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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Vermont|Vermont]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Rutland County, Vermont|Rutland ]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Castleton'''''
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Vermont|Vermont]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Rutland County, Vermont|Rutland ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Mendon'''''  
  
 
=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
Castleton was chartered in 1761. The charter for 36 square miles of land was granted by Gov. Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire and divided the land into 70 "rights" or "shares". Governor Wentworth retained ownership of two shares and several others were given for churches and a school. In the spring of 1767 Col. Amos Bird and Col. Noah Lee arrived in Castleton from Salisbury, Connecticut. They were its first settlers. Castleton's favorite landmark, Bird Mountain, is named for Col. Bird. He had acquired 40 shares of land when the town was chartered and built a permanent home here in the summer of 1769. Three families had settled in Castleton by 1770. More settlers followed and by 1777 the town consisted of 17 families.
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Several towns in Rutland County have undergone official name changes in their history, but Mendon holds a record; three names. Vermont chartered Medway on Feb. 23, 1781. In an unrelated move, Jonathan Parker purchased a 3,000-acre tract of land in 1796 known today as Parkers Gore. Medway and Parkers Gore merged in 1804, and Medway became Parkertown after the largest landowner. This also explains that irregular property boundary of the town located in the southeast corner. Parker's influence remained with the town for until 1827 when the state renamed the town one last time to Mendon.&nbsp; <ref>Mendon holds Vermont record for changing its name, Don Wickman, Rutland Herald Newspaper, Nov. 3, 2006.</ref><ref>History Rutland County Vermont, Edited by H. P. Smith and W. S. Rann, Syracuse, NY, 1886.</ref>  
 
 
Castleton played an eventful part in the American Revolution. In May of 1775 Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys met here with Benedict Arnold to plan their next day's attack on Fort Ticonderoga, 30 miles west, on the New York side of Lake Champlain. Their successful capture of the Fort was a holding action that lasted two years until the British launched a powerful sweep southward on Lake Champlain, heading towards Skenesborough (now Whitehall). The battle at nearby Hubbardton, followed by battles at Bennington and Saratoga, marked the turning point of the Revolutionary War in the north. They were pivotal in the American success. Although Brunswick and Hessian soldiers were stationed in Castleton for a time in 1777, they left as the fortunes of the war changed, and Tory sympathizers were treated with contempt by Castleton settlers.  
 
 
 
Vermont attained statehood in 1791 and Castleton continued to grow as an agricultural community. Farmers raised cattle, then turned for a while to sheep. Apple orchards abounded. Saw mills and gristmills were the first industries to be established in town. During the middle of the nineteenth century the slate and marble industries began to thrive in and around Castleton. The railroad came in 1854, and the last half of the century saw the development of tourism around Lake Bomoseen. Several luxury hotels were built around the west end of the lake.
 
 
 
Education has been important in Castleton from its earliest days. The Rutland County Grammar School was established in 1787, and later became the Castleton Seminary. The Castleton Normal School evolved from the Seminary, and became part of the state college system in 1912. It is now Castleton State College. Located on a pretty street near the center of the village, it has become the largest employer in town. An important medical school was established in Castleton in 1818, but did not survive past 1862.  
 
 
 
The town prospered during the nineteenth century. Residents built more elaborate homes to replace their log cabins and primitive frame houses. Many of the beautiful homes that stand along Castleton's wide Main Street today were built between 1805 and 1840. Among the most remarkable are several built by renowned architect and builder, Thomas Royal Dake. Fires devastated much of the town's center in the early twentieth century, destroying several large hotels, and Castleton declined as a business center, but with its wide Main Street, it remains one of the loveliest villages in the state.1<br>
 
  
 
=== Historical Data  ===
 
=== Historical Data  ===
  
Alternate names
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=== Town Histories  ===
  
Boundery changes
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The history of Mendon, Vermont: Commemorating the Bicentennial of America 1776-1976 and Vermont 1727-1977 anticipating the Bicentennial of Mendon 1781-1981<br>by Mary Ruth, 1977. &nbsp;[http://www.worldcat.org/title/history-of-mendon-vermont-commemorating-the-bicentennial-of-america-1776-1976-and-vermont-1727-1977-anticipating-the-bicentennial-of-mendon-1781-1981/oclc/004597020 Find a library] where book is held.&nbsp; &nbsp;
  
=== Town Histories ===
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=== Vital Records ===
  
=== Vital Records ===
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FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=47 online].
  
 
=== Probate Records  ===
 
=== Probate Records  ===
  
The probate district for Castleton is Fair Haven, while the court district is Rutland.  
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The probate district for Mendon is Rutland.<br>Rutland Probate Court <br>83 Center Street <br>Rutland, VT 05701 <br>(802) 775-0114
  
 
=== City Directories  ===
 
=== City Directories  ===
  
The Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.) has one of the largest collections of city directories in the country. Their collection is in microfiche, microfilm, and books, but there is no online inventory of their holdings except for microfilm. See their guide [http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/bib_guid/telephonnoncurr.html online].
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=== Maps  ===
  
<br>Other holdings:<br>
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=== Cemeteries  ===
  
[https://familysearch.org/ FamilySearch Library Catalog]  
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The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Mendon. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Rutland County, website at this [http://www.nekg-vt.com/Cemeteries-of-VT/rutland.htm link].
  
