Virginia's Richmond Howitzers

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Brief History


1st Company

accepted into Confederate service in June 1861.
Its members were recruited in Richmond.
After taking part in the Battle of First Manassas, the unit joined the Army of Northern Virginia and served in H. C. Cabell's Battalion.
It participated in various conflicts from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, then was active in the Petersburg siege south and north of the James River and around Appomattox.
This battery contained 90 men at Gettysburg and surrendered with 12 on April 9, 1865.
Captains Edward S. McCarthy, William P. Palmer, and John C. Shields were in command.
R.M. Anderson's Company, Virginia Light Artillery

2nd Company

organized in May 1861, and for a time served in the 1st Regiment Virginia Artillery.
After becoming an independent command, it was assigned to J. T. Brown's, R. A. Hardaway's, and W. E. Cutshaw's Battalion of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
The unit served from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor, then participated in the siege operations against Petersburg and the Appomattox Campaign.
It took 64 effectives to Gettysburg and surrendered with I officer and 45 men.
Commanders were John T. Brown, Henry Hudnall, and David Watson.
L.F. Jones' Company, Virginia Artillery

3rd Company

Formed at the Baptist Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, in June 1861.
It was attached to the 1st Regiment Virginia Artillery, then became an independent company.
The battery was assigned to J. T. Brown's and R. A. Hardaway's Battalion of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
It served in the Richmond area, saw action from the Maryland Campaign to Cold Harbor, and participated in the siege operations against Richmond and the Appomattox Campaign.
At Gettysburg the unit had 62 men engaged, but many were captured at Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865.
It was included in the surrender of the army.
Captains Edgar F. Moseley, Benjamin H. Smith, Jr., and Robert C. Stanard were in command.
B.H. Smith's Company, Virginia Light Artillery

4th Company

Binford's Company, Virginia Volunteers

Source Material

  • A Sketch of the Richmond Howitzers and Their Historic Home: Organized November 9, 1859, Reorganized April 10, 1871. Richmond, Va.: Richmond Howitzers, 1903. FHL Fiche 6082749.
  • Andrews, Andrew Jackson. A Sketch of the Boyhood Days of Andrew J. Andrews of Gloucester County, Virginia, and His Experience as a Soldier in the Late War Between the States. Richmond, Va.: Hermitage Press, 1905. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Fiche 6082751 (2 fiche).
  • Christian, George Llewellyn. Confederate Memories and Experiences. Richmond, Va.: Clayton Print. Co., [1914?]. FHL Fiche 6082752.
  • Dame, William Meade. From the Rapidan to Richmond and the Spottsylvania Campaign: A Sketch in Personal Narration of the Scenes a Soldier Saw. Baltimore, Md.: Green-Lucan Co., 1920. FHL Fiche 6082753 (3 fiche).
  • Daniel, Frederick S. Richmond Howitzers in the War: Four Years Campaigning with the Army of Northern Virginia. Richmond, Va., 1891. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Film 1550618.
  • Historical Sketch of the Richmond Howitzer: Organized November 9, 1859, Reorganized April 10, 1871. ?Richmond, Va.: Richmond Howitzers, 1897. FHL Fiche 6082748.
  • Macon, Thomas Joseph. Reminiscences of the First Company of Richmond Howitzers. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1909. FHL Fiche 6082757 (2 fiche).
  • Robinson, Leigh. The South Before and at the Battle of the Wilderness: Address of Leigh Robinson of Washington, D.C., before the Virginia Division of the Army of Northern Virginia at Their Annual Meeting, Held at the Capitol in Richmond, Va., Nov. 1, 1877. Richmond, Va.: J.E. Goode, Printer, 1878. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Fiche 6082758 (2 fiche).
  • Robinson, Leigh. A Souvenir of the Unveiling of the Richmond Howitzer Monument at Richmond, Virginia, December 13th, 1892: Address of Mr. Leigh Robinson, With Rolls of the Three Companies and Lists of Battles. Richmond, Va.: J.L. Hill Print. Co., 1893. FHL Fiche 6082743 (2 fiche).
  • Rowsey, Robert N. The Glorious March to the Sea: A Story of the Record-Breaking March of One Hundred and Thirty-four Miles in Five Days by the Richmond Howitzers to the Jamestown Exposition, June, 1907. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1907?. FHL Fiche 6082750 (2 fiche).
  • Townsend, Harry C. Townsend's Diary: Last Months of the War, January-May, 1865: A Diary from Petersburg to Appomattox; Thence to North Carolina to Join Johnston's Army. Richmond, Va.: W.E. Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1907. FHL Fiche 6082761.