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Wilson County, North Carolina Genealogy

Guide to Wilson County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wilson
Organized: February 13, 1855
Parent County(s): Edgecombe, Nash, Johnston, and Wayne[1]
Neighboring Counties
Edgecombe  • Greene  • Johnston  • Nash  • Pitt  • Wayne
See County Maps
Location Map
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County InformationEdit


The county was named for Colonel Louis D. Wilson, U.S. Volunteers, who died of fever while on leave from the state senate during the Mexican–American War. It is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County CourthouseEdit

Wilson County Courthouse
115 E. Nash Street
PO Box 1608
Wilson, NC 27894
Wilson County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death and land records.
Clerk of Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1868 and probate records from 1855.[3]

Wilson County, North Carolina Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1855 1913 1868 1836 1855 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record LossEdit

Some of the early records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary ChangesEdit

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Rock Ridge
  • Black Creek
  • Cross Roads
  • Gardners
  • Old Fields
  • Saratoga
  • Springhill
  • Stantonsburg
  • Taylors
  • Toisnot
  • Wilson

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Wilson County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census RecordsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 9,720
1870 12,258 26.1%
1880 16,064 31.0%
1890 18,644 16.1%
1900 23,596 26.6%
1910 28,269 19.8%
1920 36,813 30.2%
1930 44,914 22.0%
1940 50,219 11.8%
1950 54,506 8.5%
1960 57,716 5.9%
1970 57,486 −0.4%
1980 63,132 9.8%
1990 66,061 4.6%
2000 73,814 11.7%
2010 81,234 10.1%
Source: "".

Church RecordsEdit


First Christian

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

African AmericanEdit

  • Black Wide Awake - Documents, transcriptions and information of historical and genealogical interest to researchers of Wilson County, North Carolina's African American community.

Funeral HomesEdit


Scuffalong: Lineage of Lisa Y. Henderson's ancestors, Wilson County, North Carolina


Land and Property RecordsEdit

Local HistoriesEdit

Maps and GazetteersEdit

NC Wilson


Military RecordsEdit

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Wilson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wilson County:

- 1st Regiment, Heavy Artillery (African Descent)
- 1st Regiment, Infantry
- 1st Regiment, Infantry (African Descent)
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Regiment Mounted Infantry
- 2nd Regiment Infantry (African Descent)
- 3rd Regiment Infantry (African Descent)
- 3rd Regiment Mounted Infantry
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 4th Regiment5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company E
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company H
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (59th North Carolina State Troops), Company H
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company F
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company G

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Vital RecordsEdit





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Wilson County Library
Two branch locations:
East Branch Library
1006-C Ward Blvd
Wilson, NC 27893
Phone: 252-237-2627
249 Nash Street W
Wilson, NC 27893
Phone: 252-237-5355



  • Wilson County Genealogical Society
    PO Box 802
    Wilson, NC 27894-0802


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2.,_North_Carolina on 3/27/2019
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wilson County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Wilson County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina, accessed 2 March 2020.
  7. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:491. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990; "Toisnot Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  8. "Toisnot Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at