Virginia Land and Property, including Colonial and State Land Grants.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Grants and Patents
Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

  • Bannister et al. Patents 482 patents dated 1739-1828 in what is now Appomattox County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2010. Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Historic Residences

  • Clover Hill. Early History of an Old Appomattox Landmark. By Ethel Marion Smith. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul., 1949), pp. 269-273. Online at: JSTOR ($). Includes information about the Patteson family.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For map collections, online and in libraries, see Virginia Maps.

Lynchburg (Independent City)Amherst CountyCampbell CountyNelson CountyBuckingham CountyPrince Edward CountyCharlotte CountyVA APPOMATTOX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL 973 M2Lp v. 5; online at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Appomattox County, pp. 61-62.]

Civil War

The following battles were fought in Appomattox County.

April 8, 1865 - Appomattox Station [11]
April 9, 1865 - Appomattox Court House [12]
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Civil War service men in Appomattox County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Rangers)
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Grays).[13]
- 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate). Company C.[14]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Appomattox Invincibles).[15]
- 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Liberty Guards).[16]

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For online newspaper resources, see the Virginia Newspapers page.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

For probate records, indexes, and databases, see Virginia Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

For additional online collections and the value and use of Virginia's tax lists in your research, see Virginia Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Online Appomattox County, Virginia Tax Lists
Type Index Images
Free FHC Fee Free FHC Fee
Personal Property - 1845-1863 -

Bibliography

Appomattox County was created in 1845, in part, from that portion of Buckingham County that lays south of the Appomattox River. Buckingham residents living there then, and following the division of the county, became residents of Appomattox County. Crouse's book is a comprehensive transcription of all extant tithe and personal property tax lists (over 12,000 records) for Buckingham County, Virginia from its formation in 1761 through 1792. Includes 1764, 1773-4, 1782-1792. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, names of slaves over the age of 12 (until 1783), carriages, ordinary licences, horses, cattle (1783-1788) and acres of land (1764). Comments and annotations are included, as found in the original lists, describe familial relationships, marital status (widow), physical characteristics, race, occupation, nationality, religion, place of residence and more.Transcribed records are ordered as they appear in the tax lists and, in addition, are ordered alphabetically in a 160 page index section. Includes an introduction and guide to use, a table and graphs to summarize statistics, extensive bibliography, table of alternate surname spellings, list of abbreviations and appendices.

Crouse's second volume includes the monumental tax list transcription effort. Comprehensive transcription of all personal property tax lists (over 13,700 records enumerating over 47,000 tithes) for Buckingham County, Virginia from 1792-1802. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, carriages, ordinary licences and horses. 130 page index. An illustrated appendix on Riding Carriages is a very interesting added feature.

  • 1845 Appomattox County, Virginia Tax Lists, 1845 Only Extant Record for the First Year the County was Established, Includes Land Tax Rolls, Personal Property Tax Rolls. 1975. By Harriett A. Chilton. Falls Church, Virginia : H.A. Chilton. FHL; At various libraries (WorldCat).

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

For additional indexes, databases, and details, see Virginia Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Appomattox County. For state-wide facilities, see Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Appomattox County. For state-wide library facilities, see Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Appomattox County. For state-wide genealogical and historical societies, see Virginia Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Virginia Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library, accessed 9/26/2021
  2. Virginia Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library, accessed 9/26/2021
  3. http://www.appomattoxcountyva.gov/visitors/about-appomattox/history
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  7. Burned Record Counties (VA-NOTES). (n.d.). Library of Virginia. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/va22_burnedco.htm.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Appomattox _ County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appomattox_County,_Virginia#Communities accessed 7 November 2019.
  10. Wikipedia Contributors, "Appomattox County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appomattox_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  11. Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
  12. Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
  13. James I. Robertson, 18th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 12.
  14. Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113.
  15. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  16. Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 85.