Difference between revisions of "Utah Land and Property"

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[[Portal:United States Land and Property|Portal:United States Land and Property ]]>[[Utah|Utah]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Land and Property|U.S. Land and Property]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Utah|Utah]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Utah_Land_and_Property|Land and Property]]''
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[[Image:Salt Lake Base and Meridian 2.JPG|thumb]]  
  
 
Land records are primarily used to learn when and where an individual lived. They often reveal other family information, such as the name of a spouse, heir, other relatives, or neighbors. Also, you may learn where a person lived previously, his or her occupation, if he or she was a naturalized citizen, and other clues for further research.  
 
Land records are primarily used to learn when and where an individual lived. They often reveal other family information, such as the name of a spouse, heir, other relatives, or neighbors. Also, you may learn where a person lived previously, his or her occupation, if he or she was a naturalized citizen, and other clues for further research.  
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=== The Pioneer Era (1847-1869)  ===
 
=== The Pioneer Era (1847-1869)  ===
  
In 1847 the area that was to become Utah belonged to Mexico. A year later it was ceded to the United States by treaty but it was not until 1869 that a land office was established. This permitted "legal" ownership of public lands in Utah.  
+
In 1847 the area that was to become Utah belonged to Mexico. A year later it was ceded to the United States by treaty. But it was not until 1869 that a US General Land Office was established, which permitted "legal" ownership of public lands in Utah.
 +
 
 +
Instead of federal authority during this period, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) administered the distribution of land. The land was not sold, but was allotted to the first owners based on needs. After 1850, title could be obtained from either the Church or the county recorder's office.
 +
 
 +
After the initial distribution of land, the county recorder or probate clerk primarily recorded subsequent transfers. A few transactions were recorded in LDS Church records. Sometimes land was transferred without it being recorded at any Church or government office.  
  
Instead of federal authority during this period, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) administered the distribution of land. The land was not sold but was allotted to the first owners based on needs. After 1850 title could be obtained from either the Church or the county recorder's office.  
+
Maps listing the names of landholders, locate where an ancestor lived. The library has a few plat maps. Look under the city or county for the records.  
  
After the initial distribution of land the county recorder or the probate clerk primarily recorded subsequent transfers. A few transactions were recorded in LDS records. Sometimes land was transferred without recording it with any church or government office
+
Pioneer land settlement in Utah is discussed in many articles and histories. Two are:
  
Maps listing the names of landholders show where an ancestor lived. The library has a few plat maps. Examples are:
+
*Fox, Feramorz Young. ''The Mormon Land System, A Study of the Settlement and Utilization of Land Under the Direction of the Mormon Church''. Logan, Utah: Utah State Agricultural College, 1955. {{FHL|282348|item|disp=FHL film 237848}}
  
*Morgan, Nicholas G. ''Pioneer Map: Great Salt Lake City, Great Basin, North America.'' N.p.: 1851?. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=14165&disp=Pioneer+map%20%20&columns=*,0,0 map 979.225 E7man; fiche 6051237].) This map includes historical data and index to names of original owners and their locations by lot or lots and blocks. The index to this map consists of names of major land owners in various Salt Lake City LDS wards.
+
::An in-depth study of the history of the Mormon land system. There are maps throughout the volume.
*Grundvig, David L.and Sharon Lauritzen. ''Index to Pioneer Map, Great Salt Lake City, for 1850s''. N.p. 1981. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=14165&disp=Pioneer+map%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 979.225 E7man index].)
 
*''Pioneer Map: City of St. George, Washington County, Utah''. N.p.: 1982?. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=304542&disp=Pioneer+map%2C+city+of+St%2E+George%2C+W%20%20&columns=*,0,0 map 979.248/S1 E7p].) This map lists the names of land owners on the map and the designation of the ward where they lived. The index to this map has St. George wards listed in: Hardesty, Patricia N. ''Pioneer Map, City of St. George, Washington County, Utah Index with LDS Wards''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1982. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=304753&disp=Pioneer+map+city+of+St%2E+George%2C+Wash%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 979.248/S1 E7p index, fiche 6031575].)
 
  
Pioneer land settlement in Utah is discussed in many articles and histories. Two are:
+
*Linford, Lawrence, L. ''Establishing and Maintaining Land Ownership in Utah Prior to 1869 in Utah Historical Society Quarterly, vol. 42 no. 2, Spring 1974: 126-43''.  {{FHL|1338676|item|disp=FHL book 979.2 H2u}}
 +
 
 +
::A history describing how lands were divided. It is full of quotations from journals and newspapers. Primarily covering Salt Lake City.
  
