Difference between revisions of "Vermont Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1409123|title=Vermont Land Records, early to 1900|location=United States}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1409123|title=Vermont Land Records, Early to 1900|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
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This Collection will include records from 1600 to 1900.
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Land records were kept in the towns and were handwritten into large bound volumes. One deed usually fills one to three pages. Deeds may be recorded either in separate land record books or as part of the town records. Later deeds may have been recorded on pre-printed forms. Each town has separate grantor (seller) and grantee (buyer) indexes. Original copies of land records are in the town clerk’s office.
  
Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed and continue to the present.  
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Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area and granted land for 129 towns in Vermont. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent, and claimed the land was under its jurisdiction. The towns remained the same, and the town records contain the land deeds without regard to the political jurisdiction of the time. The legislature granted land in the towns to a group of individual called proprietors, so the earliest deeds are called proprietor’s deeds. Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed (Combined with text in date range). The town clerk transcribed into the registers the original documents which remained with the owners or their families.&nbsp;A high percentage of adult males who lived in rural areas of Vermont owned land at some point during their lifetime. Very few women owned land in their own right. They sometimes witnessed deeds and may have been asked to relinquish their dower’s rights.&nbsp;
  
== Record Description ==
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Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed and continue to the present.&nbsp;
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Towns in Vermont recorded land transactions to document the transfer of land ownership and thereby establish legal rights to land, track responsibilities for tax revenues, and designate persons to serve in various functions of the county, such as maintaining public roads in the early times.
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<br>The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1409123/waypoints Browse].
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=== Citation for This Collection ===
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 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation
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| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Town Clerks. Vermont land records. Town Halls, Vermont.<!--bibdescend-->}}
  
Land records were kept in the towns and were handwritten into large bound volumes. One deed usually fills one to three pages. Deeds may be recorded either in separate land record books or as part of the town records. Later deeds may have been recorded on pre-printed forms. Each town has separate grantor (seller) and grantee (buyer) indexes. Original copies of land records are in the town clerk’s office.  
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[[Vermont Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
=== Record Content  ===
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== Record Content  ==
  
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="Vermont Town Record Examples">
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<gallery caption="Vermont Town Record Examples" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
Image:Vermont Vital Records (10-0033) Birth DGS 4357160_2834.jpg  
 
Image:Vermont Vital Records (10-0033) Birth DGS 4357160_2834.jpg  
 
Image:Vermont Vital Records (10-0033) Marriage DGS 4357160_6203_6240.jpg  
 
Image:Vermont Vital Records (10-0033) Marriage DGS 4357160_6203_6240.jpg  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
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To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
  
'''When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:'''
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Names of interested parties<br>Approximate date of the transaction<br>Location of the property<br>
  
*The county where the birth, marriage, or death occurred
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=== Search the Collection  ===
*The name of the person at the time of marriage
 
*The approximate date the event occurred
 
*The place the event occurred
 
*The name of the individual or individuals such as the names of the bride and groom, the infant, or the deceased
 
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
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To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
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*Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
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*Select the "Town Letter"
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*Select the "Town/County"
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*Select the “Record Type”
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*Select “Index” to determine the page number in the land record volumes for your ancestor
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*Select “Land Record” to view the land record image for your ancestor
  
'''For example:'''
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==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
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*Search for the land transactions of a couple and their children. The parents may have sold or given property to a son or daughter. Such transactions confirm relationships that might not be found in other records.  
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
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*Search for records of people in the county who shared a surname. These may have been the couple’s parents, uncles, or other relatives. Your ancestor may have been an heir who sold inherited land that had belonged to parents or grandparents.  
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
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*To find later generations, search the land records a few years before and after a person’s death. Your ancestor may have sold or given land to his or her heirs before death, or the heirs may have sold the land after the individual died. For daughters, the names of their husbands are often provided. For sons, the given names of their wives may be included. Heirs may have sold their interest in the land to another heir even though the record may not indicate this. Continue this process for identifying each succeeding generation.  
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
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*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.<br>
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or military records.  
 
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*The name of the officiator may be a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county.
 
*Use a marriage number to identify previous marriages.  
 
*The name of the undertaker or mortuary could lead you to funeral and cemetery records which often include the names and residences of other family members.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been born, married, or died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
  
'''Keep in mind:'''
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'''Keep in mind:'''  
  
*The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.  
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*Some counties were subdivided or the boundaries may have changed. Consider searching neighboring counties as well since that courthouse may have been more convenient for the person.  
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1900.
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*One deed does not usually give sufficient information about a couple and their children. A careful study of all deeds for the person or the family will yield a richer return of information.
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
 
  
'''If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:'''
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== Known Issues with This Collecton  ==
  
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Vermont Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
*Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
 
*Check for a different index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume.
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 
 
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
 
Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area and granted land for 129 towns in Vermont. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent, and claimed the land was under its jurisdiction. The towns remained the same, and the town records contain the land deeds without regard to the political jurisdiction of the time. The legislature granted land in the towns to a group of individual called proprietors, so the earliest deeds are called proprietor’s deeds. Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed (Combined with text in date range). The town clerk transcribed into the registers the original documents which remained with the owners or their families.&nbsp;A high percentage of adult males who lived in rural areas of Vermont owned land at some point during their lifetime. Very few women owned land in their own right. They sometimes witnessed deeds and may have been asked to relinquish their dower’s rights.  
 
