Difference between revisions of "Vermont in the Civil War"

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=== Regiments  ===
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''[[United States of America|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[Vermont|Vermont]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[Vermont Military Records|Vermont Military]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[Vermont_in_the_Civil_War|Vermont in the Civil War]]'' <br>
  
*[[1st Company, Vermont Heavy Artillery|1st Company, Vermont Heavy Artillery]]<br>Organized April, 1865, from surplus Recruits of 2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery <br>Mustered out July 25, 1865<br><br>
+
[[Image:{{GeorgeDeweyNavy}}]]  
  
*[[1st Regiment, Vermont Heavy Artillery|1st Regiment, Vermont Heavy Artillery]]
+
=== Introduction  ===
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in as 11th Vermont Infantry September 1, 1862
+
Vermont mustered in more than 28,100&nbsp;men to serve&nbsp;in Vermont volunteer units&nbsp;plus an additional 5,000&nbsp;Vermonters served in the units of other states, in the U.S. Army or in the U.S. Navy.. Vermont&nbsp;had "17 infantry regiments, 1 cavalry regiment, 3 light artillery batteries, 1 heavy artillery company, 3 companies of sharpshooters, and 2 companies of frontier cavalry."&nbsp;The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry included 66 Vermont blacks.&nbsp;An additional 100&nbsp;black Vermonters also served.<ref name="wikipedia" />  
:Mustered out August 25, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[1st Regiment, Vermont Cavalry|1st Regiment, Vermont Cavalry]]
+
St. Albans, Vermont saw&nbsp;the northernmost land action in the Civil War. On October 19, 1864, Confederates&nbsp;robbed three banks there.&nbsp;After&nbsp;escaping to Canada, they were caught and tried, but&nbsp;the Canadian courts decided not to extradite them to the United States since they were acting under military orders.<ref name="wikipedia">Wikipedia.com, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermont_in_the_American_Civil_War Vermont in the American Civil War], (accessed 26 March 2011].</ref>
  
:Organized at Burlington, and mustered in November 19, 1861
+
=== Vermont Military Units  ===
:Mustered out August 9, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[1st Regiment, Vermont Infantry|1st Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
  
:Organized at Rutland and mustered in for three months May 9, 1861
+
<br>The information in the lists of Vermont Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
:Mustered out August 9, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[1st Battery, Vermont Light Artillery|1st Battery, Vermont Light Artillery]]
+
<br>
 +
<center>'''Vermont Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Units 1st through 17th|1st-17th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
 +
<br><br><br>
 +
<center>'''Vermont Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Other Union Units|Other]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Vermont Civil War Union Navy Units|Navy]]</div>
 +
<br><br><br>
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 18, 1862<br>
+
<br>  
:Mustered out August 10, 1864. Recruits transferred to 2nd Vermont Battery<br><br>
 
  
*[[2nd Regiment, Vermont Infantry|2nd Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
<br>
  
:Organized at Burlington and mustered in June 20, 1861
+
=== Cemeteries  ===
:Non-veterans mustered out June 29, 1864.
 
:Regiment mustered out July 15, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[2nd Battery, Vermont Light Artillery|2nd Battery, Vermont Light Artillery]]
+
*[http://www.vermontcivilwar.org/cem/virtual/ Cemetery Database], Vermont in the Civil War (accessed 20 September 2011) has links to many Vermont cemeteries, National cemeteries, and cemeteries in other states, as well as other categories of burials.
  
:Organized at Brandon and mustered in December 24, 1861
+
=== 1890 Census Veterans Schedules ===
:Mustered out September 30, 1864<br><br>
 
  
*[[3rd Regiment, Vermont Infantry|3rd Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
The 1890 Census Veterans Schedules, the "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) are available online for the state of Vermont. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see [[Union Census Records|Union Census Records]].
  
:Organized at St. Johnsbury and mustered in July 16, 1861
+
=== [[Image:Vermont Militia Personal Sketch DGS 4157018 4.jpg|thumb|right|250px]]Service and Pension Records  ===
:Mustered out July 11, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[3rd Battery, Vermont Light Artillery|3rd Battery, Vermont Light Artillery]]
+
Service and pension records are available at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives]. Indexes to service and pension records of Union Army soldiers are available on film at the National Archives and the Family History Library.
  
