Difference between revisions of "Västerbotten County, Sweden Genealogy"

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Back to [[Sweden]]
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Guide to '''Västerbotten ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. <br>
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{{Click|Image:Sweden_ORP.png|Sweden Online Genealogy Records}}
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==How to Do Research in Västerbotten, Sweden==
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Västerbotten  will be in [[#1. Online Digital Records for Church Records|online church records.]] ''' Methods for locating and reading them are given here.<br>[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
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==History==
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Västerbotten County was created in 1638 from the County of [[Norrland County, Sweden|Norrland]]. It covered the Provinces of [[Västerbotten Province, Sweden|Västerbotten]] and the western part of [[Lappland Province, Sweden|Lappland]] and the entire area of Tornedalen. After the loss in the Finnish War in 1809, Sweden gave up Finland to Russia, including Västerbotten east of the Torne River and Muonio River. More changes came in 1810 with Nordmaling transferred to Västernorrland County. At the same time as a separation from the northern area forming Norrbotten. After some changes with municipalities in 1837, 1862, and 1869 Västerbottens boundaries have remained unchanged. The&nbsp;[[Swedish County Letters|county letters]] for Västerbotten are: AC
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==Knowing Your Locality==
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To search effectively, it will help if you know the farm, parish, and county where your ancestor lived. The Wiki articles [[Gather Family Information|'''Gather Family Information''']], [[Tracing Immigrant Origins|'''Tracing Immigrant Origins''']], and [[Finding a Place of Origin in Sweden|'''Finding a Place of Origin in Sweden''']] describe many strategies you can use to find this.
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[http://www2.sofi.se/SOFIU/topo1951/_cdweb/ '''Sweden 1951 Place Names Register'''] and the [[Swedish Parish Pages|'''Swedish Parish Pages list''']] in this Wiki will give you searchable lists of places, particularly parishes and the farms within those parishes.
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== Districts  ==
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Västerbotten has Tingslags instead of Härads. Through the years there has been variations in the Tingslag organization in Västerbotten. Because of this, the Tinglsag information is found on the parish pages instead of here. Click on the parish you need in the table below.
  
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== Parishes  ==
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{|
 
|-
 
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Image of county shield here. <br>
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*[[Bjurholm parish, Sweden Genealogy|Bjurholm]]
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*[[Bureå parish, Sweden Genealogy|Bureå]]
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*[[Burträsk parish, Sweden Genealogy|Burträsk]]
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*[[Bygdeå parish, Sweden Genealogy|Bygdeå]]
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*[[Byske parish, Sweden Genealogy|Byske]]
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*[[Degerfors (Vindeln) parish, Sweden Genealogy|Degerfors]]
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*[[Dorotea parish, Sweden Genealogy|Dorotea]]
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*[[Fredrika parish, Sweden Genealogy|Fredrika]]
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*[[Fällfors parish, Sweden Genealogy|Fällfors]]
  
=== '''History'''  ===
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:49px"|
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*[[Gargnäs parish, Sweden Genealogy|Gargnäs]]
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*[[Holmsund parish, Sweden Genealogy|Holmsund]]
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*[[Holmön parish, Sweden Genealogy|Holmön]]
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*[[Hotagens Lappförsamling parish, Sweden Genealogy|Hotagens Lappförsamling]]
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*[[Hörnefors parish, Sweden Genealogy|Hörnefors]]
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*[[Jörn parish, Sweden Genealogy|Jörn]]
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*[[Kalvträsk parish, Sweden Genealogy|Kalvträsk]]
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*[[Lycksele parish, Sweden Genealogy|Lycksele]]
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*[[Lövånger parish, Sweden Genealogy|Lövånger]]
  
