Aiken County, South Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Aiken County, South Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Aiken
Organized: March 10, 1871[1]
Parent County(s): Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, Orangeburg[2]
Neighboring Counties
Barnwell  • Burke (GA)  • Edgefield  • Lexington  • Orangeburg  • Richmond (GA)  • Saluda
See County Maps
Courthouse
South Carolina, Aiken County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Sc-aiken.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Aiken County is named for William Aiken (1779-1831), founder and president of the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company and father of South Carolina Governor William Aiken, Jr. (who served from 1844-1846).[3] The County is located in the west central area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Aiken County Courthouse
109 Park Ave SE
Aiken, SC 29801
Telephone: 803-642-1500
Aiken County Website

County Pronunciation
Hear it spoken[5]

Aiken County, South Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1915 1911 1915 1871 1872 1875 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1915. General compliance by 1918.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

The South Carolina Railroad first brought large numbers of people to the area in the 1830s when it completed a line between Charleston and Hamburg (located on the Savannah River).[9] The creation of a county in the area was first considered in 1857 (under the name Calhoun) but the Bill failed. Aiken was originally going to be named Woodbury and then Randolph.[10] Learn more about the history of Aiken County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Aiken County, South Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See South Carolina Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For all existing and online Federal population schedules of South Carolina, see South Carolina Census. See also USGenWeb Census Project, South Carolina, including links to transcribed files.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 28,112
1890 31,822 13.2%
1900 39,032 22.7%
1910 41,849 7.2%
1920 45,574 8.9%
1930 47,403 4.0%
1940 49,916 5.3%
1950 53,137 6.5%
1960 81,038 52.5%
1970 91,023 12.3%
1980 105,625 16.0%
1990 120,940 14.5%
2000 142,552 17.9%
2010 160,099 12.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

The Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939 is available for free online, courtesy: South Caroliniana Library. Aiken County's W.P.A. reports are included. Aiken County Churches identifies dozens of churches in the area, courtesy: South Carolina Genealogical Society.

Baptist

  • The First Baptist Church was organized by a small group near the site of the Palmetto Golf Club. In 1836 this organization moved to the town of Aiken. The church was completed in 1836 and named the Aiken Baptist Church. Other Baptist Churches include: Beech Island Baptist Church, organized on 21 January 1832; Belvedere Baptist Church, organized on 19 February 1922; Clearwater No.1 Baptist Church, organized in 1872; Green Pond Baptist Church, organized in 1887; The Memorial Baptist Church; The Ellenton Memorial Christian Church, was first located at Ellenton and established in 1839; Mount Beulah Baptist Church, organized in 1833; Spring Branch Baptist Church, constituted on 20 May 1871 while part of Barnwell County; Montmorenci Baptist Church, organized on 19 December 1870; Shaws Fork Baptist Church, organized in 1913; Talatha Baptist Church, one of the older churches in the Aiken Association; White Pond Church, there is no date of organization but first baptism was in 1844; Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church, erected in 1834.[11]

Catholic Church

  • Exploration in the colonial period lead to the introduction of Catholicism in the region. The Church of St. Claire of the Holy Cross was built in 1867 and was the predecesor of Saint Mary's Catholic Church of Aiken.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Churches were established in the 1950s. Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Aiken

Episcopal Church

  • St. Thaddeus Episcopal Church was built in 1842 on land donated by the the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. [12]

Presbyterian

  • Coles, W.R. The Immanuel Presbyterian Mission at Aiken, S.C. 1893. Digital version at Internet Archive.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Aiken County for European settlers included: [13]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Known plantations South Carolina Plantations:

  • Airville
  • Beech Island
  • Cathwood (aka Cedar Grove, Kathwood)
  • Cedar Grove (aka Cathwood, Kathwood)
  • Cowden - Jackson
  • Dawson-Vanderhorst House - Aiken - also called New Bridge Farm, Richardson Place, Zahara
  • Evergreen - Springfield - also called Hopewell
  • Faifields (at Ridge Spring)
  • Granville (at Beech Island)
  • Hollow Creek
  • Hopewell - Springfield - also called Evergreen
  • John Glaze
  • Jumping Creek (at Aiken)
  • Kathwood (aka Cedar Grove, Cathwood)
  • Kitchin
  • Oakland (at Beech Island)
  • Oakwood
  • Pascalis (at Aiken)
  • Redcliffe (at Beech Island)
  • Richardson Place - Aiken - also called Dawson-Vanderhorst House, New Bridge Farm, Zahara
  • Rose Hill (at Beech Island)
  • Silver Bluff (at Jackson)
  • Silver Hill
  • Suber House - Jackson - also called Cedar Grove, Cathwood, Kathwood
  • Williams
  • Woodlawn - North Augusta
  • Zahara - Aiken - also called Dawson-Vanderhorst House, New Bridge Farm, Richardson Place