[http://library.nehgs.org/search~S0?/cF59.R9+R88/cf++++59+r9+r88/-3%2C-1%2C0%2CE/frameset&FF=cf++++59+r9+r88&1%2C1%2C New England Genealogical Historical Society]&nbsp;($)
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*Eggelston Cemetery
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*Lydias-Wheelerville Road Cemetery
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*Mountain Cemetery
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*Rice Cemetery
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*Tenney Cemetery
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*Wilkins Cemetery
  
=== Maps ===
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=== Churches ===
  
=== Cemeteries  ===
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1.&nbsp;Mendon Community United Methodist Church<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; 2600 Route 4 East<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; Rutland, VT 05765<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; Phone: (802) 459-2070 <br>
  
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Castleton. For location of cemeteries, see Cemteries of Vermont, Rutland County, website at this [http://www.nekg-vt.com/Cemeteries%20of%20VT/rutland.htm link]. For more details regarding these cemeteries, see the state guide under cemeteries for books on the subject<br>
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=== Town Records  ===
  
Blissville Cemetery,located on Blissville Road, southwest of Castleton Corners <br> Culver Cemetery, located on Blissville Road, southwest of Castleton Corners <br> Crystal Beach-Town Farm Cemetery, located on Hwy. 30 at Crystal Bearch, north of Castleton <br> Federated Church Cemetery, located beside the Federated Church, Castleton Village <br> Gates Cemetery, 2592 South St Ext, south of Castleton Corners <br> Hillside Cemetery, located on&nbsp;Cemetery Drive, north side of Castleton <br> Lincoln Cemtery,&nbsp;located on East Hubbardton Road, east of Castleton
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Town Clerk Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005, can be found on FamilySerach (browse only images) at this [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1987653 link].  
  
=== Churches  ===
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The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Mendon Town Clerks Office. These include&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/178056 Town records, 1806-1851], and&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1045327 Records of births, marriages, and deaths, 1857-1995]
  
=== Town Records  ===
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Mendon Town Clerk<br>157 Park Ln<br>Mendon, VT 05701<br>Phone: (802) 775-1662<br> E-mail:&nbsp;mendonvt@sover.net
  
 
=== Newspapers  ===
 
=== Newspapers  ===
  
Rutland Herald, 1794 to present, online at this [http://www.rutlandherald.com/ link].
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Rutland Herald online at this [http://www.rutlandherald.com/ link].  
  
 
=== Libraries and Historical Societies  ===
 
=== Libraries and Historical Societies  ===
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
 
1.&nbsp;1. Castleton Historical Society, P.O. Box 219, Castleton, VT 05735, http://www.bsi-vt.com/castleton/chs/
 
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
'''Adjacent towns:'''
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'''Adjacent towns: '''  
  
 
{{VTRut towns}}  
 
{{VTRut towns}}  
  
 
[[Category:Rutland_County,_Vermont]] [[Category:Towns_in_Vermont]]
 
[[Category:Rutland_County,_Vermont]] [[Category:Towns_in_Vermont]]

Revision as of 22:21, 3 July 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Vermont Gotoarrow.png Rutland Gotoarrow.png Mendon

Brief History

Several towns in Rutland County have undergone official name changes in their history, but Mendon holds a record; three names. Vermont chartered Medway on Feb. 23, 1781. In an unrelated move, Jonathan Parker purchased a 3,000-acre tract of land in 1796 known today as Parkers Gore. Medway and Parkers Gore merged in 1804, and Medway became Parkertown after the largest landowner. This also explains that irregular property boundary of the town located in the southeast corner. Parker's influence remained with the town for until 1827 when the state renamed the town one last time to Mendon.  [1][2]

Historical Data

Town Histories

The history of Mendon, Vermont: Commemorating the Bicentennial of America 1776-1976 and Vermont 1727-1977 anticipating the Bicentennial of Mendon 1781-1981
by Mary Ruth, 1977.  Find a library where book is held.   

Vital Records

FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.

Probate Records

The probate district for Mendon is Rutland.
Rutland Probate Court
83 Center Street
Rutland, VT 05701
(802) 775-0114

City Directories

Maps

Cemeteries

The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Mendon. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Rutland County, website at this link.

  • Eggelston Cemetery
  • Lydias-Wheelerville Road Cemetery
  • Mountain Cemetery
  • Rice Cemetery
  • Tenney Cemetery
  • Wilkins Cemetery

Churches

1. Mendon Community United Methodist Church
    2600 Route 4 East
    Rutland, VT 05765
    Phone: (802) 459-2070

Town Records

Town Clerk Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005, can be found on FamilySerach (browse only images) at this link.

The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Mendon Town Clerks Office. These include Town records, 1806-1851, and Records of births, marriages, and deaths, 1857-1995

Mendon Town Clerk
157 Park Ln
Mendon, VT 05701
Phone: (802) 775-1662
E-mail: mendonvt@sover.net

Newspapers

Rutland Herald online at this link.

Libraries and Historical Societies

References

  1. Mendon holds Vermont record for changing its name, Don Wickman, Rutland Herald Newspaper, Nov. 3, 2006.
  2. History Rutland County Vermont, Edited by H. P. Smith and W. S. Rann, Syracuse, NY, 1886.

Adjacent towns: