Difference between revisions of "United States Native Races Part 5 - Where Do I Find Records?"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Importing text file)
 
(Added Category)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
This section includes information about repositories where you will find original documents about your Native American ancestors. These repositories include the Family History Library, national archives in the United States and Canada, and other repositories.
 
This section includes information about repositories where you will find original documents about your Native American ancestors. These repositories include the Family History Library, national archives in the United States and Canada, and other repositories.
 
 
<div class="Section35">
 
<div class="Section35">
 +
'''ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES'''
  
'''ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES '''
+
Archives collect and preserve original documents or copies from organizations such as churches or governments.&nbsp; Libraries generally collect published sources such as books, maps, and microfilm, but have also collected some original materials.&nbsp; This section describes some of the repositories of genealogical and historical records and sources for Native Americans.
 
 
Archives collect and preserve original documents or copies from organizations such as churches or governments.  Libraries generally collect published sources such as books, maps, and microfilm, but have also collected some original materials.  This section describes some of the repositories of genealogical and historical records and sources for Native Americans.
 
  
 
If you plan to visit one of these repositories, learn about them on their Internet site, or contact the organization and ask for information about their collection, hours, services, and fees.
 
If you plan to visit one of these repositories, learn about them on their Internet site, or contact the organization and ask for information about their collection, hours, services, and fees.
Line 11: Line 9:
 
For information about additional repositories with Native American records, see the “Archives and Libraries” section of the Family History Library’s United States Research Outline (30972), Canada Research Outline (34545), and the research outline for each state or province where your ancestor lived.
 
For information about additional repositories with Native American records, see the “Archives and Libraries” section of the Family History Library’s United States Research Outline (30972), Canada Research Outline (34545), and the research outline for each state or province where your ancestor lived.
  
'''National Archives and Libraries '''
+
'''National Archives and Libraries'''
  
'''United States. '''One of the largest collections of Native American material is housed at the National Archives and at their Field Branches. This includes Journals of the Continental Congress, Congressional Reports of Committees, Reports of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, War Department records, WPA Interviews of Indians on various reservations, individual History Cards, censuses, agency records, tribal records, and church records. Some of the information found in these records are names, dates, places, and tribal affiliation. They may contain any kind of record such as a census, list of individuals removed to another place, deaths, depredations suffered by Indians from non-Indians, names of Indian agents, and employees records. The records most often used by genealogists are censuses, military records, and Native American genealogies.
+
'''United States.'''One of the largest collections of Native American material is housed at the National Archives and at their Field Branches. This includes Journals of the Continental Congress, Congressional Reports of Committees, Reports of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, War Department records, WPA Interviews of Indians on various reservations, individual History Cards, censuses, agency records, tribal records, and church records. Some of the information found in these records are names, dates, places, and tribal affiliation. They may contain any kind of record such as a census, list of individuals removed to another place, deaths, depredations suffered by Indians from non-Indians, names of Indian agents, and employees records. The records most often used by genealogists are censuses, military records, and Native American genealogies.
  
 
There are several field branches serving different states and containing different records. You may want to write or call before visiting to find the availability and accessibility of the records in each area. The addresses and telephone numbers can be found in the United States Research Outline (30972). They can also be found in:
 
There are several field branches serving different states and containing different records. You may want to write or call before visiting to find the availability and accessibility of the records in each area. The addresses and telephone numbers can be found in the United States Research Outline (30972). They can also be found in:
Line 19: Line 17:
 
Hill, Edward E. ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1971. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.) This briefly describes civilian agency records including field office records, census rolls, treaties, territorial papers, and military records.
 
Hill, Edward E. ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1971. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.) This briefly describes civilian agency records including field office records, census rolls, treaties, territorial papers, and military records.
  
'''Canada. '''The Canadian government collects records about Canadian history, culture, and people.  Many such records are at the National Archives of Canada in Ottawa, formerly called the Public Archives of Canada. For details and addresses, see the Canada Research Outline (34545).
+
'''Canada.'''The Canadian government collects records about Canadian history, culture, and people.&nbsp; Many such records are at the National Archives of Canada in Ottawa, formerly called the Public Archives of Canada. For details and addresses, see the Canada Research Outline (34545).
 
 
The National Library of Canada is not the same as the National Archives. Although it has the same street and postal address, it has a helpful collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, and many other records.  Write for information about their holdings and services.
 
  
 +
The National Library of Canada is not the same as the National Archives. Although it has the same street and postal address, it has a helpful collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, and many other records.&nbsp; Write for information about their holdings and services.
 
</div><div class="Section36">
 
</div><div class="Section36">
 +
'''State (or Provincial) Archives and State Libraries'''
  
'''State (or Provincial) Archives and State Libraries '''
+
'''United States.'''Most state archives and state libraries store their records separate from those of the national government. They serve as repositories for records pertaining to their particular area. Addresses are available in the Family History Library’s state and provincial research outlines and at your public library.
  
'''United States. '''Most state archives and state libraries store their records separate from those of the national government. They serve as repositories for records pertaining to their particular area. Addresses are available in the Family History Library’s state and provincial research outlines and at your public library.
+
'''Canada.'''''''Each Canadian province has its own archives that are separate from those of the national government.&nbsp; These repositories have many records valuable for genealogical research regarding native peoples in their particular area. You many contact each provincial archive for information about its services. The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick and the Archives of Ontario lend microfilms to public and university libraries in North America that participate in the interlibrary loan service.&nbsp; The other archives do not. None of the archives have sufficient staff to research records for you, but they may be able to furnish names of researchers you can hire.
 
 
'''Canada.''''' ''Each Canadian province has its own archives that are separate from those of the national government.  These repositories have many records valuable for genealogical research regarding native peoples in their particular area. You many contact each provincial archive for information about its services. The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick and the Archives of Ontario lend microfilms to public and university libraries in North America that participate in the interlibrary loan service.  The other archives do not. None of the archives have sufficient staff to research records for you, but they may be able to furnish names of researchers you can hire.
 
  
 
For addresses and more information about Canadian provincial archives, see the Family History Library research outline for the province of interest.
 
For addresses and more information about Canadian provincial archives, see the Family History Library research outline for the province of interest.
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
+
'''County Courthouses, Town Halls, and Municipal Offices'''
'''County Courthouses, Town Halls, and Municipal Offices '''
 
 
 
 
<div class="Section37">
 
<div class="Section37">
 
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county courthouses and town halls are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county courthouses and town halls are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.
  
