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''[[United States of America|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|War of 1812]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  Virginia in the War of 1812''  
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''[[United States of America|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States in the War of 1812|War of 1812]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  Virginia in the War of 1812''  
  
[[Image:Madison-james.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Madison-james.jpg]]  
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[[Image:{{JamesMadison}}]]
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=== Introduction  ===
  
=== History  ===
+
During the War of 1812, Virginia furnished 65,354 infantry men, 8,803 cavalry men, 7,698 artillery men, and 10,036 men in miscellaneous troops for a total of 91,891 men.<ref name="kremer">Wesley Potter Kremer. ''100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles.'' (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. [http://archive.org/stream/100greatbattleso00krem#page/326/mode/2up Internet Archive].</ref>
  
The&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://1812va.org/ Society of the War 1812 ]has&nbsp;several historical articles:
+
=== Explanation of the Major Record Types  ===
  
*Introduction to&nbsp;[http://1812va.org/?p=399 Battles and Skirmishes]
+
*Pearson, Thomas A., comp. [http://www.slpl.lib.mo.us/libsrc/genealogicalrecordswarof1812.htm Genealogical Records of the War of 1812]: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).
*[http://1812va.org/?p=399 Significant Events ]in the War of 1812 in Virginia
 
*[http://1812va.org/?p=366 Bibliography] for the War of 1812 in Virginia
 
*National Society US&nbsp;Daughers War of 1812 [http://www.usdaughters1812.org/chapters.html#va_2 Virginia Chapters]
 
  
Virginia Bicentennial of the American War of 1812 Commission has a [http://va1812bicentennial.dls.virginia.gov/history.html timeline of events] in Virginia during the war.<br>  
+
=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn19_sold.htm Soldiers of the War of 1812 ]at the Library of Virginia
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/veterans/ National Archives Military Records]<br>
 +
 
 +
*Virginia. [http://www.usgwarchives.net/pensions/1812/vaindex.htm USGenWeb Archives War of 1812 Project] - selected pensions, rosters &amp; land records. (Free). (Accessed 1 June 2012).&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*Harris, Nancy E. ''Ancestor index&nbsp;: Old Virginia Society 1907-1968&nbsp;; New Virginia Society 1969-1986'' (Nationa Society, United States Daughters of 1812, Virginia State Library 1986 ) pages 58 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F388207 FHL Book 975.5 D2]<br>
 +
 
 +
*Prechtel-Kluskesn, Claire: ''Records relating to War of 1812 prisoners of war'' (Washington, District of Columbia, National Archives and Records Administration, 1995) 1 Microfilm {{FHL|721684|item|disp=FHL film 2155571}}
 +
 
 +
=== Service Records  ===
 +
 
 +
*Library of Virginia, [http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/?func=file&file_name=find-b-clas12&local_base=CLAS12 Index to War of 1812 Pay Rolls and Muster Rolls] – Indexes ''Pay Rolls of Militia Entitled to Land Bounty Under the Act of Congress of Sept. 28, 1850'' and its supplement, ''Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812''. Approximately 40,000 names are indexed.<br>Explanations of this index are at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/opac/1812about.htm About the War of 1812 Database] and [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/opac/1812ranks.htm Abbreviations for Ranks]. <br>
 +
 
 +
*''Muster Rolls, Payrolls, and Index of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1955 lists each soldier's name, rank, length of service, service dates, and county (residence). The card index on the first seven films indexes the two books. {{FHL|412616|title-id|disp=FHL films 0029984-91}} <br>
 +
 
 +
Proof of military service during the War of 1812 may be found in two printed volumes:
 +
 
 +
:*''Pay Rolls of Militia Entitled to Land Bounty under the Act of Congress of Sept. 28, 1850 (1851)''
 +
:*''Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812, Being a Supplement to the Pay Rolls (1852)'', reprinted as Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 from Rolls in the Auditor’s Office at Richmond (2001).
 +
:*A searchable index to these rolls is available on the Library’s Web site.
 +
 
