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=== Colonial Wars (1607-1763) ===
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Few military records exist for Virginia before the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763). The existing records of colonial soldiers include:
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Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1988. (FHL book 975.5 M2bl.) This is a comprehensive list compiled from numerous primary and secondary sources. May give the soldier's name, military unit, residence, age, description, and occupation.
 
  
Crozier, William A. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. 1905. New York, NY: Genealogical Association, 1905. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1982. (FHL book 975.5 M2c 1982; 1954 reprint on fiche 6048997.) This includes published rosters of soldiers listed in many sources such as land bounty certificates, militia rosters, or service records.
 
  
Eckenrode, H. J. ''List of the Colonial Soldiers of Virginia''. 1917. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1974. (FHL book 975.5 M2vl 1974; 1917 ed. on fiche 6046993.) This is an alphabetical directory of 6,700 soldiers and transcripts of the original sources of information.
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=== Online Resources ===
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{{Click|Image:UM_ORP.png|United States Military Online Genealogy Records}}
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[[U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records]]  provides more links for nationwide military record collections.
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*'''1775-1783''' - {{RecordSearch|2068326|United States Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1775-1783''' - {{RecordSearch|2546162|United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48433 Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776, Vol. II] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48434 Virginia Colonial Soldiers] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48410 List of the Colonial Soldiers of Virginia] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3076 Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3196 Virginia Navy in the Revolution], ($), index
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*{{RecordSearch|2070137|United States Revolutionary War, Virginia Pension Application Files, 1830-1875}} Images only.
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4282 U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls for Virginia, 1775-1783] ($)
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/virginia-revolutionary-war-soldiers-1775-1783-published-1912 Virginia, Revolutionary War Soldiers 1775-1783, published 1912], ($),*[https://archive.org/details/listofrevolution00virg Actual book], images (no charge)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48645 Virginia Soldiers of 1776] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1009 Virginia Soldiers of 1776, Vol. 1], ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48441 Virginia Militia in the War of 1812, Volume I] ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48442 Virginia Militia in the War of 1812, Volume II] ($)
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*'''1917-1940''' - {{RecordSearch|2968245|United States, Veterans Administration Master Index, 1917-1940}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
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*{{RecordSearch|2659404|Virginia, World War II Draft Registration Cards,1940-1945}}, index and images.
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/korean-war/casualty-lists/va-alpha.pdf U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Korean War for Home-State-of-Record: Virginia]
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-lists/va-alpha.pdf U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Vietnam War for Home-State-of-Record: Virginia]
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== Forts  ==
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*Post at Fredericksburg -- Textual records of this fort, 1866-1869, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.mariettatimes.com/page/content.detail/id/520911.html?nav=5002 Fort Harmar] 1785-90
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Monroe Fort Monroe] -- Textual records of this post, 1823-1920, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Myer Fort Myer ]-- Textual records of this post, 1861-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
 +
*[http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMPQC Fort Nelson] 1794-1824
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*[http://www.carolshouse.com/battlefields/ftnorfolk/ Fort Norfolk] 1794-1824
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*[http://www.hikercentral.com/parks/fowa/ Fort Washington]
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== Colonial Wars (1607-1763)  ==
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 +
Complete military records do not exist for Virginia before the French and Indian War (1754-1763). Most of those that survive have been gathered and published in the following books:
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*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1988.) {{FHL|47143|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2bL}}.) This is a comprehensive list compiled from numerous primary and secondary sources. May give the soldier's name, military unit, residence, age, description, and occupation.
 +
*Crozier, William A. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. (New York, NY: Genealogical Association, 1905. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1982.) Digital version at {{FSbook|113224}} - free; {{FHL|72797|item|disp=FHL fiche 6048997; book 975.5 M2c}} Includes published rosters of soldiers listed in many sources such as land bounty certificates, militia rosters, or service records.
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*Eckenrode, H. J. ''List of the Colonial Soldiers of Virginia''. 1917. Reprint, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1974.) {{FHL|73202|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vl}} 1974; 1917 ed. on fiche {{FHL|73202|item|disp=6046993}}) This is an alphabetical directory of 6,700 soldiers and transcripts of the original sources of information.
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*Kegley, Mary B. ''Soldiers of Fincastle County, Virginia, 1774''. (Dublin, Virginia: M. B. Kegley, 1974) {{WorldCat|1325026|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|62113|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 A1 no. 12}}) The record is arranged by companies and gives name, number of days served, rate, and amount paid. This record includes an index.
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*Neville, John Davenport. ''Bacon's Rebellion. Abstracts of Materials in the Colonial Records Project''. (Richmond, Va., 1976.) {{WorldCat|2624359|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|454985|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 H23b}}
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*Taylor, Philip F. ''A Calendar of the Warrants for Land in Kentucky, Granted for Service in the French and Indian War''. 1917. Reprint, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967.) {{FHL|85944|item|disp=FHL fiche 6019959; book 976.9 R21t}} This contains an alphabetical list of soldiers (mostly from Virginia) who received warrants for bounty land in what is now Kentucky from about 1774 to 1789. The original warrant records are at the Kentucky Land Office (see [[Kentucky Land and Property]]).
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*''Virginia Military Records: From the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler's Quarterly''. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983.) {{FHL|306495|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vm}} This contains reprints and an index of articles originally printed in periodicals. Most of the articles deal with the colonial and revolutionary periods. May show the soldier's residence, enlistment, unit, pension application, and declaration.
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=== Bacon's Rebellion (1676-1677)  ===
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For a list of known participants, see:
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*Johnston, Hugh Buckner and Ransom McBride. "Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia and Its Sufferers, 1676-1677," ''The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal,'' Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1983):2-13. {{FHL|41760|item|disp=FHL Book 975.6 B2s v. 9}}.
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== Indian Warfare (Colonial Period)  ==
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There were many skirmishes with Indians in frontier regions of Virginia. In 1621, the Indians massacred many European settlers.
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Several histories have been written about Indian warfare, including:
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*Addington, Luther F. ''Indian Stories of Virginia's Last Frontier.''
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*Addington, Luther F. and Emory L. Hamilton. ''Indian Raids and Massacres of Southwest Virginia.'' Kingsport, Tenn.: Cecil L. Durham, [1981?]. {{FHL|488344|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 H2ai}}.
  
Taylor, Philip F. ''A Calendar of the Warrants for Land in Kentucky, Granted for Service in the French and Indian War''. 1917. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967. (FHL book 976.9 R21t; fiche 6019959.) This contains an alphabetical list of soldiers (mostly from Virginia) who received warrants for bounty land in what is now Kentucky from about 1774 to 1789. The original warrant records are at the Kentucky Land Office (see the Kentucky Research Outline [31054]).
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*Hamilton, Emory L., Jeffrey C. Weaver, John C. Mullins, and Betty R. Mullins. ''Indian Forays on the Holston & Clinch.'' Clintwood, Va.: Mullins Printing, 1992. {{FHL|652993|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 H2i}}.
  
