To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here.

Difference between revisions of "Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Text replacement - "Web Sites" to "Websites")
m (Text replacement - "{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}" to "{{Family History Centers Intro}}")
 
(17 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 23: Line 23:
 
=== County Information  ===
 
=== County Information  ===
  
==== Wexford County, Michigan Record Dates  ====
+
==== Description ====
  
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
+
The County was named for County Wexford in Ireland. The County is located in the  Northern area of the state.
 +
<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Wexford County, Georgia" in ''https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wexford_County,_Michigan'' accessed 8 Nov 2018 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====Wexford County, Michigan Record Dates====
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wexford County, Michigan . Page 343-351 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 346-349.</ref></center>
 
|-
 
|-
| width="100%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''<ref>Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 369-384. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992</ref></center>
+
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1868
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1869
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1869
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Census|Census]]'''
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1869
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | [[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Land|'''Land''']]
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1869
| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy#Probate|Probate]]'''
+
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1869
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1820
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1868
+
| colspan="7"| <center>Statewide registration started in 1867 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1915.</center>
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1869
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1869
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1820
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1869
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1869
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 52: Line 61:
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1840--'''Wexford County was created 1 April 1840&nbsp;from [[Mackinac County, Michigan Genealogy|Mackinac]] County. Formerly Kautawaubet County, until name was changed to Wexford&nbsp;8 March 1843. It was attached to Mackinac, [[Manistee County, Michigan Genealogy|Manistee,]] and [[Grand Traverse County, Michigan Genealogy|Grand Traverse]] Counties prior to organization 30 March 1869. &nbsp;'''County seat:''' Cadillac <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
+
'''1840--'''Wexford County was created 1 April 1840&nbsp;from [[Mackinac County, Michigan Genealogy|Mackinac]] County. Formerly Kautawaubet County, until name was changed to Wexford&nbsp;8 March 1843. It was attached to Mackinac, [[Manistee County, Michigan Genealogy|Manistee,]] and [[Grand Traverse County, Michigan Genealogy|Grand Traverse]] Counties prior to organization 30 March 1869. &nbsp;'''County seat:''' Cadillac <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
Line 68: Line 77:
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
[[Benzie County, Michigan Genealogy|Benzie]] {{•}} [[Grand Traverse County, Michigan Genealogy|Grand Traverse]] {{•}} [[Kalkaska County, Michigan Genealogy|Kalkaska]] {{•}} [[Lake County, Michigan Genealogy|Lake County]] {{•}} [[Manistee County, Michigan Genealogy|Manistee]] {{•}} [[Missaukee County, Michigan Genealogy|Missaukee]] {{•}} [[Osceola County, Michigan Genealogy|Osceola]]  
+
[[Benzie County, Michigan Genealogy|Benzie]] {{•}} [[Grand Traverse County, Michigan Genealogy|Grand Traverse]] {{•}} [[Kalkaska County, Michigan Genealogy|Kalkaska]] {{•}} [[Lake County, Michigan Genealogy|Lake County]] {{•}} [[Manistee County, Michigan Genealogy|Manistee]] {{•}} [[Missaukee County, Michigan Genealogy|Missaukee]] {{•}} [[Osceola County, Michigan Genealogy|Osceola]]
<center>{{MIWexford County, Michigan Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
+
 
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
  
Line 80: Line 89:
 
| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
 
| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=24&GScnty=1309&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
+
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://www.findagrave.com/memorial Findagrave.com]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|452714|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|452714|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=24&CScnty=1309 Findagrave.com]
+
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery-browse/USA/Michigan/Wexford-County?id=county_1309 Findagrave.com]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/cemeter.html USGenWeb]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/cemeter.html USGenWeb]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Wexford+Michigan&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Wexford+Michigan&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Michigan&county=Wexford&cemetery_name=a# Billion Graves]
+
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/cemetery Billion Graves]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/mi/wexford/8301cem.htm MIGenWeb Archives]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/mi/wexford/8301cem.htm MIGenWeb Archives]
Line 104: Line 113:
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |[https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
+
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |[https://billiongraves.com/search# Billion Graves]
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
Line 113: Line 122:
 