*Fox, Feramorz Young. ''The Mormon Land System, A Study of the Settlement and Utilization of Land Under the Direction of the Mormon Church''. Logan, Utah: Utah State Agricultural College, 1955. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=282348&disp=The+Mormon+land+system%2C+a+study+of+the%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 237848].) This is an in-depth study of the history of the Mormon land system. There are maps throughout the volume.
+
Web Site: For a detailed history of [http://archives.utah.gov/research/guides/land-original-title.htm Original Land Titles in Utah Territory]<br>
*Linford, Lawrence, L. ''Establishing and Maintaining Land Ownership in Utah Prior to 1869 in Utah Historical Society Quarterly, vol. 42 no. 2, Spring 1974: 126-43''. (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1338676&disp=v%2E+42+%281974%29%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 979.2 H2u].) This is a history describing how lands were divided. It is full of quotations from journals and newspapers. Primarily, it covers Salt Lake City
 
  
 
=== Federal Land Records (1869-Present)  ===
 
=== Federal Land Records (1869-Present)  ===
  
Federal land surveys began in 1855. They established the first general land office to sell lands in the public domain in Salt Lake City in 1869. Other offices were located in Beaver (1876-77) and Vernal (1905-27). Land was available through the land offices to individuals (entrymen) who paid a down payment (cash entry) for a piece of property or to homesteaders who paid a small entry fee.  
+
Federal land surveys began in 1855. The first General Land Office to sell lands in the public domain in Salt Lake City was established in 1869. Other offices were located in Beaver (1876-77) and Vernal (1905-27). Land was available through the land offices to individuals (entrymen) who paid a down payment (cash entry) for a piece of property or to homesteaders who paid a small entry fee.  
  
 
Land office officials maintained registers of land office business and kept separate files (case files) for each entryman. They listed information about entries in tract books (registers containing a written description of each entry) and township plats (maps showing the lots for each township).  
 
Land office officials maintained registers of land office business and kept separate files (case files) for each entryman. They listed information about entries in tract books (registers containing a written description of each entry) and township plats (maps showing the lots for each township).  
  
After an individual completed the requirements for land entry, his case file was sent to the General Land Office in Washington, D.C. This office confirmed that everything was in order and issued a patent (official land title) transferring the rights of land ownership from the government.  
+
After an individual completed the requirements for land entry, his case file was sent to the General Land Office in Washington, D.C. This office confirmed that everything was in order and issued a patent (official land title) transferring the rights of land ownership from the government to him.  
  
Since land in Utah had been settled for over 20 years when the land office opened, it was often difficult to make the government land packages fit the existing town and farm lots. In many cases a "trustee" received the patent and then distributed the land among several others. Records of these secondary transfers should be listed in the county recorder's office.  
+
Since land in Utah had been settled for over 20 years when the land office opened, it was often difficult to make the government land packages fit the existing town and farm lots. In many cases a "trustee" received the patent and then distributed the land among several others. Records of these secondary transfers should be listed in&nbsp;county recorder's office.  
  
The library has tract books and land ownership maps for Utah. For more information about these records and other federal land records, see the United States Research Outline in the "[[United States Land and Property|Land and Property]]" and the "[[United States Maps|Maps]]" sections.  
+
The library has tract books and land ownership maps for Utah. For more information about these records and other federal land records, see [[United States Land and Property]] and the [[United States Maps]].
 +
 
 +
Barker, Joel.&nbsp;''Preliminary Inventory of Land Management - Utah''. Denver, Colorado: Archives Branch, Federal Archives and Records Center, 1979. (Family History Library&nbsp;{{FHL|629803|title-id|disp=book 979.2 R23b}}.) This book provides a history of the land dealings and surveys. It lists what is available, the dates, how it is arranged, and a description.  
  
 
The following offices have federal land records for Utah:  
 
The following offices have federal land records for Utah:  
  
'''Bureau of Land Management<br>'''Utah State Office<br>324 South State Street Suite 400<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84111-2303<br>Telephone: 801-539-4001<br>Fax: 801-539-4260 <br>Internet: http://www.blm.gov/ut/st/en.html
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[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx Bureau of Land Management - General Land Office Records]<br>The land patents from 1820 to the present are searchable online knowing at a minimum the name of the person receiving the patent and the state where the patent is located.  
  