:Organized at Burlington and mustered in January 1, 1864
+
FamilySearch has an online {{RecordSearch|1471019|Index to Pension Applications}} of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]].
:Mustered out June 15, 1862<br><br>
 
  
*[[4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
For an index to compiled service records of Union soldiers, see:
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 21, 1861
+
*United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organization from the State of Vermont''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0557. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1964. (Family History Library films {{FHL|313424|title-id|disp=882472–85}}.)
:Mustered out July 13, 1865&lt;<br><br>
 
  
*[[5th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|5th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
For more information on service records see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
  
:Organized at St. Albans and mustered in September 16, 1861
+
=== State Old Soldiers Home  ===
:Mustered out non-veterans October 14, 1864
 
:Mustered out June 29, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[6th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|6th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
Vermont maintained a soldiers home for veterans in Burlington, Vermont. Reports of Vermont Old Soldiers Home began about 1890. The Vermont Department of Libraries has copies of these reports in:
  
:Organized at Montpelier and mustered in October 15, 1861
+
*Vermont. Old Soldiers Home. ''Reports''. (State Library V362.8 V59re, not at Family History Library.) The reports include the soldier’s name, unit, disability, marital status, literacy, and present status such as discharged, furloughed, or deceased. By 1912 personal information was no longer included. The report content varies.
:Mustered out June 26, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[7th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|7th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
=== State Roster  ===
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 12, 1862
+
A state roster of soldiers is:  
:Mustered out March 14, 1866<br><br>
 
  
*[[8th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|8th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
*Vermont. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers: And Lists of Vermonters Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861–66''. Montpelier, Vermont: Watchman Publishing, 1892. (Family History Library {{FHL|238363|title-id|disp=book 974.3 M2va; film 1036000, item8}}.) This source is arranged by military unit and then by name, with rank, residence, date of enlistment, date of muster, and remarks. It includes an index.
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 18, 1862
+
=== Unit Histories  ===
:Mustered out June 28. 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[9th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|9th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
An important inventory for finding Civil War military histories is:
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in July 9, 1862
+
*''A Guide to the Microfiche Edition of Civil War Unit Histories: Regimental Histories and Personal Narratives. Part 2, The Union—New England.'' Bethesda, Maryland.: University Publications of America, 1993. (Family History Library book {{FHL|544723|title-id|disp=973 M2cwu pt.2}}.) Vermont units are listed on pages 73–78. The library has the large microfiche collection described in this guide. Use the library catalog to find individual items. This may include correspondence, diaries, memoirs, and regimental histories published before 1920. The guide shows the unit name, counties where it was raised, author, title, publication information, number of pages, and source repository. This guide includes an author index and a major engagements index.
:Mustered out December 1, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[10th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|10th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
For regimental sketches, officers lists, and lists of soldiers killed in action, see:
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 1, 1862
+
*Benedict, G. G. ''Vermont in the Civil War''. 2 vols. Burlington, Vermont: Free Press Association, 1886–88. (on [http://books.google.com/books?id=hKCZAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=vermont+in+the+civil+war&hl=en&ei=QwuFTK61HYKesQPZ19H2Bw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books]) (Family History Library film {{FHL|380430|title-id|disp=1000622, items 3–4}}.) This source includes an index.
:Mustered out June 22, 1865<br><br>
 
  
*[[12th Regiment, Vermont Infantry|12th Regiment, Vermont Infantry]]
+
=== Other Source Material  ===
  
:Organized at Brattleboro October 4, 1862
+
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]], lists and explains Federal Civil War records.<br>
:Mustered out July 14, 1863<br><br>
 
  
*13th Regiment, Vermont Infantry
+
*[http://www.civilwararchive.com/unionvt.htm ''The Civil War Archive''] [database online]. N.p., 1998 (cited 11 August 1999). This site includes histories and background information on Vermont regiments.
  
:Organized at Brattleboro October 10, 1862
+
*[http://www.vermontcivilwar.org/ ''Vermont in the Civil War''] [database on-line]. N.p., 2013 (cited 22 January 2013). This site includes the names of over 35,500 soldiers, sailors, and marines including their town, regiment, and company. [http://www.vermontcivilwar.org/index/index.php Search]. It also includes unit histories and time lines of significant events in the Civil War relating to Vermonters, and a [http://www.vermontcivilwar.org/cem/virtual/index.php virtual cemetery].
:Mustered out July 21, 1863<br><br>
 
  
*14th Regiment, Vermont Infantry
+
=== References  ===
  
:Organized at Brattleboro October 21, 1862
+
<references />  
:Mustered out July 30, 1863<br><br>
 
  
*15th Regiment, Vermont Infantry
+
<br>
  
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in October 22, 1862
+
<br> {{U.S. Civil War}}
:Mustered out August 5, 1863<br><br>
 
  
*16th Regiment, Vermont Infantry
+
[[Category:Vermont_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
 
:Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in October 23, 1862
 
:Mustered out August 10, 1863<br><br>
 
 
 
*17th Regiment, Vermont Infantry<br>
 
 
 