==== Census ====
 
==== Census ====
 
'''State Census'''
 
'''State Census'''
*'''1894''' - {{RecordSearch|1825187|Michigan State Census, 1894}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
+
*'''1894''' - {{RecordSearch|1825187|Michigan State Census, 1894}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
  
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
  
 
{{MI Church Intro}}
 
{{MI Church Intro}}
 +
*'''1819-1991''' - {{RecordSearch|2787825|Michigan, Church Records, 1819-1991}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
 
==== Emigration and Immigration ====
 
==== Emigration and Immigration ====
*'''1929 - 1966''' {{RecordSearch|2426314|Michigan, Crew Lists for various ports, 1929-1966}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images<br>
+
*'''1929 - 1966''' {{RecordSearch|2426314|Michigan, Crew Lists for various ports, 1929-1966}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images<br>
  
 
==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
Line 133: Line 143:
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
 
+
{{MI Neighboring Counties Intro|county={{MI Wexford County}}}}
[[Image:Miwexford.jpg|600px|Miwexford.jpg]]
 
 
 
 
*[http://www.mapofus.org/michigan/ Maps of Michigan (1790-1897)]
 
*[http://www.mapofus.org/michigan/ Maps of Michigan (1790-1897)]
  
Line 144: Line 152:
 
Civil War service men from Wexford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Wexford County.  
 
Civil War service men from Wexford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Wexford County.  
  
:-
+
'''''Online Records'''''
 +
*{{RecordSearch|3246416|Michigan, Civil War Centennial Observance Commission, Committee on Civil War Grave Registration, Burial Records}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 
*[http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/civilwar1894.html Civil War Veterans Roster]. MiGenWeb Project
 
*[http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/civilwar1894.html Civil War Veterans Roster]. MiGenWeb Project
 +
 +
===== World War I =====
 +
 +
*'''1917-1919''' - {{RecordSearch|3007553|Michigan, Census of World War I Veterans with Card Index, 1917-1919}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
  
 
=====World War II=====
 
=====World War II=====
Line 164: Line 177:
 
==== Obituaries ====
 
==== Obituaries ====
  
*'''1820-2006''' - {{RecordSearch|2215693|Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
+
*'''1820-2006''' - {{RecordSearch|2215693|Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
Line 183: Line 196:
 
[http://www.genealogyinc.com/michigan/mi-vital-records/ How to order Michigan Vital Records]  
 
[http://www.genealogyinc.com/michigan/mi-vital-records/ How to order Michigan Vital Records]  
 
=====Birth=====
 
=====Birth=====
 +
*'''1867-1917''' - {{RecordSearch|1923472|Michigan, County Births, 1867-1917}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 
*'''1867-1902''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1459684 Michigan Birth Registrations, 1867-1902]-- Free name indexes and images at [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459684 FamilySearch]. Records include such information as name of child, birthdate and place, if still-born, illegitimate or twin, gender, race and record number.
 
*'''1867-1902''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1459684 Michigan Birth Registrations, 1867-1902]-- Free name indexes and images at [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459684 FamilySearch]. Records include such information as name of child, birthdate and place, if still-born, illegitimate or twin, gender, race and record number.
 
*'''Pre-1900''' - [http://www.mifamilyhistory.org/mfhn_births/ Early Michigan Birth Records]
 
*'''Pre-1900''' - [http://www.mifamilyhistory.org/mfhn_births/ Early Michigan Birth Records]
  
 
=====Marriage=====
 
=====Marriage=====
*'''1868-1925''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1452395 Michigan Marriage Registrations, 1868-1925] -- Free name indexes at [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1452395 FamilySearch]. &nbsp;Records include such information as names of bride and groom, date of license, ages, race, residences, birthplaces, occupations and names of the fathers of the bride and groom.
+
*'''1585-1945''' - [https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-records/united-states-marriages?state=michigan%2cmi Michigan, United States Marriages] at [http://findmypast.com/ FindMyPast] — index $
 +
*'''1820-1937''' - {{RecordSearch|2473289|Michigan, County Marriages Index, 1820-1937}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1820-1940''' - {{RecordSearch|1810350|Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1868-1925''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1452395 Michigan Marriage Registrations, 1868-1925] -- Free name indexes at [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1452395 FamilySearch]. Records include such information as names of bride and groom, date of license, ages, race, residences, birthplaces, occupations and names of the fathers of the bride and groom.
  