''Virginia Military Records: From the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler's Quarterly''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983. (FHL book 975.5 M2vm.) This contains reprints and an index of articles originally printed in periodicals. Most of the articles deal with the colonial and revolutionary periods. May show the soldier's residence, enlistment, unit, pension application, and declaration.
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*Withers, Alexander Scott, Reuben Gold Thwaites, and Lyman Copeland Draper. ''Chronicles of Border Warfare, or, A History of the Settlement by the Whites, of Northwestern Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres in that Section of the State with Reflections, Anecdotes, &c.'' Clarksburg, Va.: J. Israel, 1831.  
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**1895 edition online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=IgMOAAAAIAAJ Google Books] - free.  
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**1915 edition online at [http://archive.org/details/chronborderwarfa00withrich Internet Archive] - free; {{FHL|216614|item|disp=FHL Film 1033633 Item 2}}.
  
=== Revolutionary War (1775-1783) ===
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== Revolutionary War (1775-1783) ==
  
Records of individuals who participated in the Revolutionary War can be found in published indexes, pension files, bounty land records, service records, and public service claims.
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For a detailed guide to Virginia military organization, see: [[Virginia in the Revolutionary War|Virginia in the Revolutionary War]].  
  
'''Published Indexes'''. While there are several published sources on Virginia in the Revolutionary War, there is no comprehensive list of all Revolutionary veterans. The following are two major indexes that identify individuals listed in numerous records:
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Records of individuals who participated in the Revolutionary War can be found in published indexes, pension files, bounty land records, service records, and public service claims. Abstracts of many Virginia Revolutionary War pension records and unit rosters are available on the website [http://www.southerncampaign.org/ Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution]. A database of participants at [http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/muster.asp Valley Forge], which includes many Virginians, is available online. The [http://www.battleofcamden.org/ Battle of Camden] website also includes details about many Virginia Revolutionary War soldiers (see [http://www.battleofcamden.org/verif_amer.htm American &amp; Brit Participants]).<br>
  
Gwathmey, John Hastings. ''Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, 1775-1783''. Richmond, Virginia: Dietz Press, 1938. (FHL book 975.5 M23g.) This lists approximately 64,000 individuals, including those individuals identified in the earlier publication by Eckenrode (below). Both the Gwathmey and Eckenrode sources must be used, because although they list the same individuals, Gwathmey refers to the Eckenrode index for source information.
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If you know the unit a person served in and are trying to determine where men for that unit were recruited, the following book can help:<br>
  
Eckenrode, H. J. ''List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: D. Bottom, 1912. (FHL book 975.5 M23v 1912, film 928145 item 14, fiche 6051268; 1913 supplement on film 547176 and fiche 6051262.) This helps identify approximately 35,000 Revolutionary soldiers from Virginia.
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*Sanchez-Saavedra, E.M. ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787''. (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978.) {{FHL|79781|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2s}}.<br>
  
'''Pension Records.''' Virginia soldiers may have received a pension from the state or federal government. Pension records of Virginians may be found in:
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==='''Published Indexes'''===
  
''Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files''. (On 2,670 FHL films beginning with film 970001.) These files include pension applications from all the states. A published index to these files is ''Index of Revolutionary War Pension Applications, Revised'' (Washington, DC: National Genealogical Society, 1976; FHL book 973 M22ng 1976).
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While there are several published sources on Virginia in the Revolutionary War, there is no comprehensive list of all Revolutionary veterans. The following are two major indexes that identify individuals listed in numerous records:  
  
Dorman, John Frederick, comp. ''Virginia 1958-1995 Revolutionary Pension Applications''. 51 volumes. Washington, DC: N.p., 1958-1995. (FHL book 975.5 M28d.) This abstracts the files of Virginia soldiers who received pensions or bounty land from the federal government. Only partially completed, with surnames A through Ha.
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*Gwathmey, John Hastings. ''Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, 1775-1783''. Richmond, Va.: Dietz Press, 1938. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48423 Ancestry] ($); {{FHL|72802|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M23g}} This lists approximately 64,000 individuals, including those individuals identified in the earlier publication by Eckenrode (below). Both the Gwathmey and Eckenrode sources must be used, because although they list the same individuals, Gwathmey refers to the Eckenrode index for source information.
 +
*Eckenrode, H. J. ''List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia''. Richmond, Va.: D. Bottom, 1912. Digital version at [http://www.archive.org/details/listofrevolution00virg Internet Archive]; {{FHL|73127|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M23v 1912, film 928145 item 14, fiche 6051268}}; 1913 supplement: {{FHL|73152|item|disp=FHL film 547176 and fiche 6051262}} This helps identify approximately 35,000 Revolutionary soldiers from Virginia.
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*Douthat, James L. ''Virginia Soldiers in Northwest Territory - 1777''. Signal Mountain, Tenn.:&nbsp;Mountain Press. '''Free online surname index''' and purchase details at [http://www.mountainpress.com/books/va/details/va-0704w.html Mountain Press] website.
  
White, Virgil D. ''Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension File''s. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990-1992. (FHL book 973 M28g.) Abstracts based on selected records of pension application files. Some entries were from supplements to the complete files. Includes cross references to the Virginia Half Pay Claims and other state pensions or bounty land awards. Volume 4 is an every-name index for the 339,096 entries mentioned in the selected abstracts.
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==='''Pension Records''' ===
  
''Revolutionary War Pensions and Index (Virginia''). (FHL films 029853-66, index on film 029866.) A published index is Virginia Revolutionary War State Pensions (1980; Reprint, Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1982; FHL book 975.5 M2v). This abstracts the information found in the pension files of about 600 soldiers who received pensions from the state.
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Virginia soldiers may have received a pension from the state or federal government. Pension records of Virginians may be found in the following:
  
'''Virginia Half Pay and Other Related Revolutionary War Pension Application Files, ca. 1778-1875'''. (FHL films 1024434-42.) These records relate only to officers from Virginia. They help identify names that might appear in other military records.
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*''[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376019?availability=Family%20History%20Library Virginia Half Pay and Other Related Revolutionary War Pension Application Files]''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M910. (FHL films 1024434–42.) Records include the name; rank; amount of pension; death date; widow and children, if any; pension file number; some dates for wife and children, especially date of death of wife, and so on. Contains 279 pension application files.  
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*[[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants#Pension_and_Bounty_Land_Warrant_Applications|Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files]] These files include pension applications from all the states. A published index to these files is ''Index of Revolutionary War Pension Applications, Revised'' (Washington, DC: National Genealogical Society, 1976; {{FHL|566624|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M22ng 1976}}
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*Dorman, John Frederick, comp. ''Virginia 1958-1995 Revolutionary Pension Applications''. 51 volumes. Washington, DC: N.p., 1958-1995. {{FHL|154352|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M28d}} This abstracts the files of Virginia soldiers who received pensions or bounty land from the federal government. Only partially completed, with surnames A through Ha.
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*White, Virgil D. ''Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension File''s. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing, 1990-1992. {{FHL|476517|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M28g}} Abstracts based on selected records of pension application files. Some entries were from supplements to the complete files. Includes cross references to the Virginia Half Pay Claims and other state pensions or bounty land awards. Volume 4 is an every-name index for the 339,096 entries mentioned in the selected abstracts.
 +
*Clark, Murtie June. ''The Pension Lists of 1792-1795 With Other Revolutionary War Pension Records''. Baltimore, Md., 1991. Helpful guide to pensioners who died before 1818.
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*''Revolutionary War Pensions and Index (Virginia''). {{FHL|414074|item|disp=FHL Film 29866}} A published index is Virginia Revolutionary War State Pensions (1980; Reprint, Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1982) {{FHL|85580|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2v}} This abstracts the information found in the pension files of about 600 soldiers who received pensions from the state.
  