Information about when the county was created. Geographical location, what Landskap it belongs to, and the neighboring counties in context to family history research.
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*[[Malå parish, Sweden Genealogy|Malå]]
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*[[Nordmaling parish, Sweden Genealogy|Nordmaling]]
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*[[Norsjö parish, Sweden Genealogy|Norsjö]]
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*[[Västerbotten: Nysätra parish, Sweden Genealogy|Nysätra]]
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*[[Risbäck parish, Sweden Genealogy|Risbäck]]
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*[[Robertsfors parish, Sweden Genealogy|Robertsfors]]
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*[[Skellefteå City, Sweden|Skellefteå]]
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*[[Skellefteå: Sankt Olov parish, Sweden Genealogy|Skellefteå Sankt Olov]]<br>
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*[[Skellefteå: Sankt Örjan parish, Sweden Genealogy|Skellefteå Sankt Örjan]]<br>
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*[[Skellefteå: Landsförsamling parish, Sweden Genealogy|Skellefteå Landsförsamling]]<br>
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*[[Skellefteå: Sankt Olov parish, Sweden Genealogy|Skellefteå Stadsförsamling]]
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*[[Sorsele parish, Sweden Genealogy|Sorsele]]
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*[[Stensele parish, Sweden Genealogy|Stensele]]
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*[[Sävar parish, Sweden Genealogy|Sävar]]
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*[[Tavelsjö parish, Sweden Genealogy|Tavelsjö]]
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*[[Teg parish, Sweden Genealogy|Teg]]
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*[[Västerbotten: Tärna parish, Sweden Genealogy|Tärna]]
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*[[Umeå City, Sweden|Umeå]]
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*[[Vilhelmina parish, Sweden Genealogy|Vilhelmina]]
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*[[Degerfors (Vindeln) parish, Sweden Genealogy|Vindeln]]
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*[[Vännäs parish, Sweden Genealogy|Vännäs]]
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*[[Byske parish, Sweden Genealogy|Ytterstfors]]
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*[[Åsele parish, Sweden Genealogy|Åsele]]
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*[[Örträsk parish, Sweden Genealogy|Örträsk]]
  
The&nbsp;[[Swedish County Letters|county letters]] for Västerbotten are: AC
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|}
  
=== Tools ===
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==Patronymics and Naming Customs==
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Most Swedish surnames are patronymic. Patronymic surnames changed with each generation. Also, Swedish surnames can be changed for a variety of reasons. Understanding surname changes is more important in Swedish research than in United States or Great Britain. To prepare yourself to cope with these changes, carefully study [[Sweden Names, Personal|'''Sweden Names, Personal''']].
  
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== Church Records==
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Church records from the county of Västerbotten  contain the following types of records. Click on the Swedish name of the record to link to important facts and clues that can be found in each record.<br>
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*Clerical surveys ([[Sweden Household Examination Records (Husförhörslängder)|Husförhörslängder]])
*[http://www.ddb.umu.se/databaser/ Umeå University: Demographic Database]
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*Registers of birth, marriage, and death ([[Sweden Birth and Christening Records|födda]], [[Sweden Engagement and Marriage Records|vigda]], [[Sweden Death and Burial Records|döde]])
*Databases for Västerbotten Research<br>  
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*Move-in and move-out lists ([[Swedish Moving In and Out Records (Inflyttnings och Utflyttningslängder)|in- och utflyttede]])
*Gazetteers
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*Confirmations ([[Swedish Confirmation Records (Konfirmationslängder)|konfirmation]])
*[[Genealogical Societies in Västerbotten,Sweden|Genealogical Societies in Västerbotten]]  
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*Church accounts ([[Swedish Church Accounts Record (Kyrkräkenskaper)|räkenskaper]])<br>
*[[Genealogical Societies in Lappland, Sweden|Genealogical Societies in Lappland]] <br>
 
