Difference between revisions of "Winter Quarters, Utah"

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The first commercial coal town in Utah was Winter Quarters. It was originally called Peaceful Valley, where a few pioneers lived and grazed their cattle. Everything changed in 1875, when coal was discovered. By 1877 hundreds of miners moved in and a town suddenly emerged. The winter of 1877 came early and was very severe, keeping the miners snowbound until the following February. The town was renamed Winter Quarters.
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Utah|Utah]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Carbon County, Utah|Carbon County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Winter Quarters '''
  
By 1900, there were 2000 families living in Winter Quarters, Utah. On May 1, 1900, the town was celebrating Dewey Day in honor of Admiral George Dewey who, two years earlier, had defeated the Spanish at Manila Harbor. At 10:20 a.m. an explosion occurred in mine #4, caused by coal dust. 100 men were killed by the explosion and intense heat. Carbon monoxide spread to mine #1, killing 99 more men. The mine was eventually reopened, and produced coal for another 28 years. It was determined the coal was of poor quality, so the mine was closed forever in 1928.
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== Quick History ==
  
Many of the homes were moved to Scofield or Castle Gate. Today, all that is left of Winter Quarters are some walls and foundation of the homes and buildings. Winter Quarters is located off UT-96 on Winter Quarter's Canyon Road near Scofield, Utah.  
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[[Image:Winter Quarters Mine Disaster.jpg|right|300px]] Winter Quarters is a [[Utah Ghost Towns#How_To_Classify_Ghost_Towns|class 4]] mining ghost town, in [[Carbon County, Utah|Carbon County]].<ref> Carr, Stephen L. ''The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Epics, 1972. Film: {{FHL|78162}} Book: {{FHL|979.2 H2cr}} {{WorldCat|595478}}. </ref> The first commercial coal town in Utah originally called Peaceful Valley, where a few pioneers lived and grazed their cattle. The community changed in 1875 with the discovery of coal. By 1877, hundreds of miners moved in and a town suddenly emerged. The winter of 1877 came early and was very severe, keeping the miners snowbound until the following February. The town was renamed Winter Quarters. <ref>Thompson, George A; ''Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures'' {{WorldCat|9202286}} {{FHL|979.2 H2tg}}</ref> <br> By 1900, there were 2000 families living in Winter Quarters. On May 1, 1900,<ref> [http://www.epicdisasters.com/index.php/site/comments/the_worst_us_mining_disasters/ Epic disasters] </ref> while the town was celebrating [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_Bay Dewey Day], an explosion occurred in mine #4, caused by coal dust. One hundred men were killed by the explosion and intense heat. Carbon monoxide spread to mine #1, killing 99 more men. After the extinguishing of the mine fires, the mine was eventually reopened, and produced coal for another 28 years. It was determined the coal was of poor quality, so the mine was closed forever in 1928. <ref>Thompson, George A; ''Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures'' {{WorldCat|9202286}} {{FHL|979.2 H2tg}}</ref> <br> {{Wikipedia|Winter Quarters, Utah}} Many of the homes and families moved to Scofield or [[Castle Gate, Utah|Castle Gate]], when Castle Gate closed, they moved to Helper.  
  
onlineutah.com[http://www.onlineutah.com/winterquartershistory.shtml]
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== Location ==
prairieghosts.com[http://www.prairieghosts.com/w_quarters.html]
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Winter Quarters Photographs[http://wmrrm.org/winterquarters.html]
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*Coordinates: 39°43′14″N 111°11′16″W.
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=== Maps ===
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*[http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/UT/County/carbon.htm 1895 Map of Carbon County]
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=== Neighboring Communities ===
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Scofield | Clear Creek | Electric Lake
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=== Time Line ===
 +
 
 +
*1870: Agricultural community begun
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*1875: Coal discovered
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*1877: Miners arrived and town booms
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*1900: Two thousands families lived in Winter Quarters
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*1900, May 1: One hundred ninetynine men were killed in mine explosion and subsequent gas release.
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*1928: Mine closed, miners relocated to Scofield and [[Castle Gate, Utah|Castle Gate]]
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== Resources ==
 +
 
