Difference between revisions of "United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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CID=1840474<br>Title=United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906  
+
{{FamilySearch_Collection
 +
|CID=CID1840474
 +
|title=United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906  
 +
|location=United States}}<br>
  
==== Style Guide ====
+
== Record Description  ==
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
+
This collection is a Soundex index to photocopies of naturalization documents filed in courts in the following states:  
  
==== Collection Time Period  ====
+
*Connecticut  
 
+
*Maine  
These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906.
+
*Massachusetts  
 
+
*New Hampshire  
== Record Description ==
+
*Rhode Island  
 
 
This collection is a Soundex index to photocopies of naturalization documents filed in courts in the following states:
 
 
 
*Connecticut
 
*Maine
 
*Massachusetts
 
*New Hampshire
 
*Rhode Island
 
 
*Vermont
 
*Vermont
  
The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see&nbsp;FamilySearch Wiki: [[Soundex|Soundex]]
+
The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see FamilySearch Wiki: [[Soundex|Soundex]]  
  
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.
+
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.  
  
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
+
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.  
  
== Record Content ==
+
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.&nbsp;
  
 +
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
  
 +
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp;
  
The index cards include the following:
+
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.&nbsp;
  
*Name
+
These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906.&nbsp;
*Location of the court that granted the certificate of naturalization
 
*The volume and page number (or certificate number) of the naturalization record
 
  
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:
+
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
  
*Name of the immigrant
+
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
*Country of birth
 
*Arrival date
 
*Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
 
*Names of witnesses
 
*Signature of judge or court official
 
  
In post-1906 records, you may also find:
+
For a list of records by localities and soundex currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1840474/waypoints Browse].
  
*Birth date
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
*Birthplace
 
*Age
 
*Race
 
*Last foreign residence
 
*Current residence
 
*Arrival place
 
*Marital status
 
*Name of spouse
 
*Maiden name of wife
 
*Birth date of spouse
 
*Residence of spouse
 
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906" Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing ARC Identifier 4752894. Waltham, Massachusetts: National Archives Northeast Region.}}
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
+
[[United States New England Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
*The full name of your ancestor.
+
== Record Content  ==
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates.
 
*The ancestor’s residence.
 
  
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.
+
[[Image:New England Naturalization Index (10-0418) (11-0563) DGS 1429671 118.jpg|thumb|right]] The index cards include the following:
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
+
*Name of immigrant
 +
*Place of residence
 +
*Title and location of court granting certificate of naturalization
 +
*Volume and page number where certificate is recorded
 +
*Country of birth
 +
*Age or birth date
 +
*Date of arrival and U. S. port of entry
 +
*Names and address of witnesses
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
+
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
  
Use naturalization records to:
+
*Name of the immigrant
 +
*Country of birth
 +
*Arrival date
 +
*Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
 +
*Names of witnesses
 +
*Signature of judge or court official
  
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
+
In post-1906 records, you may also find:
*Confirm their date of arrival
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
*Birth date
 
+
*Birthplace
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
+
*Age
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
+
*Race
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
+
*Last foreign residence
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
+
*Current residence
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
+
*Arrival place
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
+
*Marital status
 +
*Name of spouse
 +
*Maiden name of wife
 +
*Birth date of spouse
 +
*Residence of spouse
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
+
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby localities.
 
  
== Record History ==
+
*The full name of your ancestor
 +
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
 +
*The ancestor’s residence
  
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
+
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
+
To search the collection by name fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  
=== Why this Record Was Created ===
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
  
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
+
==== Using the Information  ====
  
=== Record Reliability ===
+
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records.
  
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:
  
== Related Web Sites ==
+
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
 +
*Confirm their date of arrival
 +
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 +
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  
[http://www.archives.gov/northeast/ National Archives-New England Region].
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
 +
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 +
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 +
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 +
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
 +
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 +
*Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
[[Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship|Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1285114175591_332" />]]<br>[[Maine Naturalization and Citizenship|Maine Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship|New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship|Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship|Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 +
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 +
*Search the indexes and records or nearby localities.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
[[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]].  
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection ====
+
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.
+
*[[Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship|Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1285114175591_332" />]]
 +
*[[Maine Naturalization and Citizenship|Maine Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
*[[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
*[[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship|New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
*[[Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship|Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
*[[Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship|Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship]]
  
Examples of citations:
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
 
  
== How Has This Article Helped You? ==
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
 
 
[[FamilySearch_Collection_Feedback|Send us your story]]
 
 
 
==== Style Guide  ====
 
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch_Wiki:Guidelines_for_FamilySearch_Collections_pages|FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]].  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
“United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906,” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from United States Federal Archives and Records Center. NARA M1299. FHL Microfilm, 117 rolls. Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
We welcome your assistance in adding source citation information for individual archives when collection data was collected from various sources or archives. The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How_to_Create_Source_Citations_For_FamilySearch_Historical_Records_Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
"United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791." &nbsp;database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://familysearch.org]: accessed 8 April 2011). &nbsp;James Hadley, Hartford Connecticut; citing Naturalization Indexes, Connecticut H533 (Phillip)-J212 (Wolfe). Image 34; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.
  
&nbsp;
+
[[Category:United_States|Naturalizations]]

Revision as of 15:24, 4 March 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906 .
CID1840474
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}

Record Description

This collection is a Soundex index to photocopies of naturalization documents filed in courts in the following states:

  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont

The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see FamilySearch Wiki: Soundex

The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. 

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. 

These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906. 

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

For a list of records by localities and soundex currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906" Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing ARC Identifier 4752894. Waltham, Massachusetts: National Archives Northeast Region.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

New England Naturalization Index (10-0418) (11-0563) DGS 1429671 118.jpg
The index cards include the following:
  • Name of immigrant
  • Place of residence
  • Title and location of court granting certificate of naturalization
  • Volume and page number where certificate is recorded
  • Country of birth
  • Age or birth date
  • Date of arrival and U. S. port of entry
  • Names and address of witnesses

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

In post-1906 records, you may also find:

  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Age
  • Race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Arrival place
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse

How to Use the Record

When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  • Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes and records or nearby localities.

Related Websites

National Archives Northeast Region (Boston).

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791."  database and digital images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org: accessed 8 April 2011).  James Hadley, Hartford Connecticut; citing Naturalization Indexes, Connecticut H533 (Phillip)-J212 (Wolfe). Image 34; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.