 
 
=== Why&nbsp;the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
 
Towns in Vermont recorded land transactions to document the transfer of land ownership and thereby establish legal rights to land, track responsibilities for tax revenues, and designate persons to serve in various functions of the county, such as maintaining public roads in the early times.  
 
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
 
The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.  
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/topics/land/ Historical Documents Online: Search Hints for Selected Topics]
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[http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/topics/land/ Historical Documents Online: Search Hints for Selected Topics]  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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*[[Vermont Land and Property]]
 
*[[Vermont Land and Property]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
 
==== Example of a&nbsp;Source Citation for a Record Found&nbsp;in This Collection  ====
 
 
 
"Vermont Land Records, Early to 1900." index and images, [https://www.familysearch.org/ ''FamilySearch'']&nbsp;(accessed 8 April 2011. entry for Charles N. Cross and Nancy A. Randall; citing Land Records, M, Montpelier City, Washington, Land Records, Vol. 16, 1892-1895, Image 16; Washington County Courthouse, Montpelier, Vermont.
 
 
 
== Citation for This Collection ==
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Vermont Land Records, early to 1900," images, [https://www.familysearch.org/ ''FamilySearch'' ]Digital copies of originals housed in Clerk-Treasurer offices in various counties throughout Vermont.<!--bibdescend-->
 
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]. <br>
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<br>
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"Vermont Land Records, early to 1900," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 22 May 2012); W &gt; Waterville, Lamoille &gt; Land Records &gt; Vol.7, 1898-1915 &gt; image 1 of 397; citing Merritt H Mann, dated 2 April 1898. Digital copies of originals housed in Clerk-Treasurer offices in various counties throughout Vermont. <br><br>  
  
 
[[Category:Vermont|Land]]
 
[[Category:Vermont|Land]]

Revision as of 18:14, 18 December 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Vermont Land Records, Early to 1900 .
CID1409123
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Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1600 to 1900.

Land records were kept in the towns and were handwritten into large bound volumes. One deed usually fills one to three pages. Deeds may be recorded either in separate land record books or as part of the town records. Later deeds may have been recorded on pre-printed forms. Each town has separate grantor (seller) and grantee (buyer) indexes. Original copies of land records are in the town clerk’s office.

Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area and granted land for 129 towns in Vermont. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent, and claimed the land was under its jurisdiction. The towns remained the same, and the town records contain the land deeds without regard to the political jurisdiction of the time. The legislature granted land in the towns to a group of individual called proprietors, so the earliest deeds are called proprietor’s deeds. Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed (Combined with text in date range). The town clerk transcribed into the registers the original documents which remained with the owners or their families. A high percentage of adult males who lived in rural areas of Vermont owned land at some point during their lifetime. Very few women owned land in their own right. They sometimes witnessed deeds and may have been asked to relinquish their dower’s rights. 

Towns began recording deeds soon after the town was formed and continue to the present. 

Towns in Vermont recorded land transactions to document the transfer of land ownership and thereby establish legal rights to land, track responsibilities for tax revenues, and designate persons to serve in various functions of the county, such as maintaining public roads in the early times.


The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Town Clerks. Vermont land records. Town Halls, Vermont.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Genealogical facts in town land records are:

  • Dates when the transaction occurred, was written up, and recorded in the town
  • Names of the grantors (sellers), the grantees (buyers), witnesses, and sometimes neighbors
  • Ages are seldom given, but a person might be mentioned as a minor
  • Exact relationships may be stated in deeds for property sold or given to heirs during a person’s lifetime
  • Usually the residences of the grantor(s) and grantees(s)
  • Usually the occupations of both the grantor(s) and grantee(s)
  • Signature or mark (usually an X) of the grantor(s)
  • Legal description of the parcel
  • The amount the property was sold for (consideration)

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

Names of interested parties
Approximate date of the transaction
Location of the property

Search the Collection

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:

  • Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
  • Select the "Town Letter"
  • Select the "Town/County"
  • Select the “Record Type”
  • Select “Index” to determine the page number in the land record volumes for your ancestor
  • Select “Land Record” to view the land record image for your ancestor

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Search for the land transactions of a couple and their children. The parents may have sold or given property to a son or daughter. Such transactions confirm relationships that might not be found in other records.
  • Search for records of people in the county who shared a surname. These may have been the couple’s parents, uncles, or other relatives. Your ancestor may have been an heir who sold inherited land that had belonged to parents or grandparents.
  • To find later generations, search the land records a few years before and after a person’s death. Your ancestor may have sold or given land to his or her heirs before death, or the heirs may have sold the land after the individual died. For daughters, the names of their husbands are often provided. For sons, the given names of their wives may be included. Heirs may have sold their interest in the land to another heir even though the record may not indicate this. Continue this process for identifying each succeeding generation.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

Keep in mind:

  • Some counties were subdivided or the boundaries may have changed. Consider searching neighboring counties as well since that courthouse may have been more convenient for the person.
  • One deed does not usually give sufficient information about a couple and their children. A careful study of all deeds for the person or the family will yield a richer return of information.

Known Issues with This Collecton

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Historical Documents Online: Search Hints for Selected Topics

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Vermont Land Records, early to 1900," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 22 May 2012); W > Waterville, Lamoille > Land Records > Vol.7, 1898-1915 > image 1 of 397; citing Merritt H Mann, dated 2 April 1898. Digital copies of originals housed in Clerk-Treasurer offices in various counties throughout Vermont.