Ute Indians

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Ute Chief Ouray and Chipeta 1865 and 1880 by Brady-Handy.jpg

Ancestral Homeland: Utah, New Mexico and Colorado

Bands: Muache, Capote, Weeminuche, Uncompahgre (Taviwach), White River (Parusanuch and Yampa), Uintah, Timpanogots, Sanpits,  and Moanunts

Bands in Colorado: Muache, Capote, Weeminuche, Uncompahgre, Parusanuch and Yampa

Bands in Utah: Uintah, Timpanogots, Pahvant, Sanpits and Moanunts. 

Population: 1990: 7,273 (Northern Ute 2,650, Ute Mountain 1,264, Southern Ute 1,044 others off reservations)

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1849: Treaty
  • 1853: Walker War
  • 1860: Black Hawk War
  • 1861: Uintah and Ouray Utes of Utah terminated, Tribal membership 490, Tribal land 211,430
  • 1863: Treaty
  • 1868: Treaty
  • 1873: Weminuche, Mouache and Capote bands relocate to Pine River in southwestern Colorado. (today: Soutern Ute and Ute Mountain Reservations)
  • 1879: Meeker Massacre, Utes kill 13 U.S. soldiers and 10 agency officials (Meeker had plowed under the White River band's horse-racing tract.)
  • 1895: Weminuche band moves to Southern Ute Reservation and become Ute Mountain

Reservations

Southern Ute Reservation - Colorado- descendants of Muache and Capote bands

Ute Mountain Reservation - Colorado-Weeminuche

Uintah-Ouray Reservation - Utah -  Uncompahgre (Taviwach), White River (Parusanuch and Yampa), Uintah, Timpanogots, Sanpits, and Moanunts

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Bureau of Indian Affairs Jurisdictions

Records

Agencies

The following Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over all or part of the Ute Indians for the years indicated:

  • Consolidated Ute -- Southern Ute
  • Fort Lewis -- Southern Ute
  • Navajo Springs -- Southern Ute
  • Paiute
  • Southern Ute -- Southern Ute
  • Uintah Valley
  • Uintah and Ouray -- Uncompahgre Ute Band, White River Band
  • Ute Mountain -- Southern Ute

Superintendencies

Tribal Headquarters

Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation
P.O. Box 190
Ft. Duchesne, UT 84026
Phone: 435.722.5141
Fax: 435.722.2374

Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post=1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Ute Santa Fe Agency Washington D.C. Roll 767 - - -
Ute Paiute Agency, 1926-39 Denver - - Rolls 330-34 579740-579744
Ute Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1897-1952 Denver - - Rolls 608-15, 628 583067-583074
Ute, Consolidated Consolidated Ute Agency, 1878-1952 Denver - - Rolls 77-78, 628 575769-70
Moache Ute Abiquiu and Cimarron Agencies, 1869-82 Denver - - - -
Ute, Southern Southern and Consolidated Ute Agencies Denver - - Rolls 543-45, 628 -
Uintah Ute Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1897-1952 Denver - - Rolls 608-15 583067-074
Uncompahgre Ute Uintah and Ouray Agencyies, 1897-1952 Denver - - Rolls 608-12 583067-074
Ute, Wiminuche - - - - - -
Ute-Tabaquache New Mexico Superintendency, to 1861 Washington D.C. - - - -

Enrollment

  • 1954 Propoed rolls Full Blood and Mixed Blood of the Ute Tribe of Uintah and Ouray Reservation in Utah www.accessgenealogy.com

Treaties

  • 1849 December 30,  
  • 1863 October 7, with the Tabeguache Band
  • 1868 March 2, at Washington, with the Tabaguache, Muache, Capote, Weeminuche, Yampa, Grand River and Uinta bands

Vital Records

  • Uintah and Ouray Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 583072
  • Consolidated Ute Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1931, FHL Film: 575769 and births and deaths 1931-1939, FHL Film: 575770

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published