'''Applications for Bounty Land'''. Shortly after the war, many Virginia families migrated to lands that are now in Kentucky and Ohio to claim military bounty land. Under various laws, veterans or their heirs could apply to Virginia or to the federal government for a warrant to receive bounty land. Those who served in the Virginia state line or in the continental line could apply.
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=== '''The 1835 Pension Roll''' ===
  
'''Virginia Warrant Applications''' (for land in Kentucky and the Virginia Military District in Ohio). The Virginia Land Office first issued warrants for land that is now in Kentucky. After 1792, when no more land was available in Kentucky, the Virginia Land Office issued warrants for land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. This area in Ohio had been reserved for Virginia veterans when Virginia ceded all other claims in the Northwest Territory to the federal government.
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On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Revolutionary War Pension Records]].  
  
Applications for Virginia bounty land warrants are at the Library of Virginia and on microfilm at the Family History Library. The approved application files are in Bounty Warrants, 1779-1860 (FHL films 029821-51; index on films 29850 for A-Payser and 29851 for Pea-Z). These applications are also indexed by the Eckenrode source above. (Note that although these are titled “warrants” they are actually the papers submitted to receive a warrant.) Rejected applications are in Revolutionary War Rejected Claims and Index of Soldiers from Virginia, 1811-1851 (FHL films 029867-82, index on film 029882). These manuscripts include certificates, powers of attorney, affidavits, and vouchers.
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=LYQFAAAAQAAJ Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. II] (Google Books)  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48123 The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. III] (Ancestry) ($)
  
If an application was approved, the veteran or his heirs received a certificate that could be exchanged for a warrant. The Library of Virginia and the Family History Library have Virginia Land Office, Military Certificates, A-Z: July 14, 1782-August 5, 1876. These records are in alphabetical order on 38 FHL films, 1889181-218. These certificates are also filmed by number on FHL films 29635-7. The certificates often give the number of acres, warrant number, and sometimes the solder's heirs—wife, children, grandchildren, brother, etc.
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==='''Virginia Half Pay and Other Related Revolutionary War Pension Application Files, ca. 1778-1875'''. ===
  
'''U.S. Revolutionary War Bounty Land Warrants . . . 1788, 1803, 1806''' (for land in the United States Military District of Ohio and the Virginia Military District of Ohio). (FHL films 1025142-56; two indexes are on film 1025141.) Applications to the federal government for bounty land are interfiled with the pension application files described above (see Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files in the “Pension Records” section, above). Those who received warrants for bounty land from the federal government could claim land in the Military Districts of Ohio and later in other areas of the public domain.
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*{{FHL|48464|item|disp=FHL Films 1024434-42}} These records relate only to officers from Virginia. They help identify names that might appear in other military records.
  
'''Bounty Land Grants.''' The individual who received a warrant may have claimed the land himself or may have sold his warrant to someone else. See the United States Research Outline for more information about the process of obtaining a land grant.
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==='''Applications for Bounty Land'''. ===
  
'''Lands Granted in Kentucky (Virginia warrants). '''Those who surrendered their warrants for land in what is now Kentucky are listed in Virginia Grants, 1782-1792 (FHL films 272809-17). The original grants are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky.
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Shortly after the war, many Virginia families migrated to lands that are now in Kentucky and Ohio to claim military bounty land. Under various laws, veterans or their heirs could apply to Virginia or to the federal government for a warrant to receive bounty land. Those who served in the Virginia state line or in the continental line could apply.  
  
Two indexes that include these grants are:
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==='''Virginia Warrant Applications''' ===
  
Brookes-Smith, Joan E. ''Master Index: Virginia Surveys and Grants, 1774-1791''. Frankfort: Kentucky Historical Society, 1976. (FHL book 976.9 R22b; film 1320833 item 6.)
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(For land in Kentucky and the Virginia Military District in Ohio). The Virginia Land Office first issued warrants for land that is now in Kentucky. After 1792, when no more land was available in Kentucky, the Virginia Land Office issued warrants for land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. This area in Ohio had been reserved for Virginia veterans when Virginia ceded all other claims in the Northwest Territory to the federal government.  
  
Jillson, Willard Rouse. ''The Kentucky Land Grants: A Systematic Index to All of the Land Grants Recorded in the State Land Office at Frankfort, Kentucky, 1782-1924''. Louisville, Kentucky: Standard Printing, 1925. (FHL book 976.9 B4f, no. 33; 1971 edition on film 272808 and book 976.9 R22ji; film 1000053 item 2; fiche 6051422-23.)
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Applications for Virginia bounty land warrants are at the Library of Virginia and on microfilm at the Family History Library. The approved application files are in Bounty Warrants, 1779-1860 {{FHL|414179|item|disp=FHL Films 29821-51}}; index on {{FHL|414179|item|disp=FHL Film 29850}} for A-Payser and {{FHL|414179|item|disp=FHL Film 29851}} for Pea-Z). These applications are also indexed by the Eckenrode source above. (Note that although these are titled “warrants” they are actually the papers submitted to receive a warrant.) Rejected applications are in Revolutionary War Rejected Claims and Index of Soldiers from Virginia, 1811-1851 {{FHL|474926|item|disp=FHL Films 29867-82}}, index on {{FHL|474926|item|disp=FHL Film 29882}} These manuscripts include certificates, powers of attorney, affidavits, and vouchers.  
  
Copies of the warrants are found in ''Military Warrants, 1782-1788 ''(FHL films 272979-80). The original records are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky. These are indexed by Willard Rouse Jillson, ''Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds: A Complete Index to All of the Earliest Land Entries, Military Warrants'' . . . (1926; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1969; FHL book 976.9 R22j; FHL fiche 6051260).
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If an application was approved, the veteran or his heirs received a certificate that could be exchanged for a warrant. The Library of Virginia and the Family History Library have Virginia Land Office, Military Certificates, A-Z: July 14, 1782-August 5, 1876. These records are in alphabetical order on 38 Family History Library films, {{FHL|723941|item|disp=FHL films 1889181-218}}. These certificates are also filmed by number on {{FHL|412793|item|disp=FHL films 29635-7}}. The certificates often give the number of acres, warrant number, and sometimes the solder's heirs—wife, children, grandchildren, brother, etc.  
  
'''Lands Granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio (Virginia Warrants)'''. An estimated 64 percent of Virginia's bounty land claims were granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The Ohio Land Grant Office (c/o Auditor of State, 88 East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio 43215) has some records of these land grants.
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*[[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants#U.S._Military_District_Bounty_Land_Warrants|Bounty Land Warrants for the U.S. Military District of Ohio]] (for land in the United States Military District of Ohio and the Virginia Military District of Ohio). Two indexes are on {{FHL|267780|item|disp=FHL film 1025141.}} Applications to the federal government for bounty land are interfiled with the pension application files described above (also see [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants#Pension_and_Bounty_Land_Warrant_Applications|Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files]]). Those who received warrants for bounty land from the federal government could claim land in the Military Districts of Ohio and later in other areas of the public domain.
  