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

General
Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders | Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

  • Rowland, Arthur Ray. Neighbors of North Augusta and Its Geographical Ancestors including Hamburg Township and Schultz Township in Edgefield County and Aiken County, South Carolina: from U.S. census records, 1850-1900. North Augusta, S.C.: RR Books, 2006. FHL 975.7 X22r

Bibliography

  • Barton - Barton, Mildred Elizabeth. A Family Tree: Barton-Gingrey, Brown-Moseley. Aiken, S.C.: M.B. Barton, 1990. FHL Book 9.273 B285bb
  • Faulkner - Welch, Drew Glover. The Families of Russell Faulkner, Elijah Faulkner and Eligah Melvin Faulkner of Edgefield District, South Carolina. Lexington, SC: Drew Glover Welch, 2012.
  • Finley - Finley, William Peronneau. In Memoriam, William Peronneau Finley. Augusta, Ga.: Jas. L. Gow, Pr., 1876. FHL Film 1841762 Item 37.
  • Holley - McCreary, Richard A. The Sovereign Evans Holley Family of Aiken County, South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.: R.A. McCreary, 1993?. FHL 929.273 H724m
  • Johnson - Rumph, Thedoshia Juanita Harvey and Marian Dale Harvey. Family History of Jacob E. Johnson (Birth/Death Dates Unknown) & Elizabeth Johnson Born in 1809 in Virginia, Died 6-2-1895 in Aiken, S.C. Pemberton, N.J.: T.J.H. Rumph, 2001. FHL 929.273 J633r
  • Kirkland - The 14 Children of John & Lavina Kirkland John b. 1810 d. 1889 (Aiken Co.) South Carolina. FHL 929.273 K635kj
  • Plunkett Ivy, Emma Plunkett. Ten Thousand Plunketts. 2 vols. Atlanta: Peachtree Letter Service, 1974. FHL Book 929.273 P741i v. 1 - v. 2; digital version Vol. 1 at FamilySearch Digital Library, Vol. 2 at FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Ravenel - Childs, Arney R. The Private Journal of Henry William Ravenel, 1859-1887. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1947. FHL Film 1425401 Item 2.
  • Speidel - Speidel, James L. Genealogy of Jim Speidel. Marietta, Ga.: J.L. Speidel, 19--?. FHL Book 929.273 Sp32sjL.
  • Younce - Yonce, Luther V. "Yonce" Families in the United States of America: Nationality, German: Pennsylvania in 1738, Virginia about 1765, North Carolina about 1768, South Carolina before 1772, Ohio late 1788, Kentucky in 1807, Tennessee early 1800, Missouri in 1838, Mississippi mid 1800, Arkansas mid 1800, and More. Knoxville, Tenn.: Tennessee Valley Pub., c1993. FHL Book 929.273 Y8yL

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Because South Carolina was an agricultural state, many residents owned land. For earliest records, search 1) Charleston District, 2) your ancestor’s residential district, 3) neighboring districts, 4) the residential county, 5) neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. See also South Carolina Land and Property.

Conveyance Books
The original Aiken County Conveyance Books are kept at the South Carolina Department of Archives and Libraries. The years 1872 to 1955 have been microfilmed: FHL 14 microfilms.

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

  • Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants

Online Land Indexes and Records
The following charts show where you may best expect to find land records.

Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County with Parent Counties and Districts [14]
Date Government Office
1871-Present Aiken County
1868-1871 Orangeburg County
1868-1908 Lexington County
1865-1868 Orangeburg District
1785-1865 Records Lost***
1710-1785 Charleston District
1670-1710 Proprietary Land Grants
  • Some Orangeburg District deeds were recorded in Charleston District and were not destroyed
    ** Orangeburg District, Orangeburg County, 1785 Lexington County and Lewisburg County records destroyed by fire
Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County originating in Barnwell County with Parent Counties and Districts [15]
Date Government Office
1871-Present Aiken County
1868-1871 Barnwell County
1800-1868 Barnwell District
1791-1799 Records Lost*
1786-1791 Winton County"
1769-1786 Records Lost"*
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
  • Orangeburg District records destroyed by fire
Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County originating in Edgefield County with Parent Counties and Districts [16]
Date Government Office
1871-present Aiken County
1868-1871 Edgefield County
1800-1868 Edgefield District
1785-1800 Edgefield County (old) *
1769-1785 Ninety-Six District
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants

* First deed book is missing.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Greetings from Aiken, S.C. 1909. Digital version at Internet Archive. [Includes photographs of many historic buildings.]

History

  • Aiken, South Carolina. A Description of the Climate, Soils, and the Nature of the Products in the Vicinity of Aiken, S.C. ... New York and Aiken: J.C. Derby, Publisher, 1870. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Henderson, P. F. A Short History of Aiken and Aiken County(Digitization of original published: Columbia, South Carolina R.L. Bryan, 1951) 45 pages. Includes early Aiken history, battle of Aiken, historic spots and Aiken people in books. FHL has a digital copy, Other Libraries.
  • MacDowell, Dorothy K. An Aiken Scrapbook: a Picture Narrative of Aiken and Aiken County, South Carolina (S.l.: s.n., 1982) Book found at FHL 975.775 H2m and Other libraries
  • Maness, Harold S. Forgotten Outpost: Fort Moore & Savanah Town, 1685-1765 (Beech Island, South Carolina: Harold S. Maness Family, c1986, Beech Island, South Carolina: Beech Island Historical Society, c1986), 256 pages. Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls Book found at FHL 975.775 H2mh
  • Toole, Gasper Loren. Ninety Years in Aiken County Memoirs of Aiken County and its People (Charleston? South Carolina: s.n., 1959), 401 pages. Contains descriptions of schools, newspapers and biographies. Book at FHL 975.775 H2t; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).
  • Sheahan, John J. Military markers and data: cemeteries located in Aiken County, South Carolina. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. FHL Film 1598370 item 8.
  • Vandervelde, Isabel. Aiken County: the Only South Carolina County Founded During Reconstruction(Spartanburg, South Carolina Reprint Co., c1999), 545. Has index with about 3000 names.Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls presumed relevant to the new county. Book at FHL 975.775 F2v , Other Libraries.
  • Vandervelde, Isabel, Aiken County: the Only South Carolina County Founded During Reconstruction (Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Co., c1999), 545. Has index with about 3000 names.Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls presumed relevant to the new county. Book at FHL 975.775 F2v,Civil War pages 321-371. Other Libraries.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Saluda CountyLexington CountyOrangeburg CountyBarnwell CountyEdgefield CountyBurke CountyRichmond County250PX
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Overland migration routes in and around early South Carolina.

Early migration routes to and from Aiken County for European settlers included: [17]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

  • "Local Revolutionary fighting, 1780- 1781," Aiken County Historical Society, Journal, May 2006. Aiken County Historical Society Aiken, SC.

War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Aiken County, p. 181. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.

Civil War

Regiments
Aiken County was created after the Civil War on 10 March 1871 from the counties of Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington and Orangeburg.

During the Civil War, men from the area of Aiken County mostly would have served in various regiments recruited in those counties. Counties were called districts during the Civil War.

- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's), Company E (At Reorganization was known as Wee Nee Volunteers or Williamsburg Volunteers)
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Company F
- 14th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Company H
- South Carolina Local Defense Troops, Independent Mounted Infantry

Other Resources

  • Maness, Harold S., Forgotten Outpost: Fort Moore & Savanah Town, 1685-1765, (Beech Island, South Carolina: Harold S. Maness Family, c1986, Beech Island, South Carolina: Beech Island Historical Society, c1986), 256 pages. Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls Book found at FHL 975.775 H2mh

Civil War Battles
The Battle of Aiken.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Historic
Aiken County Public Library:

Ancestry, a subscription website, offers access to the following Aiken County newspaper:

  • Aiken Standard (1969-1977). Aiken, South Carolina, United States Of America. Database created from microfilm copies of the newspaper. Available at Ancestry ($).