 +
Virginia did not grant bounty land or pensions for War of 1812 service. Since many soldiers serving in the War of 1812 ultimately were paid by the federal government, records of their service may be on file in the National Archives. A useful index to these records is:
 +
 
 +
:*Patrick G. Wardell, ''War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applicants'' (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, c1987). {{FHL|550196|item|disp=FHL book 975 M2wp}}<br>
 +
 
 +
Genealogical Records at the Library of Virginia<br>
 +
 
 +
*Douthat, James L, ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia" (Signal Mountain, Tennessee:&nbsp; Mountain Press c2007), ''302 pages.''{{FHL|1453042|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2L}}. ''Includes Albemarle, Amelia, Amherst, Bedford, Brunswick, Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, Fluvanna, Goochland, Greene, Greenville, Halifax, Hanover, Henrico, Louisa, Luenenberg, Mecklenburg, Nelson, Nottoway, Pittsylvania, Powhantan and Prince Edward Counties.
 +
 
 +
*Lyman, Myron (Mike) E. ''War of 1812 veteran burials at St. John's Episcopal Church graveyard, Richmond, VA. ''(Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), 21 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1656183 FHL&nbsp;Book 975.5451 V3]
 +
 
 +
*''Virginia militia in the War of 1812&nbsp;: from rolls in the Auditor's office at Richmond'' (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., c2001) 2 Vol[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1007929 FHL&nbsp;Book 975.5 M2]<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Pension Records  ===
 +
 
 +
A soldier may have been recorded in state records (see below) or in federal records (see [[US War of 1812 Pension Records|US War of 1812 Pension Records]]). <br>
 +
 
 +
The Family History Library also has microfilm copies of the National Archives indexes to the federal service, pension, and bounty land files, but the actual files are only at the National Archives. <br>  
 +
 
 +
Veterans who were still alive in 1883 and drew pensions are identified in a book that is now widely available on the Internet:
  
[http://www.societyofthewarof1812.org/history.htm General Society of the War of 1812&nbsp;]
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*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883). (Free). Digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive].&nbsp; FHL Book {{FHL|286899|item|disp=973 M2Lp v. 5}} .&nbsp; Identifies veterans still living in Virginia in 1883 who drew pensions. Virginia section begins on page 58.
  
[http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/search?text=War+of+1812&smode=browse&browse-all=yes Virginia Heritage Guides to Manuscript &amp;&nbsp;Archival Collections in Virginia]&nbsp; Type in War of 1812 211 Finding Aids
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*Fold3. [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#247%7Ch5iT6dgqRYeHwikJc Virginia War of 1812 Pension Files] . (Free).&nbsp; Alphabetical by surname. Shows the entire pension file for those digitized. Incomplete as of 1 June 2012.<br>
  
=== Battles of the War of 1812  ===
+
Published abstracts of the federal pension and bounty land warrant applications are in:
  
Major Events [http://www.opsail2012virginia.com/education/war-of-1812-in-virginia-timeline Time Line of the War of 1812 in Virginia]
+
*Wardell, Patrick G. ''War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applications''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|550196|title-id|disp=975 M2wp}}.) Gives marriage and death dates and places, spouses, and residences.
  
[http://1812va.org/?cat=9 Battles and Skirmishes in the War of 1812] Society of the War of 1812
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412616 Muster rolls, pay rolls, and index of the Virginia militia in the War of 1812]&nbsp; Microfilm of published and typescript material at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia. 8 Microfilm reels, 16mm and 35mm
  
[http://www.allcensus.com/1812.html Battles of the War of 1812 and their location]
+
=== State Records  ===
  
Lyman, Mayron (Mike) E and William H Hankins: ''Encounters with the British in Virginia during the War of 1812''<br>(Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009) pages 44 leaves[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1656182 FHL&nbsp;Book 975.5 M2]
+
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412616 Muster rolls, pay rolls, and index of the Virginia militia in the War of 1812]<br>
  