A significant collection of survey records and other information about this district is also at the Illinois Historical Survey Collection at the University of Illinois Library in Urbana. These are indexed in volume 4 of:
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==='''Bounty Land Grants''' ===
  
Clifford Neal Smith, ''Federal Land Series: A Calendar of Archival Materials on the Land Patents Issued by the United States Government''. . . . Chicago, Illinois: American Library Association, 1972. (FHL book 973 R23s.) This book indexes land grants in the Virginia Military District of Ohio and may show survey number, acreage, survey book page numbers, county, or township.
+
The individual who received a warrant may have claimed the land himself or may have sold his warrant to someone else. See [[United States Land and Property]] and [[United States Military Records]] for more information about the process of obtaining a land grant.  
  
The surrendered warrants and related papers were sent to the General Land Office in Washington, DC, and are now at the National Archives in Warrants Surrendered for Land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The National Archives also has an alphabetical index, numerical register, and survey register that can help you find a warrant in this collection. These records are not on microfilm or at the Family History Library.
+
==='''Lands Granted in Kentucky (Virginia warrants)''' ===
  
'''Lands Granted in the U.S. Military District and Other Public Domain Areas (U.S. Warrants)'''. The records of these land grants are described in the United States Research Outline.
+
Those who surrendered their warrants for land in what is now Kentucky are listed in Virginia Grants, 1782-1792 {{FHL|241747|title-id|disp=FHL films 272809-17.}} The original grants are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky.  
  
'''Service Records'''. Those who served in the Virginia state or continental line may be listed in Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War (on 1,097 FHL films beginning with film 1485281) and in ''General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers'' (on 58 FHL films beginning with 882841). This is at the National Archives and the Family History Library. May provide the soldier's or sailor's unit which can help to find pension records but does not give information about other members of the soldier's family. Also indexed in:
+
Two indexes that include these grants are:  
  
White, Virgil D. ''Index to Revolutionary War Service Records''. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1995. (FHL 973 M22wv)
+
*Brookes-Smith, Joan E. ''Master Index: Virginia Surveys and Grants, 1774-1791''. Frankfort: Kentucky Historical Society, 1976. {{FHL|193613|item|disp=FHL film 1320833 item 6; book 976.9 R22b.}}
 +
*Jillson, Willard Rouse. ''The Kentucky Land Grants: A Systematic Index to All of the Land Grants Recorded in the State Land Office at Frankfort, Kentucky, 1782-1924''. Louisville, Kentucky: Standard Printing, 1925. {{FHL|20583|item|disp=FHL book 976.9 B4f, no. 33}}; 1971 edition on {{FHL|20583|item|disp=FHL film 272808}} and {{FHL|94433|item|disp=FHL film 1000053 item 2; fiche 6051422-23; book 976.9 R22ji.}}
  
For a list of regiments, where they were raised, service dates, officers, and brief unit histories, see:
+
Copies of the warrants are found in ''Military Warrants, 1782-1788 ''{{FHL|439115|item|disp=FHL films 272979-80}}). The original records are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky. These are indexed by Willard Rouse Jillson, ''Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds: A Complete Index to All of the Earliest Land Entries, Military Warrants'' . . . (1926; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1969){{FHL|489197|item|disp=FHL fiche 6051260; book 976.9 R22j.}}
  
Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M. A'' Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787''. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1978. (FHL book 975.5 M2s.) This book may provide information useful for obtaining pension records.
+
==='''Lands Granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio (Virginia Warrants)''' ===
  
The Library of Virginia also has various pay records, militia records, court martial records, appointments of officers, petitions, and other helpful sources.
+
An estimated 64 percent of Virginia's bounty land claims were granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The Ohio Land Grant Office (c/o Auditor of State, 88 East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio 43215) has some records of these land grants.  
  
'''Public Service Claims'''. Private citizens may have taken claims or petitions to the county courthouse for compensation for crops, cattle, weapons, and labor used by the military during the war. These county records have been collected in:
+
*Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. ''Revolutionary War Records: Virginia Army and Navy Forces with Bounty Land Warrants for Virginia Military District of Ohio, and Virginia Military Scrip, from Federal and State Archives.'' Washington, D.C., 1936. Digital version at {{FSbook|113280}} - free.
  
''Revolutionary War Public Service Claims Recorded in County Court Booklets''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. (FHL films 029809-12; indexes on films 29813-18.)
+
A significant collection of survey records and other information about this district is also at the Illinois Historical Survey Collection at the University of Illinois Library in Urbana. These are indexed in volume 4 of:  
  
The approved claims were recorded in:
+
*Clifford Neal Smith, ''Federal Land Series: A Calendar of Archival Materials on the Land Patents Issued by the United States Government''. . . . Chicago, Illinois: American Library Association, 1972. {{FHL|253710|item|disp=FHL book 973 R23s.}} This book indexes land grants in the Virginia Military District of Ohio and may show survey number, acreage, survey book page numbers, county, or township.
  
''Revolutionary War Public Service Claims, Commissioners Books, 1783.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. (FHL films 029819-20.) The index to both sets of films is on FHL films 029813-18. The original records are at the Library of Virginia.
+
The surrendered warrants and related papers were sent to the General Land Office in Washington, DC, and are now at the National Archives in Warrants Surrendered for Land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The National Archives also has an alphabetical index, numerical register, and survey register that can help you find a warrant in this collection. These records are not on microfilm or at the Family History Library.  
  
=== War of 1812 (1812-1815) ===
+
===''Lands Granted in the U.S. Military District and Other Public Domain Areas (U.S. Warrants)''' ===
  
Lists of War of 1812 soldiers are in:
+
The records of these land grants are described in [[United States Land and Property]].
  
''Muster Rolls, Payrolls, and Index of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1955. (FHL films 0029984-91) Published payroll and muster roll books are on FHL film 029991, which lists each soldier's name, rank, length of service, service dates, and county (residence). The card index on the first seven films indexes the two books.
+
=== '''Service Records''' ===
  
For a list of where regiments were raised and regimental and company officers, see:
+
Those who served in the Virginia state or continental line may be listed in Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War {{FHL|484382|item|disp=FHL films 1485281(first of 1,097)}} and in ''General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers'' {{FHL|484382|item|disp=FHL films 882841(first of 58)}} This is at the National Archives and the Family History Library. May provide the soldier's or sailor's unit which can help to find pension records but does not give information about other members of the soldier's family.
  
Butler, Stuart Lee. ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Co., 1988. (FHL 975.5 M2bs.)
+
*White, Virgil D. ''Index to Revolutionary War Service Records''. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1995.{{FHL|745712|item|disp=FHL book 973 M22wv}}
  
The Family History Library also has microfilm copies of the National Archives indexes to the federal service, pension, and bounty land files, but the actual files are only at the National Archives.
+
For a list of regiments, where they were raised, service dates, officers, and brief unit histories, see:
  
Published abstracts of the federal pension and bounty land warrant applications are in:
+
*Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M. ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787''. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1978. {{FHL|79781|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2s}} This book may provide information useful for obtaining pension records.
  