  
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*Maps
 
*Västerbotten Word List
 
  
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===Household Examination Records (Husförhörslängder)===
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The Household Examination Records are a key source in Swedish genealogical research, not found in many other countries. Perhaps their greatest value is that they gave detailed data organized in families for each year. This is particularly helpful in sorting out the duplication of names created by the use of patronymics. The contents of a Household Examination Book varied according to time, place and the minister. As you search the books you might see:
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{|
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|-
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|
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*The name of the farm, village, or rote (registration area).<br>
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*Names of household members including any <br>
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:pigor (female workers) or drängar (male workers).<br>
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*Birthplace <br>
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*Birth date or age <br>
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*A score for catechism knowledge.<br>
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*Dates of partaking communion.<br>
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|
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*Dates of participation with the Household Examination. <br>
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*Moving information <br>
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*Death date <br>
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*Marriage date <br>
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*Disciplinary notes <br>
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*Vaccination against smallpox.<br>
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*Reference to military conscription.<br>
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Districts  ===
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'''''Online Records'''''
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*'''1929 - 1954''' - {{RecordSearch|2790465|Sweden, Household Examination Books, 1880 - 1920}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/hr/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
Västerbotten has Tingslags instead of Härads. Through the years there has been variations in the Tingslag organization in Västerbotten. Because of this, the Tinglsag information is found on the parish pages instead of here. Click on the parish you need in the table below.  
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== 1. Online Digital Records for Church Records ==
  
<br>
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The easiest way to access the Swedish Church Records is through the internet, using these sites:
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* {{RecordSearch|1979430|'''FamilySearch Historical Records'''}},
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/cardcatalog.aspx#ccat=hc=25&dbSort=1&sbo=1&title=Sweden&keyword=& '''Ancestry.com'''] ($),
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*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/category-Sweden/sweden?s=218489221 '''MyHeritage.com'''] ($), 
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*[http://www.arkivdigital.se/search?q=V%C3%A4sterbotten&commit=search '''Arkiv Digital'''] ($), and
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*[https://sok.riksarkivet.se/digitala-arkiv?Arkivsok=&EndastDigitaliserat=true&EndastDigitaliserat=false&Lan=V%C3%A4sterbottens+l%C3%A4n&Arkivtyp=Kyrkoarkiv&AvanceradSok=False&PageSize=20&typAvLista=Standard '''SVAR''' ], ($).
  
== Parishes ==
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Four of these sites require a subscription for access. ('''''ArkivDigital''', '''Ancestry.com''', and '''MyHeritage.com'''  are available at [https://familysearch.org/locations/ a FamilyHistory Center near you] free of charge.'')
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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===FamilySearch Historical Records Online Databases for Sweden===
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The original copies of the church records before 1895 are preserved by the [http://www.statensarkiv.se/ Naional and Regional Archives] in Sweden.
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FamilySearch has partnered with The National Archives of Sweden to create indexes of the Swedish church records. For more detail on the contents and coverage of these records, see: [[Sweden Church Records, 1308 – 1940 Images Published on FamilySearch|Sweden Church Records, 1308 – 1940 Images Published on FamilySearch]].
*[[Bjurholm parish, Sweden|Bjurholm]]
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*'''1619-1896; index, 1688-1860''' - {{RecordSearch|1979430|Sweden, Västerbotten  Church Records, 1619-1896; index, 1688-1860|access=browse}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] —images by parish.
*[[Bureå parish, Sweden|Bureå]]  
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*'''1611-1920''' - {{RecordSearch|1520594|Sweden Baptisms, 1611-1920}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index.
*[[Burträsk parish, Sweden|Burträsk]]  
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*'''1630-1920''' - {{RecordSearch|1520596|Sweden Marriages, 1630-1920}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index.
*[[Bygdeå parish, Sweden|Bygdeå]]  
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*'''1649-1920''' - {{RecordSearch|1520597|Sweden Burials, 1649-1920}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index.
*[[Byske parish, Sweden|Byske]]  
 
*[[Degerfors (Vindeln) parish, Sweden|Degerfors]]
 
*[[Dorotea parish, Sweden|Dorotea]]
 
*[[Fredrika parish, Sweden|Fredrika]]
 