Line 44: Line 36:
  
 
Municipal offices in Canada, comparable to county courthouses and town halls in the United States, cannot legally provide copies of their vital records. A directory of addresses and telephone numbers of the municipal governments is cited in the Canada Research Outline (34545).
 
Municipal offices in Canada, comparable to county courthouses and town halls in the United States, cannot legally provide copies of their vital records. A directory of addresses and telephone numbers of the municipal governments is cited in the Canada Research Outline (34545).
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
+
'''Agencies'''
'''Agencies '''
 
  
 
'''United States.''' Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) agencies kept records. There are three levels for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Offices. The first is the local BIA office (agency or subagency). You can find good genealogical information in a number of records dating back to the establishment of the agency. The second level is the Area Office, which is usually limited primarily to land records. The third level is the Commissioner’s Office in Washington, D.C. Almost all of the Commissioner’s records have been transferred to the National Archives and are only available there. Be sure to call ahead to get the hours the agency is open and to get an idea of what records are available. The areas covered by BIA offices have changed over time.
 
'''United States.''' Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) agencies kept records. There are three levels for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Offices. The first is the local BIA office (agency or subagency). You can find good genealogical information in a number of records dating back to the establishment of the agency. The second level is the Area Office, which is usually limited primarily to land records. The third level is the Commissioner’s Office in Washington, D.C. Almost all of the Commissioner’s records have been transferred to the National Archives and are only available there. Be sure to call ahead to get the hours the agency is open and to get an idea of what records are available. The areas covered by BIA offices have changed over time.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Aberdeen Area Office)'''<br />115 Fourth Ave. SE<br />Aberdeen, SD 57401<br />Telephone: 605-226-7343<br />Fax: 605-226-7446<br />Internet: http://www.doi.gov/diversity/eeo_counsel/counselor_bia.htm<br /><br />Covers the following agencies: Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Fort Berthold, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Pine Ridge, Rosebud, Sisseton, Standing Rock (North Dakota), Turtle Mountain, Winnebago, Yankton.
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Aberdeen Area&nbsp;Office)'''<br>115 Fourth Ave. SE<br>Aberdeen, SD 57401<br>Telephone: 605-226-7343<br>Fax: 605-226-7446<br>Internet: http://www.doi.gov/diversity/eeo_counsel/counselor_bia.htm<br><br>Covers the following agencies: Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Fort Berthold, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Pine Ridge, Rosebud, Sisseton, Standing Rock (North Dakota), Turtle Mountain, Winnebago, Yankton.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Albuquerque Area Office)'''<br />P.O. Box 26567Albuquerque, NM 87125-6567<br />Telephone: 505-766-3754<br />Fax: 505-766-1964
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Albuquerque Area Office)'''<br>P.O. Box 26567Albuquerque, NM 87125-6567<br>Telephone: 505-766-3754<br>Fax: 505-766-1964
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Jicarilla, Laguna, Mescalero, Northern Pueblos, Ramah Navajo, Southern Pueblos, Southern Ute, Ute Mountain, and Zuni.
 
Covers the following agencies: Jicarilla, Laguna, Mescalero, Northern Pueblos, Ramah Navajo, Southern Pueblos, Southern Ute, Ute Mountain, and Zuni.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Anadarko Area Office)'''<br />W.C.D. Office Complex P.O. 368   <br />Anadarko, OK 73005-0368<br />Telephone: 405-247-6673<br />Fax: 405-247-2242
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Anadarko Area Office)'''<br>W.C.D. Office Complex P.O.&nbsp;368&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>Anadarko, OK 73005-0368<br>Telephone: 405-247-6673<br>Fax: 405-247-2242
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Anadarko, Concho, Horton, Pawnee, and Shawnee.
 
Covers the following agencies: Anadarko, Concho, Horton, Pawnee, and Shawnee.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Billings Area Office)'''<br />316 N. 26<sup>th</sup> Street <br />Billings, MT 59101-1362 <br />Telephone: 406-657-6315 <br />Fax: 406-657-6559
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Billings Area Office)'''<br>316 N. 26<sup>th</sup>&nbsp;Street <br>Billings, MT 59101-1362 <br>Telephone: 406-657-6315 <br>Fax: 406-657-6559
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Blackfoot, Crow, Fort Belknap, Fort Peck, Northern Cheyenne, Rocky Boy’s, and Wind River.
 
Covers the following agencies: Blackfoot, Crow, Fort Belknap, Fort Peck, Northern Cheyenne, Rocky Boy’s, and Wind River.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Eastern Area Office) '''<br />3701 N. Fairfax Drive <br />Mailstop VASQ 260 <br />Arlington, VA 22203 <br />Telephone: 703-235-3006 <br />Fax: 703-235-8610
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Eastern Area Office)'''<br>3701 N. Fairfax Drive <br>Mailstop VASQ 260 <br>Arlington, VA 22203 <br>Telephone: 703-235-3006 <br>Fax: 703-235-8610
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Cherokee, Choctaw, New York, and Seminole.
 
Covers the following agencies: Cherokee, Choctaw, New York, and Seminole.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Juneau Area Office)'''<br />P.O. Box 25520<br />Juneau, AK 99802 <br />Telephone: 907-586-7177 <br />Fax: 907-586-7169
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Juneau Area Office)'''<br>P.O. Box 25520<br>Juneau, AK 99802 <br>Telephone: 907-586-7177 <br>Fax: 907-586-7169
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Anchorage, Bethel, Fairbanks, and Nome.
 
Covers the following agencies: Anchorage, Bethel, Fairbanks, and Nome.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Minneapolis Area Office)'''<br />331 South Second Ave. <br />Minneapolis, MN 55401-2241 <br />Telephone: 612-373-1000 <br />Fax: 612-373-1186
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Minneapolis Area Office)'''<br>331 South Second Ave. <br>Minneapolis, MN 55401-2241 <br>Telephone: 612-373-1000 <br>Fax: 612-373-1186
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Great Lakes, Michigan, Minnesota, Red Lake, and Sac and Fox Field Office.
 
