Difference between revisions of "User:Mcbridelw"

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== Marriage Records ==
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County marriage records are the earliest and most complete vital records for Tennessee. The records which have survived usually begin within a few years of each county’s organization. Marriage records from the earliest dates to the present are kept by the county clerk for each county. Since 1 January 1949, duplicates have been sent to the [http://health.state.tn.us/vr/PH1670EN.pdf Office of Vital Statistics].
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of most of the existing county marriage records from the county organization date to the early 1900's.  Access these records through the FHL catalog ''Tennessee>County Name. '' Many early Tennessee marriages to about 1890 are extracted and found in the ''International Genealogical Index.''  This index is accessed at [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch]. For a breakdown of the Tennessee marriages indexed in the ''International Genealogical Index'', visit Hugh Wallis's ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPTennessee.htm#PageTitle IGI Batch Numbers for Tennessee, USA]''.
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About 20 Tennessee counties did not begin officially recording marriages in registers until a state law passed mandating the practice in 1838.<ref>Gale Williams Bamman, C.G., "Research in Tennessee," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 81, No. 2 (June 1993):105. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=39597 FHL US/CAN Book 973 B2ng v. 81 (1993)]</ref>&nbsp;Many of the loose marriage licenses and bonds created before that time have been lost. Soderberg and Creekmore quote the ''Acts of Tennessee'' (1838, ch. 118, sec. 2) as follows:
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:It was not until 1838 that the clerks were required "to keep a well bound book, in which they shall register the names of the parties, and the date of issuance of each marriage license."<ref>Soderberg, Gertrude L. and Pollyanna Creekmore. ''Tennessee Marriage Records, Volume 3, Greene County, Volume 1, 1783-1818: Being Transcriptions from the Original Bonds and Licenses at the County Courthouse, Greeneville''. (Knoxville, Tenn.: Clinchdale Press, 1965), Introduction. {{FHL|976.891 V2s|book}}.</ref><br>
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<br> The following counties, though many had been in existence for more than a decade, did not begin&nbsp;registering marriages until that time: [[Anderson County, Tennessee|Anderson]], [[Benton County, Tennessee|Benton]], [[Campbell County, Tennessee|Campbell]], [[Cannon County, Tennessee|Cannon]], [[Carroll County, Tennessee|Carroll]], [[Claiborne County, Tennessee|Claiborne]], [[Fayette County, Tennessee|Fayette]], [[Franklin County, Tennessee|Franklin]], [[Henry County, Tennessee|Henry]], [[Johnson County, Tennessee|Johnson]], [[Lauderdale County, Tennessee|Lauderdale]], [[Lincoln County, Tennessee|Lincoln]], [[Madison County, Tennessee|Madison]], [[McMinn County, Tennessee|McMinn]], [[Meigs County, Tennessee|Meigs]], [[Monroe County, Tennessee|Monroe]], [[Smith County, Tennessee|Smith]], [[Stewart County, Tennessee|Stewart]], [[Tipton County, Tennessee|Tipton]], and [[Weakley County, Tennessee|Weakley]]. A useful substitute for counties where marriages were not officially recorded, or where courthouses burned is:
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*Lucas, Silas Emmett. ''Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851''. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=10843 FHL&nbsp;US/CAN&nbsp;Book 976.8 V2L].
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In the 1930s, W.P.A. workers indexed many&nbsp;Tennessee county marriage records. Edythe Whitley Rucker notes that when she went back to these courthouses several decades later to make new indexes, some of the records the W.P.A. found had gone missing for various counties. Sometimes&nbsp;this is due to theft, for an example, see Dick Eastman's articles:
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*[http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2010/01/90yearold-woman-defies-judge-over-davy-crockett-marriage-license.html 90-year-old Woman Defies Judge Over Davy Crockett Marriage License] (2010/01/03)
