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[Title of article (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
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{{Record_Search_article
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|CID=CID1928596
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|title=Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938
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|location=Portugal}}<br>
  
{{FamilySearch_Collection
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[[Image:Portugal (orthographic projection)-500px.svg.png|right|200px|Portugal (orthographic projection)-500px.svg.png]]
|CID=CIDCID
 
|title=Title
 
|location=Location
 
|scheduled
 
=}}<br>
 
  
[[Image:Ukraine wikipedia.png|right|200px|Ukraine (orthographic projection)-png]]
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== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
== Language of the Record ==
 
  
Title: '''Österreich, Wien, Meldezettel'''
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Pasaportes de Coimbra, Portugal.  
 
 
These records are in [[German Language and Languages|German]] and [[France Language and Languages|French]].
 
 
 
For more help understanding the language of the record, read: [[French Wordlist]] and [[German Word List]]
 
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
<div style="overflow:scroll;border:1px solid black;height:350px;width:600px;background-color:white">
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This collection of miscellaneous records covers the years 1835 to 1938.  
This collection will include records from 1600 to 1812.
 
 
 
The parish register collection was formed from records microfilmed at the Norfolk Record Office, then converted to digital images. Microfilming may not have completely captured all volumes in each parish. The collection was published in February 2010 online. Where more than one village has the same place name, FamilySearch has adopted a different place name from that used in the Norfolk Record Office Catalogue.
 
 
 
Norfolk Parishes may be used to identify each parish in the collection. The Diocese of Norwich may include parishes in Suffolk, Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Cambridgeshire. Depending on the period of the register, parishes transferred to neighbouring Diocese. Search England Jurisdictions 1851 for relevant information in this regard.
 
 
 
As the Research wiki content grows for diocesan parishes, it is hoped to describe the Archdeacon's Transcript parishes with film detail. If a parish cannot be located in the historical records collection, establish whether the Archdeacon's transcripts from the diocese exist on microfilm by place search in the FamilySearch Catalog. The Norfolk Record Office also has a PDF file of parishes and Archdeacon's Transcripts on its website.
 
 
 
Baptisms (christenings), marriages, and burials were recorded on blank pages in a bound book called a register. The events of baptism, marriage, and burial were all recorded in one volume until 1754, when a law required that marriages be recorded in a separate book. Banns, or proclamations of “an intent” to marry, were recorded in yet another book. Starting in 1812, preprinted registers were introduced, and then separate registers were kept for baptisms, marriages, and burials. Before 1812, bishops’ transcripts were usually recorded on loose pieces of paper. Following that year, the transcripts were recorded on the same preprinted forms as parish registers.
 
 
 
In 1537, the Church of England mandated that parishes begin keeping church registers by the next year (1538). These church registers continue to the present. Bishops’ transcripts, or copies of parish registers, were required beginning in 1598 and continued to the mid-1800s.
 
 
 
The vast majority of the English population belonged to the Church of England. Only since the mid-19th century have other religious groups made headway.
 
 
 
The parish register collection covers records for the years 1530 to 1900.
 
 
 
In 1530, King Henry VIII established the Church in England, also known as the Anglican Church, the State Church, or the Episcopal Church. A law passed in 1537 required ministers to record the baptisms, marriages, and burials that took place in their parishes. Priests recorded these events in registers and kept them at the parish level, which is the lowest level of authority in the Church of England. Within some parishes, chapelries were created to provide for the worship needs of the parishioner when the parish church was not easily accessible. Chapelries sometimes had the authority to perform baptisms, marriages, and burials, so they kept their own registers. Several parishes formed a deanery (presided over by a dean), several deaneries formed an archdeaconry (presided over by an archdeacon), and several archdeaconries formed a diocese (presided over by a bishop).
 
 
 
Beginning in 1598, ministers were required to send copies of their registers to an archdeacon or bishop annually. These copies are referred to as bishops’ transcripts, or sometimes archdeacon transcripts. As a result, two copies of many parish registers exist from 1598 to about the mid-1800s. After civil registration began in 1837, the value of keeping bishops’ transcripts diminished, so by 1870 most parishes had stopped making them.
 
 
 
Banns are proclamations of an intent to marry. After 1754, these banns were required to be read for three consecutive Sundays before a marriage so that anyone with reasons against the marriage could oppose it. Banns were read in both the bride’s parish and the groom’s parish.
 