This office has copies of patents and tractbooks from 1869 to the present, survey plats and notes beginning in the 1850s, and township plats showing who the land was sold to.
+
[http://www.blm.gov/ut/st/en.html Bureau of Land Management -&nbsp;Utah State Office]<br>324 South State Street Suite 400<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84111-2303<br>Telephone: 801-539-4001<br>Fax: 801-539-4260 <br>
  
'
+
This office has copies of patents and tractbooks from 1869 to the present with survey plats and notes beginning in the 1850s, and township plats showing who the land was sold to.
  
'''The National Archives — Rocky Mountain Region<br>'''Building 48 — Denver Federal Center<br>West 6th Avenue and Kipling Street <br>P.O. Box 25307<br>Denver, CO 80255-0307<br>Telephone (General Inquiries): (303) 236-0817<br>(Genealogy Inquiries): (303) 236-0806<br>Fax: (303) 236-9297<br>E-mail: [mailto:denver.archives@nara.gov denver.archives@nara.gov]<br>Internet: http://www.archives.gov/facilities/co/denver.html
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[http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/ The National Archives — Rocky Mountain Region]'''<br>'''Building 48 — Denver Federal Center<br>West 6th Avenue and Kipling Street <br>P.O. Box 25307<br>Denver, CO 80255-0307<br>Telephone (General Inquiries): (303) 236-0817<br>(Genealogy Inquiries): (303) 236-0806<br>Fax: (303) 236-9297<br>E-mail: [mailto:denver.archives@nara.gov denver.archives@nara.gov]<br>  
  
The Denver Branch has land office records for Utah, including correspondence, surveys, homestead and cash entry registers, receipts, and final certificates. An inventory of their land records is:  
+
The Denver Branch has land office records for Utah, including correspondence, surveys, homestead and cash entry registers, receipts, and final certificates. An inventory of their land records is in:  
  
Barker, Joel ''Preliminary Inventory of Land Management - Utah''. Denver, Colorado: Archives Branch, Federal Archives and Records Center, 1979 (Family History Library&nbsp;book 979.2 A1 No. 56). This book provides a history of the land dealings and surveys. It lists what is available, the dates, how it is arranged, and a description.
+
[http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives &amp; Records Administration]'''<br>'''7th Pennsylvania Avenue<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5400<br>Fax: 202-501-5340<br>  
 
 
'''National Archives &amp; Records Administration<br>'''7th Pennsylvania Avenue<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5400<br>Fax: 202-501-5340<br>Internet: [http://www.archives.gov/ <u>http://www.archives.gov/</u>]
 
  
 
Mailing Address:<br>General Branch<br>Civil Archives Division<br>National Archives<br>Washington, D.C. 20408  
 
Mailing Address:<br>General Branch<br>Civil Archives Division<br>National Archives<br>Washington, D.C. 20408  
  
The Washington National Records Center at http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/suitland/&nbsp;has the tract books of entries to about 1964, two indexed case files from 1869 to 1908, and the other file from 1908 to about 1973, and patents from 1869 to 1908.  
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The [http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/washington/ Washington National Records Center]&nbsp;has the tract books of entries to about 1964, two indexed case files from 1869 to 1908, and the other file from 1908 to about 1973, and patents from 1869 to 1908.<br>
 
 
'''The Bureau of Land Management<br>'''Eastern States Office<br>7450 Boston Boulevard<br>Springfield, VA 22153<br>Telephone: 703-440-1600<br>Fax: 703-440-1609 <br>Internet: http://www.es.blm.gov/aboutus/phonebook/whereweare.php
 
 
 
The Bureau has land patents for Utah since 1908.
 
  
 
=== State Land Records <br>(1896-present)  ===
 
=== State Land Records <br>(1896-present)  ===
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At the time of statehood, the federal government granted the state of Utah four sections of land in each township. The state has sold or leased some of this land. State land is managed by:  
 
At the time of statehood, the federal government granted the state of Utah four sections of land in each township. The state has sold or leased some of this land. State land is managed by:  
  
'''Utah State Government'''<br>State Lands and Forestry<br>1594 W. North Temple Street Suite 3520<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84114-5703<br>Telephone: 801-538-5100<br>Fax: 801-533-4111<br>Internet: [http://www.nr.utah.gov/ <u>http://www.nr.utah.gov/</u>]
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'''[http://www.ffsl.utah.gov/ffsl.htm Utah State Government]'''<br>Forestry, Fire and State Lands<br>1594 W. North Temple Street Suite 3520<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84114-5703<br>Telephone: 801-538-5555<br>Fax: 801-533-4111<br>
  
Mailing Address:<br>Box 145703<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84114-5703
+
This office has public sale files, patents, and certificates of sale since 1896. They also have lease files from the 1860s. Agreements and applications to purchase land since 1896 have been sent to the Utah State Archives.
  
