Yorkshire Probate Records

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England Gotoarrow.png Yorkshire

The following text has information about probate records in the county of Yorkshire. To read general information about  English probate records click here.

Description

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, including wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and act books. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains how to get started searching for a probate record.

Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probates Records section below has a link to an article about probates after 1857.


Getting Started

To look for a probate record before 1858:

  1. Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you do not know, use an approximate date and the place where they lived.
  2. Go to the Court Jurisdictions by Parish section below.


Court Jurisdictions by Parish

Before 1858, every town and parish in Yorkshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. When searching for the will of an ancestor, you must determine the courts that had jurisdiction over the town or parish where he/she lived. In the table below, click on a letter or series of letters that includes the place where your ancestor lived then follow the instructions on the next page. 

   A    C        F  Ho-Hy    L    N  Sa-Sk  Wa-We
 Ba-Bl    D    G    I  Ma-Me  O-P  Sl-Sy  Wh-Wy
 Bo-By    E  Ha-Hi    K  Mi-My  Q-R  T-U    Y



Yorkshire Probate Courts

Yorkshire is the largest county in England and has more than 1,000 parishes. More than 60 Courts had jurisdiction over Yorkshire before 1858 (click on the link to read about them).

In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.

  • Wealthy individuals
  • Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.
  • Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.
  • Property in both the Province of Canterbury and Province of York.
  • People who died outside England, including British citizens and others who held property in England.

Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

The Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury also served as an appeals court.


Probate Indexes

Before looking for a probate record, you should search indexes. They will save you time and will provide a reference for finding a copy of the record. The following indexes cover more than one court. For indexes specific to one court, click on the name of the court to go to its Wiki page.

Online Indexes


Printed or Filmed Indexes

Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. To find the ones in the library,

  1. Go to the catalog.
  2. Click Place Search.
  3. Type York and click Search.
  4. Scroll down and click the topic Probate Records--Indexes.
  5. Click on the title that includes the name of  the court and the time period.

Many indexes are in the same catalog record as the original copies. They are not under the topic Probate-Indexes. If an index is not listed, go to the topic Probate Records.


Some Explanatory Notes on the Yorkshire Probate Courts

When an estate was solely within the Diocese (excluding Peculiars) it was usual for the local Rural Dean, acting by commission from the Exchequer Court of York, to make the grant of probate or administration. The records were then returned to the Exchequer Court and filed; separate Act Books being kept for each deanery. When an estate was solely within the Diocese of Richmond (excluding Peculiars) the same procedure took place; the deans acting by commission from the Commissary of the Archdeaconry returned the Eastern Deanery records to Richmond and the Western Deanery records to Lancaster. There are, however, some Western Deanery grants at Richmond, as all grants passed by decree of the Court anywhere within the Archdeaconry were returned there.[1]

It should be remembered that abstracts of the relevant parts of wills affecting real estate in Yorkshire are recorded from 1704 onwards at the Registry of Deeds for the appropriate Riding: at Wakefield for the West Riding, at Beverley for the East Riding, and at Northallerton for the North Riding.[2]


Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.

Post-1857 Probate Records

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to Principal Probate Registry.


  1. Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 152. Punctuation revised.
  2. Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 153. Punctuation revised.