Difference between revisions of "White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada|Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[White_Pine_County,_Nevada|White Pine County]]''
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| link2=[[Nevada Genealogy|Nevada]]
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| link5=[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy|White Pine County]]
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{{NVDC}}
 
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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Guide to '''White Pine County, Nevada ancestry, genealogy and family history''', birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  
[http://www.courtreference.com/Courts-Online.php?court_records=White_Pine_County_District_Court&court=4407 White Pine County Courthouse ]<br>953 Campton Street; PO Box 659; <br>Ely, NV 89301-1002<br>Phone: 775.289.2341<br><br>County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, <br>divorce, probate and court records from 1907 <br>and naturalization records. <br>County Recorder has land records from 1885. <ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), White Pine County, Oregon page 443, {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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{| width="100%";
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| valign="top" width="20%" | <br><!-- 1st column - TOC -->
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__TOC__
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| valign="top" width="0%" | <!-- 2nd column  - blank -->
  
== History  ==
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| valign="top" width="60%" | <!-- MIDDLE column - County information -->
 +
== County Information ==
  
==== Parent County  ====
+
=== Description ===
  
'''1869--'''White Pine County was created 2 March 1869&nbsp;from Millard County and Utah Territory.&nbsp;'''County seat:''' Ely <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
+
The county named is derived from White Pine, an old name for the Limber Pine, a common tree in the county's mountains. It's county seat is Ely and was founded 1869.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "White Pine County," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Pine_County,_Nevada 3/28/2017.</ref>  It is located in the East central area of the state.<ref>Genealogy Trails History Group, “White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/nev/whitep/ accessed 3/28/2017.</ref>
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
+
=== County Courthouse ===
 +
{{NV Courthouse Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Record Loss  ====
+
White Pine County Courthouse<br>953 Campton Street <br> PO Box 659 <br>Ely, NV 89301-1002<br>Phone: 775.289.2341<br>[http://www.courtreference.com/Courts-Online.php?court_records=White_Pine_County_District_Court&court=4407 White Pine County Website]<br><br>County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, divorce, probate and court records from 1907 and naturalization records. <br>County Recorder has land records from 1885. <ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), White Pine County, Oregon page 443, {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
== Places/Localities  ==
+
=== White Pine County, Nevada Record Dates  ===
 +
{{NV Records Intro}}
 +
{| width="91%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="91%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major Records'''<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), White Pine County, Nevada. Page 442. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 428.</ref></center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
 +
| width="13%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1887
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1885
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1887
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1907
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1885
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1907
 +
| width="13%" align="center" |1850
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="7" | <center>'''* For earlier dates, try...''' '''[[White Pine County, Nevada#Church_Records|Church]] &#124; [[White Pine County, Nevada#Obituaries|Obituaries]] &#124; [[White Pine County, Nevada#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]'''</center>
 +
|}
  
==== Populated Places  ====
+
=== Record Loss ===
 +
In early 1880’s, the county courthouse in Hamilton was burned down along with much of the business section by an embezzling county treasurer. In 1885, a store owner caused a devastating fire which burned down the Court House which had been moved to the Withington Hotel.. Only a pitiful few records from the Sheriff’s office were salvaged. The town of Hamilton had suffered previous fires before the last which resulted in its faster demise.
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="800" align="left"
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=== Boundary Changes ===
 +
{{NV Boundary Changes Intro|White Pine}}
 +
*'''Parent County:''' created 2 March 1869 from Millard County and Utah Territory
 +
*'''County Seat:''' Ely <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/nevada/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Nevada] - shows boundary changes for Nevada Counties
 +
*[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/NV_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies Nevada Historical Boundary Changes] - list of all boundary changes by county provided by [https://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Populated Places ===
 +
{{NV Populated Places Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%"
 