This office has public sale files, patents, and certificates of sale since 1896. They also have lease files from the 1860s. Agreements and applications to purchase land since 1896 have been sent to the Utah State Archives.  
+
[http://www.ffsl.utah.gov/aboutus/grama.htm The web site] has a form to fill out to request records or to print out a Grama request form.&nbsp;
  
 
=== County Land Records <br>(After 1869)  ===
 
=== County Land Records <br>(After 1869)  ===
  
After the federal government transferred land to private owners, it could be sold again, inherited, or lost by foreclosure. In Utah, these transactions have been recorded in the county recorder's office. The Family History Library has a few of these records from some counties. They are usually indexed by grantor and grantee for each volume.  
+
After the federal government transferred land to private owners, it could be sold again, inherited, or lost by foreclosure. In Utah, these transactions have been recorded in the county recorder's office. They are usually indexed by grantor and grantee for each volume.
 +
 
 +
To start a deed search, first figure out the county that covered the land at the time the deed was made. Then contact that county recorder's office. Also contact the county clerk and/or the Utah State Archives.  
  
The Family History Library has copies of early land records, including early probate court records, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints membership records, and county deed records. The library has records for many counties for various time periods. Look in the Locality Search in the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
The Family History Library has a few of these records from some counties. Some are being digitized on the FamilySearch Historical Records. Look under your county for direction to what records that are searchable online. Also check the catalog under the county.<br>
  
UTAH, [COUNTY] - LAND AND PROPERTY
+
=== Web Sites  ===
  
To locate existing land records, contact the county recorder's office or the Utah State Archives. The county clerk may also have land records.
+
*[http://archives.utah.gov/research/guides/land-original-title.htm Guide to Original Land Titles in Utah Territory] at the Division of Archives and Record Service for the State of Utah.
 +
*[http://archives.utah.gov/research/guides/land.htm Guide to Researching Property History] at the Division of Archives and Record Service for the State of Utah.<br>
 +
*[http://archives.utah.gov/research/guides/mining-claims.htm Guide to Mining Claims] at the Division of Archives and Record Service for the State of Utah.<br>
  
=== Web Sites  ===
+
<br>
  
http://www.archives.state.ut.us/main/
+
{{Utah|Utah}} {{U.S. Land and Property}}
  
== References ==
+
[[Category:Utah|Land]]
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Utah.ASP Utah Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2002.
 
[[Category:Utah]]
 

Revision as of 03:50, 29 August 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Land and Property Gotoarrow.png Utah Gotoarrow.png Land and Property

Salt Lake Base and Meridian 2.JPG

Land records are primarily used to learn when and where an individual lived. They often reveal other family information, such as the name of a spouse, heir, other relatives, or neighbors. Also, you may learn where a person lived previously, his or her occupation, if he or she was a naturalized citizen, and other clues for further research.

The Pioneer Era (1847-1869)

In 1847 the area that was to become Utah belonged to Mexico. A year later it was ceded to the United States by treaty. But it was not until 1869 that a US General Land Office was established, which permitted "legal" ownership of public lands in Utah.

Instead of federal authority during this period, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) administered the distribution of land. The land was not sold, but was allotted to the first owners based on needs. After 1850, title could be obtained from either the Church or the county recorder's office.

After the initial distribution of land, the county recorder or probate clerk primarily recorded subsequent transfers. A few transactions were recorded in LDS Church records. Sometimes land was transferred without it being recorded at any Church or government office.

Maps listing the names of landholders, locate where an ancestor lived. The library has a few plat maps. Look under the city or county for the records.