 
 
Most bishops’ transcripts of Church of England parish registers have been preserved. Many have also been copied to microfilm or microfiche. The condition of the records is relatively good considering their age and their storage conditions over the centuries. In 1598, ministers were required to copy their registers onto parchment. If the minister failed to make such a copy, the register for that parish and its records did not survive. During the Commonwealth period, 1649–1660, many parish registers disappeared, and many transcripts were not kept because ministers were deposed from their parishes.
 
 
 
Archdeacon's and Bishop's transcripts for the Diocese of Norwich were sent from each parish annually to the Diocesan authorities.
 
 
 
Prior to 1812, incumbents made their return to Archdeacon's for 6 years out of 7 the seventh Bishop's Visitation Year the return would be made to the Bishop at the time of the visitation.
 
 
 
The Archdeacon's transcripts for the Diocese may contain missing years or part years and have other gaps.
 
 
 
From 1813 onwards, all transcripts were sent to the Bishop.
 
 
 
The earliest transcripts in the Archdeacon's series are from 1600, but in many parishes they have not survived. It is recommended that you search the Archdeacon's Transcript series first then the Bishop's Transcripts series to pick up any gaps in the Archdeacon's series from the Bishop's Transcripts.
 
 
 
The Bishop's Transcripts series at [[Norfolk Record Office]] has the two series for the Norwich Archdeaconry and the Norfolk Archdeaconry. Within each Archdeaconry they are kept in yearly bundles and parishes arranged alphabetically for each year with the pre-1812 on microfilm, 1813 onwards on microfiche.  
 
  
Parish registers were created to record church events of baptism or christening, marriage, and burial. Baptismal entries usually list the person’s birth date, and burial entries list the death date. In the Church of England, baptism, which was also called christening, was performed soon after the birth of a child. Marriage in the church legally united a man and a woman for civil legal reasons and for the purpose of founding a religiously sanctified family. Burial is a function of the church to inter the deceased soon after death.  
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The records included in this collection are those of passport registers and passport application files, which have been kept at the University of Coimbra Archives. The text of the records is in Portuguese. Most of the documents are handwritten in formatted registers, and a few are in narrative style.  
  
Church of England parish registers are the most reliable and accurate family history source until July 1837, when the government instituted the civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths. Information in parish registers and bishops’ transcripts can be verified against each other.  
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Emigration from Portugal dates from the 15th century, the beginning of Portugal's period of overseas exploration. From the middle of the 19th century to the late 1950s, nearly two million Portuguese left Europe to live in Brazil and the United States.  
  
It is usually preferable to use the parish registers if they survive as a primary record. The transcript series is useful in the event that:
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Passports and citizen cards were necessary to keep a record of the population movement both within the country and to overseas countries.  
  
*The parish register has not survived
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Emigration records are reliable because people had to present some sort of identification when applying for a passport. These records are important to find the residence and destination of ancestors.  
*The register is still in the parish and has not been deposited in an archive
 
*The parish register is too fragile to use or preserve by filming or digital imaging
 
*The parish register is incomplete or cannot be read (transcript may be legible or contain omitted entries.)
 
  
Comparison of entries can indicate the reliability of the parish record keeping.
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{{Collection Browse Link
 
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|CID=CID1928596
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1824688/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page
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|title=Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938
</div>
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}}
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
[[Image:England Church of England Parish Register Christening.jpg|thumb|right|90px]] [[Image:England Church of England Parish Register Marriage after 1837.jpg|thumb|right|120px]] [[Image:England Church of England Parish Register Marriage Before 1754.jpg|thumb|right|80px]] [[Image:England Church of England Parish Register Burial.jpg|thumb|right|80px]]
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<gallery>
 
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Image:Portugal, Coimbra, Passports.jpg|Passport Record 
<br> '''Baptism records''' may contain the following information:
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</gallery>  
 
 
*Date and place of baptism
 
*Name of child
 
*Gender of child
 
*Legitimacy of child
 
*Parents' names and residence
 
*Occupation of father
 
 
 
'''Marriage records before 1754''' may contain the following information:
 
 
 
*Date and place of marriage
 
*Names of the bride and groom
 
*Marriage banns which included the residences of the couple
 
*After 1754 the full names of witnesses and the name of the minister are also given.
 
  
'''Marriage records after 1837''' may contain the following information:  
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'''Passport records''' usuallly contain the following information:  
  
*Date and place of marriage
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*Name of principal
*Names of the bride and groom
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*Age and physical description
*Ages and marital status of the bride and groom
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*Place of origin
*Residences of the bride and groom at the time of marriage
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*Current residence
*Groom's occupation
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*Date passport was issued
*Name of groom's father
 
*Name of bride's father
 
  
'''Burial records''' may contain the following information:
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== How to Use the Record  ==
  
*Date and place of burial
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=== Search the Collection  ===
*Name of deceased.
 
