Vermont Census

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Portal:United States Census >Vermont


1790-1930--The Family History Library has microfilms of the U.S. federal censuses of Vermont taken every 10 years from 1790 (actually taken in 1791), 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930.

1850 Census--The state copy of the 1850 federal census of the towns of Baltimore and Springfield listed the town of birth for each resident. For an index of this state copy of these two towns see the following web site:

1890 Census--The 1890 census was destroyed, but the 1890 Civil War Union veterans schedule and a published index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.

Historical Background



Ancestry--All Vemont federal census records are indexed on Ancestry.

Statewide Indexes

1790-1870--Statewide indexes are available for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 , and 1870 federal censuses in book and microfiche format.

Statewide indexes represent almost every household in the Vermont censuses. For most families, they index only the first person listed in each household, who was usually the father or head of the household. Many families, however, had relatives or friends with a different surname living with them when the census was taken. In those cases, the first person of each surname in the household is included in the index.

Soundex--Soundex or phonetic indexes are available for part of the 1880 census (those indexed are households with children born between 1870 and 1880). There is a Soundex index for all households in the 1900 and 1920 censuses. The 1910 census does not have a Soundex index.

Omissions--Some statewide indexes and multi- state indexes have significant omissions. There are 18 towns omitted from the 1850 statewide census index. These include indexes for Rutland County census pages 348–416, Washington County census pages 62–132, and Windham County census pages 1–151. The 1860 statewide census index omits an entire microfilm of census records for the county of Addison on census pages 1–616.

Special Censuses

Colonial Census

For a partial list of Vermont residents in 1771, see:

  • Holbrook, Jay Mack. Vermont 1771 Census. Oxford, Massachusetts: Holbrook Research Institute, 1982. (FHL book 974.3 X3h.) This source gives an alphabetical list showing name, year, residence, record type, and source. It also gives a reconstructed list of names compiled from records of first settlers, residents, petitioners, rioters, and landowners from 1761 to 1778.

Mortality Schedules

Mortality Schedules 1850–1880--The 1850 and 1860 mortality schedules are indexed in the multi-state indexes described previously.

The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules (lists of persons who died in the preceding 12 months) are at the Vermont Department of Libraries. The 1870 schedule is also at the National Archives. In addition to providing the same information about the deceased person that the regular census schedules provide for the living, mortality schedules also state the month and cause of death and the number of days ill.

The Family History Library has abstracts of the 1850 and 1860 mortality schedules in volumes 17 and 18 of the Daughters of the American Revolution records described in the "Societies" section of this outline. The abstracts may show the county of residence, name, age, sex, color, marital status, and occupation of the deceased. The library also has the 1880 mortality schedules:

  • United States. Census Office. 10th Census, 1880. Vermont Mortality Returns, 1880. Montpelier, Vermont: Public Records Division, 1982. (FHL film 1405371.)

Veterans Schedules

'Veterans Schedules 1840 and 1890-'-In the 1840 federal census a listing was made of the Revolutionary War veterans, giving their age, residence, and the name of the head of the household. The following index is available, listing these veterans for all states:

  • A General Index to a Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (FHL book 973 X2pc 1965 index; fiche 6046771; film 899835, items1–2.) The book with the actual 1840 census information is:
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service: With Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington D.C.: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1841. (FHL book 973 X2pc 1840; film 1064759, item 3.)

For the 1890 census of Vermont Union Army veterans of the Civil War, see:

  • United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1948. (FHL film 338264.)

For an index to the 1890 veterans schedules, see:

  • Jackson, Ronald Vern. 1890 Vermont Census Index. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1984. (FHL book 974.3 X22j 1890.)

State Censuses

Territorial Censuses

Web Sites


Heritage Quest Online:

Census Online:

Genealogy Today:

Access Genealogy:

Bibliographic Citations

Vermont Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.