|-
 
|-
| Adverse  
+
| valign="top" width="33.33%"|
| Eberhardt  
+
* Adverse
| Keystone Junction  
+
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Baker|subject|disp=Baker}}
| Mineral City  
+
* Baltimore Mill
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ruth|subject|disp=Ruth}}
+
* Calumet
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Cherry+Creek|subject|disp=Cherry Creek}}
 +
* Copper Flat
 +
* Douglas
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ely|subject|disp=East Ely}}
 +
* Eberhardt
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ely|subject|disp=Ely}}
 +
* Glenn
 +
* Green Springs
 +
* Greens
 +
* Hamilton
 +
| valign="top" width="33.33%"|
 +
* Hogum
 +
* Keystone
 +
* Keystone Junction
 +
* Kimberly
 +
* Lane City
 +
* Lavon
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Lund|subject|disp=Lund}}
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majors_Place,_Nevada Majors Place]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McGill,_Nevada McGill Junction]
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+McGill|subject|disp=McGill}}
 +
* Mineral City
 +
* Minerva
 +
* Mosier
 +
| valign="top" width="33.33%"|
 +
* Osceola
 +
* Pogonip
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Preston|subject|disp=Preston}}
 +
* Riepetown
 +
* Ruppes Place
 +
* {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ruth|subject|disp=Ruth}}
 +
* Shermantown
 +
* Shoshone
 +
* Steptoe
 +
* Stonehouse
 +
* Tippett
 +
* Warm Springs
 +
* Willow Grove
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" width="19%" | <!-- 5th column - Infobox -->
 +
<br>
 +
:{| {{Click|image:NV_ORP.png|Nevada_Online_Genealogy_Records}}
 +
|}
 +
{{Infobox U.S. County 2016
 +
|organized=  March 2,  1869
 +
|county seat= Ely
 +
|parent county= Millard and Utah Territory<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
 +
|variant spellings=
 +
|county1= [[Elko County, Nevada Genealogy|Elko]]
 +
|county2= [[Eureka County, Nevada Genealogy|Eureka]]
 +
|county3= [[Juab County, Utah Genealogy|Juab (UT)]]
 +
|county4= [[Lincoln County, Nevada Genealogy|Lincoln]]
 +
|county5= [[Millard County, Utah Genealogy|Millard (UT)]]
 +
|county6= [[Nye County, Nevada Genealogy|Nye]]
 +
|county7= [[Tooele County, Utah Genealogy|Tooele (UT)]]</br><center>[[White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy#Maps and Gazetteers|See County Maps]]</center>
 +
|county8=
 +
|county9=
 +
|county10=
 +
|county courthouse= [[Image:NevadaWhitePineCourthouse.jpg|245x245px]]
 +
|county location in state= [[Image: Nv-white-pine.png|185x185px]]
 +
|adoption=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
|} <!-- end of table at top -->
 +
 
 +
=== History Timeline ===
 +
{{NV Historical Timeline Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
== Resources ==
 +
{{NV Resources Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Bible Records ===
 +
{{NV Bible Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Biographies  ===
 +
{{NV Biographies Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Business, Commerce, and Occupations ===
 +
{{NV Business Records Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Cemeteries ===
 +
{{NV Cemeteries Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:66%;  "
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Baker|subject|disp=Baker}}
+
| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of White Pine County, Nevada''' online and in print</center>
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ely|subject|disp=Ely}}
 
| Kimberly
 
| Minerva
 
| Shermantown
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Baltimore Mill
+
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
| Glenn
+
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
| Lane City
+
*[https://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=35&GScnty=1976&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
| Mosier
+
 
| Shoshone
+
* [http://theusgenweb.org/nv/whitepine/ NVGenWeb]
 +
* [http://usgwarchives.net/nv/wpinearc.htm NVGenWeb Archives]
 +
* [http://usgwtombstones.org/nevada/whitecem.html Tombstone Project]
 +
 
 +
* [https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
 
|-
 
|-
| Calumet
+
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print''' ([[The Value of Cemetery Records in Print |Often more complete]])</center>
| Greens
+
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
| Lavon
+
* {{FHL|343792|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
| Osceola
+
* [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+White+Pine+Nevada&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
| Steptoe
+
 