*Age and gender of deceased
 
*Residence of deceased
 
  
=== Search the Collection ===
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'''To browse the collection by image:''' <br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page <br>⇒Select the "Volume number and Years" category which takes you to the images.
  
'''To search the collection by index:'''
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Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
  
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. Keep in mind:
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'''When searching:'''<br> As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.  
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
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=== For Help Reading These Records  ===
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
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These records are in Portuguese. For help reading the records, see the following resources:
  
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*[[Portuguese Genealogical Word List]]
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*[[Portuguese Letter-writing Guide]]
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*Learning Center Resources:
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**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-1-portuguese-letters/213 Portuguese Handwriting Lesson 1]
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**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-2-dates-words-and-names/215 Portuguese Handwriting Lesson 2]
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**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-portuguese-records/216 Portuguese Handwriting Lesson 3]
  
 
{{FHL Search Tip
 
{{FHL Search Tip
 
|foreigntwo=
 
|foreigntwo=
|level1=England
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|level1=Portugal
|level2=London
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|level2=Coimbra
|}}
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}}  
  
== Related Websites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
[http://www.wien.gv.at/english/history/archives/ancestors.html Tracing your Ancestors in Vienna - Some Guidelines]
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[[Coimbra#Maps|Maps of Coimbra]]  
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
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== Related Wiki Articles ==
  
*[[Austria Genealogy|Austria]]  
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*[[Portugal Genealogy|Portugal]]  
*[[Austria Vienna Population Registers]]
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*[[Coimbra]]
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*[[Portugal Emigration and Immigration]]
  
== How You Can Contribute ==
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==How You Can Contribute ==
  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}
 
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
== Citations for This Collection ==
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==Citations for This Collection==
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Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
  
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
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'''Collection citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Arquivo da Universidade de Coimbra.}} <br>
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<br>
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'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
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|CID=CID1928596
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|title=Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938
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}}
  
'''Collection citation''':<br>
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<br>  
{{Collection citation | text= "Collection Title." Database or Database with Images or Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing archive name, archive location in local language (archive name, archive location in English).}}<br>
 
  
'''Record citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
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<br>  
{{Record Citation Link
 
|CID=CIDCIDrecord
 
|title=titlerecord
 
}}
 
  
'''Image citation''':<br>
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{{H-langs|en=Portugal, Coimbra Passport Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Portugal, Coimbra, Registros de Passaporte (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}<br>
{{Image Citation Link
 
|CID=CIDCIDimage
 
|title=titleimage
 
|scheduled=
 
}}
 

Revision as of 14:52, 17 February 2016

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938 .
CID1928596
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Portugal (orthographic projection)-500px.svg.png

Title in the Language of the Records[edit | edit source]

Pasaportes de Coimbra, Portugal.

Record Description[edit | edit source]

This collection of miscellaneous records covers the years 1835 to 1938.

The records included in this collection are those of passport registers and passport application files, which have been kept at the University of Coimbra Archives. The text of the records is in Portuguese. Most of the documents are handwritten in formatted registers, and a few are in narrative style.

Emigration from Portugal dates from the 15th century, the beginning of Portugal's period of overseas exploration. From the middle of the 19th century to the late 1950s, nearly two million Portuguese left Europe to live in Brazil and the United States.

Passports and citizen cards were necessary to keep a record of the population movement both within the country and to overseas countries.

Emigration records are reliable because people had to present some sort of identification when applying for a passport. These records are important to find the residence and destination of ancestors.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938.

Record Content[edit | edit source]

Passport records usuallly contain the following information:

  • Name of principal
  • Age and physical description
  • Place of origin
  • Current residence
  • Date passport was issued

How to Use the Record[edit | edit source]

Search the Collection[edit | edit source]

To browse the collection by image:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Volume number and Years" category which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

When searching:
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

For Help Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

These records are in Portuguese. For help reading the records, see the following resources:

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place Portugal, Coimbra items or FHL Keyword Portugal, Coimbra items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Portugal Archives and Libraries.

Related Websites[edit | edit source]

Maps of Coimbra

Related Wiki Articles[edit | edit source]

How You Can Contribute[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection citation:

"Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Arquivo da Universidade de Coimbra.


Image citation:

When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938.