*[[Fällfors parish, Sweden|Fällfors]]
 
  
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===Ancestry.com Online Database for Sweden===
*[[Gargnäs parish, Sweden|Gargnäs]]
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====Västerbotten  Index and Images====
*[[Holmsund parish, Sweden|Holmsund]]
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*'''1880-1893''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9731 Sweden, Selected Indexed Household Clerical Surveys, 1880-1893], index and images, ($).  To browse this image set, select Västerbotten  County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.
*[[Holmön parish, Sweden|Holmön]]
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*'''1451-1943''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2225 Sweden, Church Records, 1451-1943], index and images, ($). To browse this image set, select Västerbotten  County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.
*[[Hotagens Lappförsamling parish, Sweden|Hotagens Lappförsamling]]  
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*'''1860-1941''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2262 Sweden, Indexed Birth Records, 1860-1941], index and images, ($). To browse this image set, select Västerbotten  County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.
*[[Hörnefors parish, Sweden|Hörnefors]]  
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====Sweden Including Västerbotten ====
*[[Jörn parish, Sweden|Jörn]]  
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*'''1783-1991''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61085 Sweden, Emigrants Registered in Church Books, 1783-1991], index and images, ($)
*[[Kalvträsk parish, Sweden|Kalvträsk]]  
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*'''1611-1920''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60361 Sweden, Select Baptisms, 1611-1920], index, ($).
*[[Lycksele parish, Sweden|Lycksele]]  
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*'''1901-2006''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2765 Sweden, Births from the Swedish Death Index, 1901-2006], index.  ($)
*[[Lövånger parish, Sweden|Lövånger]]
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*'''1630-1920''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60363 Sweden, Select Marriages, 1630-1920], index, ($)
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*'''1649-1920''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60362 Sweden, Select Burials, 1649-1920], index, ($)
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*'''1840-1860''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60492 Sweden, Selected Indexed Death Records, 1840-1860 and 1878-1942], index, ($)
  
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===MyHeritage.com Online Databases for Sweden===
*[[Malå parish, Sweden|Malå]]  
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*'''1880-1920''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10180/sweden-household-examination-books-1880-1920?s=218489221 Sweden Household Examination Books, 1880 - 1920], index and images, ($).
*[[Nordmaling parish, Sweden|Nordmaling]]
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*'''1611-1920''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-30098/sweden-baptisms-1611-1920?s=218489221 Sweden, Baptisms, 1611-1920], index, ($)
*[[Norsjö parish, Sweden|Norsjö]]
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*'''1630-1920''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-30099/sweden-marriages-1630-1920?s=218489221 Sweden, Marriages, 1630-1920], index, ($).
*[[Västerbotten: Nysätra parish, Sweden|Nysätra]]
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*'''1649-1920''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-30100/sweden-burials-1649-1920?s=218489221 Sweden Burials, 1649-1920], index, ($).
*[[Risbäck parish, Sweden|Risbäck]]
 
*[[Robertsfors parish, Sweden|Robertsfors]]
 
*[[Skellefteå City, Sweden|Skellefteå]]
 
*[[Sorsele parish, Sweden|Sorsele]]
 
*[[Stensele parish, Sweden|Stensele]]
 
  
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===ArkivDigital Online Databases for Sweden===
*[[Sävar parish, Sweden|Sävar]]
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These lessons will teach you how to use ArkivDigital:
*[[Tavelsjö parish, Sweden|Tavelsjö]]
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*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/sweden-an-introduction-to-arkivdigital/886 Sweden: An Introduction to ArkivDigital]
*[[Teg parish, Sweden|Teg]]  
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/67 Use the Full Scope of Arkiv Digital for Swedish Genealogy]
*[[Västerbotten: Tärna parish, Sweden|Tärna]]
 
*[[Umeå City, Sweden|Umeå]]
 
*[[Vilhelmina parish, Sweden|Vilhelmina]]
 
*[[Degerfors (Vindeln) parish, Sweden|Vindeln]]
 