=== Virginia Military Units  ===
+
*Lyman, Myron E. Sr ''Location of War of 1812 veteran graves in Virginia&nbsp;: arranged alphabetically by veteran and by city or county location'' (Society of War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), {{FHL|1656181|item|disp=Digital version and FHL CD-ROM no. 5918}}
  
Virginia War of 1812 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/1812/index.htm Military Records]
+
=== Rolls of Honor  ===
  
West Virginia War of 1812 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/1812/west_virginia_war_1812_military_records.htm Military Records]  
+
*[http://www.capitalnews.vcu.edu/2011/03/virginia-honors-forgotten-war-of-1812.html Virginia Honors "Forgotten War of 1812"]
  
For a list of where regiments were raised and regimental and company officers, see:
+
=== Cemetery Records  ===
  
*Butler, Stuart Lee. ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Co., 1988. (Family History Library book&nbsp;{{FHL|669440|title-id|disp=975.5 M2bs}}.)
+
*Society of 1812 [http://1812va.org/?cat=7 Burial Projects]
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1007929 '''Virginia Militia in the War of 1812"''']'''from rolls in the Auditor's office at Richmond'''
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*[http://usgwarchives.net/va/statewide/warof1812/w1812vetinfo.pdf Burials of Virginia Soldiers of the War of 1812]
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1007929 '''Virginia in the Revolution and War of 1812'''], Broderbrund No 121
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=== Histories  ===
  
=== Records  ===
+
The [http://1812va.org/ Society of the War 1812 ]has several historical articles:
  
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn19_sold.htm Soldiers of the War of 1812 ]at the Library of Virginia
+
*Introduction to [http://1812va.org/?p=399 Battles and Skirmishes] <br>
  
[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/veterans/ National Archives Military Records]<br>
+
*[http://1812va.org/?p=399 Significant Events ]in the War of 1812 in Virginia <br>
  
Harris, Nancy E. ''Ancestor index&nbsp;: Old Virginia Society 1907-1968&nbsp;; New Virginia Society 1969-1986'' (Nationa Society, United States Daughters of 1812, Virginia State Library 1986 ) pages 58 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F388207 FHL Book 975.5 D2]<br>
+
*[http://1812va.org/?p=366 Bibliography] for the War of 1812 in Virginia <br>
  
Prechtel-Kluskesn, Claire: ''Records relating to War of 1812 prisoners of war'' (Washington, District of Columbia, National Archives and Records Administration, 1995) 1 Microfilm [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F721684 FHL film 2155571]<br>
+
*National Society US&nbsp;Daughers War of 1812 [http://www.usdaughters1812.org/chapters.html#va_2 Virginia Chapters]<br>
  
==== Service Records  ====
+
*Virginia Bicentennial of the American War of 1812 Commission has a [http://va1812bicentennial.dls.virginia.gov/history.html timeline of events] in Virginia during the war.<br>
  
Library of Virginia, [http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/?func=file&file_name=find-b-clas12&local_base=CLAS12 Index to War of 1812 Pay Rolls and Muster Rolls] – Indexes ''Pay Rolls of Militia Entitled to Land Bounty Under the Act of Congress of Sept. 28, 1850'' and its supplement, ''Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812''. Approximately 40,000 names are indexed.<br>Explanations of this index are at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/opac/1812about.htm About the War of 1812 Database] and [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/opac/1812ranks.htm Abbreviations for Ranks]. <br>
+
*[http://www.societyofthewarof1812.org/history.htm General Society of the War of 1812] <br>
  
