Difference between revisions of "Wisconsin History"

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''[[United States|United States]] > [[Portal:Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] > Wisconsin History''
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Wisconsin History''
==Brief History==
 
The following important events in the history of [[Portal:Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.
 
[[Image:Jean Nicolet.jpg|thumb|center|350px| Jean Nicolet landing at Green Bay]].
 
  
''' 1634:''' [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=2330&keyword=nicolet Jean Nicolet (Nicollet) de Belle Borne] <ref> ''[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wmh/pdf/spring01_risjord.pdf Jean Nicolet’s Search for the South Sea''] by  Norman K. Risjordemissary </ref> at the request of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_de_Champlain Samuel de Champlain of New France], landed at Red Banks on the shore of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Bay_(Lake_Michigan) Green Bay].
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== Introduction  ==
  
'''1690–1820:''' Roman Catholic missionaries established the mission of [http://www.mackinacparks.com/history/index.aspx?l=0,1,4,32,41,46 St. Ignace de Michilimackinac], at Mackinac (now Michigan). The mission was the center for traders going to and from what is now Wisconsin. For records of baptisms, marriages, and burials, see the [[Wisconsin Church Records|Church Records]] page.  
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Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.  
  
'''1763: '''The [http://www.geo.msu.edu/geogmich/Americans.html British took possession of the area] from the French but discouraged new settlers.
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State, county, and local histories often contain biographical sketches of local citizens, including important genealogical information. This may be one of the best sources of information for some families
  
'''1787:''' Wisconsin officially became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but British [http://www.whiteoak.org/learning/timeline.htm fur traders] effectively controlled the region until 1816.
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== Historical Sources  ==
  
'''1800: '''The present Wisconsin area was included in the Indiana Territory.  
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Histories are great sources of genealogical information. County and local histories often contain biographical and historical information about residents and their families, including occupation, previous residence, birth date, or birthplace. Information about a family may be found under the married name of a daughter or sister. Relatives or clues are often found by studying the pages that have biographies of residents or that tell the history of the town or township where an ancestor lived.  
  
'''1804:''' Land ceded by the [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/search.asp?id=1606 Sauk and Fox Indian tribes].
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Information may include:  
  
'''1806: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokaogon_Chippewa_Community Battle of Mole Lake, Sokaogon] Ojibwe battled the Sioux over control of a local wild rice producing lake. Some 500 warriors died.  
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{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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*Parents' names
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*Maiden names of women
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*Place of birth, death, or marriage
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| valign="top" |
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*Occupation
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*Migration
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*Military service
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| valign="top" |
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*Descendants
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|}
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Native Americans were the main inhabitants of Wisconsin prior to the [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-012/ Black Hawk War in 1832]. By 1850 the Indian's had ceded most of their lands to the federal government. <ref>Robert Eugene Bieder, ''Native American Communities in Wisconsin, 1600-1960: A Study of Tradition and Change''. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995. ISBN 0299145247, 9780299145248.Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=KaO2BKs12sAC Google Books].</ref>For more information about the Native Americans in Wisconsin, see the [[Indians of Wisconsin]]. European immigrants settled the vacated Indian lands, increasing the European population from 11,000 in 1836 to 305,00 by 1850. These settlers were from Europe with a some from the East coast. One-third of the State's population was foreign-born by 1850. <ref>Wisconsin Historical Society. [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-018/?action=more_essay 19th Century Immigration].</ref>[[Image:Jean Nicolet.jpg|thumb|350px|Jean Nicolet]].  
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== Timeline  ==
  
'''1809: '''The Wisconsin area was part of the Illinois Territory.  
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The following important events in the history of [[Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.  
  
'''1818: '''The Wisconsin area was included in the Michigan Territory. The territorial governor of Michigan created the first two Wisconsin counties, [[Brown County, Wisconsin|Brown]] and [[Crawford County, Wisconsin|Crawford]].  
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*1634: [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=2330&keyword=nicolet Jean Nicolet (Nicollet) de Belle Borne] at the request of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_de_Champlain Samuel de Champlain of New France], landed at Red Banks on the shore of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Bay_(Lake_Michigan) Green Bay].<ref>Norman K. Risjordemissary, [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wmh/pdf/spring01_risjord.pdf "Jean Nicolet’s Search for the South Sea"], ''Wisconsin Magazine of History'', vol. 84, no. 3, 34-43.</ref>
  
'''1820s:''' High prices for lead attracted settlers to the mines of southern Wisconsin. The Michigan 1820 census lists residents of what is now Wisconsin.  
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*1690–1820: Roman Catholic missionaries established the mission of [http://www.mackinacparks.com/history/index.aspx?l=0,1,4,32,41,46 St. Ignace de Michilimackinac], at Mackinac (now Michigan). The mission was the center for traders going to and from what is now Wisconsin. For records of baptisms, marriages, and burials, see the [[Wisconsin Church Records|Church Records]] page.
  
'''1827:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnebago_War Winnebago Indians War]  
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*1763: The [http://www.geo.msu.edu/geogmich/Americans.html British took possession of the area] from the French but discouraged new settlers.
  