*[[Vännäs parish, Sweden|Vännäs]]
 
*[[Byske parish, Sweden|Ytterstfors]]
 
*[[Åsele parish, Sweden|Åsele]]
 
*[[Örträsk parish, Sweden|Örträsk]]
 
  
<br>
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Here are links for [http://www.arkivdigital.net/users/register '''registering'''], [http://www.arkivdigital.se/search?q=V%C3%A4sterbotten&commit=search '''direct link to Västerbotten  records'''], the [http://www.arkivdigital.net/volume '''main search page'''], and a [http://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy '''library of instructional articles on Swedish genealogy methods'''].
  
|}
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===SVAR===
 
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*[https://sok.riksarkivet.se/digitala-arkiv?Arkivsok=&EndastDigitaliserat=true&EndastDigitaliserat=false&Lan=V%C3%A4sterbottens+l%C3%A4n&Arkivtyp=Kyrkoarkiv&AvanceradSok=False&PageSize=20&typAvLista=Standard SVAR digital archives for parishes in Västerbotten ].
<br><br>
 
</div><div style="width: 22%; float: left;">
 
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|-
 
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);" | '''News'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253);" |
 
*(Latest news for research in Västerbotten here)
 
  
more...&nbsp;
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== 2. Microfilms of Church Records for Sweden ==
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Microfilms of the original records used for developing the online databases are also available for research. '''''You will find additional records that have yet to be digitized.''''' Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a [https://familysearch.org/locations/ '''Family History Center'''] near you. <br>
 +
To find a microfilm:
  
|-
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:::a. Click on this link to see a list of [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=149408&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Sweden%2C%20V%C3%A4sterbotten%22 '''records for Sweden, Västerbotten '''].
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);" | '''Topics'''
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:::b. Click on '''"Places within Sweden, Västerbotten "''' and a list of towns and cities will open.
|-
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:::c. Click on the '''town or city''' you wish to search.
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253);" |
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:::d. Click on '''"Church Records"''' topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
*Archives
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:::e. Choose the correct '''event and time period''' for your ancestor.
*Economy
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:::f. Some combination of the icons shown below will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record.
*Geography
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:::[[File:FHL icons.png|100px]]  <br>Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm. 
*Historical Timeline
 
*Language
 
*Military
 
  
|-
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==Reading the Records==
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);" | '''FamilySearch Indexing'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253);" |
 
*[[FamilySearch Indexing: Swedish Church Records up to 1860|Swedish Records Indexing Main Page]]
 
  
*[[FamilySearch Indexing for Västerbotten, Sweden|Indexing in Västerbotten]]<br>
+
*You do not have to be fluent in Swedish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use the [[Swedish Genealogical Word List|'''Swedish Genealogical Word List''']] to translate the important points in the document.  This interactive dictionary allows you to enter a word in the search box and receive the translation: [http://swedishgenealogyguide.com/dictionaries/swedish-historical-dictionary-database-shdd '''Swedish Historical Dictionary Database, SHDD'''].
  