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Cherry+Creek|subject|disp=Cherry Creek}}
+
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
| Green Springs
+
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Lund|subject|disp=Lund}}
+
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=35&CScnty=1976 Findagrave.com]
| Pogonip
+
* [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Nevada&county=White%20Pine&cemetery_name=a Billion Graves]
| Stonehouse
+
*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/nevada-cemetery-records.htm Nevada Cemetery Records]
|-
+
 
| Copper Flat
 
| Hamilton
 
| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majors_Place,_Nevada Majors Place]  
 
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Preston|subject|disp=Preston}}
 
| Tippett
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Douglas
+
| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>See '''[[Nevada Cemeteries]]''' for more information</center>
| Hogum
 
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+McGill|subject|disp=McGill}}
 
| Riepetown
 
| Warm Springs
 
|-
 
| {{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine%2C+Ely|subject|disp=East Ely}}
 
| Keystone
 
| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McGill,_Nevada McGill Junction]
 
| Ruppes Place
 
| Willow Grove
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
The following web sites may have additional information on White county cemeteries.
 +
 +
*[http://www.interment.net/us/NV/index.htm Interment.net] Nevada cemetery records by county.
 +
*[http://genealogytrails.com/nev/whitep/cem/cemndx.html by Genealogy Trails.com] Cemeteries in White Pine County, Nevada
 +
 +
===Census Records===
 +
{{Historical populations
 +
|type = USA
 +
|heading = Census
 +
|footnote = Source: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Pine_County,_Nevada#Demographics "Wikipedia.org".] 
 +
|1870 |7189 
 +
|1880 |2682
 +
|1890 |1721
 +
|1900 |1961
 +
|1910 |7441
 +
|1920 |8935
 +
|1930 |11771
 +
|1940 |12377
 +
|1950 |9424
 +
|1960 |9808
 +
|1970 |10150 
 +
|1980 |8167 
 +
|1990 |9264 
 +
|2000 |9181
 +
|2010 |10030
 +
}}
 +
{{NV Census Intro|White Pine}}
 +
====State and Territory Census Records====
 +
*'''1850''' - {{RecordSearch|1401638|United States Census, 1850}} at [https://familysearch.org/search/ FamilySearch Historical Records] — index and images; Nevada was included in both the 1850 New Mexico and Utah Territory Censuses.
 +
*'''1860''' - {{RecordSearch|1473181|United States Census, 1860}} at [https://familysearch.org/search/ FamilySearch Historical Records] — index and images; Nevada was included in both the 1860 New Mexico and Utah Territory Censuses.
 +
*'''1860''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3560 Nevada, Compiled Census Index, 1860-1910] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($), index
 +
*'''1862-1863''' - [http://www.nvgenweb.org/nvtax.txt 1862-1863 Nevada Territory Tax List] - Index
 +
*'''1875''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4873 Nevada State Census, 1875] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — ($), index
 +
 +
==== Federal Census Records ====
 +
Federal Censuses were taken for the state of Nevada starting in 1870.  Although, those living in south-eastern Nevada in 1870 may be enumerated in Utah or Arizona because of disputed boundaries with Nevada.<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 212.</ref> For links to Federal Census indexes, see [[Nevada Census]].
 +
 +
=== Church Records ===
 +
{{NV Church Intro|White Pine}}
  
<br><br><br><br><br><br>
+
'''LDS Ward and Branch Records
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
+
*Ely
 +
*Lund
 +
*McGill
 +
*Preston
 +
*Ruth
  
*[[Elko County, Nevada|Elko]]
+
=== Court Records ===
*[[Eureka County, Nevada|Eureka]]
+
{{NV Court Intro|White Pine}}
*[[Juab County, Utah|Juab County, Utah]]
 
*[[Lincoln County, Nevada|Lincoln]]
 
*[[Millard County, Utah|Millard County, Utah]]
 
*[[Nye County, Nevada|Nye]]
 