*''Muster Rolls, Payrolls, and Index of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1955. Published payroll and muster roll books are on Family History Library film 029991, which lists each soldier's name, rank, length of service, service dates, and county (residence). The card index on the first seven films indexes the two books. (Family History Library films {{FHL|412616|title-id|disp=0029984-91}}) <br>
+
*[http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/search?text=War+of+1812&smode=browse&browse-all=yes Virginia Heritage Guides to Manuscript &amp;&nbsp;Archival Collections in Virginia] Type in War of 1812 211 Finding Aids
  
*War of 1812. Proof of military service during the War of 1812 may be found in two printed volumes: ''Pay Rolls of Militia Entitled to Land Bounty under the Act of Congress of Sept. 28, 1850 (1851)'' and ''Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812, Being a Supplement to the Pay Rolls (1852)'', reprinted as Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 from Rolls in the Auditor’s Office at Richmond (2001). A searchable index to these rolls is available on the Library’s Web site. Virginia did not grant bounty land or pensions for War of 1812 service. Since many soldiers serving in the War of 1812 ultimately werepaid by the federal government, records of their service may be on file in the National Archives. A useful index to these records is Patrick G. Wardell’s War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applicants (1987).<br>Genealogical Records at the Library of Virginia<br>
+
=== Battles of the War of 1812 ===
*Douthat, James L:&nbsp; ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia" (Signal Mountain, Tennessee:&nbsp; Mountain Press c2007) pages 302 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1453042 FHL Book 975.5 M2&nbsp; ]Includes Albemarle, Amelia, Amherst, Bedford, Brunswick, Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, Fluvanna, Goochland, Greene, Greenville, Halifax, Hanover, Henrico, Louisa, Luenenberg, Mecklenburg, Nelson, Nottoway, Pittsylvania, Powhantan and Prince Edward Counties.''
 
  
Lyman, Myron (Mike) E.: ''War of 1812 veteran burials at St. John's Episcopal Church graveyard, Richmond, VA<br>'' (Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009) pages 21[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1656183 FHL&nbsp;Book 975.5451 V3]
+
*Major Events [http://www.opsail2012virginia.com/education/war-of-1812-in-virginia-timeline Time Line of the War of 1812 in Virginia]
  
==== Pension Records  ====
+
*[http://1812va.org/?cat=9 Battles and Skirmishes in the War of 1812] Society of the War of 1812
  
The Family History Library also has microfilm copies of the National Archives indexes to the federal service, pension, and bounty land files, but the actual files are only at the National Archives. <br>
+
*[http://www.allcensus.com/1812.html Battles of the War of 1812 and their location]
  
Veterans who were still alive in 1883 and drew pensions are identified in a book that is now widely available on the Internet:
+
*Lyman, Mayron (Mike) E and William H Hankins, ''Encounters with the British in Virginia during the War of 1812'', (Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), 44 pages. {{FHL|1656182|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2L}}
  
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883). Digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [Virginia section begins on page 58.] {{FHL|286899|item|disp=973 M2Lp v. 5}}
+
=== Virginia Military Units  ===
  
Published abstracts of the federal pension and bounty land warrant applications are in:  
+
*Virginia War of 1812 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/1812/index.htm Military Records]
  
*Wardell, Patrick G. ''War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applications''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|550196|title-id|disp=975 M2wp}}.) Gives marriage and death dates and places, spouses, and residences. <br>
+
*West Virginia War of 1812 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/1812/west_virginia_war_1812_military_records.htm Military Records]
  
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/pensions/1812/vaindex.htm Pension Applications for the War of 1812]
+
For a list of where regiments were raised and regimental and company officers, see:
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412616 Muster rolls, pay rolls, and index of the Virginia militia in the War of 1812]&nbsp; 8 Microfilm reels, 16mm and 35mm<br>
 
  
=== State Records  ===
+
*Butler, Stuart Lee. ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Co., 1988. (Family History Library book {{FHL|669440|title-id|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2bs}}.)
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F412616 Muster rolls, pay rolls, and index of the Virginia militia in the War of 1812]<br>
+
*Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts. '''Virginia Militia in the War of 1812: from rolls in the Auditor's office at Richmond'''. (Baltimore, Maryland&nbsp;: Genealogical Pub. Co., 2001), 2 vol. {{FHL|1007929|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2va}}
  