'''1829, 1833, 1837, &amp; 1842: '''Land ceded by the [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chippewa/chippewahist.htm Chippewa], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wisconsin/index.htm Ottawa and Potamoni Indian Tribes]  
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*1787: Wisconsin officially became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but British [http://www.whiteoak.org/learning/timeline.htm fur traders] effectively controlled the region until 1816.
  
'''1829, 1832,&nbsp;&amp; 1837: '''Land ceded by the Winnebago Indians
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*1800: The present Wisconsin area was included in the Indiana Territory.
[[Image:Wisconsinterritory.PNG|300px|thumb|right|Map of the Wisconsin Territory 1836 - 1848]]
 
'''1830s: '''Heavy settlement began along the Lake Michigan shoreline at the sites of present-day Milwaukee, Racine, and Kenosha. The Michigan 1830 census lists of residents of what is now Wisconsin.  
 
  
'''1831: '''[http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/ Menominee Indians] ceded land to the [http://www.jefflindsay.com/Oneida.shtml Oneida Indians] (1836 &amp; 1848)
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*1804: Land ceded by the [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/search.asp?id=1606 Sauk and Fox Indian tribes].
  
'''1831, 1836, &amp; 1848: '''Land ceded by the [http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/ Menominee Indians]  
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*1806: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokaogon_Chippewa_Community Battle of Mole Lake] - Ojibwe battled the Sioux over control of a local wild rice producing lake. Some 500 warriors died.
  
'''1832: '''[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-012/ The Black Hawk War] ended the last serious Indian threat to white settlements.  
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*1809: The Wisconsin area was part of the Illinois Territory.
  
'''1836:''' Congress created the [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/wi/state/wihist-2.htm Wisconsin Territory], which included lands west of the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Much of the western portion was later transferred to the Iowa Territory, created in 1838.  
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*1818: The Wisconsin area was included in the Michigan Territory. The territorial governor of Michigan created the first two Wisconsin counties, [[Brown County, Wisconsin|Brown]] and [[Crawford County, Wisconsin|Crawford]].
  
'''1837: '''Land ceded by the [http://www.picturehistory.com/product/id/1402 Chippewa and Sioux]
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*1820s: High prices for lead attracted settlers to the mines of southern Wisconsin. The Michigan 1820 census lists residents of what is now Wisconsin.
  
'''1840s:''' Many families arrived from Germany and New York.  
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*1827: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnebago_War Winnebago Indians War]
  
'''1848:''' Wisconsin, with its present boundaries, became a state.
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*1829, 1833, 1837, &amp; 1842: Land ceded by the [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chippewa/chippewahist.htm Chippewa], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wisconsin/index.htm Ottawa and Pottawatomie Indian Tribes]
[[Image:Christopher Columbus whaleback Milw Broadway bridgedock.jpg|thumb|left|300px|The S.S. Christopher Columbus was built in Superior, Wisconsin 1892-1893]]
 
'''1861– 1865:''' Over 90,000 men from Wisconsin served in the Union armed forces during the Civil War. [http://museum.dva.state.wi.us/Res_CWhistories.asp Civil War Histories] are kept by the [http://museum.dva.state.wi.us/Res_CWhistories.asp Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs].
 
  
'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
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*1829, 1832, &amp;1837: Land ceded by the Winnebago Indians [[Image:Wisconsinterritory.PNG|thumb|right|300px|Wisconsin Territory]] '''1830s: '''Heavy settlement began along the Lake Michigan shoreline at the sites of present-day Milwaukee, Racine, and Kenosha. The Michigan 1830 census lists of residents of what is now Wisconsin.
  
'''1917:''' Large numbers of African Americans from the rural South begin moving to Wisconsin communities, including Racine, Beloit and Milwaukee.
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*1831: [http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/ Menominee Indians] ceded land to the [http://www.jefflindsay.com/Oneida.shtml Oneida Indians] (1836 &amp; 1848)
  
'''1917–1918:'''  The U.S. enters World War I. Wisconsin becomes first state to meet draft requirements; 120,000 soldiers serve in the military, and almost 4,000 die in the war. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918|World War I United States Military Records]] page. <ref>  Beach, Ted. ''Field Service Diary, Ted Beach, Mar. 3 to Nov. 28, 1918: Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division in World War 1''. Wisconsin: s.n., 2000, 50 pages. Beach, of Racine, WI, was a private/corporal in Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division. His diary contains short entries reflecting on each days’ events. An appendix includes Beach’s complete biography. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48787041 Worldcat] </ref> <ref> Bittle, Celestine Nicholas Charles. ''Soldiering for cross and flag; impressions of a war chaplain.'' Milwaukee, WI: Bruce Pub. Co., 1929. 326 pages. Bittle took a leave of absence from St. Lawrence College of Mt. Calvary, WI, to serve as an army chaplain. He was stationed at Motor Transport Reconstruction Park at Vereuil, where he was the sole chaplain for over 8000 people. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4485766 Worldcat] </ref>  <ref> Andersen, Robert C. ''The Hingham boys muster of 1918.'' Hingham, WI: R.C. Anderson, 1990. 64 pages. Includes biographic monographs of all of the 29 World War I veterans buried in the Hingham Cemetery of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. In addition to researching written sources, the author conducted personal interviews with relatives of the soldiers, creating biographies of the veterans’ lives before, during, and after the War.[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26944488 Worldcat]</ref> <ref>  Gasser, Doris Litscher. ''Lachmund Cramer VFW Post #7694: stories written in 1996 for 50th year celebration.''    Prairie Du Sac, WI: D.L. Gasser, 2003. 41 pages. This publication contains articles written about veterans from Sauk City and Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin. Includes interviews with World War I veterans Private Elmer Denzer, Private Ernest Wittwer, Corporal Fred Hauser, Quartermaster Albert Ehert, and a selection of letters by Private Adolph “Dick” Litschers. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53282029 Worldcat] </ref> <ref> McIntosh, James F. Wisconsin at war. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002. 157 pages. This collection of interviews with Wisconsin veterans focuses on those serving in World War II. There are two brief interviews with World War I veterans Golden Barritt, of Barron, Wisconsin, and Ray Fuller. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49982555 Worldcat] </ref>
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*1831, 1836, 1848: Land ceded by the [http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/ Menominee Indians]
  
