Help:Citing licenses and permission
Wiki permission status
All words, images, recordings, videos, and other material added to the FamilySearch Research Wiki MUST BE either used fairly (fair use), be in the public domain, be appropriately licensed for use, and/or expressly have been permitted for use in the Wiki by the copyright holder.
Failure to meet this standard makes an article (or a part of it in violation) a candidate for deletion from the Wiki. Use the Template:Copyright to identify articles that need to be reviewed for potential violations, and their remedial editing, or deletion.
It is the responsibility of each contributor who adds Wiki material to understand and to help document the permission to use that material as a contribution to the FamilySearch Research Wiki.
Citing another author. Any words, ideas, images, or other material based on, or originating from from, someone other than the Wiki contributor should be identified as such. Moreover, it is the contributor's responsibility to use such material fairly without violating copyright protections, or to show it is in the public domain, appropriately licensed, or used in the Wiki by permission. When in doubt, assume material from anyone else has copyright protection and is therefore inappropriate for use in the Research Wiki until you show otherwise.
Own work. The Research Wiki assumes a contributor's own words in text are donated to the Wiki for genealogical educational, research, or scholarly purposes with the agreement those words therefore are made available under the Research Wiki's license (unless identified otherwise by citing a specified non-Wiki source previously created by the contributor). A contributor's own images, recordings, or video files must be declared in the public domain, or appropriately licensed for the Wiki at the time of contribution.
Source footnote citations (references). Source footnotes are appropriate and always encouraged. It is the contributor's responsibility to cite the source of ideas which are not worldwide "common knowledge," and which are not the contributor's own. Quotes should always be sourced. Even the source of ideas which you paraphrase or reword should be sourced—about one source note per paragraph is normally fitting.
Permission citations. Non-text contributions such as images, recordings, or video files MUST have a documentation page describing the original source, and citing the license(s) and/or other permission allowing their use in the Research Wiki.
importance of citing source well enough it can be found even if link breaks
United States copyright law allows the use of otherwise copyright protected material for educational, research, or scholarly purposes such as genealogy and family history. Nevertheless, the global nature of access to the Internet and the Wiki may mitigate some against "fair use." Fair use definitions vary widely from country to country.
Factors to weigh and balance when considering whether your use of text material in the Wiki is within the bounds of "fair use" include:
- Is the motive for the new Wiki use more for your profit, or is it more of a non-profit educational fair use? Does the new work stimulate creativity for enrichment of the public through the addition of something new (transformative), or is it merely derivative for personal profit?
- Facts and ideas tend to be fair use, but their particular expression or fixation merits copyright protection.
- How much of a percentage the old copyrighted work was imported into the new work on the Wiki?
- Does this new use on the Wiki hurt or help the original author's ability to sell it or make a profit? Does this new use make it easier to find and buy the original work if a viewer is interested in doing so?
By adding text to the Wiki, a contributor is expected to have made a reasonable effort to use copyrighted, or potentially copyrighted text, in a "fair use" way without violating copyright protections.
The FamilySearch Research Wiki does not require notification of "fair use" of text material because that is presumed. However, source footnote citations give credit to the originator of an idea, help to protect the contributor from plagiary accusations, and may assist reviewers in "fair use" evaluations of originals being compared to new text in the Wiki.
A work which is not copyrighted is in the public domain, and may be freely copied by anyone. It may have been placed in the public domain by its creator, it may be ineligible for copyright (not original enough or otherwise excluded), or the copyright may have expired.
In the Wiki this applies especially to images, recordings, and video files.
The Wiki contributor is responsible for justifying the use of a public domain image or file by identifying the specific reason it is in the public domain. Typically this is done using one or more templates on the image or file description page, for example: Utah Territory 1856 map.png.
The FamilySearch Research Wiki as a whole, and each Wiki page has a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States (CC BY-SA 3.0 US) license. However, specific parts of the Wiki may have additional licenses.
A license is a permission to use a work in the way described by the license. In the Wiki this applies especially to images, recordings, and video files. A work may have more than one license.
The Wiki contributor is responsible for justifying the use of licensed material by reproducing the specific license(s) given, and restrictions, if any. Typically this is done using one or more templates on the image or file description page.
Acceptable licenses for the Wiki
- Two types of GNU licenses can be used on the Wiki:
- Seven types of Creative Commons licenses can be used on the Wiki. The use of generic portals, geographic portals, or variously numbered license versions does not affect the acceptability of the license for Wiki purposes.
- CC BY (attribution) for example: Cornell Olin Library 3.jpg
- CC BY-ND (no derivatives) for example:
- CC BY-SA (share alike) for example: Tower Bridge and St Pauls.jpg
- CC BY-NC (non-commercial) for example:
- CC BY-NC-ND for example:
- CC BY-NC-SA for example:
- CC0 (universal public domain dedication) for example: 250px-LI Natl Cemetery jeh.jpg
- Any other Creative Commons licenses probably are not suitable for use in the Research Wiki.
Copyright holder permission
A copyright holder may grant a contributor permission to use material on the FamilySearch Research Wiki. This permission may also specify restrictions to this permission.
The Wiki contributor is responsible for justifying the use of material by permission. The contributor must faithfully identify the specific permission granted, and restrictions, if any, when using the material. Typically this is done either on the image description page, or in an attribution statement in the image caption if so required.
Other permission restrictions
Some license or permission granters do so with specified additional restrictions. For example, they may specify the manner in which a work is to be attributed.
The Wiki contributor is responsible for explaining restrictions. Typically this is done on the image or file description page along with the license or permission statement.
see NY Public Library and RR bridge or Tongan Weslyan any other conditions