*[[Tooele County, Utah|Tooele County, Utah]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
+
=== Directories ===
 +
{{NV Directories Intro|White Pine}}
 +
'''Online Directories'''
 +
*'''1868-1869''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4741 Nevada Directory 1868-1869] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($), index only, includes settlers of Nevada<br>
  
==== Cemeteries ====
+
=== Emigration and Immigration ===
 +
{{NV Emigration Intro|White Pine}}
  
Listing of graves by name, descriptions, site directions and some pictures&nbsp;for the following cemeteries in White Pine County&nbsp;can be found at [http://www.interment.net/us/nv/index.htm Interment.Net]:
+
=== Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups ===
 +
{{NV Ethnic Groups Intro|White Pine}}
  
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/aurum/aurum.htm Aurum Cemetery]
+
=== Funeral Homes  ===
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/mourners/point.htm Mourners Point Cemetery]
+
{{NV Funeral Homes Intro|White Pine}}
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/necherry/creek.htm Northeast Cherry Creek Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/osceola/osceola.htm Osceola Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/swcherry/creek.htm Southwest Cherry Creek Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/treasure/city.htm Treasure City Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/ward/ward.htm Ward Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.interment.net/data/us/nv/whitepine/chapman/chapman.htm Ward Isolated Graves (Chapman Grave)]
 
  
Information for the following cemeteries&nbsp;can be found at [http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/index.html White Pine County Cemeteries and Burials]:
+
=== Genealogies  ===
 +
{{NV Genealogies Intro|White Pine}}
  
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/aurum.html Aurum Cemetery]
+
=== Guardianship ===
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/blackhorse.html Black Horse Cemetery]
+
{{NV Guardianship Intro|White Pine}}
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/cherrycreek.html Cherry Creek Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/eberhardt.htm Eberhardt&nbsp;Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/egan.htm Egan Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/index.html Ely Cemetery<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1232484116046_572" />]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/white_pine_county/historical_society/ft_ruby.htm Fort Ruby Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/hamilton.html Hamilton Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/index.html Lund Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/molleson_cem.htm Molleson Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/muncy.htm Muncy Creek Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/muncy.htm Osceola Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/preston_cem.htm Preston Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/ranch_cems.htm Ranch Cemeteries and Outlying Graves]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/schellborne.html Schellborne Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/taylor.html Taylor Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/treasurecity.htm Treasure City Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/unknownsites.htm Unknown Grave Locations]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/ward.html Ward Cemetery]
 
*[http://www.webpanda.com/WP_cemeteries/white_river.htm White River Cemetery]
 
  
==== Church  ====
+
=== Land and Property Records ===
 +
{{NV Land Intro|White Pine}}
  
LDS Ward and Branch&nbsp;Records  
+
''Online Land Records''
  
*Ely
+
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/ Land Patent Search] - index to federal patents and homesteads on the [http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx Bureau of Land Management] website, some images available
*Lund
+
*'''1796 - 1907''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1246 U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - index, info taken from Bureau of Land Management website<br>
*McGill
+
*'''1861 - 1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60593 U.S. Homestead Records 1861-1936] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($), index and images
*Preston
+
<br>
*Ruth
+
For more information see [[Nevada Land and Property]]
 +
 
 +
=== Local Histories ===
 +
{{NV Histories Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
*''Copper times : An Animated Chronicle of White Pine County, Nevada.'' c1987. By Jack Fleming. Seattle, Washington : Jack Fleming Publications.  {{WorldCat|16689841|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
*''The Rush to White Pine.'' c1988. By Alan Patera. [S.l.] : Depot, The. {{WorldCat|20937025|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
*''Scenes From White River Valley.'' c1998. By White River Valley Historical Committee. Provo, Utah. {{WorldCat|80903466|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
*''White Pine County [Nevada] Pioneers.'' c1979. By George Robison. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah.  {{WorldCat|865596039|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
*''White Pine Lang Syne : A True History of White Pine County, Nevada.'' c1965. By Effie Read. Denver, Colorado : Big Mountain Press. [https://books.google.com/books?id=8A_MGAAACAAJ&dq=%27%27White+Pine+Lang+Syne+:+A+True+History+of+White+Pine+County,+Nevada%27%27&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjT_IGA_dbTAhURzmMKHVAlCoYQ6AEIIjAA Google Books]; {{WorldCat|865596039|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
   