'''1930's:'''  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
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*1832: [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-012/ The Black Hawk War] ended the last serious Indian threat to white settlements.
  
'''1940–1945:'''  Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II Military Records]] page.  <ref> McIntosh, James F. Wisconsin at war. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002. 157 pages. This collection of interviews with Wisconsin veterans focuses on those serving in World War II. There are two brief interviews with World War I veterans Golden Barritt, of Barron, Wisconsin, and Ray Fuller. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49982555 Worldcat] </ref>
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*1836: Congress created the [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/wi/state/wihist-2.htm Wisconsin Territory], which included lands west of the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Much of the western portion was later transferred to the Iowa Territory, created in 1838.
  
'''1950–1953:'''  Korean War. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Military in the Korean War 1950 to 1953 and Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|United States Military in the Korean War]] page.
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*1837: Land ceded by the [http://www.picturehistory.com/product/id/1402 Chippewa and Sioux]
  
'''1950's–1960's'''  The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
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*1840s: Many families arrived from Germany and New York. [http://www.naha.stolaf.edu/pubs/nas/volume25/vol25_9.htm Norwegians begin settling] in large numbers in Koshkonong area.
  
'''1964–1972:'''  Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
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*1848: Wisconsin, with its present boundaries, [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/subtopic.asp?tid=3 became a state]. This is a beginning of a large German immigration into Wisconsin. [[Image:S.S. Christopher Columbus.jpg|thumb|right|350px|S.S. Christopher Columbus]]
  
'''1990:'''  Wisconsin's population reaches 4,891,769
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*1851: [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-017/?action=more_essay First railroad opens], linking Milwaukee and Waukesha.
  
==Historical Content==
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*1857: Railroad completed from [http://www.madison.com/communities/brodheadhs/pages/brodheadrailhist.php?php_page_set=0 Milwaukee to Prairie du Chien].
  
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:  
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*1861– 1865: 96,000 men from Wisconsin served in the Union armed forces during the Civil War, 12,216 die in the conflict. [http://museum.dva.state.wi.us/Res_CWhistories.asp Civil War Histories] are kept by the [http://museum.dva.state.wi.us/Res_CWhistories.asp Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs].
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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*1871: The deadliest fire in United States history occurred in the timber industry town of Peshtigo, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peshtigo_Fire The Peshtigo Fire] burned 1,875 square miles of forestland around the town. Three Hundred and fifty people were buried in a mass grave without being identified, as those that would have known them perished in the fire also.
| valign="top" |
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*Parents' names
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*1887: [http://www3.gendisasters.com/wisconsin/5058/marshfield,-wi-fire,-jun-1887 Marshfield] almost destroyed by fire.
*Maiden names of women
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*Place of birth, death, or marriage
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*1889: [http://www3.gendisasters.com/wisconsin/5251/ashland%2C-wi-mine-fire%2C-apr-1889 Mine Fire] occurred in Ashland, putting 400 miners out of work.
| valign="top" |
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*Occupation
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*1898: The [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines. Technically, Wisconsin troops in the Spanish-American War were part of the state's [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/military/national_guard/ National Guard]. Official service record information is found within certain Adjutant General's records held by the [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/military/spanish_american_war/index.asp Archives]. There is an alphabetical index, which is useful in determining if a given individual served in a Wisconsin unit during the Spanish American War. <ref>Wisconsin Historical Society.[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/military/spanish_american_war/index.asp Spanish-American War].</ref>
*Migration
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*Military service
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*1912: A washed out bridge caused a [http://www3.gendisasters.com/wisconsin/5238/camp-douglas%2C-wi-train-plunges-through-bridge%2C-sep-1912 train to plunge] into the Lemonweir River near Camp Douglas carrying all of the passengers and cars downstream.
| valign="top" |  
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*Descendants
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*1916-1921: [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/archstories/late_roads/fed_hwy_act.asp Federal Highway Acts] created and improved roads.
|}
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*1917: African Americans from the rural South begin moving to Wisconsin communities, especially, Milwaukee, Racine, and Beloit.
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*1917–1918: The U.S. enters World War I. Wisconsin becomes first state to meet draft requirements; 120,000 soldiers serve in the military, and almost 4,000 die in the war. For information concerning records about this war see [[World War I United States Military Records]].<ref>Ted Beach,  ''Field Service Diary, Mar. 3 to Nov. 28, 1918: Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division in World War 1''. Wisconsin: s.n., 2000. Beach, of Racine, WI, was a private/corporal in Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division. His diary contains short entries reflecting on each days’ events. An appendix includes Beach’s complete biography. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48787041 Worldcat] </ref><ref>Celestine Nicholas Charles Bittle, ''Soldiering for Cross and Flag: Impressions of a War Chaplain''. Milwaukee, WI: Bruce Pub. Co., 1929. Bittle took a leave of absence from St. Lawrence College of Mt. Calvary, WI, to serve as an army chaplain. Stationed at Motor Transport Reconstruction Park at Vereuil, he was the sole chaplain for over 8000 people. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4485766 Worldcat] </ref><ref>Robert C. Andersen, ''The Hingham Boys Muster of 1918''. Hingham, WI: Author,1990. Includes biographical monographs of all 29 World War I veterans buried in the Hingham Cemetery of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. In addition to researching written sources, the author conducted personal interviews with relatives of the soldiers, creating biographies of the veterans’ lives before, during, and after the War.[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26944488 Worldcat]</ref><ref>Doris Litscher Gasser, ''Lachmund Cramer VFW Post #7694: Stories Written in 1996 for 50th Year Celebration''. Prairie du Sac, WI: Author, 2003. This contains articles written about veterans from Sauk City and Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin.[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53282029 Worldcat] </ref><ref>James F. McIntosh, ''Wisconsin at War''. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002. This collection of interviews with Wisconsin veterans focuses on those serving in World War II, with two brief interviews with World War I veterans. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49982555 Worldcat] </ref>
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*1930's: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills sending many Wisconsinites to join [http://www.wisconsinlaborhistory.org/milestones.html labor unions.]
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*1930: [http://www3.gendisasters.com/wisconsin/12401/kenosha-wi-train-auto-collision-feb-1930 Train And Auto Collision] occurred in Kenosha killing 11 and injuring 100.
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*1939: [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/archstories/late_roads/interstate_system.asp Interstate Highway System] was renewed in 1939 and finished in 1970.
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 +
*1940–1945: World War II. 332,000 Wisconsin residents serve in U.S. military, including 9,000 women. 8,390 Wisconsinites died in this war. Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II Military Records]] page.<ref>James F. McIntosh, ''Wisconsin at War''. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002.</ref>
 +
 