Covers the following agencies: Great Lakes, Michigan, Minnesota, Red Lake, and Sac and Fox Field Office.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Muskogee Area Office) '''<br />101 N. 5<sup>th</sup> <br />St. Muskogee, OK 74401 <br />Telephone: 918-687-2296 <br />Fax: 918-687-2571
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Muskogee Area Office)'''<br>101 N. 5<sup>th</sup>&nbsp;<br>St. Muskogee, OK 74401 <br>Telephone: 918-687-2296 <br>Fax: 918-687-2571
  
Covers the following agencies: Chickasaw, Okmulgee, Osage, Miami, Talihina, and<br />Wewoka.
+
Covers the following agencies: Chickasaw, Okmulgee, Osage, Miami, Talihina, and<br>Wewoka.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Navajo Area Office)'''<br />P.O. Box 1060<br />Gallup, NM 87305<br />Telephone: 505-863-8314<br />Fax: 505-863-8324
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Navajo Area Office)'''<br>P.O. Box 1060<br>Gallup, NM 87305<br>Telephone: 505-863-8314<br>Fax: 505-863-8324
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Chinle, Eastern Navajo, Fort Defiance, Shiprock, and Western Navajo.
 
Covers the following agencies: Chinle, Eastern Navajo, Fort Defiance, Shiprock, and Western Navajo.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Portland Area Office) '''<br />The Federal Building <br />911 NE 11<sup>th</sup> Avenue <br />Portland, OR 97232-4169 <br />Telephone: 503-231-6702 <br />Fax: 503-231-2201
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Portland Area Office)'''<br>The Federal Building <br>911 NE 11<sup>th</sup>&nbsp;Avenue <br>Portland, OR 97232-4169 <br>Telephone: 503-231-6702 <br>Fax: 503-231-2201
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Colville, Chiloquin Sub-Agency, Flathead, Fort Hall, Northern Idaho, Makah, Metlakatla Field Station, Olympic Peninsula, Plummer Field Office, Puget Sound, Siletz, Spokane, Umatilla, Warms Springs and Yakima.
 
Covers the following agencies: Colville, Chiloquin Sub-Agency, Flathead, Fort Hall, Northern Idaho, Makah, Metlakatla Field Station, Olympic Peninsula, Plummer Field Office, Puget Sound, Siletz, Spokane, Umatilla, Warms Springs and Yakima.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Phoenix Area Office) '''<br />P.O. Box 10<br />Phoenix, AZ 85001<br />Telephone: 602-379-6600<br />Fax: 602-379-4413
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Phoenix Area Office)'''<br>P.O. Box 10<br>Phoenix, AZ 85001<br>Telephone: 602-379-6600<br>Fax: 602-379-4413
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Colorado River, Eastern Nevada, Fort Apache, Fort Yuma, Hopi, Papago, Pima, Salt River, San Carlos, Southern Paiute Field Station, Truxton Canon, Unitah &amp; Ouray, and Western Nevada.
 
Covers the following agencies: Colorado River, Eastern Nevada, Fort Apache, Fort Yuma, Hopi, Papago, Pima, Salt River, San Carlos, Southern Paiute Field Station, Truxton Canon, Unitah &amp; Ouray, and Western Nevada.
  
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Sacramento Area Office)'''<br />2800 Cottage Way<br />Sacramento, CA 95825-1846<br />Telephone: 916-978-4691<br />Fax: 916-978-4695
+
'''Bureau of Indian Affairs (Sacramento Area Office)'''<br>2800 Cottage Way<br>Sacramento, CA 95825-1846<br>Telephone: 916-978-4691<br>Fax: 916-978-4695
  
 
Covers the following agencies: Central California, Northern California, Palm Springs Field Agency and Southern California.
 
Covers the following agencies: Central California, Northern California, Palm Springs Field Agency and Southern California.
Line 99: Line 89:
 
The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was established in 1966 to replace the department of Northern Affairs and National Resources. The 1968 reorganization created three programs, one of which was Indian and Inuit Affairs. An office of Native Claims was established in 1974 to represent the government in claims negotiations with native groups. The department commonly called DIAND is responsible for the administration of the resources and affairs of the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory.
 
The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was established in 1966 to replace the department of Northern Affairs and National Resources. The 1968 reorganization created three programs, one of which was Indian and Inuit Affairs. An office of Native Claims was established in 1974 to represent the government in claims negotiations with native groups. The department commonly called DIAND is responsible for the administration of the resources and affairs of the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory.
  
'''Indian and Northern Affairs Canada'''<br />Terrasses de la Chaudiere<br />10 Wellington Street<br />Hull, Quebec<br />Postal Address:<br />Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H4<br />Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/index-eng.asp
+
'''Indian and Northern Affairs Canada'''<br>Terrasses de la Chaudiere<br>10 Wellington Street<br>Hull, Quebec<br>Postal Address:<br>Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H4<br>Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/index-eng.asp
  
 
The following are the regional offices:
 
The following are the regional offices:
  
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Atlantic Region) '''<br />P.O. Box 16040 Havelock Street<br />Amherst, Nova Scotia  B4H 3Z3<br />Telephone: 902-661-6200<br />Fax: 902-661-6237<br />Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/at/index_e.html
+
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Atlantic Region)'''<br>P.O. Box 16040 Havelock Street<br>Amherst, Nova Scotia&nbsp; B4H 3Z3<br>Telephone: 902-661-6200<br>Fax: 902-661-6237<br>Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/at/index_e.html
  
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Ontario Region)'''<br />5th Floor<br />25 St. Clair Avenue East<br />Toronto, Ontario M4T 1M2<br />Telephone: 416-973-6234<br />Fax: 416-954-6329
+
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Ontario Region)'''<br>5th Floor<br>25 St. Clair Avenue East<br>Toronto, Ontario M4T 1M2<br>Telephone: 416-973-6234<br>Fax: 416-954-6329
  
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Saskatchewan Region)'''<br />2221 Cornwall Street <br />Regina, Saskatchewan S4P 4M2 <br />Telephone: 306-780-5940 <br />Fax: 306-780-5733
+
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Saskatchewan Region)'''<br>2221 Cornwall Street <br>Regina, Saskatchewan S4P 4M2 <br>Telephone: 306-780-5940 <br>Fax: 306-780-5733
  