Wardell, Patrick G. ''War of 1812: Virginia Bounty Land and Pension Applications''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987. (FHL book 975 M2wp.) Gives marriage and death dates and places, spouses, and residences.
+
The Library of Virginia also has various pay records, militia records, court martial records, appointments of officers, petitions, and other helpful sources.  
  
=== '''Civil War (1861-1865)''' ===
+
=== '''Muster Rolls''' ===  
  
Soldiers from Virginia served in both the Union and Confederate armies.
+
The Muster Roll Project, sponsored by the Valley Forge Legacy, has reconstructed muster rolls for the 1st-15th Virginia Regiments and the 1st-2nd Virginia State. Their collection is available for free [http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/muster.asp online].  
  
'''Union '''
+
'''Public Service Claims'''.
  
The Family History Library and the National Archives have the:
+
Private citizens may have taken claims or petitions to the county courthouse for compensation for crops, cattle, weapons, and labor used by the military during the war. These county records have been collected in:  
  
''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers'' . . .” (FHL film 881594).
+
*''Revolutionary War Public Service Claims Recorded in County Court Booklets''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. {{FHL|414149|item|disp=FHL films 029809-12}}; indexes on films {{FHL|414149|item|disp=FHL films 29813-18.}}
  
''Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers'' . . . (FHL film 1292638-644). May provide the soldier's or sailor's unit which can help to find pension records but does not give information about other members of the soldier's family.
+
The approved claims were recorded in:
  
''Pension Index File . . . 1861-1934'' (FHL films beginning with 540757). The actual pension records are only at the National Archives. Pension records sometimes list other members of the soldier's family and birth, marriage, and death information.
+
*''Revolutionary War Public Service Claims, Commissioners Books, 1783.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. {{FHL|412767|item|disp=FHL films 029819-20}} The index to both sets of films is on {{FHL|414149|item|disp=FHL films 029813-18}}. The original records are at the Library of Virginia.
  
'''Confederate '''
+
=== '''Loyalists''' ===
  
For those who served in Confederate forces, the Family History Library has the following records.
+
For a list of white loyalists in Williamsburg during the Revolution, see:
  
From the National Archives:
+
*Kelly, Kevin P. "The White Loyalists of Williamsburg," ''The Colonial Williamsburg Interpreter'', Vol. 17, No. 2 (1996). Digital version at [https://web.archive.org/web/20150107044719/http://research.history.org/Historical_Research/Research_Themes/ThemeRevolution/Loyalist.cfm Colonial Williamsburg].
  
''Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers'' . . . (FHL films 881395-456).
+
=== '''History''' ===
  
''Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers'' . . . (on 1075 FHL films 1488678-1489752). Lists the soldier's name, rank, unit, and enlistment date and place.
+
*Eckenrode, H.J. ''The Revolution in Virginia''. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=LGudpBTpRb4C Google Books].
 +
*Selby, John E. ''The Revolution in Virginia, 1775-1783''. Williamsburg, Va., 1988.
  
From the Library of Virginia:
+
== War of 1812 (1812-1815)  ==
  
''Index to Confederate Service Records of Virginia'' . . .     (FHL films 029777-808).
+
The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.<br><br>See the Wiki article, [[Virginia in the War of 1812|Virginia in the War of 1812]], for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant websites, etc. for Virginia.<br>
  
''Confederate Service Records of Virginia, 1861- 65''     (FHL film 029767-76).
+
There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]].  
  
''Confederate Pension Applications, Virginia, Acts of 1888, 1900, 1902: Index 1888-1934''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. (On 219 FHL films beginning with 1439763.) Indexed by veteran's, widow's, or servant's name. Files are arranged by pension act, then by county, then by surname. Usually gives age, birthplace, and residence.
+
== Mexican War (1846-1848) ==
  
''Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia, Register of Interments in Confederate Plots''. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia State Library, [19—?] (FHL film 1294360) Alphabetical by name. Lists company, regiment, state, grave number, row, division, and remarks.
+
The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>
  
The Confederate pension records from 1888 to 1928 are only at the Virginia State Library.
+
*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
'''Published Sources'''
+
:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files - FamilySearch Historical Records|Learn more.]])<br>
  
Regimental rosters with biographical information of Virginia soldiers are published in:
+
*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].<br>
  
''Virginia Regimental Histories Series''. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1982–. (FHL book 975.5 M2vr.) 119 volumes in the series have been completed.
+
*Johnson, William Page. ''Off to War, The Virginia Volunteers in the War with Mexico, or Fuera de Guerra, La Virginia Volentarios en la Guerra con Mexico''. Westminster, Md.: Willow Bend Books, 2002. FHL 975.5 M2j.
 +
*Lee A. Wallace, Jr. ''The First Regiment of Virginia Volunteers,1846-1848.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 77 (1969):46-77. FHL 975.5 B2v
  
''Register of the Confederate Dead Interred in Hollywood Cemetery: Richmond, Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: Gary, Clemmitt and Jones, 1869. (FHL book 975.5451 V3r; FHL US/CAN Film 33625.) This register lists thousands of Confederate soldiers buried in Richmond. Includes name, company, regiment, state, date of death, cemetery section and number.
+
Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]]. <br>
  
For guidebooks to Virginia's military units for the Civil War, the following sources are helpful:
+
== Civil War (1861-1865)  ==
  
Sifakis, Stewart. ''Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia''. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (FHL book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) Gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
+
[[Image:{{AppomattoxCentennialStamp}}]]
  
Wallace, Lee A. ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865''. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (FHL book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) Gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.
+
*See [[Virginia in the Civil War|Virginia in the Civil War]] for information about Virginia Civil War records, websites, etc. with links to articles about the Virginia regiments involved in the Civil War.
  
For records of national old soldier homes, including the home in Richmond, Virginia, see:
+
:The regimental articles often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started.
  
United States. Veterans Administration. ''Registers of Veterans at National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1937''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. (On 282 FHL films.) Includes general indexes for twelve homes, but some volumes are indexed separately. These Historical Registers may list the soldier's name, date and place of enlistment, rank, military unit, length of service, date and place of discharge, place of birth, age, physical description, religion, occupation, previous residence, marital status, nearest relative, pension, soldier home admission and discharge dates, disability, death date, or cause of death.
+
:Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching the families of the soldiers. <br>
  
=== World War I (1917-1918) ===
+
Please add any other information about Virginia in the Civil War to the [[Virginia in the Civil War|Virginia in the Civil War]] Wiki page. Thank you.
  