 +
''Online County Histories''<br>
 +
*''Romancing Nevada's Past, Ghost Towns and Historical Sites of Eureka, Lander, and White Pine Counties.'' c1994. By Shawn Hall. Reno, Nevada : University of Nevada Press.  Online at:[https://books.google.com/books?id=6n9-98XTxGgC&pg=PA230&dq=Romancing+Nevada%27s+Past,+Ghost+Towns+and+Historical+Sites+of+Eureka,+Lander,+and+White+Pine+Counties.&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjSq5GNlebTAhULyGMKHWrSAzMQ6AEIJjAA#v=onepage&q=Romancing%20Nevada's%20Past%2C%20Ghost%20Towns%20and%20Historical%20Sites%20of%20Eureka%2C%20Lander%2C%20and%20White%20Pine%20Counties.&f=false Google Books]; {{WorldCat|866696576|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
*''White River Valley Then and Now : 1898-1980.'' c1987. By White River Valley Historical Committee. Provo, Utah : Melayne Printing. Online at: [https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE6454292 FamilySearch Books Online], [https://books.google.com/books?id=_fFCngEACAAJ&dq=%27%27White+River+Valley+Then+and+Now+:+1898-1980%27%27&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiKqvu9_tbTAhVL3GMKHaUSCjIQ6AEIIjAA Google Books]; {{WorldCat|866867655|disp=At various libraries(WorldCat)}}.
 +
 
 +
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
 +
{{NV Maps Intro|White Pine}}
 +
{{NV Neighboring Counties Intro|county={{NV White Pine County}}}}
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/nevada/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Nevada] - shows boundary changes for Nevada Counties
 +
*[http://www.historicmapworks.com/Browse/United_States/Nevada/ Historical Maps and Atlases of Nevada] - maps and atlases of Nevada
 +
 
 +
=== Migration ===
 +
{{NV Migration Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
Early migration routes to and from White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy for emigrant settlers included:
 +
 
 +
*[[California Trail]] 1846 to 1869 from western Missouri to northern California<ref>"Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).</ref>
 +
*[[Mormon Trail]] 1846 to 1869 from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah<ref>"The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in ''The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints'' at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).</ref>
 +
*[[Central Overland Trail]] 1859-1869 from Salt Lake City, Utah to Carson City, Nevada (and usually on to northern California)<ref name="COR">Wikipedia contributors, "Central Overland Route" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Overland_Route (accessed 13 September 2011).</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== Military Records ===
 +
{{NV Military Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
==== Online Collections ====
 +
These collections are unique to Nevada. You will find nationwide databases for military records on [[United States Military Online Genealogy Records|U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records]] and [[Nevada Military Records|Nevada Military Records]].<br><br>
 +
''Civil War''<br>
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932420|Nevada, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index<br>
 +
*'''1863-1866''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3349 Nevada Civil War Volunteers, 1863-1866] ($) at [https://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] — index<br>
 +
''World War I''<br>
 +
*[http://www.nvgenweb.org/greatwar.html Nevada - Soldiers of the Great War]<br>
 +
''World War II''<br>
 +
*[http://www.nvgenweb.org/WWII.txt Nevada Casualties of World War II]<br>
 +
''Korea War''<br>
 +
*[http://www.nvgenweb.org/korhnrarc.txt Nevada Military Killed in Action in Korea]<br>
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/korean-war/casualty-lists/nv-alpha.pdf U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Korean War for Nevada]<br>
 +
''Vietnam War''<br>
 +
*[http://www.nvgenweb.org/viehnrarc.txt Nevada Military Killed in Action in Vietnam]<br>
 +
*[http://www.vietvet.org/statewall/nevada/nv.htm The Vietnam Veterans Memorial - Nevada]<br>
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-lists/nv-alpha.pdf Vietnam Conflict Casualty Lists - Nevada]<br>
 +
''Other Conflicts''<br>
 +
*[http://www.nvgenweb.org/Mideast.html Nevadans Killed in Action - Operation Enduring Freedom & Operation Iraqi Freedom]
 +
For further information see [[Nevada Military Records]].
 +
 