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (British Columbia Region)'''<br />Suite 340<br />1550 Alberni Street<br />Vancouver, B.C. V6G 3C5<br />Telephone: 604-666-7891<br />Fax: 604-666-2546
+
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (British Columbia Region)'''<br>Suite 340<br>1550 Alberni Street<br>Vancouver, B.C. V6G 3C5<br>Telephone: 604-666-7891<br>Fax: 604-666-2546
  
'''DIAND (Northwest Territories Region)'''<br />P.O. Box 1500<br />Yellowknife, N.W.T. X1A 2R3<br />Telephone: 403-669-2500<br />Telephone: 403-669-2709<br />Internet: http://nwt-tno.inac-ainc.gc.ca/ism-sid/index_e.asp
+
'''DIAND (Northwest Territories Region)'''<br>P.O. Box 1500<br>Yellowknife, N.W.T. X1A 2R3<br>Telephone: 403-669-2500<br>Telephone: 403-669-2709<br>Internet: http://nwt-tno.inac-ainc.gc.ca/ism-sid/index_e.asp
  
'''DIAND (Yukon Region)'''<br />345-300 Main Street<br />Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2B5<br />Telephone: 867-667-3100<br />Fax: 867-667-3196
+
'''DIAND (Yukon Region)'''<br>345-300 Main Street<br>Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2B5<br>Telephone: 867-667-3100<br>Fax: 867-667-3196
  
'''Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (Quebec Region)'''<br />P.O. Box 51127<br />Postal Outlet G. Roy<br />320 St. Joseph Street East<br />Quebec, Quebec G1K 8Z7<br />Telephone: 418-648-7551<br />Fax: 418-648-4075<br />Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/qc/index_e.html<br /><br />'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Manitoba Region)'''<br />Room 1100<br />275 Portage Avenue<br />Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 3A3<br />Telephone: 204-983-4928<br />Fax: 204-983-7820
+
'''Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (Quebec Region)'''<br>P.O. Box 51127<br>Postal Outlet G. Roy<br>320 St. Joseph Street East<br>Quebec, Quebec G1K 8Z7<br>Telephone: 418-648-7551<br>Fax: 418-648-4075<br>Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/qc/index_e.html<br><br>'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Manitoba Region)'''<br>Room 1100<br>275 Portage Avenue<br>Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 3A3<br>Telephone: 204-983-4928<br>Fax: 204-983-7820
  
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Albert Region)'''<br />630 Canada Place<br />9700 Jasper Avenue<br />Edmonton, Alberta  T5J 4G2<br />Telephone: 403-495-2773<br />Fax: 403-495-4088
+
'''Indian and Inuit Affairs (Albert Region)'''<br>630 Canada Place<br>9700 Jasper Avenue<br>Edmonton, Alberta&nbsp; T5J 4G2<br>Telephone: 403-495-2773<br>Fax: 403-495-4088
  
 
For further information see:
 
For further information see:
  
''Canadian Almanac &amp; Directory. ''Toronto, Ontario: Copp, Clark. Annual. (FHL book 971 E4ca.) This is a listing of various libraries, government offices, and other information.
+
''Canadian Almanac &amp; Directory.''Toronto, Ontario: Copp, Clark. Annual. (FHL book 971 E4ca.) This is a listing of various libraries, government offices, and other information.
 
 
Russell, Bill. ''Records of the Federal Department of Indian Affairs at the National Archives of Canada: A Source for Genealogical Research. ''(FHL book 970.1 R911r.) This book includes a list of Indian records at the National Archives of Canada.
 
  
 +
Russell, Bill. ''Records of the Federal Department of Indian Affairs at the National Archives of Canada: A Source for Genealogical Research.''(FHL book 970.1 R911r.) This book includes a list of Indian records at the National Archives of Canada.
 
<div class="Section39">
 
<div class="Section39">
 
+
'''Tribal Offices'''
'''Tribal Offices '''
 
  
 
Since the Indian Reorganization Act in 1934, some tribes in the United States have started to keep their own records. They keep the same records as a county or town would keep, such as land, probate, or vital records. Be sure to call the office ahead of time to get the hours the office is open and what records are available. In Canada records at the tribal offices may start later than 1934.
 
Since the Indian Reorganization Act in 1934, some tribes in the United States have started to keep their own records. They keep the same records as a county or town would keep, such as land, probate, or vital records. Be sure to call the office ahead of time to get the hours the office is open and what records are available. In Canada records at the tribal offices may start later than 1934.
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
+
'''Other Libraries'''
'''Other Libraries '''
 
 
 
 
<div class="Section40">
 
<div class="Section40">
 
 
Public Libraries. Remember to use your local public library. Some have sections devoted to specialty areas such as genealogy, Native Americans, and other ethnic or historical collections.
 
Public Libraries. Remember to use your local public library. Some have sections devoted to specialty areas such as genealogy, Native Americans, and other ethnic or historical collections.
  
 
Addresses of many private Canadian archives, libraries, museums, educational centers, tribal headquarters, newspapers, and other nongovernmental organizations controlled by or serving Indians, Inuit, and mixed-blood groups are listed in:
 
Addresses of many private Canadian archives, libraries, museums, educational centers, tribal headquarters, newspapers, and other nongovernmental organizations controlled by or serving Indians, Inuit, and mixed-blood groups are listed in:
  
Snyder, Fred, ed. ''Native American Directory: Alaska, Canada, United States. ''San Carlos, Arizona: National Native American Co-Operative, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 B768s.)
+
Snyder, Fred, ed. ''Native American Directory: Alaska, Canada, United States.''San Carlos, Arizona: National Native American Co-Operative, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 B768s.)
  
 
Museums sometimes have archives or libraries with helpful information. For addresses, see:
 
Museums sometimes have archives or libraries with helpful information. For addresses, see:
Line 151: Line 135:
 
'''University of Oklahoma Library (Norman, Oklahoma).''' Some of the items included in the collection are “Ridge-Watie-Boudinot Families,” “Duke Indian Oral History Collection,” and “Cherokee Nation Papers.” The materials include personal papers such as correspondence, diaries, journals, scrapbooks, legal and financial records concerning the affairs of businesses and organizations, tribal records that include Indian laws, governments, relations with the U.S. Government, newspaper articles, brochures, and pamphlets. These are described in:
 
'''University of Oklahoma Library (Norman, Oklahoma).''' Some of the items included in the collection are “Ridge-Watie-Boudinot Families,” “Duke Indian Oral History Collection,” and “Cherokee Nation Papers.” The materials include personal papers such as correspondence, diaries, journals, scrapbooks, legal and financial records concerning the affairs of businesses and organizations, tribal records that include Indian laws, governments, relations with the U.S. Government, newspaper articles, brochures, and pamphlets. These are described in:
  
''American Indian Resource Materials in the Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma. ''Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (FHL Book no. 970.1 Am35d.)
+
''American Indian Resource Materials in the Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma.''Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (FHL Book no. 970.1 Am35d.)
  
