Wood County, Ohio Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 17:47, 18 April 2013 by Lowfiv (talk | contribs) (Added Cemetery intro)

Jump to: navigation, search

Guide to Wood County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Wood County, Ohio
Boundary map of Wood County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Wood County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Wood County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Bowling Green, Ohio 43402
Wood County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.pngWood County

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Logan County in 1820.
  • County Seat: Bowling Green
  • Neighboring Counties: Wood County, Ohio Genealogy residents may also have records in [1]Lucas (north) · Hancock (south) · Henry (west) · Seneca (southeast) · Ottawa (northeast)  · Putnam(southwest corner) and Sandusky (east)

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Wood County boundary changes.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


      Church Records

  • 1796–2004 Ohio, Diocese of Toledo, Catholic Parish Records, 1796-2004 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. This collection includes images of parish registers recording the events of baptism, first communion, confirmation, marriage, and death in the Diocese of Toledo (Ohio), Roman Catholic Church. These records are accessed by browsing the images by county. In addition to traditional parish registers, this collection includes miscellaneous cemetery records, Books of the Elect, Professions of Faith, Sick Call registers, etc.

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Wood County is located in northwestern Ohio and is surrounded by Lucas, Ottawa, Sandusky, Seneca, Hancock, Putnam and Henry counties. Wood County was established 1 April 1820 from Logan County and is named for Colonel E. Wood who fought in the War of 1812 and helped build Fort Meigs, which is located on the northern border of the county.[2]

Fort Meigs was built by General William Henry Harrison on a high bluff of the southern bank of the Maumee River to the east of tbe town of Perrysburg and was named for the Governor of Ohio Return Jonathan Meigs.[3]

Originally, the land that became Wood County was swamp land known as the Black Swamp and was inhabited by a variety of native american tribes such as the Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Erie, Seneca and Pottawatomie.[4] The land was very lush with forests of large oak, sycamore and hickory trees; wildlife native to this part of Ohio are boar, black bears, timber wolves and bobcats.[5] Draining of the swamp and clearing the trees began in the 1850s as settlers moved in to create farm land and since then, Wood County has been mostly agricultural in nature, covered by farms growing mostly soybeans, corn and wheat.[6]

After the treaty of Brownsville in 1808, construction of the Western Reserve Road began. The road connected the Maumee River to the western edge of the Connecticut Reserve stretching from Fort Meigs to Fremont, along present day U.S. Route 20.[7] This route was difficult to travel due to high levels of water from rains and overflowing creeks, and the added danger of insects carrying diseases such as malaria.[8]

Bowling Green, founded in 1834, is the county seat and is centrally located. It is the home of Bowling Green State University, established as the “State Normal School” in 1910 for training teachers; the first classes being held in 1914 and the first bachelor’s degrees awarded in 1917.[9]

A vast majority of the settlers to Wood County were from Germany or other Germanic-derived countries; in the 1990 US Census 31% of the Bowling Green population and 40% of the Perrysburg population claimed to have German ancestry.[10]

Land and Property

Deeds, estates, plat maps and other property records are located at the Wood County Courthouse, 1 Courthouse Square, Bowling Green, Ohio 43402. These records may be copied or photographed and are available to the public. Records from 1821 through 1919 have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library.


Many maps are available at the various libraries and repositories listed above. The below are in addition to those that you can locate, view and download online.

Wood County Engineer
This website has current township maps online as well as links to the current township leaders.

Wood County Auditor
This site will allow you to search for existing land owners and locate maps of their property boundaries.

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
City and state historical topographical maps; also outline county maps and National Parks maps.

United States Geological Survey
Ohio Catalog of topographic and other Published Maps. This print publication is now available online at the link above. You can download historical topographical maps as well.