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*[http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2010/04/davy-crocketts-marriage-license-returned-to-jefferson-county-tennessee.html Davy Crockett's Marriage License Returned to Jefferson County, Tennessee] (2010/04/20)
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Therefore, it is crucial to search W.P.A. indexes for your county's marriages, in addition to more modern published indexes and online indexes, or you may overlook marriages that have disappeared.
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[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start RecordSearch] at FamilySearch now includes indexed Tennessee marriages.&nbsp; This is a pilot site and still under construction.&nbsp; At this time, it is best to&nbsp;browse through results&nbsp;from the&nbsp;RecordSearch home page titled "Discover Your Ancestors."&nbsp; Indicate a surname, marriage "event"&nbsp;and a county name.&nbsp;&nbsp;Browse through the results for that surname. You&nbsp;may need to supply any variant spellings of the surname in separate searches.
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Beginning in 1945, Tennessee required registration of marriages with the state. These records have been indexed and are at the [http://health.state.tn.us/vr/PH1670EN.pdf Office of Vital Statistics]. The Family History Library does not have copies of these records.Reels of microfilm containing marriage records can be borrowed on inter-library loan from the [http://state.tn.us/tsla/history/county/ill-list.htm Tennessee State Library and Archives].&nbsp; Counties continue to keep their own records of marriages.&nbsp; Many of these later marriages are available on microfilm at the Tennesse State Library and Archives or the county courthouse.&nbsp; See individual Tennessee counties in the wiki for the availability of county marriage records.
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Many county marriage records&nbsp;are indexed with images&nbsp;at Ancestry's [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1169 Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002]. $&nbsp; Be aware that this index is not complete for all counties. In particular, most Davidson county marriages are not included.
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<br>
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You can find early Tennessee published marriage records through:
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*''Early East Tennessee Marriages.'' <ref>Sistler, Byron. ''Early East Tennessee Marriages.'' Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler and Assoc., 1987. Family History Library {{FHL|976.8 V2s|book}}{{FHL|1597922|film}} items 3–4 </ref>This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 20 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms. [http://www.digginbones.com/LookUpPages/TennesseeLookups.htm Free Lookups Available!]
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*''Early Middle Tennessee Marriages.'' <ref>Sistler, Byron. ''Early Middle Tennessee Marriages.'' Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler and Associates, 1988. {{FHL|976.8 V2sby|book}}{{FHL|1597922|film}} </ref>This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 27 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms.
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*''Early West Tennessee Marriages.'' <ref>Sistler, Byron. ''Early West Tennessee Marriages.'' Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler Associates, 1989. {{FHL|976.8 V2sb|book}}{{FHL|6100916|film}}</ref>This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 15 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms.
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*''Marriage Records.'' <ref>Orem, Utah: Automated Archives, 1994. (Family History Library compact disc number 9 part 2.) Does not circulate to Family History Centers. </ref>Contains marriage records for several Tennessee counties from the late 1700's to 1926, as well as marriage records from Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. Dates vary with the county.
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*''Marriage Records: Early–1850.'' <ref>Orem, Utah: Automated Archives, 1992. (Family History Library compact disc number 9 part 229.) Does not circulate to Family History Centers. </ref>Contains marriage records for Tennessee, as well as marriage records from Kentucky, North Carolina, and Virginia.