 
Gibson, Arrell M., ed. ''A Guide to Regional Manuscript Collections in the Division of Manuscripts: University of Oklahoma Library''. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 976.6 H2g.)
 
Gibson, Arrell M., ed. ''A Guide to Regional Manuscript Collections in the Division of Manuscripts: University of Oklahoma Library''. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 976.6 H2g.)
  
'''Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma). '''Includes records of Cyrus Byinton a Presbyterian minister and missionary to the Choctaws, papers of Brinton Darlington an agent for the Cheyenne-Arapaho from1871 to 1972. These are described in:
+
'''Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma).'''Includes records of Cyrus Byinton a Presbyterian minister and missionary to the Choctaws, papers of Brinton Darlington an agent for the Cheyenne-Arapaho from1871 to 1972. These are described in:
  
 
Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art. ''A Guidebook to Manuscripts in the Library of the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art''. Tulsa, Oklahoma: TGIAHA, 1969. (FHL book 976.6 A3k.) This guide includes a name and tribe index.
 
Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art. ''A Guidebook to Manuscripts in the Library of the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art''. Tulsa, Oklahoma: TGIAHA, 1969. (FHL book 976.6 A3k.) This guide includes a name and tribe index.
  
'''University of Tulsa Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma). '''Contains several records such as The Worcester-Robertson Family Papers (also known as the Alice Robertson Collection), which contains letters, newspapers, books, photographs, etc. The John W. Shleppy Collection contains mission and missionary histories, captivity narratives, etc. The library also contains muster rolls from Fort Gibson, and handwritten settler’s roll from the Cherokee Nation. These are described in:
+
'''University of Tulsa Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma).'''Contains several records such as The Worcester-Robertson Family Papers (also known as the Alice Robertson Collection), which contains letters, newspapers, books, photographs, etc. The John W. Shleppy Collection contains mission and missionary histories, captivity narratives, etc. The library also contains muster rolls from Fort Gibson, and handwritten settler’s roll from the Cherokee Nation. These are described in:
  
''“Indian Studies Resources at the University of Tulsa.” ''The Chronicles of Oklahoma 55 (Spring 1977). (FHL book 976.6 B2c.)
+
''“Indian Studies Resources at the University of Tulsa.”''The Chronicles of Oklahoma 55 (Spring 1977). (FHL book 976.6 B2c.)
  
 
Guides to Other Native American Collections include:
 
Guides to Other Native American Collections include:
Line 167: Line 151:
 
Chepesiuk, Ron. ''American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast''. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL Book no. 970.1 C421a.) This guide contains an index and bibliography of holdings in repositories in the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
 
Chepesiuk, Ron. ''American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast''. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL Book no. 970.1 C421a.) This guide contains an index and bibliography of holdings in repositories in the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
  
Connecticut State Library (Hartford, Connecticut). ''Connecticut Archives, Indians, 1647-1789. ''Hartford, Connecticut: [N.p..], 1922. (FHL Film 376987 item 2.) This contains an index to the names of persons found in documents of the Connecticut Archives involving Indian affairs and legislation.
+
Connecticut State Library (Hartford, Connecticut). ''Connecticut Archives, Indians, 1647-1789.''Hartford, Connecticut: [N.p..], 1922. (FHL Film 376987 item 2.) This contains an index to the names of persons found in documents of the Connecticut Archives involving Indian affairs and legislation.
  
Tennessee. State Library and Archives.  Manuscript Division (Nashville). ''Cherokee Collection''. Nashville, Tennessee: The Library, 1966. (FHL film 1425611 item 4.) This collections contains documents from 1755 to 1878, including the papers of John Ross, 1790-1866, who was a Chief of the Cherokees. It contains a name index and a chronology of events.
+
Tennessee. State Library and Archives.&nbsp; Manuscript Division (Nashville). ''Cherokee Collection''. Nashville, Tennessee: The Library, 1966. (FHL film 1425611 item 4.) This collections contains documents from 1755 to 1878, including the papers of John Ross, 1790-1866, who was a Chief of the Cherokees. It contains a name index and a chronology of events.
  
 
Mississippi. Department of Archives and History. ''Mississippi Provincial Archives [1757-1820] Spanish Dominion''. Jackson, Mississippi: Photoduplication Div., 1969. (FHL Film 899972­80.) These records were copied from documents in the General Archive of the Indies in Seville, Spain. They are written in Spanish, French, and English and are unindexed. They contain records of the Spanish government and military regulations of early Louisiana and other Gulf coast states.
 
Mississippi. Department of Archives and History. ''Mississippi Provincial Archives [1757-1820] Spanish Dominion''. Jackson, Mississippi: Photoduplication Div., 1969. (FHL Film 899972­80.) These records were copied from documents in the General Archive of the Indies in Seville, Spain. They are written in Spanish, French, and English and are unindexed. They contain records of the Spanish government and military regulations of early Louisiana and other Gulf coast states.
  
''An Essay Toward an Indian Bibliography: Being a Catalogue of Books Relating to the History, Antiquities, Languages, Customs, Religion, Wars, Literature and Origin of the American Indians in the Library of Thomas W. Field, with Bibliographical and Historical Notes and Synopses of the Contents of Some of the Works Least Known, ''1873 reprint. Columbus, Ohio: Long’s College Book Co., 1951. (FHL Book 970.1 F458e .) The sources in this bibliography are listed by the name of the author and include a description of the books.
+
''An Essay Toward an Indian Bibliography: Being a Catalogue of Books Relating to the History, Antiquities, Languages, Customs, Religion, Wars, Literature and Origin of the American Indians in the Library of Thomas W. Field, with Bibliographical and Historical Notes and Synopses of the Contents of Some of the Works Least Known,''1873 reprint. Columbus, Ohio: Long’s College Book Co., 1951. (FHL Book 970.1 F458e .) The sources in this bibliography are listed by the name of the author and include a description of the books.
  
 
California Indian Library Collections. ''Finding Guide to the California Indian Library Collections: California State Library''. Berkeley, California: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. This set contains tribal collections deposited in twenty California public libraries, photographs, an index to three collections of sound recordings, 36 tribal bibliographies, and more.
 
California Indian Library Collections. ''Finding Guide to the California Indian Library Collections: California State Library''. Berkeley, California: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. This set contains tribal collections deposited in twenty California public libraries, photographs, an index to three collections of sound recordings, 36 tribal bibliographies, and more.
  
 
''Bibliography of Native Americans on Disc''. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1992. This contains the most comprehensive general bibliography of articles and books about Native Americans.
 
''Bibliography of Native Americans on Disc''. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1992. This contains the most comprehensive general bibliography of articles and books about Native Americans.
 
 
</div><div class="Section41">
 
</div><div class="Section41">
 +
'''NATIVE AMERICAN RECORDS IN OTHER COUNTRIES'''
  
'''NATIVE AMERICAN RECORDS IN OTHER COUNTRIES '''
+
Some records are in the archives of other governments.&nbsp; To use these records, it will help to know the language of the country.
 
 
Some records are in the archives of other governments.  To use these records, it will help to know the language of the country.
 
  
 
For instance, in the French Archives there are many records of the Jesuits, some dealing with the Hurons. There are other records dealing with Colonial America before the British took over. These records are written in French.
 
For instance, in the French Archives there are many records of the Jesuits, some dealing with the Hurons. There are other records dealing with Colonial America before the British took over. These records are written in French.
  
Records kept by the Russians for Alaska and parts of Canada are either housed in St. Petersburg (Church records) or Moscow (government records).  These records are in Russian or Finnish. Some of the church records are available at the Family History Library.
+
Records kept by the Russians for Alaska and parts of Canada are either housed in St. Petersburg (Church records) or Moscow (government records).&nbsp; These records are in Russian or Finnish. Some of the church records are available at the Family History Library.
  
 
A guide book to help search British records is:
 
A guide book to help search British records is:
Line 197: Line 179:
 
Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts [http://www.hmc.gov.uk/ www.hmc.gov.uk]
 
Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts [http://www.hmc.gov.uk/ www.hmc.gov.uk]
  
Public Record Office [http://www.pro.gov.uk/ www.pro.gov.uk]  or
+
Public Record Office [http://www.pro.gov.uk/ www.pro.gov.uk] &nbsp;or
  
 
[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/#archives www.genuki.org.uk/big/#archives]
 
[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/#archives www.genuki.org.uk/big/#archives]
Line 203: Line 185:
 
For further information see:
 
For further information see:
  
Anderson, William L.  ''A Guide to Cherokee Documents in Foreign Archives''. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1983. (FHL book 970.3 C424aw.) This lists material in archives in Canada, France, Great Britain, Mexico, and Spain dealing with Cherokee Indians.
+
Anderson, William L.&nbsp; ''A Guide to Cherokee Documents in Foreign Archives''. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1983. (FHL book 970.3 C424aw.) This lists material in archives in Canada, France, Great Britain, Mexico, and Spain dealing with Cherokee Indians.
  
 
Forbes, Jack D. ''Apache, Navaho [sic] and Spaniard''. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 970.1 F744.) This lists records of the Apache and Navajo tribes in archives in Spain and Mexico.
 
Forbes, Jack D. ''Apache, Navaho [sic] and Spaniard''. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 970.1 F744.) This lists records of the Apache and Navajo tribes in archives in Spain and Mexico.
  
Freeman, John F.  ''A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian in the Library of the American Philosophical Society''. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: American Philosophical Society, 1966. (FHL book 970.1 F877g.) This lists some records that are in Archives in Mexico, Great Britain, and France.
+
Freeman, John F.&nbsp; ''A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian in the Library of the American Philosophical Society''. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: American Philosophical Society, 1966. (FHL book 970.1 F877g.) This lists some records that are in Archives in Mexico, Great Britain, and France.
  
 
Shankman, Arnold M. ''American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast''. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 C421a.) Some libraries list other Archives, such as the Archives Nationale in Paris and the British Public Records Office, as additional places to look for records.
 
Shankman, Arnold M. ''American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast''. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 C421a.) Some libraries list other Archives, such as the Archives Nationale in Paris and the British Public Records Office, as additional places to look for records.
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
'''FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY'''
 
'''FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY'''
  
 
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a large collection of Native American records. The address is:
 
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a large collection of Native American records. The address is:
 
 
<div class="Section42">
 
<div class="Section42">
 
+
Family History Library <br>35 North West Temple St. <br>Salt Lake City, UT 84120 <br>Telephone: 801-240-2331<br>Internet: [http://www.familysearch.org/ www.familysearch.org]
Family History Library <br />35 North West Temple St. <br />Salt Lake City, UT 84120 <br />Telephone: 801-240-2331<br />Internet: [http://www.familysearch.org/ www.familysearch.org]
 
  
 
The key to finding a record in the Family History Library's collection is the Family History Library Catalog. The catalog describes each of the library's records and provides the call numbers. The catalog is available on compact disc as part of FamilySearch and on microfiche. It is at the Family History Library and at each family history center.
 
The key to finding a record in the Family History Library's collection is the Family History Library Catalog. The catalog describes each of the library's records and provides the call numbers. The catalog is available on compact disc as part of FamilySearch and on microfiche. It is at the Family History Library and at each family history center.
  
The Family History Library Catalog  has eight types of searches.  The following would be most useful for this application.
+
The Family History Library Catalog&nbsp; has&nbsp;eight types of searches.&nbsp; The following would be most useful for this application.
  
'''Place Search'' '''''
+
'''Place&nbsp;Search'''''''
  
The Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists records according to the area they cover. Records relating to the entire nation, such as Indian handbooks, are listed under Canada or the United States. Some records are for ''province'' or ''state''. Most records are listed under a specific ''county'', ''town'', or ''parish. ''
+
The Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists records according to the area they cover. Records relating to the entire nation, such as Indian handbooks, are listed under Canada or the United States. Some records are for ''province'' or ''state''. Most records are listed under a specific ''county'', ''town'', or ''parish.''
  
For example, in the Place Search look for:
+
For example, in the&nbsp;Place Search look for:
  
 
* The ''place'' where an ancestor lived, such as:
 
* The ''place'' where an ancestor lived, such as:
  
'''''NORTH AMERICA '''''(continent) '''''CANADA '''''(nation) '''''QUEBEC '''''(province or state) '''''QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE '''''(state or province, county) '''''QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE, CAUGHNAWAGA '''''
+
'''''NORTH AMERICA'''''(continent) '''''CANADA'''''(nation) '''''QUEBEC'''''(province or state) '''''QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE'''''(state or province, county) '''''QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE, CAUGHNAWAGA'''''
  
 
(state or province, county, town)
 
(state or province, county, town)
Line 239: Line 217:
 
* Then the ''record type'' you want, such as:
 
* Then the ''record type'' you want, such as:
  
NORTH AMERICA -'''''NATIVE RACES '''''UNITED STATES -'''''MINORITIES '''''OKLAHOMA -'''''CENSUS '''''OKLAHOMA, OTTAWA -'''''VITAL RECORDS '''''OKLAHOMA, OTTAWA, WYANDOTTE ­
+
NORTH AMERICA -'''''NATIVE RACES'''''UNITED STATES -'''''MINORITIES'''''OKLAHOMA -'''''CENSUS'''''OKLAHOMA, OTTAWA -'''''VITAL RECORDS'''''OKLAHOMA, OTTAWA, WYANDOTTE ­
 
+
</div><div class="Section43">
</div>
+
'''SCHOOLS'''''''
 
 
<div class="Section43">
 
  
'''SCHOOLS'' '''''
+
Almost any&nbsp;Place Search record type could include Indians, but two types are more closely associated with Indians than most. The “Native Races” record type is always about Indians if used with a locality in the United States or Canada. The “Minorities” record type is usually about other ethnic or religious groups, but occasionally it includes mixed ancestry groups which are partially Indian.
  
Almost any Place Search record type could include Indians, but two types are more closely associated with Indians than most. The “Native Races” record type is always about Indians if used with a locality in the United States or Canada. The “Minorities” record type is usually about other ethnic or religious groups, but occasionally it includes mixed ancestry groups which are partially Indian.
+
'''Subject Search'''''''
 
 
'''Subject Search'' '''''
 
  
 
You can also find many Indian records in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog on microfiche. First look under the name of the tribe or ethnic group, such as:
 
You can also find many Indian records in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog on microfiche. First look under the name of the tribe or ethnic group, such as:
Line 262: Line 236:
 
* MELUNGEONS
 
* MELUNGEONS
 
* MÉTIS
 
* MÉTIS
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
The subject INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA includes the largest group of records about Indians. There are many subdivisions. A few examples are:
 
The subject INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA includes the largest group of records about Indians. There are many subdivisions. A few examples are:
  
 
INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­BIOGRAPHY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - BRITISH
 
INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­BIOGRAPHY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - BRITISH
 
 
<div class="Section43">
 
<div class="Section43">
 
 
COLUMBIA INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CENSUS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CLAIMS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­
 
COLUMBIA INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CENSUS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CLAIMS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
GENEALOGY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - HISTORY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - MIXED
 
GENEALOGY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - HISTORY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - MIXED
 
 
<div class="Section43">
 
<div class="Section43">
 +
BLOODS<br>INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA -<br>RESERVATIONS - DIRECTORIES<br>INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - TEXAS
  
BLOODS<br />INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA -<br />RESERVATIONS - DIRECTORIES<br />INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - TEXAS
+
'''''Surname Search'''''
 
 
'''''Surname Search '''''
 
 
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
Look for Indian biographies in the Surname Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the individual, such as:
 
Look for Indian biographies in the Surname Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the individual, such as:
  
Line 298: Line 262:
 
* ROLFE
 
* ROLFE
 
* SMITH
 
* SMITH
 +
 +
[[Category:United States of America]]

Revision as of 22:58, 24 January 2008

This section includes information about repositories where you will find original documents about your Native American ancestors. These repositories include the Family History Library, national archives in the United States and Canada, and other repositories.

ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES

Archives collect and preserve original documents or copies from organizations such as churches or governments.  Libraries generally collect published sources such as books, maps, and microfilm, but have also collected some original materials.  This section describes some of the repositories of genealogical and historical records and sources for Native Americans.

If you plan to visit one of these repositories, learn about them on their Internet site, or contact the organization and ask for information about their collection, hours, services, and fees.

For information about additional repositories with Native American records, see the “Archives and Libraries” section of the Family History Library’s United States Research Outline (30972), Canada Research Outline (34545), and the research outline for each state or province where your ancestor lived.

National Archives and Libraries

United States.One of the largest collections of Native American material is housed at the National Archives and at their Field Branches. This includes Journals of the Continental Congress, Congressional Reports of Committees, Reports of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, War Department records, WPA Interviews of Indians on various reservations, individual History Cards, censuses, agency records, tribal records, and church records. Some of the information found in these records are names, dates, places, and tribal affiliation. They may contain any kind of record such as a census, list of individuals removed to another place, deaths, depredations suffered by Indians from non-Indians, names of Indian agents, and employees records. The records most often used by genealogists are censuses, military records, and Native American genealogies.

There are several field branches serving different states and containing different records. You may want to write or call before visiting to find the availability and accessibility of the records in each area. The addresses and telephone numbers can be found in the United States Research Outline (30972). They can also be found in:

Hill, Edward E. Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1971. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.) This briefly describes civilian agency records including field office records, census rolls, treaties, territorial papers, and military records.

Canada.The Canadian government collects records about Canadian history, culture, and people.  Many such records are at the National Archives of Canada in Ottawa, formerly called the Public Archives of Canada. For details and addresses, see the Canada Research Outline (34545).

The National Library of Canada is not the same as the National Archives. Although it has the same street and postal address, it has a helpful collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, and many other records.  Write for information about their holdings and services.

State (or Provincial) Archives and State Libraries

United States.Most state archives and state libraries store their records separate from those of the national government. They serve as repositories for records pertaining to their particular area. Addresses are available in the Family History Library’s state and provincial research outlines and at your public library.

