Wabash County, Illinois Genealogy

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Wabash County, Illinois
Boundary map of Wabash County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: December 27, 1824
County Seat Mt. Carmel
Wabash County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Wabash County Courthouse
401 Market Street
P.O. Box 277
Mt. Carmel, IL 62863
(618) 262-4561


United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Wabash County

Wabash County Organization

Wabash County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Wabash County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Wabash County are kept, see the Wabash County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Wabash County is named for the Wabash River which is the English spelling of the French name "Ouabache." French traders named the river waapaahsiiki, a Miami Indian name for the river.[1]

Parent County

  • 1824--Wabash County was created 27 December 1825 from Edwards County.  County seat:  Mount Carmel [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Wabash County boundary changes.

Record Loss

April 5, 1857 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:




Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Wabash County on page 188.]

Church Records


FamilySearch has made parish records from two Belleville Diocese Catholic churches in Wabash County available online. The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:


Court Records

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.



Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1857-present The original land and property records for Wabash County are held by the County Clerk. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:



  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Wabash County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Wabash County.
- 40th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 66th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.


Newspapers and Obituaries


Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Wabash County are kept, see the Wabash County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Wabash County, Illinois:

Evansville Indiana Family History Center 
8020 E Covert Ave
Evansville, Vanderburgh, Indiana
Phone: 812-471-0191
Hours: First Wednesday of every month 10:00 - 12:00, Tues & Wed evening 6:00 - 8:00; other times by appointment
Closed: Closed Major Holidays

Vincennes Indiana Family History Center
1940 N Old Hwy 41
Vincennes, Knox, Indiana
Phone: 812-882-4022
Hours: T, Thu 9am-12:30pm, 5pm-8:30pm
Closed: Closed 1 1/2 weeks for Christmas

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Wabash County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.

Public Libraries

Mt. Carmel Public Library
727 Mulberry St.
Mt. Carmel, IL 62863

Mon-Thu: 11am-7pm
Fri-Sat: 11am-5:30pm
Sun: 1pm-5:30pm

Social Groups Online


  • Wabash County Historical Society
    P.O. Box 911
    Mt. Carmel, IL 62863
  • Wabash Genealogical Society
    Nancy Rayborn
    102 Park Lane
    Allendale, IL 62410


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.


1877–present  The original Wabash County birth records 1877- present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877-1916 Birth Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877-1984 Birth Record Index – IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.
  • 1857-1905 Birth Record, Delayed - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.


1857–present  The original Wabash County marriage records 1857-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1857–1971 Marriage Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1857-1978 Marriage Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.

The following abstracts are available:


1877–present  The original Wabash County death records 1877-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877–1955 Death Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877–1984 Death Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.
  • 1912-1917 Death Record, Coroner's - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.
  • 1878-1915 Death Record, Stillbirths - IRAD-EIU Search for Wabash County records.

The following abstracts are available:

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Web Sites

Databases pertinent to Wabash County


  1. Wabash River www.wikipedia.org
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).