Difference between revisions of "Vermont Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Vermont|Vermont]]  >  [[Vermont Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Vermont|Vermont]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Vermont_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
+
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Vermont Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
|}
|+ '''VERMONT:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 60-67, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 104, and ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;dq=A+Census+of+Pensioners+for+Revolutionary+or+Military+Services&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;source=bl&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ots=W0WZrdm6i0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sig=jYVSDAIoCz3Nsa0f8tBvJhDM6Eg&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;hl=en&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ei=B7rHSf2JJ8bgnQfKhPHnDQ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sa=X&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oi=book_result&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;resnum=5&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ct=result A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]'' (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 49-61. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.</ref>
+
 
 +
=== Online Vermont indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Vermont}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;  
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|646880|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex&nbsp;}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
+
| {{FHL|676532|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
+
| {{FHL|744503|title-id|disp=1850}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
+
| &nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1790 '''Aug 2
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| {{FHL|1037533|title-id|disp=1930}} and {{FHL|891159|subject-id|disp=Soundex}}
| Exist for all counties.
+
| {{FHL|653957|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|698924|title-id|disp=1870}} and {{FHL|502447|title-id|disp=Soundex}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|745508|title-id|disp=1810 - 1840}}
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1800''' Aug 4
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| {{FHL|558330|title-id|disp=1920 and Soundex}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| {{FHL|686323|title-id|disp=1890}} and {{FHL|436529|title-id|disp=Index}} Fragments
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
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| {{FHL|707241|title-id|disp=1860}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|330759|title-id|disp=1790}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1810''' Aug 6
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
|
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#virginia 1910 T624] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#virginia Soundex T1278]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#virginia 1870 M593]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T 626]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#virginia 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-06.html#virginia Soundex T1076]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#virginia 1860 M653]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#virginia 1920 T625]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-06.html#virginia Soundex M1592]
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#virginia 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#virginia Soundex T776]
| &nbsp;  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#virginia 1850 M432]&nbsp;  
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| <br>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| <br>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
+
| <br>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
<br>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
 
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Vermont, [[Vermont Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Vermont'''</font>
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870''' Jun 1
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
| Exist for all counties.
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| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
| &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
| &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
| Exist
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
| Exist
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| Exist
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
| &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1880''' Jun 1
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| '''1890'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
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| width="20%" | Veterans
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| '''1880'''  
| Lost&nbsp;
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| '''1870'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| Mortality
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| '''1860'''  
| Exist for all counties.
+
| Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| '''1850'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| Mortality
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| '''1840'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Pensioners
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Availability ==
+
==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1790-1930--'''The Family History Library has microfilms of the U.S. federal censuses of Vermont taken every 10 years from 1790 (actually taken in 1791), 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930. <br>
+
*'''1890 Veterans.''' United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;film {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=338264}}.)
  
'''1850 Census--'''The state copy of the 1850 federal census of the towns of Baltimore and Springfield listed the town of birth for each resident. For an index of this state copy of these two towns see the following web site: [[The state copy of the 1850 federal census of the towns of Baltimore and Springfield listed the town of birth for each resident. For an index of this state copy of these two towns|http://www.yourgenealogist.com/names_index.htm]]<br>
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Vermont, [[Vermont Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
 
+
|-
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''Vermont state and colonial censuses'''<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], not mentioned.</ref><ref name="Dubes">Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[[{{Dubes}}]], 61.</ref>
 
+
|-
'''1890 Census--'''The 1890 census was destroyed, but the 1890 Civil War Union veterans schedule and a published index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.<br>
+
| align="left" | No state or colonial census was taken.
 
+
|}
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
 
 
 
== Historical Background  ==
 
 
 
'''1724--'''The first permanent English settlement was made at Fort Dummer, near the site of present-day Brattleboro.
 
 
 
'''1749-1764--'''<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1217432889777_962" />New Hampshire is granted land for 129 towns in Vermont.
 
 
 
'''1764-1776--'''New York claimed jurisdiction and tried to establish county governments in the area. Albany, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Charlotte counties of New York included what is now Vermont.
 
 
 
'''1777-1791--'''Vermont was an independent republic until it joined the Union in 1791.
 
 
 
== Indexes  ==
 
 
 
<br>'''Ancestry--'''All Vemont federal census records are indexed on [[Www.ancestry.com|Ancestry]].<br>
 
 
 
==== Statewide Indexes<br>  ====
 
 
 
'''1790-1870--'''Statewide indexes are available for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 , and 1870 federal censuses in book and microfiche format. <br>
 
 
 
Statewide indexes represent almost every household in the Vermont censuses. For most families, they index only the first person listed in each household, who was usually the father or head of the household. Many families, however, had relatives or friends with a different surname living with them when the census was taken. In those cases, the first person of each surname in the household is included in the index.<br>
 
 
 
'''Soundex--'''[[Soundex|Soundex]] or phonetic indexes are available for part of the 1880 census (those indexed are households with children born between 1870 and 1880). There is a Soundex index for all households in the 1900 and 1920 censuses. The 1910 census does not have a Soundex index.
 
 
 
'''Omissions--'''Some statewide indexes and multi- state indexes have significant omissions. There are 18 towns omitted from the 1850 statewide census index. These include indexes for Rutland County census pages 348–416, Washington County census pages 62–132, and Windham County census pages 1–151. The 1860 statewide census index omits an entire microfilm of census records for the county of Addison on census pages 1–616. <br>
 
 
 
== Special Censuses  ==
 
 
 
==== Colonial Census  ====
 
 
 
For a partial list of Vermont residents in 1771, see:
 
 
 
*Holbrook, Jay Mack. ''Vermont 1771 Census.'' Oxford, Massachusetts: Holbrook Research Institute, 1982. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=41134&disp=Vermont+1771+census%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 X3h].) This source gives an alphabetical list showing name, year, residence, record type, and source. It also gives a reconstructed list of names compiled from records of first settlers, residents, petitioners, rioters, and landowners from 1761 to 1778. <br>
 
 
 
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
 
 
 
'''Mortality Schedules 1850–1880--'''The 1850 and 1860 mortality schedules are indexed in the multi-state indexes described previously.
 
 
 
The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules (lists of persons who died in the preceding 12 months) are at the Vermont Department of Libraries. The 1870 schedule is also at the National Archives. In addition to providing the same information about the deceased person that the regular census schedules provide for the living, mortality schedules also state the month and cause of death and the number of days ill.
 
 
 
The Family History Library has abstracts of the 1850 and 1860 mortality schedules in volumes 17 and 18 of the Daughters of the American Revolution records described in the "Societies" section of this outline. The abstracts may show the county of residence, name, age, sex, color, marital status, and occupation of the deceased. The library also has the 1880 mortality schedules:
 
 
 
*United States. Census Office. 10th Census, 1880. ''Vermont Mortality Returns, 1880''. Montpelier, Vermont: Public Records Division, 1982. (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=36965&disp=Vermont+mortality+returns%2C+1880++ 1405371].)
 
 
 
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
 
 
 
==== Veterans Schedules  ====
 
 
 
'''Veterans Schedules 1840 and 1890-''''''-'''In the 1840 federal census a listing was made of the Revolutionary War veterans, giving their age, residence, and the name of the head of the household. The following index is available, listing these veterans for all states:
 
 
 
*''A General Index to a Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=283600&disp=A+General+index+to+a+census+of+pensioner%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2pc 1965 index; fiche 6046771 ].) The book with the actual 1840 census information is:
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service: With Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census.'' Washington D.C.: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1841. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2pc 1840; film 1064759, item 3].)
 
 
 
For the 1890 census of Vermont Union Army veterans of the Civil War, see:
 
 
 
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 338264].)
 
 
 
For an index to the 1890 veterans schedules, see:
 
 
 
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''1890 Vermont Census Index''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1984. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=429511&disp=1890+Vermont+census+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 X22j] 1890.) <br>
 
 
 
== State Censuses  ==
 
 
 
Vermont does not have a state census.  
 
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
*Jay Mack Holbrook, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8337586 Vermont 1771 Census]'' (Oxford, Massachusetts: Holbrook Research Institute, 1982)[{{FHL|41134|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.3 X3h}}]. This source gives an alphabetical list showing name, year, residence, record type, and source. It also gives a reconstructed list of names compiled from records of first settlers, residents, petitioners, rioters, and landowners from 1761 to 1778.
  
Vermont does not have a territorial census because it was never a territory.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of available and missing Vermont censuses, [[Vermont Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/VT/ http://www.census-online.com/links/VT/]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/vt/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/vt/census.html]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/vermont.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/vermont.htm]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp;[http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
+
{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Vermont.ASP Vermont Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
{{Place|Vermont}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Vermont]]
+
[[Category:Vermont|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:44, 7 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Vermont  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Vermont indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Vermont 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
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images Link - Link
Link
Link
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1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link


images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link -
- Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1840-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Vermont 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1790-1830

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Vermont 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1800 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex  1880 and Soundex    1850  
1930 and Soundex 1900 and Soundex 1870 and Soundex 1810 - 1840  
1920 and Soundex 1890 and Index Fragments 1860 1790  
     


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1278 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T 626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1076 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625 and Soundex M1592 1880 T9 and Soundex T776 1850 M432  1820 M33




Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Vermont, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Vermont

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 Veterans. United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library film 338264.)

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Vermont, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Vermont state and colonial censuses[8][9]
No state or colonial census was taken.
  • Jay Mack Holbrook, Vermont 1771 Census (Oxford, Massachusetts: Holbrook Research Institute, 1982)[FHL Book 974.3 X3h]. This source gives an alphabetical list showing name, year, residence, record type, and source. It also gives a reconstructed list of names compiled from records of first settlers, residents, petitioners, rioters, and landowners from 1761 to 1778.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Vermont censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], not mentioned.
  9. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[FHL Book 973 X23s; Fiche 6018062], 61.