:Organized and mustered in: Companies "A" January 5, 1864; "B," "C" and "D" March, 1864; "E," "F" and "G" April 12, 1864
 
:Mustered out July 14, 1865<br><br>
 
 
 
*Vermont Drafted Men<br><br>
 
 
 
*Vermont Unassigned Men<br><br>
 
 
 
<br><br>
 
 
 
<br><br>
 
 
 
<br><br>
 
 
 
[[Category:Categories_to_be_determined]] [[Category:Vermont]]
 

Revision as of 20:28, 22 January 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  Vermont  Gotoarrow.png  Vermont Military  Gotoarrow.png  Vermont in the Civil War

Lieutenant-Commander George Dewey (later Admiral)

Introduction

Vermont mustered in more than 28,100 men to serve in Vermont volunteer units plus an additional 5,000 Vermonters served in the units of other states, in the U.S. Army or in the U.S. Navy.. Vermont had "17 infantry regiments, 1 cavalry regiment, 3 light artillery batteries, 1 heavy artillery company, 3 companies of sharpshooters, and 2 companies of frontier cavalry." The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry included 66 Vermont blacks. An additional 100 black Vermonters also served.[1]

St. Albans, Vermont saw the northernmost land action in the Civil War. On October 19, 1864, Confederates robbed three banks there. After escaping to Canada, they were caught and tried, but the Canadian courts decided not to extradite them to the United States since they were acting under military orders.[1]

Vermont Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.


The information in the lists of Vermont Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.


Vermont Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-17th
A to Z




Vermont Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Other
Navy






Cemeteries

  • Cemetery Database, Vermont in the Civil War (accessed 20 September 2011) has links to many Vermont cemeteries, National cemeteries, and cemeteries in other states, as well as other categories of burials.

1890 Census Veterans Schedules

The 1890 Census Veterans Schedules, the "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) are available online for the state of Vermont. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see Union Census Records.

Vermont Militia Personal Sketch DGS 4157018 4.jpg
Service and Pension Records

Service and pension records are available at the National Archives. Indexes to service and pension records of Union Army soldiers are available on film at the National Archives and the Family History Library.

FamilySearch has an online Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

For an index to compiled service records of Union soldiers, see:

  • United States. Adjutant General’s Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organization from the State of Vermont. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0557. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1964. (Family History Library films 882472–85.)

For more information on service records see Union Service Records.

State Old Soldiers Home

Vermont maintained a soldiers home for veterans in Burlington, Vermont. Reports of Vermont Old Soldiers Home began about 1890. The Vermont Department of Libraries has copies of these reports in:

  • Vermont. Old Soldiers Home. Reports. (State Library V362.8 V59re, not at Family History Library.) The reports include the soldier’s name, unit, disability, marital status, literacy, and present status such as discharged, furloughed, or deceased. By 1912 personal information was no longer included. The report content varies.

State Roster

A state roster of soldiers is:

  • Vermont. Adjutant General’s Office. Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers: And Lists of Vermonters Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861–66. Montpelier, Vermont: Watchman Publishing, 1892. (Family History Library book 974.3 M2va; film 1036000, item8.) This source is arranged by military unit and then by name, with rank, residence, date of enlistment, date of muster, and remarks. It includes an index.

Unit Histories

An important inventory for finding Civil War military histories is:

  • A Guide to the Microfiche Edition of Civil War Unit Histories: Regimental Histories and Personal Narratives. Part 2, The Union—New England. Bethesda, Maryland.: University Publications of America, 1993. (Family History Library book 973 M2cwu pt.2.) Vermont units are listed on pages 73–78. The library has the large microfiche collection described in this guide. Use the library catalog to find individual items. This may include correspondence, diaries, memoirs, and regimental histories published before 1920. The guide shows the unit name, counties where it was raised, author, title, publication information, number of pages, and source repository. This guide includes an author index and a major engagements index.

For regimental sketches, officers lists, and lists of soldiers killed in action, see:

  • Benedict, G. G. Vermont in the Civil War. 2 vols. Burlington, Vermont: Free Press Association, 1886–88. (on Google Books) (Family History Library film 1000622, items 3–4.) This source includes an index.

Other Source Material

  • The Civil War Archive [database online]. N.p., 1998 (cited 11 August 1999). This site includes histories and background information on Vermont regiments.
  • Vermont in the Civil War [database on-line]. N.p., 2013 (cited 22 January 2013). This site includes the names of over 35,500 soldiers, sailors, and marines including their town, regiment, and company. Search. It also includes unit histories and time lines of significant events in the Civil War relating to Vermonters, and a virtual cemetery.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia.com, Vermont in the American Civil War, (accessed 26 March 2011].