Vermont Taxation

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Tax records vary in content. They may include the name and residence of the taxpayer, description of personal property, number of males over 21, and farm animals. They are usually arranged by date and locality and are not usually indexed. Tax records can be used in place of missing land and census records to locate a person’s residence.

Some tax lists are in the town records and also in the manuscript collection Vermont State Papers. See the “Town Records” and “Public Records” sections of this outline.

The 1862 to 1866 Civil War income tax assessment lists for Vermont are at the National Archives (Washington), the National Archives-New England Region (Boston), and at the Family History Library:

United States. Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Internal Revenue Assessment Lists for Vermont, 1861–1866. National Archives Microfilm Publication, M0792. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1980. (FHL films 1578444–50.) This lists the name of the person taxed and their residence. It may also list occupation and type of tax.

For additional information on the genealogical value of tax records, see the “Taxation” section of the United States Research Outline (30972).

Vermont tax records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search for: