Wisconsin Military Records
United States U.S. Military Wisconsin Military Records
Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. United States Military Records provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.
Archives in Wisconsin with holdings include:
- Wisconsin Historical Society. The Archives Division has copies of draft records, muster rolls, state militia rosters, pension claims, and other materials.
- Wisconsin Veterans Museum. The museum has letters, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, and other original papers and records from Wisconsin veterans and veteran organizations; recorded interviews with Wisconsin veterans from World War I through the present; and books, military manuals, newsletters, maps, posters, prints, and other published materials focusing on Wisconsin and American military history.
- Wisconsin Veterans Museum
30 W Mifflin Street
Madison, WI 53703
Telephone: (608) 267-1799
Internet: Wisconsin Veterans Museum
- The Department of Veterans Affairs. This department has restricted records for World War I and later wars. It also has a file of grave registrations.
- Department of Veteran Affairs
201 W. Washington Ave.
PO Box 7843
Madison, WI 53707
Telephone: 800-WIS-VETS (947-8387)
- Department of Military Affairs. This department has records pertaining to the National Guard in Wisconsin, primarily for the 1900s
- Department of Military Affairs
2400 Wright St.
Madison, WI 53708
Telephone: (800) 335-5147 or (608) 242-3000
Internet: Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs
Forts were authorized by the federal government, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintaining peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers.
Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
- White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files. 4 vols. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing Co., 1990–1992. (Family History Library book 973 M28g.) Volume four is an every-name index to volumes one to three. These volumes contain detailed abstracts with names, dates, and places mentioned in the Revolutionary War Pension files.
- Revolutionary War Veterans, 1775–1784, Buried in Wisconsin. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. This is a microfilm of a typescript. (Family History Library film 940199 item 9.) This lists 43 Revolutionary War soldiers and the states from which they came to Wisconsin.
See United States Military Records for DAR and SAR indexes, available at the Family History Library, to cemetery records of Revolutionary War soldiers.
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Information about many Wisconsin soldiers can be found in federal records. See United States in the War of 1812 for links to databases and lists of many other War of 1812 records. Be sure to also check the list of record types, such as Pensions, on the left.
Explanation of the Major Record Types
- Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).
- War of 1812 Pensioners in Wisconsin, 1883 (Free). Abstracted from the U.S. Pension Bureau's List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883, volume IV. Allen County Public Library has this online database searchable by name. Includes veterans and widows.
- Hetzel, Bev. List of soldiers of the War of 1812 living in Wisconsin before 1883 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1998) FHL Collection
Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)
Winnebago War (1827)
- Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Winnebago War (Wisconsin Historical Society) - Transcription of Wisconsin Muster Rolls from the Winnebago War. Lists Prairie du Chien and Green Bay militia units along with Menominee, Stockbridge and Oneida Indians that served.
Black Hawk War (1832)
- Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Black Hawk War (Wisconsin Historical Society) - Transcription of Wisconsin Muster Rolls from the Black Hawk War. Lists soldiers in the 18 companies of "Iowa" militia (i.e., Iowa Co, Michigan Territory), plus the Menominee and Potawatomie warriors and one militia company raised at Green Bay.
Mexican War (1846-1848)
You may wish to search records of soldiers and widows of the Mexican War, 1846–1848. For example, the following index is available:
- White, Virgil D. Index to Mexican War Pension Files. Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Co., 1989. (Family History Library book 973 M22mw.)
Civil War (1861 to 1865)Wisconsin in the Civil War for information about Wisconsin Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Wisconsin regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
World War I (1917-1918)
- A published roster of soldiers who died during the war, arranged by branch of service and by county, is John Goodby Gregory, ed., Wisconsin's Gold Star List: Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and Nurses from the Badger State. . . . (Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1925; Family History Library film 1000801; film 924401 item 2; fiche 6051352).
- United States. Selective Service System. Wisconsin, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with film 1685061) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information.
World War II (1941-1945)