Revision as of 18:47, 8 September 2010

Marriage Records

County marriage records are the earliest and most complete vital records for Tennessee. The records which have survived usually begin within a few years of each county’s organization. Marriage records from the earliest dates to the present are kept by the county clerk for each county. Since 1 January 1949, duplicates have been sent to the Office of Vital Statistics.

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of most of the existing county marriage records from the county organization date to the early 1900's.  Access these records through the FHL catalog Tennessee>County Name.  Many early Tennessee marriages to about 1890 are extracted and found in the International Genealogical Index.  This index is accessed at FamilySearch. For a breakdown of the Tennessee marriages indexed in the International Genealogical Index, visit Hugh Wallis's IGI Batch Numbers for Tennessee, USA.

About 20 Tennessee counties did not begin officially recording marriages in registers until a state law passed mandating the practice in 1838.[1] Many of the loose marriage licenses and bonds created before that time have been lost. Soderberg and Creekmore quote the Acts of Tennessee (1838, ch. 118, sec. 2) as follows:

It was not until 1838 that the clerks were required "to keep a well bound book, in which they shall register the names of the parties, and the date of issuance of each marriage license."[2]


The following counties, though many had been in existence for more than a decade, did not begin registering marriages until that time: Anderson, Benton, Campbell, Cannon, Carroll, Claiborne, Fayette, Franklin, Henry, Johnson, Lauderdale, Lincoln, Madison, McMinn, Meigs, Monroe, Smith, Stewart, Tipton, and Weakley. A useful substitute for counties where marriages were not officially recorded, or where courthouses burned is:

  • Lucas, Silas Emmett. Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 V2L.

In the 1930s, W.P.A. workers indexed many Tennessee county marriage records. Edythe Whitley Rucker notes that when she went back to these courthouses several decades later to make new indexes, some of the records the W.P.A. found had gone missing for various counties. Sometimes this is due to theft, for an example, see Dick Eastman's articles:

Therefore, it is crucial to search W.P.A. indexes for your county's marriages, in addition to more modern published indexes and online indexes, or you may overlook marriages that have disappeared.

RecordSearch at FamilySearch now includes indexed Tennessee marriages.  This is a pilot site and still under construction.  At this time, it is best to browse through results from the RecordSearch home page titled "Discover Your Ancestors."  Indicate a surname, marriage "event" and a county name.  Browse through the results for that surname. You may need to supply any variant spellings of the surname in separate searches.

Beginning in 1945, Tennessee required registration of marriages with the state. These records have been indexed and are at the Office of Vital Statistics. The Family History Library does not have copies of these records.Reels of microfilm containing marriage records can be borrowed on inter-library loan from the Tennessee State Library and Archives.  Counties continue to keep their own records of marriages.  Many of these later marriages are available on microfilm at the Tennesse State Library and Archives or the county courthouse.  See individual Tennessee counties in the wiki for the availability of county marriage records.

Many county marriage records are indexed with images at Ancestry's Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002. $  Be aware that this index is not complete for all counties. In particular, most Davidson county marriages are not included.


You can find early Tennessee published marriage records through:

  • Early East Tennessee Marriages. [3]This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 20 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms. Free Lookups Available!
  • Early Middle Tennessee Marriages. [4]This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 27 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms.
  • Early West Tennessee Marriages. [5]This source indexes pre-1861 marriages from 15 counties, listing the bride and groom and the date and county of the marriage. There is a separate index for brides and grooms.
  • Marriage Records. [6]Contains marriage records for several Tennessee counties from the late 1700's to 1926, as well as marriage records from Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. Dates vary with the county.
  • Marriage Records: Early–1850. [7]Contains marriage records for Tennessee, as well as marriage records from Kentucky, North Carolina, and Virginia.
  • Gale Williams Bamman, C.G., "Research in Tennessee," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 2 (June 1993):105. FHL US/CAN Book 973 B2ng v. 81 (1993)
  • Soderberg, Gertrude L. and Pollyanna Creekmore. Tennessee Marriage Records, Volume 3, Greene County, Volume 1, 1783-1818: Being Transcriptions from the Original Bonds and Licenses at the County Courthouse, Greeneville. (Knoxville, Tenn.: Clinchdale Press, 1965), Introduction. FHL 976.891 V2s.
  • Sistler, Byron. Early East Tennessee Marriages. Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler and Assoc., 1987. Family History Library FHL 976.8 V2sFHL 1597922 items 3–4
  • Sistler, Byron. Early Middle Tennessee Marriages. Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler and Associates, 1988. FHL 976.8 V2sbyFHL 1597922
  • Sistler, Byron. Early West Tennessee Marriages. Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler Associates, 1989. FHL 976.8 V2sbFHL 6100916
  • Orem, Utah: Automated Archives, 1994. (Family History Library compact disc number 9 part 2.) Does not circulate to Family History Centers.
  • Orem, Utah: Automated Archives, 1992. (Family History Library compact disc number 9 part 229.) Does not circulate to Family History Centers.