 +
=== Naturalization and Citizenship ===
 +
{{NV Naturalization Intro|White Pine}}
 +
'''Online Naturalization Records'''
 +
*'''1956-1991''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60615 Nevada, Naturalization Petitions, 1956-1991] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($), index<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Newspapers ===
 +
{{NV Newspapers Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
''Nevada Newspapers Online''
 +
*[http://www.genealogybank.com/explore/newspapers/all/usa/nevada GenealogyBank] - ($), contains images of Nevada newspapers
 +
*[http://newspaperarchive.com/us/nevada/ Newspaper Archive] - ($), contains images of Nevada newspapers
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] - contains images of some Nevada newspapers; [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/help/#basic_searching searching tips]
 +
*[http://elephind.com/ Elephind] - Free; search engine that retrieves newspaper images from other free newspaper websites
 +
''Nevada Newspaper Catalogs''
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/search/titles/ U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present] on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper
 +
 
 +
=== Obituaries ===
 +
{{NV Obituaries Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Other Records ===
 +
{{NV Other Records Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Periodicals ===
 +
{{NV Periodicals Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Probate Records ===
 +
{{NV Probate Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== School Records ===
 +
{{NV Schools Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Tax Records ===
 +
{{NV Tax Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
=== Vital Records ===
 +
{{NV Vital Intro|White Pine}}
 +
 
 +
==== Birth ====
 +
{{NV Vital Records - Birth Intro|White Pine}}
 +
*'''1975 - 2012''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8998 Nevada Birth Index 1975-2012] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($)
 +
 
 +
==== Marriage ====
 +
{{NV Vital Records - Marriage Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Court  ====
+
*'''1809 - 2011''' [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index, 1809-2011] - Index, incomplete, [http://abish.byui.edu/specialcollections/westernstates/alphabeticalListOfCounties.cfm list of counties included]
 +
*'''1956 - 2005''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1100 Nevada Marriage Index 1956-2005] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($)
  
==== Land  ====
+
==== Death ====
 +
{{NV Vital Records - Death Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Local Histories  ====
+
==== Divorce ====
 +
{{NV Vital Records - Divorce Intro|White Pine}}
 +
*'''1968 - 2015''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1090 Nevada Divorce Records 1968-2015] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($)
  
==== Maps  ====
+
== Research Facilities ==
 +
{{NV Research Facilities Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Migration  ====
+
=== Archives ===
 +
{{NV Archives Intro|White Pine}}
  
Early migration routes to and from {{PAGENAME}} for emigrant settlers included:
+
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
  
:*[[California Trail]] 1846 to 1869 from western Missouri to northern California<ref>"Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).</ref>
+
:*[[Ely Nevada Family History Center]]
:*[[Mormon Trail]] 1846 to 1869 from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah<ref>"The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in ''The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints'' at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).</ref>
 
:*[[Central Overland Trail]] 1859-1869 from Salt Lake City, Utah to Carson City, Nevada (and usually on to northern California)<ref name="COR">Wikipedia contributors, "Central Overland Route" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Overland_Route (accessed 13 September 2011).</ref>
 
  
==== Military  ====
+
=== Libraries ===
 +
{{NV Libraries Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Newspapers  ====
+
'''White Pine County Library'''<br>950 Campton Street<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>Telephone: 775-289-3737<br>[http://www.clan.lib.nv.us/polpac/library/clan/white/library.htm Website]<br><br>
  