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=== Biographies ===
 +
 
 +
*''Memorial to those who lost their lives in coal mines in Utah in the 19th &amp; 20th centuries'' <ref> Civish, Fred M.;  ''Memorial to those who lost their lives in coal mines in Utah in the 19th &amp; 20th centuries'' Book {{FHL|979.2 V28}} </ref> Lists name, date of accident, and mine.
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=== Cemeteries  ===
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=77171&CScntry=4&CSst=47&CScnty=2777& Winter Quarters Findagrave.com]
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=77429&CScntry=4&CSst=47&CScnty=2777&CSsr=21& Scofield Cemetery Findagrave.com]
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Check cemeteries in neighboring communities.
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*[http://utahgravestones.org/cemeteries.php Carbon County Gravestone Photo Project]
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScntry=4&CSst=47&CScnty=2777&CSsr=1& Carbon County Cemeteries Findagrave.com]
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=== Church Records ===
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=== Historical Newspapers ===
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*[http://digitalnewspapers.org/newspaper/?paper=Carbon+County+News Carbon County News] 1908 - 1915
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*[http://digitalnewspapers.org/newspaper/?paper=Eastern+Utah+Advocate Eastern Utah Advocate] 1891 - 1916
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*[http://digitalnewspapers.org/newspaper/?paper=News+Advocate News Advocate] 1915 - 1932
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*[http://www.utahrails.net/utahcoal/carbon-county-newspapers.php Carbon County Newspaper Articles]
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=== Societies, Museums and Libraries  ===
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;[http://wmrrm.org/index.htm The Western Mining and Railroad Museum]
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294 South Main <br> Helper, Utah 84526<br> Phone: (435) 472-3009
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=== Vital Records ===
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==== Birth ====
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==== Marriages ====
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*Marriage information may be located at the [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernstates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Database] searchable by bride or groom.
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==== Death  ====
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;Winter Quarters Mine Disaster
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A total of 199 men died in the May 1, 1900 explosion and gas release. 150 were buried in the Scofield Cemetery. Two funeral trains took the rest of the bodies to outlying communities and states for burial. The disaster left 107 widows and 270 fatherless children. For a list, see [http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/databases.html#accidents Miners Killed in the Winter Quarters Mine Explosion May 1, 1900] at [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~utgenweb/ UTGenWeb] - free.<br>
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*[http://www.archives.utah.gov/research/indexes/20842.htm Utah Department of Archives] 1903 to 50 years ago<br>Choices of search types - name, date of death (year, month, day, or any combination) and county.<br>Images of actual death certificates.<br>
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:*'''1904-1956''' - '''''Utah Death Certificates 1904 - 1956 -'''''A free internet access to the 1904-1956 death certificates can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/ Family Search Historical Records].&nbsp; Utah requires a death certificate before a burial is completed.&nbsp; A death certificate may contain information as to the name of the deceased, date of death, and place of death, as well as&nbsp;the age, birthdate, parents, gender, marital status, spouse and place of residence.&nbsp; For information on death prior to 1904 you can search the [http://history.utah.gov/burials/execute/searchburials Utah State Burial Index].<br>
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:*'''1921-1937''' - [http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/ScofieldDeathCerts.html Scofield and Winter Quarters Death Certificates Index] at [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~utgenweb/ UTGenWeb] - free.<br>
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===== Obituaries =====
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== Suggested Reading ==
 +
 
 +
*''Connecting the West&nbsp;: historic railroad stops and stage stations of Elko County, Nevada <ref> Hall, Shawn; ''Connecting the West : historic railroad stops and stage stations of Elko County, Nevada'' {{WorldCat|50926294}} </ref>''
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*''The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns.'' <ref> Carr, Stephen L. ''The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Epics, 1972. Film: {{FHL|78162}} Book: {{FHL|979.2 H2cr}} {{WorldCat|595478}}. </ref>
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*''Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures'' <ref>Thompson, George A; ''Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures'' {{WorldCat|9202286}} {{FHL|979.2 H2tg}}</ref>
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*''Pioneers of Carbon County'' <ref>Jean S Greenwood; Lou Jean S Wiggins; Mary N Porter Harris; Daughters of Utah Pioneers; ''Pioneers of Carbon County'' {{Worldcat| 46707885}} </ref>
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== Websites ==
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*[http://www.ghosttowns.com/states/ut/winterquarters.html Ghost Town of Winter Quarters]  
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*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ut-winterquarter.html Legends of America Winter Quarters]
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*[http://www.trainweb.org/utahrails/mining/utmines.html List of Mines in Carbon County]
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*[http://www.prairieghosts.com/w_quarters.html Prairieghosts.com]
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*[http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/mining_and_railroads/silverinthebeehivestate.html Silver Mining in the Beehive State]
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*[[Utah Ghost Towns|Utah Ghost Towns]]
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*[http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/mining_and_railroads/mining.html Utah Mining]
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*[http://www.onlineutah.com/winterquartershistory.shtml Winter Quarters History at onlineutah.com]
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*[http://wmrrm.org/winterquarters.html Winter Quarters photographs]  
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*[http://cr4.globalspec.com/blogentry/5500/May-1-1900-The-Winter-Quarters-Coal-Mine-Disaster Winter Quarters Mining Disaster]
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*[http://wmrrm.org/winterquarters.html Winter Quarters Photos]
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== Sources and Footnotes ==
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<references />
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{{Carbon County, Utah|Carbon County, Utah}}
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[[Category:Carbon_County,_Utah]] [[Category:Ghost_Towns]]