*[[FamilySearch Digital Image Collection for Västerbotten, Sweden|FamilySearch Digital Images for Västerbotten County]]
+
*Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records: <br>
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-gothic-handwriting-for-swedish-genealogy/1304 Reading Gothic Handwriting for Swedish Genealogy, Lesson 1]
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/spelling-and-phonetics-for-swedish-genealogy/1307 Spelling and Phonetics for Swedish Genealogy, Lesson 2] — Names, dates, and key genealogical words
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-gothic-handwriting-for-swedish-genealogy-put-it-all-together/1337 Reading Gothic Handwriting for Swedish Genealogy: Put It All Together, Lesson 3]
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-scandinavian-gothic-handwritten-records-lesson-1-scandinavian-gothic-letters/255 Reading Scandinavian Gothic Handwritten Records Lesson 1: Scandinavian Gothic Letters]
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-scandinavian-gothic-handwritten-records-lesson-2-names-words-and-dates/257 Reading Scandinavian Gothic Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Names, Words, and Dates]
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-scandinavian-gothic-handwritten-records-lesson-3-handwritten-records/256 Reading Scandinavian Gothic Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Handwritten Records]
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/birth-and-christening-records-for-swedish-genealogy/1223 Birth and Christening Records for Swedish Genealogy]
 +
*Instructions, document examples, and translations are given for [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1717/1282 '''Reading Swedish Birth and Christening Records 1717'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1752/1283 '''1752'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1771/1284 '''1771'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1792/1285 '''1792'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1803/1235 '''1803'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1834/1234 '''1834'''], [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1854/1233 '''1854'''], and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-swedish-birth-and-christening-records-1893/1232 '''1894'''].
 +
*Dates are frequently written using feast days.  These charts will enable you to convert feast days to more normal dates:
 +
**[[Moveable Feast Day Calendar for: Sweden|Feast Day Calendar (Moveable)]]
 +
**[[Fixed and Moveable Feast Days for: Sweden|Feast Day Lists (Fixed and Moveable)]]
  
|-
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==Search Strategy and Tips==
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);" | '''FamilySearch Forums'''
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*First find the birth and baptism record of your ancestor. Once you know his date and place of birth and his parents' names, you can locate the family in the Household Examination Records.
|-
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*Search every Household Examination Record that your ancestor appears on (from birth to death). You will pick up valuable clues along the way, find children who died young, and establish correct family member relationships.<br>
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253);" |
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*All birth, marriage, or death dates found in Household Examination Records need to be verified in the actual birth, marriage, or death records.<br>
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/forumdisplay.php?s=&f=96&page=1&pp=20&prefixid=vasterbotten Research in Västerbotten Forum]
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*Pay attention to relationship titles, occupations, military status, and remarks. See word list for [[Sweden: Household Examination Vocabulary|Vocabulary for Household Examination Records]].<br>
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*Dates are written in the European order of day, month, and year.<br>
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*The Family History Library created a basic key words list to help with reading the column headings (for when they exist in the actual records.) This copy has been given out at the Nordic Reference Counter for many years. To print your own copy see: [[Media:Swedenish_Par_Reg_and_Exam_headings.pdf|Swedish Parish Register and Household Exam Roll Headings]]
  
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[[Category:Västerbotten_County,_Sweden]] [[Category:Sweden_Counties]]
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Latest revision as of 18:26, 20 September 2017

Sweden Wiki Topics
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Sweden
Västerbotten County
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Guide to Västerbotten ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

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How to Do Research in Västerbotten, Sweden

Most of your genealogical research for Västerbotten will be in online church records. Methods for locating and reading them are given here.
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History

Västerbotten County was created in 1638 from the County of Norrland. It covered the Provinces of Västerbotten and the western part of Lappland and the entire area of Tornedalen. After the loss in the Finnish War in 1809, Sweden gave up Finland to Russia, including Västerbotten east of the Torne River and Muonio River. More changes came in 1810 with Nordmaling transferred to Västernorrland County. At the same time as a separation from the northern area forming Norrbotten. After some changes with municipalities in 1837, 1862, and 1869 Västerbottens boundaries have remained unchanged. The county letters for Västerbotten are: AC

Knowing Your Locality

To search effectively, it will help if you know the farm, parish, and county where your ancestor lived. The Wiki articles Gather Family Information, Tracing Immigrant Origins, and Finding a Place of Origin in Sweden describe many strategies you can use to find this. Sweden 1951 Place Names Register and the Swedish Parish Pages list in this Wiki will give you searchable lists of places, particularly parishes and the farms within those parishes.

Districts

Västerbotten has Tingslags instead of Härads. Through the years there has been variations in the Tingslag organization in Västerbotten. Because of this, the Tinglsag information is found on the parish pages instead of here. Click on the parish you need in the table below.