==== Probate  ====
+
=== Museums ===
 +
{{NV Museums Intro|White Pine}}
 +
'''White Pine County Museum'''<br>2000 Aultman St.<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>Telephone: 775-289-4710<br>[http://www.wpmuseum.org Website]<br><br>
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
== Societies ==
 +
{{NV Societies Intro|White Pine}}
  
==== Vital Records  ====
+
'''White Pine Historical Society Archaeological Society'''<br>P. O. Box 151725<br> Ely, NV<br>[http://www.webpanda.us/white_pine_county/historical_society/index.html Website]<br><br>
  
2,309 marriages from 30 Jul 1876 to 22 Apr 1959 are listed on the [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index].
+
'''Nevada State Genealogical Society'''<br>P.O. Box 20666<br>Reno, NV 89515-0666<br>[http://www.rootsweb.com/~nvsgs/ Website]<br><br>
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
'''Clark County Nevada Genealogy Society'''<br>PO Box 1929<br>Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929<br> [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nvccngs/?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185 Website]<br><br>
  
White Pine Historical Society<br>White Pine County Museum<br>2000 Aultman St.<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>775-289-4710<br>www.wpmuseum.org  
+
'''Nevada Historical Society'''<br>1650 North Virginia Street<br>Reno, NV 89503<br>Telephone: 775-688-1190<br>Fax: 775-688-2917<br>[http://nvdtca.org/historicalsociety/ Website]<br><br>
  
White Pine County Library<br>950 Campton Street<br>Ely, Nevada 89301<br>Telephone: 775-289-3737<br>http://www.clan.lib.nv.us/polpac/library/clan/white/library.htm
+
'''Northeastern Nevada Genealogical Society'''<br>1515 Idaho Street<br>Elko 89801-4021<br><br>
  
==== Family History Centers  ====
+
'''Tri-State Genealogical Society'''<br>ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA<br>PO Box 21902<br>Bullhead City, AZ 86439<br>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~azcanvtsgs/ Website]<br><br>
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
'''[https://www.facebook.com/groups/242592445768885/ Nevada Genealogy Network]'''
*[[Ely Nevada Family History Center]]
 
  
<br>
+
== Websites ==
 +
{{NV Websites Intro|White Pine}}
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
 +
*{{FHL Place IDNum|206422|Nevada|White%20Pine}} - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use [https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records] to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
+
== Research Guides ==
*{{FHL|Nevada%2C+White+Pine|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
{{NV Research Guides Intro|White Pine}}
  
== References ==
+
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
{{reflist}} {{Nevada|Nevada}}  
+
{{reflist}}
  
[[Category:Nevada_counties]] [[Category:White_Pine_County,_Nevada]]
+
{{Nevada|Nevada}}
 +
[[Category:Nevada Counties]][[Category:White Pine County, Nevada]]

Latest revision as of 05:24, 15 October 2017

United States
Nevada
White Pine County


Guide to White Pine County, Nevada ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Information

Description

The county named is derived from White Pine, an old name for the Limber Pine, a common tree in the county's mountains. It's county seat is Ely and was founded 1869.[1] It is located in the East central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

White Pine County Courthouse
953 Campton Street
PO Box 659
Ely, NV 89301-1002
Phone: 775.289.2341
White Pine County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, divorce, probate and court records from 1907 and naturalization records.
County Recorder has land records from 1885. [3]

White Pine County, Nevada Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1885 1887 1907 1885 1907 1850
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

In early 1880’s, the county courthouse in Hamilton was burned down along with much of the business section by an embezzling county treasurer. In 1885, a store owner caused a devastating fire which burned down the Court House which had been moved to the Withington Hotel.. Only a pitiful few records from the Sheriff’s office were salvaged. The town of Hamilton had suffered previous fires before the last which resulted in its faster demise.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

  • Osceola
  • Pogonip
  • Preston
  • Riepetown
  • Ruppes Place
  • Ruth
  • Shermantown
  • Shoshone
  • Steptoe
  • Stonehouse
  • Tippett
  • Warm Springs
  • Willow Grove


{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: Ely
Organized: March 2, 1869
Parent County(s): Millard and Utah Territory[6]
Neighboring Counties
Elko  • Eureka  • Juab (UT)  • Lincoln  • Millard (UT)  • Nye  • Tooele (UT)
See County Maps
Courthouse
NevadaWhitePineCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nv-white-pine.png
Adoption
This page is available for adoption


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of White Pine County, Nevada online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nevada Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on White county cemeteries.

