United States, Civil War Unfiled Papers of Confederate Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States, Civil War Unfiled Papers of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
The collection consists of unfiled papers and slips of Confederate service records of soldiers that were not interfiled in the compiled service records. The card abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, inspection reports; and the originals of any papers relating solely to the particular soldier. The collection is alphabetically arranged by surname. This collection is a part of RG 109 War Department Collection of Confederate Records and is National Archives Microfilm Publication M347. The index courtesy of Fold3 (formerly Footnote.com).
These records date from the beginning to the end of the Civil War 1861-1865
When the Confederate government evacuated Richmond, many Confederate records were sent away, destroyed, or left behind. Some of the records found their way into the hands of the Union Army and were forwarded to the War Department. In July 1865, the Adjutant General established a bureau for the “collection, safekeeping, and publication of Rebel Archives.” In 1903 the Secretary of War persuaded the Governors of most Southern States to lend Confederate military personnel records to the War Department for copying.
This record was created because the War Department wanted to keep records of who served during the Civil War and who/how many soldiers have died during that time.
These records are generally reliable
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2012.
The key genealogical facts of this record usually includes:
- Full name of Confederate Soldier
- Where the soldier was born
- Date of Death
- Date of Birth
- Place of Birth
- Place of Death
- The certificate number
- When the record was reported and when it was returned
How to Use the Record
For a collection that is searchable by name:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
To begin your search you will need to know the following:
- Full name
- Other identifying information such as birth date or residence
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.
- Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
- Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
You may also find these search tips helpful:
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been seeking the pension.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
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Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"United States, Civil War Unfiled Papers of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865: database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 30 September 2011). Eli Harmon; citing Civil War Records, NARA publicaton M347, NARA roll 169; War Department Collection of Confederate Records, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., United States.