Revision as of 17:36, 27 January 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Utah Gotoarrow.png Carbon County Gotoarrow.png Winter Quarters

Quick History

Winter Quarters Mine Disaster.jpg
Winter Quarters is a class 4 mining ghost town, in Carbon County.[1] The first commercial coal town in Utah originally called Peaceful Valley, where a few pioneers lived and grazed their cattle. The community changed in 1875 with the discovery of coal. By 1877, hundreds of miners moved in and a town suddenly emerged. The winter of 1877 came early and was very severe, keeping the miners snowbound until the following February. The town was renamed Winter Quarters. [2]
By 1900, there were 2000 families living in Winter Quarters. On May 1, 1900,[3] while the town was celebrating Dewey Day, an explosion occurred in mine #4, caused by coal dust. One hundred men were killed by the explosion and intense heat. Carbon monoxide spread to mine #1, killing 99 more men. After the extinguishing of the mine fires, the mine was eventually reopened, and produced coal for another 28 years. It was determined the coal was of poor quality, so the mine was closed forever in 1928. [4]
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Winter Quarters, Utah
Many of the homes and families moved to Scofield or Castle Gate, when Castle Gate closed, they moved to Helper.

Location

  • Coordinates: 39°43′14″N 111°11′16″W.

Maps

Neighboring Communities

Scofield | Clear Creek | Electric Lake

Time Line

  • 1870: Agricultural community begun
  • 1875: Coal discovered
  • 1877: Miners arrived and town booms
  • 1900: Two thousands families lived in Winter Quarters
  • 1900, May 1: One hundred ninetynine men were killed in mine explosion and subsequent gas release.
  • 1928: Mine closed, miners relocated to Scofield and Castle Gate

Resources

Biographies

  • Memorial to those who lost their lives in coal mines in Utah in the 19th & 20th centuries [5] Lists name, date of accident, and mine.

Cemeteries

Check cemeteries in neighboring communities.

Church Records

Historical Newspapers

Societies, Museums and Libraries

The Western Mining and Railroad Museum

294 South Main
Helper, Utah 84526
Phone: (435) 472-3009

Vital Records

Birth

Marriages

Death

Winter Quarters Mine Disaster

A total of 199 men died in the May 1, 1900 explosion and gas release. 150 were buried in the Scofield Cemetery. Two funeral trains took the rest of the bodies to outlying communities and states for burial. The disaster left 107 widows and 270 fatherless children. For a list, see Miners Killed in the Winter Quarters Mine Explosion May 1, 1900 at UTGenWeb - free.

  • Utah Department of Archives 1903 to 50 years ago
    Choices of search types - name, date of death (year, month, day, or any combination) and county.
    Images of actual death certificates.
  • 1904-1956 - Utah Death Certificates 1904 - 1956 -A free internet access to the 1904-1956 death certificates can be viewed on the Family Search Historical Records.  Utah requires a death certificate before a burial is completed.  A death certificate may contain information as to the name of the deceased, date of death, and place of death, as well as the age, birthdate, parents, gender, marital status, spouse and place of residence.  For information on death prior to 1904 you can search the Utah State Burial Index.
Obituaries

Suggested Reading

  • Connecting the West : historic railroad stops and stage stations of Elko County, Nevada [6]
  • The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns. [7]
  • Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures [8]
  • Pioneers of Carbon County [9]

Websites

Sources and Footnotes

  1. Carr, Stephen L. The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns. Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Epics, 1972. Film: FHL 78162 Book: FHL 979.2 H2cr WorldCat 595478.
  2. Thompson, George A; Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures WorldCat 9202286 FHL 979.2 H2tg
  3. Epic disasters
  4. Thompson, George A; Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures WorldCat 9202286 FHL 979.2 H2tg
  5. Civish, Fred M.; Memorial to those who lost their lives in coal mines in Utah in the 19th & 20th centuries Book FHL 979.2 V28
  6. Hall, Shawn; Connecting the West : historic railroad stops and stage stations of Elko County, Nevada WorldCat 50926294
  7. Carr, Stephen L. The Historical Guide to Utah Ghost Towns. Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Epics, 1972. Film: FHL 78162 Book: FHL 979.2 H2cr WorldCat 595478.
  8. Thompson, George A; Some Dreams Die: Utah's Ghost Towns and Lost Treasures WorldCat 9202286 FHL 979.2 H2tg
  9. Jean S Greenwood; Lou Jean S Wiggins; Mary N Porter Harris; Daughters of Utah Pioneers; Pioneers of Carbon County 46707885/editions WorldCat 46707885