A published roster of soldiers who died in the war is:
+
*For information about African American troops, see [[United States Colored Troops in the Civil War|United States Colored Troops in the Civil War]] to learn about the regiments and units that served from Virginia. <br>
  
Haulsee, W. M., F. G. Howe, and A. C. Dayle, comps. ''Soldiers of the Great War''. Three Volumes. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. (FHL book 973 M23s; fiche 6051244.) Virginia soldiers are listed in Volume 3. Gives the soldier's name, residence, rank, cause of death, and includes pictures.
+
*The [https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiment for&nbsp;each soldiers.&nbsp;Then you can check the regiment page to determine counties.&nbsp; Often&nbsp;knowing the counties that&nbsp;had men in a regiment&nbsp;will help you determine if a&nbsp;soldier was your ancestor. <br>
 +
*U.S. Southern Claims Commission Master Index, 1871-1880 [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1216 Index only $]
  
An additional source of historical information is:
+
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932427|Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|2145147|United States Confederate Officers Card Index, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
''Virginia Military Organizations in the World War: with Supplement of Distinguished Service''. Richmond, Virginia: N.p., 1927. (FHL book 975.5 M2vo)
+
== Old Soldiers Homes (1870s-1940s) ==
  
World War I draft registration cards for men ages 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For Virginia's cards see:
+
The Southern Branch National Military Home in Hampton and the Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home (a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home) in Richmond serviced many military veterans between the 1870s and 1940s. [[US Military Old Soldiers Home Records|US Military Old Soldiers Home Records]] identifies various types of records created concerning folks admitted to these homes.  
  
United States. Selective Service System. Virginia, ''World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 85 FHL films beginning with film 1984203)
+
== Spanish-American War (1898) ==
  
To find an individual's draft card, you must know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and alphabetically by surname within each draft board. Most counties had only one board; large cities had more.
+
The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.  
  
A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map, see:
+
'''Indexes'''
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, DC: National Archives. (FHL film 1498803)
+
*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files - FamilySearch Historical Records|Learn more.]])
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/ www.ancestry.com] has World War I draft registration cards digitized and online ($)
+
*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain - FamilySearch Historical Records|Learn more.]])
  
http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/draft/ww1draft.html
+
Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
http://net.lib.byu.edu/~rdh7/wwi/links.html
+
== World War I (1917-1918)  ==
  
=== World War II (1940-1946) ===
+
World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.
  
For a list of 8,777 war dead, see:
+
*United States. Selective Service System. Virginia, ''World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. {{FHL|754900|item|disp=FHL films 1984203 (first of 85)}} Also available at:
  
Hemphill, W. Edwin, ed. ''Gold Star Honor Roll of Virginians in the Second World War.'''''''''''' ''Charlottesville, Virginia: Virginia World War II History Commission, 1947. (FHL book 975.5 M2g; film 1698052 item 7.) County-by-county list of the soldier's name, rank, service branch, and nearest surviving relative.
+
*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images — free
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/ www.ancestry.com] has World War II enlistment records. ($)
+
*{{RecordSearch|2513098|United States, YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
=== Online Resources ===
+
[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.
 +
 
 +
A published rosters of soldiers who died in the war:
 +
 
 +
:*Haulsee, W. M., F. G. Howe, and A. C. Dayle, comps. ''Soldiers of the Great War''. Three Volumes. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. {{FHL|285556|item|disp=FHL fiche 6051244; book 973 M23s}}.) Virginia soldiers are listed in Volume 3. Gives the soldier's name, residence, rank, cause of death, and includes pictures.
 +
 
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/virginianswholos00virg Virginians who lost their lives in the World War]
 +
 
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2996059|United States, World War I American Expeditionary Forces Deaths, 1917-1919}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
 
 +
An additional source of historical information is:
 +
 
 +
:*''Virginia Military Organizations in the World War: with Supplement of Distinguished Service''. Richmond, Virginia: N.p., 1927. {{FHL|455007|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vo}} Digital version available on FamilySearch Catalog entry.
 +
 
 +
* Virginia Magazine of History & Biography.''World War I Centennial Issue'' v.126 #1 (2018) Includes a reprint of Virginia's World War I Roll of Honor. FHL 975.5 B2v
 +
 
 +
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/~rdh7/wwi/links.html WWI Sites]
 +
 
 +
== World War II (1941-1945)  ==
 +
''' Draft registrations'''
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2659404 Virginia, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1940-1945]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
''' Fourth Registration'''
 +
On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
 +
 
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
 +
 
 +
:Also available at:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
 +
 
 +
For a list of 8,777 war dead, see:
 +
 
 +
*Hemphill, W. Edwin, ed. ''Gold Star Honor Roll of Virginians in the Second World War.'' Charlottesville, Va.: Virginia World War II History Commission, 1947. {{FHL|700157|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2g.}} County-by-county list of the soldier's name, rank, service branch, and nearest surviving relative.
 +
 
 +
[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] has World War II enlistment records. ($)
 +
 
 +
*A series of books entitled "[[United States World War II Biographies#Young_American_Patriots|Young American Patriots]]", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Virginia. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.
 +
 
 +
[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/700157?availability=Family%20History%20Library W. Edwin Hemphill, ed. ''Gold Star honor Roll of Virginians in the Second World War.'' Charlottesville,Virginia: Virginia World War II History Commission, 1947. FHL 975.5 M2g]
 +
 
 +
== Korean War (1950–1953)  ==
 +
 
 +
The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
 +
 
 +
== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ==
  
http://www.lva.lib.va.us/whatwehave/mil/index.htm
+
The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
http://home.att.net/~wee-monster/military.html
+
== Websites  ==
  
http://www.donet.com/~mconrad/links.htm
+
*[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/using_collections.asp Library of Virginia]
 +
*[http://www.germanroots.com/military.html German Roots]
 +
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/va.htm#Military Cyndi's List]
 +
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/revolutionary/ Access Genealogy]
 +
*[http://ldsgenealogy.com/VA/Military-Records.htm Virginia Military Records] (Virginia Genealogy)
  
http://www.cyndislist.com/va.htm#Military
+
{{Virginia|Virginia}} {{State Military Records}}
  
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/revolutionary/
+
[[Category:Virginia Military Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:29, 27 August 2019

Virginia Wiki Topics
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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

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U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records provides more links for nationwide military record collections.

Forts[edit | edit source]

Colonial Wars (1607-1763)[edit | edit source]

Complete military records do not exist for Virginia before the French and Indian War (1754-1763). Most of those that survive have been gathered and published in the following books:

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1988.) FHL book 975.5 M2bL.) This is a comprehensive list compiled from numerous primary and secondary sources. May give the soldier's name, military unit, residence, age, description, and occupation.
  • Crozier, William A. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. (New York, NY: Genealogical Association, 1905. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1982.) Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free; FHL fiche 6048997; book 975.5 M2c Includes published rosters of soldiers listed in many sources such as land bounty certificates, militia rosters, or service records.
  • Eckenrode, H. J. List of the Colonial Soldiers of Virginia. 1917. Reprint, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1974.) FHL book 975.5 M2vl 1974; 1917 ed. on fiche 6046993) This is an alphabetical directory of 6,700 soldiers and transcripts of the original sources of information.
  • Kegley, Mary B. Soldiers of Fincastle County, Virginia, 1774. (Dublin, Virginia: M. B. Kegley, 1974) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975.5 A1 no. 12) The record is arranged by companies and gives name, number of days served, rate, and amount paid. This record includes an index.
  • Neville, John Davenport. Bacon's Rebellion. Abstracts of Materials in the Colonial Records Project. (Richmond, Va., 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975.5 H23b
  • Taylor, Philip F. A Calendar of the Warrants for Land in Kentucky, Granted for Service in the French and Indian War. 1917. Reprint, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967.) FHL fiche 6019959; book 976.9 R21t This contains an alphabetical list of soldiers (mostly from Virginia) who received warrants for bounty land in what is now Kentucky from about 1774 to 1789. The original warrant records are at the Kentucky Land Office (see Kentucky Land and Property).
  • Virginia Military Records: From the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler's Quarterly. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983.) FHL book 975.5 M2vm This contains reprints and an index of articles originally printed in periodicals. Most of the articles deal with the colonial and revolutionary periods. May show the soldier's residence, enlistment, unit, pension application, and declaration.

