Veteran Reserve Corps in the Civil War
The Veteran Reserve Corps was originally called the Invalid Corps from April 1863 until March 1864 and lasted until the end of the Civil War in 1865. The Corps was a military organization within the Union Army that gave light duty to partially disabled or otherwise infirm soldiers (or former soldiers). This allowed more able-bodied soldiers to serve in combat. About 60,000 men served in the Reserves. They performed guard duty, did patrol duty at Washington D.C., and enforced the draft.
The Wikipedia article, Veteran Reserve Corps, has additional information.
Veteran Reserve Corps Military Units
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
The information in the lists of Veteran Reserve Corps Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
Records and Resources
Indexes to service (Family History Library films 821940-46) and pension records of Union army soldiers are on film at the Family History Library. The service and pension records are available only at the National Archives.
- Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Service and Pension Records.
- NARA Descriptive Pamphlet M636, film index
- Wikipedia contributors, [Veteran Reserve Corps], (accessed 22 July 2011]]