 +
*1948: [http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/WI/WI-idx?id=WI.NHCentennialStory State centennial celebration].
 +
 
 +
*1950: Wisconsin population grew to 3.4 million.
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 +
*1950–1953: The [http://www.wisconsinstories.org/korea/ Korean War] claimed 726 Wisconsinites. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War]] page.
 +
 
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*1964–1972: More than [http://dva.state.wi.us/News_Releases/Secretary/Sec_Apr05.asp 165,400 Wisconsin] residents served in [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War] 1,239 did not return. For more information see the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] page.
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*1990: Wisconsin's population reaches 4,891,769
  
For more information about these individual topics see the [[Wisconsin Vital Records|Vital Records]], [[Wisconsin Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]], [[Wisconsin Military Records|Military Records]] and [[Wisconsin Bible Records|Bible Records]] pages.
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== Local Histories ==
  
==Local Histories==
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Local histories are valuable sources for family history research. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families and describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "[[United States History|History]]" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Wisconsin.  
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor.   A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "[[United States History|History]]" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Wisconsin. [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wiahgp/ American History and Genealogy Project] has information on individual counties.
 
  
Wisconsin has a large number of county and regional histories, which contain much family history information. [http://wsgs.wetpaint.com/?t=anon  The Wisconsin State Genealogical Society] has prepared every-name indexes to about fifty of the histories. The [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] has most of these indexes.  
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Wisconsin has a large number of county and regional histories, which contain much family history information.  
  
*The [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wlhba/ Wisconsin Historical Society] has a site for Wisconsin Local History & Biography Articles. This is a search-able site where you'll find thousands of historical newspaper articles on Wisconsin people and communities.
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*The [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wch/ Wisconsin Historical Society] has placed 80 digitized county histories online at a searchable site.
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*[http://wsgs.wetpaint.com/?t=anon The Wisconsin State Genealogical Society] has prepared every-name indexes to about fifty of the histories. The [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] has most of these indexes.
 +
*The [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wlhba/ Wisconsin Historical Society] has a site for Wisconsin Local History &amp; Biography Articles. This is a search-able site where you'll find thousands of historical newspaper articles on Wisconsin people and communities.
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wiahgp/ American History and Genealogy Project] has information on individual counties.
  
== State Histories Useful to Genealogists ==
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== State Histories Useful to Genealogists ==
  
 
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. [http://genealogybooklinks.com/Wisconsin.htm Genealogy Book Links] gives many references to books available on the History of Wisconsin.  
 