Bacon's Rebellion (1676-1677)[edit | edit source]

For a list of known participants, see:

  • Johnston, Hugh Buckner and Ransom McBride. "Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia and Its Sufferers, 1676-1677," The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1983):2-13. FHL Book 975.6 B2s v. 9.

Indian Warfare (Colonial Period)[edit | edit source]

There were many skirmishes with Indians in frontier regions of Virginia. In 1621, the Indians massacred many European settlers.

Several histories have been written about Indian warfare, including:

  • Addington, Luther F. Indian Stories of Virginia's Last Frontier.
  • Addington, Luther F. and Emory L. Hamilton. Indian Raids and Massacres of Southwest Virginia. Kingsport, Tenn.: Cecil L. Durham, [1981?]. FHL Book 975.5 H2ai.
  • Hamilton, Emory L., Jeffrey C. Weaver, John C. Mullins, and Betty R. Mullins. Indian Forays on the Holston & Clinch. Clintwood, Va.: Mullins Printing, 1992. FHL Book 975.5 H2i.
  • Withers, Alexander Scott, Reuben Gold Thwaites, and Lyman Copeland Draper. Chronicles of Border Warfare, or, A History of the Settlement by the Whites, of Northwestern Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres in that Section of the State with Reflections, Anecdotes, &c. Clarksburg, Va.: J. Israel, 1831.

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)[edit | edit source]

For a detailed guide to Virginia military organization, see: Virginia in the Revolutionary War.

Records of individuals who participated in the Revolutionary War can be found in published indexes, pension files, bounty land records, service records, and public service claims. Abstracts of many Virginia Revolutionary War pension records and unit rosters are available on the website Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution. A database of participants at Valley Forge, which includes many Virginians, is available online. The Battle of Camden website also includes details about many Virginia Revolutionary War soldiers (see American & Brit Participants).

If you know the unit a person served in and are trying to determine where men for that unit were recruited, the following book can help:

  • Sanchez-Saavedra, E.M. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787. (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978.) FHL Book 975.5 M2s.

Published Indexes[edit | edit source]

While there are several published sources on Virginia in the Revolutionary War, there is no comprehensive list of all Revolutionary veterans. The following are two major indexes that identify individuals listed in numerous records:

  • Gwathmey, John Hastings. Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, 1775-1783. Richmond, Va.: Dietz Press, 1938. Digital version at Ancestry ($); FHL Book 975.5 M23g This lists approximately 64,000 individuals, including those individuals identified in the earlier publication by Eckenrode (below). Both the Gwathmey and Eckenrode sources must be used, because although they list the same individuals, Gwathmey refers to the Eckenrode index for source information.
  • Eckenrode, H. J. List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia. Richmond, Va.: D. Bottom, 1912. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL book 975.5 M23v 1912, film 928145 item 14, fiche 6051268; 1913 supplement: FHL film 547176 and fiche 6051262 This helps identify approximately 35,000 Revolutionary soldiers from Virginia.
  • Douthat, James L. Virginia Soldiers in Northwest Territory - 1777. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.

Pension Records[edit | edit source]

Virginia soldiers may have received a pension from the state or federal government. Pension records of Virginians may be found in the following:

  • Virginia Half Pay and Other Related Revolutionary War Pension Application Files. National Archives Microfilm Publication M910. (FHL films 1024434–42.) Records include the name; rank; amount of pension; death date; widow and children, if any; pension file number; some dates for wife and children, especially date of death of wife, and so on. Contains 279 pension application files.
  • Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files These files include pension applications from all the states. A published index to these files is Index of Revolutionary War Pension Applications, Revised (Washington, DC: National Genealogical Society, 1976; FHL Book 973 M22ng 1976
  • Dorman, John Frederick, comp. Virginia 1958-1995 Revolutionary Pension Applications. 51 volumes. Washington, DC: N.p., 1958-1995. FHL Book 975.5 M28d This abstracts the files of Virginia soldiers who received pensions or bounty land from the federal government. Only partially completed, with surnames A through Ha.
  • White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing, 1990-1992. FHL Book 973 M28g Abstracts based on selected records of pension application files. Some entries were from supplements to the complete files. Includes cross references to the Virginia Half Pay Claims and other state pensions or bounty land awards. Volume 4 is an every-name index for the 339,096 entries mentioned in the selected abstracts.
  • Clark, Murtie June. The Pension Lists of 1792-1795 With Other Revolutionary War Pension Records. Baltimore, Md., 1991. Helpful guide to pensioners who died before 1818.
  • Revolutionary War Pensions and Index (Virginia). FHL Film 29866 A published index is Virginia Revolutionary War State Pensions (1980; Reprint, Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1982) FHL Book 975.5 M2v This abstracts the information found in the pension files of about 600 soldiers who received pensions from the state.

The 1835 Pension Roll[edit | edit source]

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records.

Virginia Half Pay and Other Related Revolutionary War Pension Application Files, ca. 1778-1875.[edit | edit source]

  • FHL Films 1024434-42 These records relate only to officers from Virginia. They help identify names that might appear in other military records.

Applications for Bounty Land.[edit | edit source]

Shortly after the war, many Virginia families migrated to lands that are now in Kentucky and Ohio to claim military bounty land. Under various laws, veterans or their heirs could apply to Virginia or to the federal government for a warrant to receive bounty land. Those who served in the Virginia state line or in the continental line could apply.

Virginia Warrant Applications[edit | edit source]

(For land in Kentucky and the Virginia Military District in Ohio). The Virginia Land Office first issued warrants for land that is now in Kentucky. After 1792, when no more land was available in Kentucky, the Virginia Land Office issued warrants for land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. This area in Ohio had been reserved for Virginia veterans when Virginia ceded all other claims in the Northwest Territory to the federal government.

Applications for Virginia bounty land warrants are at the Library of Virginia and on microfilm at the Family History Library. The approved application files are in Bounty Warrants, 1779-1860 FHL Films 29821-51; index on FHL Film 29850 for A-Payser and FHL Film 29851 for Pea-Z). These applications are also indexed by the Eckenrode source above. (Note that although these are titled “warrants” they are actually the papers submitted to receive a warrant.) Rejected applications are in Revolutionary War Rejected Claims and Index of Soldiers from Virginia, 1811-1851 FHL Films 29867-82, index on FHL Film 29882 These manuscripts include certificates, powers of attorney, affidavits, and vouchers.

If an application was approved, the veteran or his heirs received a certificate that could be exchanged for a warrant. The Library of Virginia and the Family History Library have Virginia Land Office, Military Certificates, A-Z: July 14, 1782-August 5, 1876. These records are in alphabetical order on 38 Family History Library films, FHL films 1889181-218. These certificates are also filmed by number on FHL films 29635-7. The certificates often give the number of acres, warrant number, and sometimes the solder's heirs—wife, children, grandchildren, brother, etc.