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Aiken County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

University of South Carolina Library Catalog

World Vital Records, a subscription website, offers access to the following Aiken County newspapers:

Current

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For more information and links, see South Carolina Periodicals.

  • News and Journal

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Various types of records are created throughout the probate process of settling estates and property, usually after death. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina Probate Records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, and relationships. See South Carolina Taxation for online resources and suggestions.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

  • 1870 Assessor's Return of Taxable Real Property in Barnwell County Annexed by Aiken County, 1870, News and Journal, Vol. 24, No. 3 (2008).
  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Aiken County.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records created by Civil authorities. See South Carolina Vital Records for online resources and suggestions.

Birth[edit | edit source]

State-wide birth registration did not begin until 1915. For records after 1915, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

In South Carolina, Probate Courts issued and still keep marriage licenses from 1 July 1911 to the present. Licenses were not required before 1911. In the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Statewide registration of marriages started in July, 1950. See South Carolina Vital Records for indexes and more information.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages - Indexes

  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Death[edit | edit source]

State-wide death registration began in 1915. For information and online records, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths - Indexes and Records

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Aiken County. For state-wide library facilities, see South Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Aiken County. For state-wide library facilities, see South Carolina Archives and Libraries.

  • Aiken County Public Library
    Address:
    314 Chesterfield St. SW
    Aiken, SC 2980
    Telephone: 803-642-2020
    Hours of operation: Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Saturday 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Tuesday & Thursday 10:00 a.m to 9:00 p.m., closed Sundays year-round.

The Aiken County Public Library is part of the ABBE Regional Library Sytsem. Its catalog is overseen by that organization as is its book ordering and other functions. Use the links below for the ABBE Regional Library to learn more. Other Aiken County libraries: Jackson, Midland Valley, New Ellenton, North Augusta, Wagner. Of these facilities the Nancy Carson Library in North Augusta is the largest.

  • Nancy Carson Library in North Augusta
    Address:
    135 Edgefield Road
    North Augusta, SC 29841
    Telephone: 803-279-5767
    Hours of operation: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday - 10"00 a.m to 9:00 p.m.; Wednesday, Friday - 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.; Saturday 10:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.; Sunday Closed

The Nancy Carson Public Library in North Augusta is part of the ABBE Regional Library System. Its catalog is overseen by that organization as is its book ordering and other functions. Use the links below for the ABBE Regional Library to learn more.

Museums[edit | edit source]

The Museum is housed in a 1930's Winter Colony mansion named "Banksia". Its 3.5 acre grounds are also home to a 1890's one-room schoolhouse and a log cabin built in 1808. The purpose of the museum is to collect and preserve historical material relating to Aiken County and to display and interpret such information to the public. It operates under the direction of the Aiken County Historical Commission, There is no charge to visit the Museum.

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Aiken County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see South Carolina Societies.

Aiken County South Carolina Genealogy Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Aiken County, South Carolina Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accesses 27 Nov 2021
  2. Aiken County, South Carolina Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accesses 27 Nov 2021
  3. Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, Palmetto Place Names (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 11.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Aiken County, South Carolina" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aiken_County,_South_Carolina." accessed on the 3/27/2019
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Aiken County, South Carolina. Page 611-615 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 607-608.
  7. Aiken County, South Carolina Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accesses 27 Nov 2021
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Aiken County, South Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aiken_County%2C_South_Carolina, accessed 19 December 2019.
  9. South Carolina State Library, "Aiken County".
  10. Hicks, Theresa M., South Carolina: A Guide to County Records (Peppercorn Publications, Inc.:Columbia, South Carolina, 1998) 12.
  11. Ninety Years in Aiken County: memoirs of Aiken County and its people. Gaspar Loren Toole, II. pp. 170-204.
  12. Ninety Years in Aiken County: Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People. Gaspar Loren Toole, II, p. 288
  13. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) ▲ WorldCat 50140092, and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) ▲ WorldCat 1523234.
  14. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  15. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  16. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  17. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) ▲ WorldCat 50140092, and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) ▲ WorldCat 1523234.