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. [http://genealogybooklinks.com/Wisconsin.htm Genealogy Book Links] gives many references to books available on the History of Wisconsin.  
Line 98: Line 133:
 
You can learn about the pre-statehood era of Wisconsin in the many published volumes of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Two good sources are the ''Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin'' and the Northwest, Illinois, and Michigan, and Wisconsin Territorial Papers. Indexes to the territorial papers are in:  
 
You can learn about the pre-statehood era of Wisconsin in the many published volumes of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Two good sources are the ''Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin'' and the Northwest, Illinois, and Michigan, and Wisconsin Territorial Papers. Indexes to the territorial papers are in:  
  
*''The Territorial Papers of the United States'' <ref> ''The Territorial Papers of the United States''. 28 vols. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;callno=973+N2udt 973 N2udt]; films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=42234&amp;disp=The+territorial+papers+of+the+United+Sta++ 1421059].) Volume 26 is at the Family History Library. Volumes 27 and 28 cover Wisconsin Territorial papers 1836–1848. The Family History Library does not have volumes 27 and 28. </ref>
+
*''The Territorial Papers of the United States''. 28 vols. (Family History Library book {{FHL|973 N2udt|disp=973 N2udt}}; films beginning with {{FHL|42234|title-id|disp=1421059}}.) Volume 26 is at the Family History Library. Volumes 27 and 28 cover Wisconsin Territorial papers 1836–1848. The Family History Library does not have volumes 27 and 28.
  
 
The Wisconsin territorial papers collection has a few court records for 1836–1848: Bureau of Indian Affairs records 1836–1848; appointments of postmasters 1836–1848; maps 1836–1848; records of lighthouses and customs, and many other governmental records in:  
 
The Wisconsin territorial papers collection has a few court records for 1836–1848: Bureau of Indian Affairs records 1836–1848; appointments of postmasters 1836–1848; maps 1836–1848; records of lighthouses and customs, and many other governmental records in:  
  
*''The Territorial Papers of the United States: the Territory of Wisconsin, 1836–1848: a Microfilm Supplement.'' <ref> ''The Territorial Papers of the United States: the Territory of Wisconsin, 1836–1848: a Microfilm Supplement.'' Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1959. (On 122 Family History Library films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=588787&amp;disp=The+Territorial+papers+of+the+United+Sta++ 1601731].) </ref>
+
*''The Territorial Papers of the United States: the Territory of Wisconsin, 1836–1848: a Microfilm Supplement''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1959. (On 122 Family History Library films beginning with {{FHL|588787|title-id|disp=1601731}}.) &lt;/ref&gt;
  
Much historical information is included in the ''Wisconsin Magazine of History'' published by the Wisconsin Historical Society. (See the "[[Wisconsin Periodicals|Periodicals]]" page.)  
+
Much historical information is included in the [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/wmh/ ''Wisconsin Magazine of History''] published by the Wisconsin Historical Society. (See the "[[Wisconsin Periodicals|Periodicals]]" page.)  
  
 
A source for early Wisconsin historical information for the 1690s to the 1860s is:  
 
A source for early Wisconsin historical information for the 1690s to the 1860s is:  
  
*''[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whc/index.aspx?area=about Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin] <ref> Draper, Lyman Copeland, ed. ''[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whc/index.aspx?area=about Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin].'' 21 vols. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1855–1915. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=629105&amp;disp=Collections+of+the+State+Historical+Soci%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 977.5 B2wc]&amp;nbsp; also digital copy; films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=629105&amp;disp=Collections+of+the+State+Historical+Soci++ 924580–590] .) </ref> The papers collected in this work mainly focus on the history of Wisconsin prior to statehood. For example, volume 19 has extensive information about persons engaged in the fur trade, 1778–1817. ''
+
*''[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whc/index.aspx?area=about Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin]'' <ref>Draper, Lyman Copeland, ed. [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whc/index.aspx?area=about Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin].'' 21 vols. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1855–1915. (Family History Library {{FHL|629105|title-id|disp=977.5 B2wc}}; also digital copy; films {{FHL|629105|title-id|disp=924580–590}} .) </ref>
  
 
A source with excellent bibliographies concerning the early French traders and Indian records is:  
 
A source with excellent bibliographies concerning the early French traders and Indian records is:  
  
*"Voyageurs and Habitants: Tracing the Early French in the Great Lakes Region"''<ref> Hansen, James L. "Voyageurs and Habitants: Tracing the Early French in the Great Lakes Region''."'' National Genealogical Society Conference in the States (1995: San Diego, California). ''San Diego, A Place to Explore: Syllabus''. 2 vols. [Arlington, Virginia] National Genealogical Society, 1996, 2:688–91. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=741966&amp;disp=San+Diego%3B+a+place+to+explore%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 973 D25ngsc 1995].) </ref>''
+
*Hansen, James L. "Voyageurs and Habitants: Tracing the Early French in the Great Lakes Region'', in National Genealogical Society Conference in the States (1995: San Diego, California). ''San Diego, A Place to Explore: Syllabus''. 2 vols. [Arlington, Virginia] National Genealogical Society, 1996, 2:688–91. (Family History Library book {{FHL|741966|title-id|disp=973 D25ngsc 1995}}.) &lt;/ref&gt;''
 +
 
 +
Useful sources for studying the history of Wisconsin are:
 +
 
 +
*''History of Wisconsin''. Vols. 1–6. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society, 1973–1988. (Family History Library book {{FHL|181483|title-id|disp=977.5 H2sa}}.)
 +
 
 +
*Quaife, Milo Milton. ''Wisconsin: Its History and Its People, 1634-1924''. 4 vols. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke, 1924. (Family History Library book {{FHL|181129|title-id|disp=977.5 H2q}}; film {{FHL|181129|title-id|disp=1036176}}; fiche {{FHL|181129|title-id|disp=6046726}}.)
 +
 