Pioneer land settlement in Utah is discussed in many articles and histories. Two are:

  • Fox, Feramorz Young. The Mormon Land System, A Study of the Settlement and Utilization of Land Under the Direction of the Mormon Church. Logan, Utah: Utah State Agricultural College, 1955. FHL film 237848
An in-depth study of the history of the Mormon land system. There are maps throughout the volume.
  • Linford, Lawrence, L. Establishing and Maintaining Land Ownership in Utah Prior to 1869 in Utah Historical Society Quarterly, vol. 42 no. 2, Spring 1974: 126-43.  FHL book 979.2 H2u
A history describing how lands were divided. It is full of quotations from journals and newspapers. Primarily covering Salt Lake City.

Web Site: For a detailed history of Original Land Titles in Utah Territory

Federal Land Records (1869-Present)

Federal land surveys began in 1855. The first General Land Office to sell lands in the public domain in Salt Lake City was established in 1869. Other offices were located in Beaver (1876-77) and Vernal (1905-27). Land was available through the land offices to individuals (entrymen) who paid a down payment (cash entry) for a piece of property or to homesteaders who paid a small entry fee.

Land office officials maintained registers of land office business and kept separate files (case files) for each entryman. They listed information about entries in tract books (registers containing a written description of each entry) and township plats (maps showing the lots for each township).

After an individual completed the requirements for land entry, his case file was sent to the General Land Office in Washington, D.C. This office confirmed that everything was in order and issued a patent (official land title) transferring the rights of land ownership from the government to him.

Since land in Utah had been settled for over 20 years when the land office opened, it was often difficult to make the government land packages fit the existing town and farm lots. In many cases a "trustee" received the patent and then distributed the land among several others. Records of these secondary transfers should be listed in county recorder's office.

The library has tract books and land ownership maps for Utah. For more information about these records and other federal land records, see United States Land and Property and the United States Maps.

Barker, Joel. Preliminary Inventory of Land Management - Utah. Denver, Colorado: Archives Branch, Federal Archives and Records Center, 1979. (Family History Library book 979.2 R23b.) This book provides a history of the land dealings and surveys. It lists what is available, the dates, how it is arranged, and a description.

The following offices have federal land records for Utah:

Bureau of Land Management - General Land Office Records
The land patents from 1820 to the present are searchable online knowing at a minimum the name of the person receiving the patent and the state where the patent is located.

Bureau of Land Management - Utah State Office
324 South State Street Suite 400
Salt Lake City, UT 84111-2303
Telephone: 801-539-4001
Fax: 801-539-4260

This office has copies of patents and tractbooks from 1869 to the present with survey plats and notes beginning in the 1850s, and township plats showing who the land was sold to.

The National Archives — Rocky Mountain Region
Building 48 — Denver Federal Center
West 6th Avenue and Kipling Street
P.O. Box 25307
Denver, CO 80255-0307
Telephone (General Inquiries): (303) 236-0817
(Genealogy Inquiries): (303) 236-0806
Fax: (303) 236-9297
E-mail: denver.archives@nara.gov

The Denver Branch has land office records for Utah, including correspondence, surveys, homestead and cash entry registers, receipts, and final certificates. An inventory of their land records is in:

National Archives & Records Administration
7th Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20408
Telephone: 202-501-5400
Fax: 202-501-5340

Mailing Address:
General Branch
Civil Archives Division
National Archives
Washington, D.C. 20408

The Washington National Records Center has the tract books of entries to about 1964, two indexed case files from 1869 to 1908, and the other file from 1908 to about 1973, and patents from 1869 to 1908.

State Land Records
(1896-present)

At the time of statehood, the federal government granted the state of Utah four sections of land in each township. The state has sold or leased some of this land. State land is managed by:

Utah State Government
Forestry, Fire and State Lands
1594 W. North Temple Street Suite 3520
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-5703
Telephone: 801-538-5555
Fax: 801-533-4111

This office has public sale files, patents, and certificates of sale since 1896. They also have lease files from the 1860s. Agreements and applications to purchase land since 1896 have been sent to the Utah State Archives.

The web site has a form to fill out to request records or to print out a Grama request form. 

County Land Records
(After 1869)

After the federal government transferred land to private owners, it could be sold again, inherited, or lost by foreclosure. In Utah, these transactions have been recorded in the county recorder's office. They are usually indexed by grantor and grantee for each volume.

To start a deed search, first figure out the county that covered the land at the time the deed was made. Then contact that county recorder's office. Also contact the county clerk and/or the Utah State Archives.

The Family History Library has a few of these records from some counties. Some are being digitized on the FamilySearch Historical Records. Look under your county for direction to what records that are searchable online. Also check the catalog under the county.

Web Sites