=== Rolls of Honor  ===
+
*'''Virginia in the Revolution and War of 1812''',{{FHL|988861|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 9 pt. 121}}
  
&nbsp; [http://www.capitalnews.vcu.edu/2011/03/virginia-honors-forgotten-war-of-1812.html Virginia Honors "Forgotten War of 1812"]
+
=== Societies  ===
  
=== Biographical Sketches  ===
+
*[http://1812va.org/ Society of the War of 1812 ]in Virginia <br>
  
=== Cemetery Records  ===
+
*[http://va1812bicentennial.dls.virginia.gov/index.html Virginia Bicentennial of the American War of 1812] Commission has short biographies of prominent Virginians, a timeline of the war in Virginia, and a map of 1812 historical markers.
  
*Society of 1812 [http://1812va.org/?cat=7 Burial Projects]
+
=== Important National and International Sources  ===
*[http://usgwarchives.net/va/statewide/warof1812/w1812vetinfo.pdf Burials of Virginia Soldiers of the War of 1812]
 
  
=== Societies<br>  ===
+
*[[United States in the War of 1812|'''United States in the War of 1812''']] has lists of records, books, etc. for the United States, not just one state. The federal records are listed here rather than on each state page. Two of the most important are:
  
*[http://1812va.org/ Society of the War of 1812 ]in Virginia
+
:*FamilySearch Historical Records Collection On line Database: {{RecordSearch|1834325|United States, War of 1812 '''Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910'''}}
*[http://va1812bicentennial.dls.virginia.gov/index.html Virginia Bicentennial of the American War of 1812] Commission has short biographies of prominent Virginians, a timeline of the war in Virginia, and a map of 1812 historical markers.<br>
 
  
=== Internet Sites  ===
+
:*FamilySearch Historical Records Collection On line Database: {{RecordSearch|1916219|United States, War of 1812 '''Index to Service Records, 1812-1815'''}}
  
*<br>
+
*[[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|'''War of 1812, 1812 to 1815''']] has lists of general books and documentaries, as well as a list battles with links to web sites about the battles, and other information not tied to one country.
  
 
=== Other Sources  ===
 
=== Other Sources  ===
 
'''Books'''
 
  
 
*[http://1812va.org/?cat=6 Society of 1812 Publications]<br>
 
*[http://1812va.org/?cat=6 Society of 1812 Publications]<br>
Line 114: Line 150:
 
{{U.S. War of 1812}}  
 
{{U.S. War of 1812}}  
  
[[Category:Virginia_-_Military_-_War_of_1812_(1812-1815)]]
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[[Category:Virginia_-_Military_-_War_of_1812_(1812-1815)]] [[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]

Revision as of 20:46, 11 July 2012

United States  go to  War of 1812   go to  Virginia Military  go to  Virginia in the War of 1812

President James Madison (1751-1836)

Introduction

During the War of 1812, Virginia furnished 65,354 infantry men, 8,803 cavalry men, 7,698 artillery men, and 10,036 men in miscellaneous troops for a total of 91,891 men.[1]

Explanation of the Major Record Types

  • Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).

Records


  • Harris, Nancy E. Ancestor index : Old Virginia Society 1907-1968 ; New Virginia Society 1969-1986 (Nationa Society, United States Daughters of 1812, Virginia State Library 1986 ) pages 58 FHL Book 975.5 D2
  • Prechtel-Kluskesn, Claire: Records relating to War of 1812 prisoners of war (Washington, District of Columbia, National Archives and Records Administration, 1995) 1 Microfilm FHL film 2155571

Service Records

  • Muster Rolls, Payrolls, and Index of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1955 lists each soldier's name, rank, length of service, service dates, and county (residence). The card index on the first seven films indexes the two books. FHL films 0029984-91

Proof of military service during the War of 1812 may be found in two printed volumes:

  • Pay Rolls of Militia Entitled to Land Bounty under the Act of Congress of Sept. 28, 1850 (1851)
  • Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812, Being a Supplement to the Pay Rolls (1852), reprinted as Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 from Rolls in the Auditor’s Office at Richmond (2001).
  • A searchable index to these rolls is available on the Library’s Web site.