 +
*Smith, William Rudolph. ''The History of Wisconsin in three parts: Historical, Documentary, and Descriptive.'' Madison, WI: Brown,1854. Google Books: [http://books.google.com/books?id=YGPggXpQnGEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=History+of+Wisconsin+smith&cd=2#v=onepage&q=History%20of%20Wisconsin%20smith&f=false Vol. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=PX_hAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=History+of+Wisconsin+smith&cd=1#v=onepage&q=History%20of%20Wisconsin%20smith&f=false Vol. 3]
 +
 
 +
== Research Helps  ==
  
Especially useful sources for studying the history of Wisconsin are:
+
To find more books and articles about Wisconsin 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Wisconsin history." For more information about individual topics see the [[Wisconsin Vital Records|Vital Records]], [[Wisconsin Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]], [[Wisconsin Military Records|Military Records]] and [[Wisconsin Bible Records|Bible Records]] pages.
  
*''Wisconsin: Its History and Its People, 1634-1924'' <ref> Quaife, Milo Milton. ''Wisconsin: Its History and Its People, 1634-1924''. 4 vols. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=181129&amp;disp=Wisconsin%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 977.5 H2q]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=181129&amp;disp=Wisconsin++ 1036176]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=181129&amp;disp=Wisconsin++ 6046726].) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3388744&amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> Snippet view available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Mq0CAAAAMAAJ&q=Wisconsin:+Its+History+and+Its+People,+1634-1924.&dq=Wisconsin:+Its+History+and+Its+People,+1634-1924.&ei=POa6SbqOLYjMlQTx0tzYAg&client=firefox-a&pgis=1 Google Books]
+
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''  
  
*''History of Wisconsin'' <ref> ''History of Wisconsin''. Vols. 1–3, 5–6. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society, 1973–1988. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=181483&amp;disp=The+history+of+Wisconsin%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 977.5 H2sa].) Volume 4 is in preparation. </ref>
+
*[[Wisconsin, Birth Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Wisconsin, Birth Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Wisconsin, Death Index, 1820-1907 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Wisconsin, Death Index, 1820-1907 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Wisconsin, Death Index, 1959-1997 (RecordSearch Historical Records)|Wisconsin, Death Index, 1959-1997 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Wisconsin, Marriage Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Wisconsin, Marriage Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Wisconsin, Shawano and Oconto Counties, Indexes and Records from the Shawano Family History Center (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Wisconsin, Shawano and Oconto Counties, Indexes and Records from Shawano Family History Center (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
*''History of Wisconsin'' <ref>William Rudolph Smith; ''History of Wisconsin'' Published 1854. Original from the University of Michigan </ref> Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=YGPggXpQnGEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=History+of+Wisconsin&ei=2ea6SdTuO4r8lQSQ9c25Cw&client=firefox-a Google Books]
+
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:  
  
==Research Helps==
+
::WISCONSIN - HISTORY  
To find more books and articles about Wisconsin 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Wisconsin history."
+
::WISCONSIN, [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
 
::WISCONSIN - HISTORY
 
::WISCONSIN, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
 
 
::WISCONSIN, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::WISCONSIN, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::WISCONSIN, BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
::WISCONSIN, BIBLIOGRAPHY
Line 135: Line 181:
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/wi.htm Cyndi's List] for Wisconsin provides many links pertaining to the history of the State.  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/wi.htm Cyndi's List] for Wisconsin provides many links pertaining to the history of the State.  
 
*[http://historical-county.newberry.org/website/Wisconsin/documents/WI_Commentary.htm Commentary on Wisconsin] gives an Atlas of Wisconsin's Historical County Boundaries  
 
*[http://historical-county.newberry.org/website/Wisconsin/documents/WI_Commentary.htm Commentary on Wisconsin] gives an Atlas of Wisconsin's Historical County Boundaries  
 +
*[http://www3.gendisasters.com/category/united-states/wisconsin Disasters in Wisconsin]
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wialhn/ Doorway to Wisconsin] is the American Local History Network (ALHN) who furnishes students, educators, and genealogical researchers with historical and genealogical information.  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wialhn/ Doorway to Wisconsin] is the American Local History Network (ALHN) who furnishes students, educators, and genealogical researchers with historical and genealogical information.  
 +
*[http://www.uwgb.edu/wisfrench/library/articles/metis.htm French-Indian Intermarriage And The Creation Of Métis Society] the impact of the French in the 1600's.
 
*[http://www.linkstothepast.com/marine/ Great Lakes Maritime History] has a collection of history and memorabilia surrounding Marine and Ship Captains and Sailors who dedicated their lives to Great Lakes Shipping and Transport.  
 
*[http://www.linkstothepast.com/marine/ Great Lakes Maritime History] has a collection of history and memorabilia surrounding Marine and Ship Captains and Sailors who dedicated their lives to Great Lakes Shipping and Transport.  
 