War of 1812

  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Wood County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wood County.
- 100th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company A
- 111th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, D, I, and K

Naturalization and Citizenship


The libraries listed above have excellent collections of microfilmed newspapers for Wood County, including the small town and rural newspapers. The primary newspaper for the area was the Wood County Sentinel (also known as The Daily Sentinel, The Daily Sentinel-Tribune and other variations). Many of the newspapers are being cataloged and filmed via Chronicling America at the Library of Congress: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/


Periodicals & Published Sources

Beers, J.H. Commemorative, Historical and Biographical Record of Wood County, Ohio. Chicago, Illinois. J. H. Beers and Co, 1897.

Burke, Thomas A., Ohio Lands. 6th Edition, Ohio Auditor of State, 1995.

Downes, Randolph C., Evolution of Ohio County Boundaries. Ohio Historical Society, 1970.

Schweitzer, Ph.D., Sc.D., George K. Ohio Genealogical Research. Published by the author, 1997.

Swanson, Hal, The Ohio Township Helper: An Aid to Locating Counties and Townships in the State of Ohio. Colorado Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, no date.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, An Index to Wills and Estates 1820-1921, Wood County, Ohio. ECP Printing, Eau Claire, WI, 2009.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Fort Meigs Union Cemetery, Wood County, Ohio. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 1998.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Index to Naturalization Records, Wood County, Ohio. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 2000.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Oak Grove Cemetery in Bowling Green (Center Township) Wood County, Ohio. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 1985.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Union Hill Cemetery, Plain Township, Wood County, Ohio. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 1993.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Weston Township Cemeteries, Wood County, Ohio. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 1985.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Wood County, Ohio Atlas: Landowner Maps 1871 & 1858, Tract Book 1830-1850, Road & River Tracts, Canal Land Purchases. Closson Press, Apollo, PA, 1999.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler,Wood County, Ohio Early Landowners, Recorded Patent Deeds 1822-1854. WCOGS, Bowling Green, OH, 2000.


Public Records


Courthouse & Vital Records

Wood County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Bowling Green, OH 43402-2473
Phone: 419.354.9230
Hours: Monday - Friday 8:30am - 4:30pm (except holidays)

Clerk Court has divorce records from 1851
and court records; Pro Judge has birth records to 1908,
marriage, death and probate records; County Health Department
has birth records from 1908; County Recorder has land records[11] 
There is an online index available at the above website.

Wood County Health Department
1840 E. Gypsy Lane Rd.
Bowling Green, Ohio 43402
General Phone: 419.352.8402 or toll free: 866.861.9338
Vital Statistics Office: 419.354.1050
Available records: birth and death records 1908-present.

Family History Centers


Wood County District Public Library
251 N. Main Street
Bowling Green, Ohio 43402
Available records: Bowling Green phone books and city directories, family histories, Wood County First Families list, military rosters, newspapers on microfilm (Sentinel-Tribune under it’s various titles and other surrounding area newspapers. There are some gaps but collection is through the present.) They maintain a variety of publications, books and journals about Wood County but also have references for other counties as well. Also, Ancestry Library Edition is available for use in the library.

Way Public Library
101 E. Indiana Ave.
Perrysburg, Ohio 43551
Hours: Monday - Thursday 9:00am - 8:30pm, Friday - Saturday 9:00am - 5:30pm, Sunday 1:00pm - 5:00pm (seasonal)
Available records: family histories, house histories, maps and atlases, local church records, historic photographs of people and places in the area, pamphlet file, newspaper file on local topics; digital photo collection through OhioMemory.org/way; in-house database that includes vital statistics, newspaper surname index, surname index for the publications Bend of the River Magazine and Ohio Cues (of the Maumee Valley Historical Society); personal library of Willard V. Way including hotel registers beginning in 1865, oral histories and photographs.

Bowling Green State University - Center for Archival Collections
5th Floor - Jerome Library
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, Ohio 43403
Hours vary, check website for schedule
Available records: manuscript collection, local government records, newspaper collection (for all of northwest Ohio and some in southern Michigan – full list on website), Civil War records, rare books and special collections. Website contains geographical name information by county.
Microfilm rolls may be purchased through the CAC.