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 7,189
1880 2,682 −62.7%
1890 1,721 −35.8%
1900 1,961 13.9%
1910 7,441 279.4%
1920 8,935 20.1%
1930 11,771 31.7%
1940 12,377 5.1%
1950 9,424 −23.9%
1960 9,808 4.1%
1970 10,150 3.5%
1980 8,167 −19.5%
1990 9,264 13.4%
2000 9,181 −0.9%
2010 10,030 9.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

The first enumeration for Nevada before it was a state in 1864, was in the 1850 Census in both New Mexico and Utah Territories, but the area had not been divided into counties. Those living there may be in the Utah 1851 Census. For 1860, Nevada was again enumerated in New Mexico and Utah Territories. [7] A partial state census exists for Nevada in 1862 and 1863 and a full state census exists for 1875. [8] See links listed below.

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for the state of Nevada starting in 1870. Although, those living in south-eastern Nevada in 1870 may be enumerated in Utah or Arizona because of disputed boundaries with Nevada.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Nevada Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Nevada Church Records.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Ely
  • Lund
  • McGill
  • Preston
  • Ruth

Court Records

Directories

Online Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

The county recorder's office keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

In the FamilySearch Catalog, land records for Nevada are listed in the Place Search under: NEVADA, White Pine – LAND AND PROPERTY

Online Land Records


For more information see Nevada Land and Property

Local Histories

County histories may include biographies of early settlers and residents, church and school information, and local military regiments at the time of publication.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Elko CountyNye CountyLincoln CountyJuab CountyMillard CountyEureka CountyTooele CountyNV WHITE PINE.jpg
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration

Early migration routes to and from White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy for emigrant settlers included:

Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Nevada. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Nevada Military Records.

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korea War

Vietnam War

Other Conflicts

For further information see Nevada Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Naturalization Records

Newspapers

For more information, see Nevada Newspapers.


Nevada Newspapers Online

Nevada Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Nevada Probate Records for additional information.

School Records

Tax Records

Nevada tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records. Most tax records can be obtained from the county treasurer or assessor. For more information, see the wiki page Nevada Taxation. The Family History Library does not have copies of Nevada tax records (as of June 2013).

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most Nevada original records can be purchased from the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Nevada Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

White Pine County Library
950 Campton Street
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: 775-289-3737
Website

Museums

White Pine County Museum
2000 Aultman St.
Ely, Nevada 89301
Telephone: 775-289-4710
Website

Societies

White Pine Historical Society Archaeological Society
P. O. Box 151725
Ely, NV
Website

Nevada State Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 20666
Reno, NV 89515-0666
Website

Clark County Nevada Genealogy Society
PO Box 1929
Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929
Website

Nevada Historical Society
1650 North Virginia Street
Reno, NV 89503
Telephone: 775-688-1190
Fax: 775-688-2917
Website

Northeastern Nevada Genealogical Society
1515 Idaho Street
Elko 89801-4021

Tri-State Genealogical Society
ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA
PO Box 21902
Bullhead City, AZ 86439
Website

Nevada Genealogy Network

Websites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "White Pine County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Pine_County,_Nevada 3/28/2017.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “White Pine County, Nevada Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/nev/whitep/ accessed 3/28/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), White Pine County, Oregon page 443, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), White Pine County, Nevada. Page 442. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 428.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 211.
  8. ’'Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 437. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 422. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 212.
  10. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).
  11. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  12. Wikipedia contributors, "Central Overland Route" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Overland_Route (accessed 13 September 2011).