*[http://files.usgwarchives.net/wi/history/capitol/capitol01.txt Historical Sketch of Wisconsin] Official Guide and History by USGenWeb Archives  
 
*[http://files.usgwarchives.net/wi/history/capitol/capitol01.txt Historical Sketch of Wisconsin] Official Guide and History by USGenWeb Archives  
Line 143: Line 191:
 
*[http://wisconsinheritage.org/ Wisconsin Heritage Online] is an expanding digital collection, featuring documentary sources and material culture from Wisconsin libraries, archives, and museums,  
 
*[http://wisconsinheritage.org/ Wisconsin Heritage Online] is an expanding digital collection, featuring documentary sources and material culture from Wisconsin libraries, archives, and museums,  
 
*[http://wsgs.wetpaint.com/?t=anon Wisconsin State Genealogical Society] Inc.'s Wiki.  
 
*[http://wsgs.wetpaint.com/?t=anon Wisconsin State Genealogical Society] Inc.'s Wiki.  
 +
*[http://www.wlhn.org/histories.htm Wisconsin History Online] holds a wide variety of information and links from Native American's history to migration, industrialization, and much more.
 
*[http://genealogytrails.com/wis/ Wisconsin Trails] helps you track your ancestors through time.
 
*[http://genealogytrails.com/wis/ Wisconsin Trails] helps you track your ancestors through time.
  
==Sources==
+
== References  ==
<references/>
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 +
<references />  
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{{Wisconsin|Wisconsin}}
  
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
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[[Category:Wisconsin|History]]

Revision as of 05:20, 2 May 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Wisconsin Gotoarrow.png Wisconsin History

Introduction

Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.

State, county, and local histories often contain biographical sketches of local citizens, including important genealogical information. This may be one of the best sources of information for some families

Historical Sources

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. County and local histories often contain biographical and historical information about residents and their families, including occupation, previous residence, birth date, or birthplace. Information about a family may be found under the married name of a daughter or sister. Relatives or clues are often found by studying the pages that have biographies of residents or that tell the history of the town or township where an ancestor lived.

Information may include:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants
Native Americans were the main inhabitants of Wisconsin prior to the Black Hawk War in 1832. By 1850 the Indian's had ceded most of their lands to the federal government. [1]For more information about the Native Americans in Wisconsin, see the Indians of Wisconsin. European immigrants settled the vacated Indian lands, increasing the European population from 11,000 in 1836 to 305,00 by 1850. These settlers were from Europe with a some from the East coast. One-third of the State's population was foreign-born by 1850. [2]
Jean Nicolet
.

Timeline

The following important events in the history of Wisconsin affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

  • 1690–1820: Roman Catholic missionaries established the mission of St. Ignace de Michilimackinac, at Mackinac (now Michigan). The mission was the center for traders going to and from what is now Wisconsin. For records of baptisms, marriages, and burials, see the Church Records page.
  • 1787: Wisconsin officially became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but British fur traders effectively controlled the region until 1816.
  • 1800: The present Wisconsin area was included in the Indiana Territory.
  • 1806: Battle of Mole Lake - Ojibwe battled the Sioux over control of a local wild rice producing lake. Some 500 warriors died.
  • 1809: The Wisconsin area was part of the Illinois Territory.
  • 1818: The Wisconsin area was included in the Michigan Territory. The territorial governor of Michigan created the first two Wisconsin counties, Brown and Crawford.
  • 1820s: High prices for lead attracted settlers to the mines of southern Wisconsin. The Michigan 1820 census lists residents of what is now Wisconsin.
  • 1829, 1832, &1837: Land ceded by the Winnebago Indians
    Wisconsin Territory
    1830s: Heavy settlement began along the Lake Michigan shoreline at the sites of present-day Milwaukee, Racine, and Kenosha. The Michigan 1830 census lists of residents of what is now Wisconsin.
  • 1836: Congress created the Wisconsin Territory, which included lands west of the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Much of the western portion was later transferred to the Iowa Territory, created in 1838.
  • 1848: Wisconsin, with its present boundaries, became a state. This is a beginning of a large German immigration into Wisconsin.
    S.S. Christopher Columbus
  • 1871: The deadliest fire in United States history occurred in the timber industry town of Peshtigo, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people. The Peshtigo Fire burned 1,875 square miles of forestland around the town. Three Hundred and fifty people were buried in a mass grave without being identified, as those that would have known them perished in the fire also.
  • 1889: Mine Fire occurred in Ashland, putting 400 miners out of work.
  • 1898: The Spanish-American War was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines. Technically, Wisconsin troops in the Spanish-American War were part of the state's National Guard. Official service record information is found within certain Adjutant General's records held by the Archives. There is an alphabetical index, which is useful in determining if a given individual served in a Wisconsin unit during the Spanish American War. [4]
  • 1912: A washed out bridge caused a train to plunge into the Lemonweir River near Camp Douglas carrying all of the passengers and cars downstream.
  • 1917: African Americans from the rural South begin moving to Wisconsin communities, especially, Milwaukee, Racine, and Beloit.
  • 1917–1918: The U.S. enters World War I. Wisconsin becomes first state to meet draft requirements; 120,000 soldiers serve in the military, and almost 4,000 die in the war. For information concerning records about this war see World War I United States Military Records.[5][6][7][8][9]
  • 1940–1945: World War II. 332,000 Wisconsin residents serve in U.S. military, including 9,000 women. 8,390 Wisconsinites died in this war. Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. For information concerning records about this war see the World War II Military Records page.[10]
  • 1950: Wisconsin population grew to 3.4 million.
  • 1950–1953: The Korean War claimed 726 Wisconsinites. For information concerning records about this war see the Korean War page.
  • 1990: Wisconsin's population reaches 4,891,769

Local Histories

Local histories are valuable sources for family history research. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families and describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Wisconsin.