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Spiegel Grove
Fremont, Ohio 43420
Hours: Tuesday - Saturday 9:00am - 5:00pm
Available records: besides the President’s own books and manuscripts, also are materials about the Lake Erie area, family papers and an obituary index for Northwest Ohio. There is an online catalog maintained through Bowling Green State University website.


Wood County Historical Center and Museum
13660 County Home Rd.
Bowling Green, Ohio 43402
Hours vary, check website for schedule
The museum publishes the Black Swamp Chanticleer newsletter. There is no online catalog but they ask that you contact the curator if you are trying to locate something specific. They collect artifacts and items of historical interest to the Wood County area such as farm equipment, documents, etc. The museum is located at what used to the be the Poor Farm also known as “The Home.”


Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 722
Located in Courthouse Square
Bowling Green, Ohio 43402
Hours: Monday - Friday 9:00am - 12:00pm
Available records: Publications for sale include indexes to probate records of births, deaths, marriages, naturalization, cemeteries, agricultural census and plat maps. Will do research and look-ups for a fee. There are several online indexes and databases available as well at the above website.

Ohio Historical Society
800 E. 17th Ave.
Columbus, Ohio 43211
Hours: Wednesday - Saturday 10:00am - 5:00pm
Available records: artifacts, items of natural history interest, manuscripts and audiovisuals, photographs, oral histories, online indexes and digital collections, death certificate index, state and local government documents, newspaper collection (available through ILL).

Ohio State Genealogical Society
611 State Route 97 West
Bellville, Ohio 44813-8813
Hours: Tuesday - Saturday 9:00am - 5:00pm
Available records: First families of Ohio records, state-wide obituary index, bible records, Civil War, Revolutionary War, cemetery, birth, marriage, divorce, tax lists, also various county-specific databases.


Microfilm: "Tax records, Auditor 1822-1850" contains 3 rolls, beginning with film number 522854, available through the Family History Library.

Vital Records


Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Web Sites

Wood County, Ohio GenWeb
This site has not been updated for several years. Many links are broken and many informational items are out of date.




  • Bairdstown
  • Bloomdale
  • Bradner
  • Custar
  • Cygnet
  • Grand Rapids
  • Haskins
  • Hoytville
  • Jerry City
  • Luckey
  • Millbury
  • Milton Center
  • North Baltimore
  • Pemberville
  • Portage
  • Risingsun
  • Tontogany
  • Walbridge
  • Wayne
  • West Millgrove
  • Weston


  • Bloom
  • Center
  • Freedom
  • Grand Rapids
  • Henry
  • Jackson
  • Lake
  • Liberty
  • Middleton
  • Milton
  • Montgomery
  • Perry
  • Perrysburg
  • Plain
  • Portage
  • Troy
  • Washington
  • Webster
  • Weston

Neighboring Counties


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Wood County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wood_County,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  2. Office of Policy, Research and Strategic Planning, “Ohio County Profiles: Wood County,” digital file (http://development.ohio.gov/research/files/s0.htm : accessed 16 September 2012), page 1.
  3. Larry L. Nelson, Men of Patriotism Courage & Enterprise: Fort Meigs in the War of 1812 (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1997), 38.
  4. DeAnna Lawrence, Genealogy Trails (http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/wood/woodco_bowlgreenpre.htm : accessed 16 September 2012), “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  5. Lawrence, Genealogy Trails, “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  6. Geoff Howes and Lucy Long, Wood County History (http://www.woodcountyhistory.org/foodways/german_more.html : accessed 16 September 2012), “German-Americans in Northwest Ohio.”
  7. Lawrence, Genealogy Trails, “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  8. Lawrence, Genealogy Trails, “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  9. Bowling Green State University, BGSU History and Traditions, website article (http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/sa/deanofstudents/traditions/ : accessed 16 September 2012), “Main Campus and Firelands Campus.”
  10. Geoff Howes and Lucy Long, Wood County History, “German-Americans in Northwest Ohio.”
  11. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wood County, Ohio. Page 546 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.