Parishes

Patronymics and Naming Customs

Most Swedish surnames are patronymic. Patronymic surnames changed with each generation. Also, Swedish surnames can be changed for a variety of reasons. Understanding surname changes is more important in Swedish research than in United States or Great Britain. To prepare yourself to cope with these changes, carefully study Sweden Names, Personal.

Church Records

Church records from the county of Västerbotten contain the following types of records. Click on the Swedish name of the record to link to important facts and clues that can be found in each record.


Household Examination Records (Husförhörslängder)

The Household Examination Records are a key source in Swedish genealogical research, not found in many other countries. Perhaps their greatest value is that they gave detailed data organized in families for each year. This is particularly helpful in sorting out the duplication of names created by the use of patronymics. The contents of a Household Examination Book varied according to time, place and the minister. As you search the books you might see:

  • The name of the farm, village, or rote (registration area).
  • Names of household members including any
pigor (female workers) or drängar (male workers).
  • Birthplace
  • Birth date or age
  • A score for catechism knowledge.
  • Dates of partaking communion.
  • Dates of participation with the Household Examination.
  • Moving information
  • Death date
  • Marriage date
  • Disciplinary notes
  • Vaccination against smallpox.
  • Reference to military conscription.

Online Records

1. Online Digital Records for Church Records

The easiest way to access the Swedish Church Records is through the internet, using these sites:

Four of these sites require a subscription for access. (ArkivDigital, Ancestry.com, and MyHeritage.com are available at a FamilyHistory Center near you free of charge.)

FamilySearch Historical Records Online Databases for Sweden

The original copies of the church records before 1895 are preserved by the Naional and Regional Archives in Sweden. FamilySearch has partnered with The National Archives of Sweden to create indexes of the Swedish church records. For more detail on the contents and coverage of these records, see: Sweden Church Records, 1308 – 1940 Images Published on FamilySearch.

Ancestry.com Online Database for Sweden

Västerbotten Index and Images

  • 1880-1893 - Sweden, Selected Indexed Household Clerical Surveys, 1880-1893, index and images, ($). To browse this image set, select Västerbotten County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.
  • 1451-1943 - Sweden, Church Records, 1451-1943, index and images, ($). To browse this image set, select Västerbotten County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.
  • 1860-1941 - Sweden, Indexed Birth Records, 1860-1941, index and images, ($). To browse this image set, select Västerbotten County, the parish, the records type, and the year range in the search boxes in the right sidebar.

Sweden Including Västerbotten

MyHeritage.com Online Databases for Sweden

ArkivDigital Online Databases for Sweden

These lessons will teach you how to use ArkivDigital:

Here are links for registering, direct link to Västerbotten records, the main search page, and a library of instructional articles on Swedish genealogy methods.

SVAR

2. Microfilms of Church Records for Sweden

Microfilms of the original records used for developing the online databases are also available for research. You will find additional records that have yet to be digitized. Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you.
To find a microfilm:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Sweden, Västerbotten .
b. Click on "Places within Sweden, Västerbotten " and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on "Church Records" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of the icons shown below will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record.
FHL icons.png
Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

Reading the Records

  • Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:

Search Strategy and Tips

  • First find the birth and baptism record of your ancestor. Once you know his date and place of birth and his parents' names, you can locate the family in the Household Examination Records.
  • Search every Household Examination Record that your ancestor appears on (from birth to death). You will pick up valuable clues along the way, find children who died young, and establish correct family member relationships.
  • All birth, marriage, or death dates found in Household Examination Records need to be verified in the actual birth, marriage, or death records.
  • Pay attention to relationship titles, occupations, military status, and remarks. See word list for Vocabulary for Household Examination Records.
  • Dates are written in the European order of day, month, and year.
  • The Family History Library created a basic key words list to help with reading the column headings (for when they exist in the actual records.) This copy has been given out at the Nordic Reference Counter for many years. To print your own copy see: Swedish Parish Register and Household Exam Roll Headings