Virginia did not grant bounty land or pensions for War of 1812 service. Since many soldiers serving in the War of 1812 ultimately were paid by the federal government, records of their service may be on file in the National Archives. A useful index to these records is:

  • Patrick G. Wardell, War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applicants (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, c1987). FHL book 975 M2wp

Genealogical Records at the Library of Virginia

  • Douthat, James L, Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia" (Signal Mountain, Tennessee:  Mountain Press c2007), 302 pages.FHL Book 975.5 M2L. Includes Albemarle, Amelia, Amherst, Bedford, Brunswick, Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, Fluvanna, Goochland, Greene, Greenville, Halifax, Hanover, Henrico, Louisa, Luenenberg, Mecklenburg, Nelson, Nottoway, Pittsylvania, Powhantan and Prince Edward Counties.
  • Lyman, Myron (Mike) E. War of 1812 veteran burials at St. John's Episcopal Church graveyard, Richmond, VA. (Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), 21 pages. FHL Book 975.5451 V3
  • Virginia militia in the War of 1812 : from rolls in the Auditor's office at Richmond (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., c2001) 2 VolFHL Book 975.5 M2

Pension Records

A soldier may have been recorded in state records (see below) or in federal records (see US War of 1812 Pension Records).

The Family History Library also has microfilm copies of the National Archives indexes to the federal service, pension, and bounty land files, but the actual files are only at the National Archives.

Veterans who were still alive in 1883 and drew pensions are identified in a book that is now widely available on the Internet:

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883). (Free). Digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive.  FHL Book 973 M2Lp v. 5 .  Identifies veterans still living in Virginia in 1883 who drew pensions. Virginia section begins on page 58.

Published abstracts of the federal pension and bounty land warrant applications are in:

  • Wardell, Patrick G. War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applications. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987. (Family History Library book 975 M2wp.) Gives marriage and death dates and places, spouses, and residences.

State Records

Muster rolls, pay rolls, and index of the Virginia militia in the War of 1812

  • Lyman, Myron E. Sr Location of War of 1812 veteran graves in Virginia : arranged alphabetically by veteran and by city or county location (Society of War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), Digital version and FHL CD-ROM no. 5918

Rolls of Honor

Cemetery Records

Histories

The Society of the War 1812 has several historical articles:

  • Virginia Bicentennial of the American War of 1812 Commission has a timeline of events in Virginia during the war.

Battles of the War of 1812

  • Lyman, Mayron (Mike) E and William H Hankins, Encounters with the British in Virginia during the War of 1812, (Society of the War of 1812 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, c2009), 44 pages. FHL Book 975.5 M2L

Virginia Military Units

For a list of where regiments were raised and regimental and company officers, see:

  • Butler, Stuart Lee. A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Co., 1988. (Family History Library book FHL book 975.5 M2bs.)
  • Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts. Virginia Militia in the War of 1812: from rolls in the Auditor's office at Richmond. (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Pub. Co., 2001), 2 vol. FHL book 975.5 M2va

Societies

Important National and International Sources

  • United States in the War of 1812 has lists of records, books, etc. for the United States, not just one state. The federal records are listed here rather than on each state page. Two of the most important are:
  • War of 1812, 1812 to 1815 has lists of general books and documentaries, as well as a list battles with links to web sites about the battles, and other information not tied to one country.

Other Sources

References

  1. Wesley Potter Kremer. 100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles. (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. Internet Archive.