Bounty Land Grants[edit | edit source]

The individual who received a warrant may have claimed the land himself or may have sold his warrant to someone else. See United States Land and Property and United States Military Records for more information about the process of obtaining a land grant.

Lands Granted in Kentucky (Virginia warrants)[edit | edit source]

Those who surrendered their warrants for land in what is now Kentucky are listed in Virginia Grants, 1782-1792 FHL films 272809-17. The original grants are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky.

Two indexes that include these grants are:

Copies of the warrants are found in Military Warrants, 1782-1788 FHL films 272979-80). The original records are at the Kentucky Land Office in Frankfort, Kentucky. These are indexed by Willard Rouse Jillson, Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds: A Complete Index to All of the Earliest Land Entries, Military Warrants . . . (1926; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1969)FHL fiche 6051260; book 976.9 R22j.

Lands Granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio (Virginia Warrants)[edit | edit source]

An estimated 64 percent of Virginia's bounty land claims were granted in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The Ohio Land Grant Office (c/o Auditor of State, 88 East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio 43215) has some records of these land grants.

  • Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Revolutionary War Records: Virginia Army and Navy Forces with Bounty Land Warrants for Virginia Military District of Ohio, and Virginia Military Scrip, from Federal and State Archives. Washington, D.C., 1936. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.

A significant collection of survey records and other information about this district is also at the Illinois Historical Survey Collection at the University of Illinois Library in Urbana. These are indexed in volume 4 of:

  • Clifford Neal Smith, Federal Land Series: A Calendar of Archival Materials on the Land Patents Issued by the United States Government. . . . Chicago, Illinois: American Library Association, 1972. FHL book 973 R23s. This book indexes land grants in the Virginia Military District of Ohio and may show survey number, acreage, survey book page numbers, county, or township.

The surrendered warrants and related papers were sent to the General Land Office in Washington, DC, and are now at the National Archives in Warrants Surrendered for Land in the Virginia Military District of Ohio. The National Archives also has an alphabetical index, numerical register, and survey register that can help you find a warrant in this collection. These records are not on microfilm or at the Family History Library.

Lands Granted in the U.S. Military District and Other Public Domain Areas (U.S. Warrants)'[edit | edit source]

The records of these land grants are described in United States Land and Property.

Service Records[edit | edit source]

Those who served in the Virginia state or continental line may be listed in Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War FHL films 1485281(first of 1,097) and in General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers FHL films 882841(first of 58) This is at the National Archives and the Family History Library. May provide the soldier's or sailor's unit which can help to find pension records but does not give information about other members of the soldier's family.

  • White, Virgil D. Index to Revolutionary War Service Records. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1995.FHL book 973 M22wv

For a list of regiments, where they were raised, service dates, officers, and brief unit histories, see:

  • Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1978. FHL book 975.5 M2s This book may provide information useful for obtaining pension records.

The Library of Virginia also has various pay records, militia records, court martial records, appointments of officers, petitions, and other helpful sources.

Muster Rolls[edit | edit source]

The Muster Roll Project, sponsored by the Valley Forge Legacy, has reconstructed muster rolls for the 1st-15th Virginia Regiments and the 1st-2nd Virginia State. Their collection is available for free online.

Public Service Claims.

Private citizens may have taken claims or petitions to the county courthouse for compensation for crops, cattle, weapons, and labor used by the military during the war. These county records have been collected in:

  • Revolutionary War Public Service Claims Recorded in County Court Booklets. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. FHL films 029809-12; indexes on films FHL films 29813-18.

The approved claims were recorded in:

  • Revolutionary War Public Service Claims, Commissioners Books, 1783. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. FHL films 029819-20 The index to both sets of films is on FHL films 029813-18. The original records are at the Library of Virginia.

Loyalists[edit | edit source]

For a list of white loyalists in Williamsburg during the Revolution, see:

  • Kelly, Kevin P. "The White Loyalists of Williamsburg," The Colonial Williamsburg Interpreter, Vol. 17, No. 2 (1996). Digital version at Colonial Williamsburg.

History[edit | edit source]

  • Eckenrode, H.J. The Revolution in Virginia. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Selby, John E. The Revolution in Virginia, 1775-1783. Williamsburg, Va., 1988.

War of 1812 (1812-1815)[edit | edit source]

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, Virginia in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant websites, etc. for Virginia.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Mexican War (1846-1848)[edit | edit source]

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.
  • Johnson, William Page. Off to War, The Virginia Volunteers in the War with Mexico, or Fuera de Guerra, La Virginia Volentarios en la Guerra con Mexico. Westminster, Md.: Willow Bend Books, 2002. FHL 975.5 M2j.
  • Lee A. Wallace, Jr. The First Regiment of Virginia Volunteers,1846-1848. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 77 (1969):46-77. FHL 975.5 B2v

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)[edit | edit source]

Appomattox Civil War Centennial Stamp
  • See Virginia in the Civil War for information about Virginia Civil War records, websites, etc. with links to articles about the Virginia regiments involved in the Civil War.
The regimental articles often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started.
Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching the families of the soldiers.

Please add any other information about Virginia in the Civil War to the Virginia in the Civil War Wiki page. Thank you.

  • The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiment for each soldiers. Then you can check the regiment page to determine counties.  Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
  • U.S. Southern Claims Commission Master Index, 1871-1880 Index only $

Old Soldiers Homes (1870s-1940s)[edit | edit source]

The Southern Branch National Military Home in Hampton and the Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home (a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home) in Richmond serviced many military veterans between the 1870s and 1940s. US Military Old Soldiers Home Records identifies various types of records created concerning folks admitted to these homes.

Spanish-American War (1898)[edit | edit source]

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)[edit | edit source]

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System. Virginia, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. FHL films 1984203 (first of 85) Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

A published rosters of soldiers who died in the war:

  • Haulsee, W. M., F. G. Howe, and A. C. Dayle, comps. Soldiers of the Great War. Three Volumes. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. FHL fiche 6051244; book 973 M23s.) Virginia soldiers are listed in Volume 3. Gives the soldier's name, residence, rank, cause of death, and includes pictures.

An additional source of historical information is:

  • Virginia Military Organizations in the World War: with Supplement of Distinguished Service. Richmond, Virginia: N.p., 1927. FHL book 975.5 M2vo Digital version available on FamilySearch Catalog entry.
  • Virginia Magazine of History & Biography.World War I Centennial Issue v.126 #1 (2018) Includes a reprint of Virginia's World War I Roll of Honor. FHL 975.5 B2v

World War II (1941-1945)[edit | edit source]

Draft registrations


Fourth Registration On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

For a list of 8,777 war dead, see:

  • Hemphill, W. Edwin, ed. Gold Star Honor Roll of Virginians in the Second World War. Charlottesville, Va.: Virginia World War II History Commission, 1947. FHL book 975.5 M2g. County-by-county list of the soldier's name, rank, service branch, and nearest surviving relative.

Ancestry has World War II enlistment records. ($)

  • A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Virginia. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)[edit | edit source]

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)[edit | edit source]

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Websites[edit | edit source]