 
=====Death=====
 
=====Death=====
*'''1867-1897''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1452402 Michigan Death Registrations, 1867-1897] --&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236870413453_862" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236870413453_263" />&nbsp;Free name indexes and images&nbsp;at&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1452402 FamilySearch]. &nbsp;&nbsp;Records include such information as name of deceased, date and place of death, gender, color, marital status, age in years, months and days, disease or apparent cause of death, birthplace, names and occupations of parents, and the date the record was made.
+
*'''1850-1880''' - {{RecordSearch|2632078|Michigan Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1867-1897''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1452402 Michigan Death Registrations, 1867-1897] - Free name indexes and images at [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1452402 FamilySearch]. Records include such information as name of deceased, date and place of death, gender, color, marital status, age in years, months and days, disease or apparent cause of death, birthplace, names and occupations of parents, and the date the record was made.
 
*[http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/deaths.htm Wexford County Death Index]. MiGenWeb Project
 
*[http://www.migenweb.org/wexford/deaths.htm Wexford County Death Index]. MiGenWeb Project
  
Line 208: Line 226:
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
  
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}  
+
{{Family History Centers Intro}}  
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
*[[Introduction to Family History Centers]]
  
 
== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==

Latest revision as of 13:26, 19 August 2019

Michigan Genealogy

Guide to Wexford County, Michigan ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}

Wexford County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Wexford County
Location in the state of Michigan
Facts
Founded April 1, 1840
County Seat Cadillac
Courthouse
Address Wexford County Courthouse
437 E Division St.
Cadillac, MI 49601
Phone: (231) 779-9450
Fax: (231) 779-0292
Wexford County Website


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for County Wexford in Ireland. The County is located in the Northern area of the state. [1]

Wexford County, Michigan Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1868 1869 1869 1869 1869 1869 1820
Statewide registration started in 1867 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1915.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]


County Clerk has birth records from 1868,
marriage, death, divorce and court records from 1869. [3]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1840--Wexford County was created 1 April 1840 from Mackinac County. Formerly Kautawaubet County, until name was changed to Wexford 8 March 1843. It was attached to Mackinac, Manistee, and Grand Traverse Counties prior to organization 30 March 1869.  County seat: Cadillac [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Michigan county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Michigan County Boundary Maps" (1790-1897) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Benzie  • Grand Traverse  • Kalkaska  • Lake County  • Manistee  • Missaukee  • Osceola

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MIGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
MIInterment
EPodunk
Billion Graves
See Michigan Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

State Census

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Michigan denominations, view the Michigan Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Michigan Land and Property for additional information about early Michigan land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Michigan Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Benzie CountyGrand Traverse CountyKalkaska CountyMissaukee CountyOsceola CountyLake CountyManistee CountyMI WEXFORD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Wexford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Wexford County.

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Michigan Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Wexford County, Michigan Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Michigan, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Michigan, Wexford and search for Probate records in the list.

Note: Not every county in Michigan will have Probate Records in the FamilySearch Catalog.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased as shown below:

Birth Records and Death Records from the Michigan Department of Community Health (from 1867) or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
Marriage Records (from 1867) and Divorce Records (from 1897) from the County Clerk.

How to order Michigan Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Wexford County Historical Society
127 Beech Street
Cadillac, MI 49601
Telephone: 231-775-1717
Website

Wexford County Historical Society
PO Box 124
Cadillac 49601

Cadillac Area Genealogical Society
8499 So. 27 1/2 Mile Rd.
Cadillac 49601

Manton Area Historical Society
PO Box 86
Manton 49663


Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Wexford County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wexford_County,_Michigan accessed 8 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wexford County, Michigan . Page 343-351 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 346-349.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wexford County, Michigan page 351, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).