Gazetteers list geographical names such as towns, settlements, villages, districts, rivers, and mountains. They identify these locations and sometimes, give historical and biographical information concerning early residents.
Several guides to Vermont place-names have been published, including:
Hayward, John. A Gazetteer of Vermont. 1849. Reprint, Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1990. (FHL book 974.3 E5h.) This book includes histories of counties and towns; descriptions of the boundaries; names of the first settlers, ministers, and businessmen; and population schedules for each town for the census years.
Swift, Ester Munroe. Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History. Brattleboro, Vermont: Stephen Greene Press, 1977. (FHL book 974.3 E2s.) This source contains brief histories of each town and county that include dates of creation and maps and indicate whether the town was created by New Hampshire grants, New York patents, or Vermont charters.
Thompson, Zadock. History of Vermont: Natural, Civil and Statistical in Three Parts, with an Appendix, 1853. Burlington, Vermont: Thompson, 1853. (FHL book 974.3 H2t; fiche 6046850.) Part 3 of the book contains a gazetteer that is alphabetical and gives a detailed description of the counties, towns, rivers, and mountains.
Hemenway’s The Vermont Historical Gazetteer cited in the “Biography” section of this outline contains a list of counties and towns with their origins and history and names of prominent citizens.
Other gazetteers and place name resources can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search under:
VERMONT, [COUNTY]- GAZETTEERS
VERMONT- HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY
VERMONT- NAMES, GEOGRAPHICAL