Wisconsin has a large number of county and regional histories, which contain much family history information.

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Genealogy Book Links gives many references to books available on the History of Wisconsin.

You can learn about the pre-statehood era of Wisconsin in the many published volumes of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Two good sources are the Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin and the Northwest, Illinois, and Michigan, and Wisconsin Territorial Papers. Indexes to the territorial papers are in:

  • The Territorial Papers of the United States. 28 vols. (Family History Library book 973 N2udt; films beginning with 1421059.) Volume 26 is at the Family History Library. Volumes 27 and 28 cover Wisconsin Territorial papers 1836–1848. The Family History Library does not have volumes 27 and 28.

The Wisconsin territorial papers collection has a few court records for 1836–1848: Bureau of Indian Affairs records 1836–1848; appointments of postmasters 1836–1848; maps 1836–1848; records of lighthouses and customs, and many other governmental records in:

  • The Territorial Papers of the United States: the Territory of Wisconsin, 1836–1848: a Microfilm Supplement. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1959. (On 122 Family History Library films beginning with 1601731.) </ref>

Much historical information is included in the Wisconsin Magazine of History published by the Wisconsin Historical Society. (See the "Periodicals" page.)

A source for early Wisconsin historical information for the 1690s to the 1860s is:

A source with excellent bibliographies concerning the early French traders and Indian records is:

  • Hansen, James L. "Voyageurs and Habitants: Tracing the Early French in the Great Lakes Region, in National Genealogical Society Conference in the States (1995: San Diego, California). San Diego, A Place to Explore: Syllabus. 2 vols. [Arlington, Virginia] National Genealogical Society, 1996, 2:688–91. (Family History Library book 973 D25ngsc 1995.) </ref>

Useful sources for studying the history of Wisconsin are:

  • History of Wisconsin. Vols. 1–6. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society, 1973–1988. (Family History Library book 977.5 H2sa.)
  • Quaife, Milo Milton. Wisconsin: Its History and Its People, 1634-1924. 4 vols. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke, 1924. (Family History Library book 977.5 H2q; film 1036176; fiche 6046726.)
  • Smith, William Rudolph. The History of Wisconsin in three parts: Historical, Documentary, and Descriptive. Madison, WI: Brown,1854. Google Books: Vol. 1, Vol. 3

Research Helps

To find more books and articles about Wisconsin 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Wisconsin history." For more information about individual topics see the Vital Records, Emigration and Immigration, Military Records and Bible Records pages.

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

WISCONSIN - HISTORY
WISCONSIN, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
WISCONSIN, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
WISCONSIN, BIBLIOGRAPHY

Web Sites

References

  1. Robert Eugene Bieder, Native American Communities in Wisconsin, 1600-1960: A Study of Tradition and Change. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995. ISBN 0299145247, 9780299145248.Full text available at Google Books.
  2. Wisconsin Historical Society. 19th Century Immigration.
  3. Norman K. Risjordemissary, "Jean Nicolet’s Search for the South Sea", Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 84, no. 3, 34-43.
  4. Wisconsin Historical Society.Spanish-American War.
  5. Ted Beach, Field Service Diary, Mar. 3 to Nov. 28, 1918: Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division in World War 1. Wisconsin: s.n., 2000. Beach, of Racine, WI, was a private/corporal in Battery F, 121st Field Artillery, 32nd Division. His diary contains short entries reflecting on each days’ events. An appendix includes Beach’s complete biography. Worldcat
  6. Celestine Nicholas Charles Bittle, Soldiering for Cross and Flag: Impressions of a War Chaplain. Milwaukee, WI: Bruce Pub. Co., 1929. Bittle took a leave of absence from St. Lawrence College of Mt. Calvary, WI, to serve as an army chaplain. Stationed at Motor Transport Reconstruction Park at Vereuil, he was the sole chaplain for over 8000 people. Worldcat
  7. Robert C. Andersen, The Hingham Boys Muster of 1918. Hingham, WI: Author,1990. Includes biographical monographs of all 29 World War I veterans buried in the Hingham Cemetery of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. In addition to researching written sources, the author conducted personal interviews with relatives of the soldiers, creating biographies of the veterans’ lives before, during, and after the War.Worldcat
  8. Doris Litscher Gasser, Lachmund Cramer VFW Post #7694: Stories Written in 1996 for 50th Year Celebration. Prairie du Sac, WI: Author, 2003. This contains articles written about veterans from Sauk City and Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin.Worldcat
  9. James F. McIntosh, Wisconsin at War. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002. This collection of interviews with Wisconsin veterans focuses on those serving in World War II, with two brief interviews with World War I veterans. Worldcat
  10. James F. McIntosh, Wisconsin at War. Black Earth, WI: Trails Books, 2002.
  11. Draper, Lyman Copeland, ed. Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 21 vols. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1855–1915. (Family History Library 977.5 B2wc; also digital copy; films 924580–590 .)