Canada.''Each Canadian province has its own archives that are separate from those of the national government.  These repositories have many records valuable for genealogical research regarding native peoples in their particular area. You many contact each provincial archive for information about its services. The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick and the Archives of Ontario lend microfilms to public and university libraries in North America that participate in the interlibrary loan service.  The other archives do not. None of the archives have sufficient staff to research records for you, but they may be able to furnish names of researchers you can hire.

For addresses and more information about Canadian provincial archives, see the Family History Library research outline for the province of interest.

County Courthouses, Town Halls, and Municipal Offices

Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county courthouses and town halls are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.

The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. The state research outlines provide further information on how to obtain these records.

Municipal offices in Canada, comparable to county courthouses and town halls in the United States, cannot legally provide copies of their vital records. A directory of addresses and telephone numbers of the municipal governments is cited in the Canada Research Outline (34545).

Agencies

United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) agencies kept records. There are three levels for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Offices. The first is the local BIA office (agency or subagency). You can find good genealogical information in a number of records dating back to the establishment of the agency. The second level is the Area Office, which is usually limited primarily to land records. The third level is the Commissioner’s Office in Washington, D.C. Almost all of the Commissioner’s records have been transferred to the National Archives and are only available there. Be sure to call ahead to get the hours the agency is open and to get an idea of what records are available. The areas covered by BIA offices have changed over time.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Aberdeen Area Office)
115 Fourth Ave. SE
Aberdeen, SD 57401
Telephone: 605-226-7343
Fax: 605-226-7446
Internet: http://www.doi.gov/diversity/eeo_counsel/counselor_bia.htm

Covers the following agencies: Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Fort Berthold, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Pine Ridge, Rosebud, Sisseton, Standing Rock (North Dakota), Turtle Mountain, Winnebago, Yankton.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Albuquerque Area Office)
P.O. Box 26567Albuquerque, NM 87125-6567
Telephone: 505-766-3754
Fax: 505-766-1964

Covers the following agencies: Jicarilla, Laguna, Mescalero, Northern Pueblos, Ramah Navajo, Southern Pueblos, Southern Ute, Ute Mountain, and Zuni.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Anadarko Area Office)
W.C.D. Office Complex P.O. 368   
Anadarko, OK 73005-0368
Telephone: 405-247-6673
Fax: 405-247-2242

Covers the following agencies: Anadarko, Concho, Horton, Pawnee, and Shawnee.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Billings Area Office)
316 N. 26th Street
Billings, MT 59101-1362
Telephone: 406-657-6315
Fax: 406-657-6559

Covers the following agencies: Blackfoot, Crow, Fort Belknap, Fort Peck, Northern Cheyenne, Rocky Boy’s, and Wind River.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Eastern Area Office)
3701 N. Fairfax Drive
Mailstop VASQ 260
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 703-235-3006
Fax: 703-235-8610

Covers the following agencies: Cherokee, Choctaw, New York, and Seminole.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Juneau Area Office)
P.O. Box 25520
Juneau, AK 99802
Telephone: 907-586-7177
Fax: 907-586-7169

Covers the following agencies: Anchorage, Bethel, Fairbanks, and Nome.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Minneapolis Area Office)
331 South Second Ave.
Minneapolis, MN 55401-2241
Telephone: 612-373-1000
Fax: 612-373-1186

Covers the following agencies: Great Lakes, Michigan, Minnesota, Red Lake, and Sac and Fox Field Office.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Muskogee Area Office)
101 N. 5th 
St. Muskogee, OK 74401
Telephone: 918-687-2296
Fax: 918-687-2571

Covers the following agencies: Chickasaw, Okmulgee, Osage, Miami, Talihina, and
Wewoka.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Navajo Area Office)
P.O. Box 1060
Gallup, NM 87305
Telephone: 505-863-8314
Fax: 505-863-8324

Covers the following agencies: Chinle, Eastern Navajo, Fort Defiance, Shiprock, and Western Navajo.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Portland Area Office)
The Federal Building
911 NE 11th Avenue
Portland, OR 97232-4169
Telephone: 503-231-6702
Fax: 503-231-2201

Covers the following agencies: Colville, Chiloquin Sub-Agency, Flathead, Fort Hall, Northern Idaho, Makah, Metlakatla Field Station, Olympic Peninsula, Plummer Field Office, Puget Sound, Siletz, Spokane, Umatilla, Warms Springs and Yakima.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Phoenix Area Office)
P.O. Box 10
Phoenix, AZ 85001
Telephone: 602-379-6600
Fax: 602-379-4413

Covers the following agencies: Colorado River, Eastern Nevada, Fort Apache, Fort Yuma, Hopi, Papago, Pima, Salt River, San Carlos, Southern Paiute Field Station, Truxton Canon, Unitah & Ouray, and Western Nevada.

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Sacramento Area Office)
2800 Cottage Way
Sacramento, CA 95825-1846
Telephone: 916-978-4691
Fax: 916-978-4695

Covers the following agencies: Central California, Northern California, Palm Springs Field Agency and Southern California.

The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was established in 1966 to replace the department of Northern Affairs and National Resources. The 1968 reorganization created three programs, one of which was Indian and Inuit Affairs. An office of Native Claims was established in 1974 to represent the government in claims negotiations with native groups. The department commonly called DIAND is responsible for the administration of the resources and affairs of the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory.

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Terrasses de la Chaudiere
10 Wellington Street
Hull, Quebec
Postal Address:
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H4
Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/index-eng.asp

The following are the regional offices:

Indian and Inuit Affairs (Atlantic Region)
P.O. Box 16040 Havelock Street
Amherst, Nova Scotia  B4H 3Z3
Telephone: 902-661-6200
Fax: 902-661-6237
Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/at/index_e.html

Indian and Inuit Affairs (Ontario Region)
5th Floor
25 St. Clair Avenue East
Toronto, Ontario M4T 1M2
Telephone: 416-973-6234
Fax: 416-954-6329

Indian and Inuit Affairs (Saskatchewan Region)
2221 Cornwall Street
Regina, Saskatchewan S4P 4M2
Telephone: 306-780-5940
Fax: 306-780-5733

Indian and Inuit Affairs (British Columbia Region)
Suite 340
1550 Alberni Street
Vancouver, B.C. V6G 3C5
Telephone: 604-666-7891
Fax: 604-666-2546

DIAND (Northwest Territories Region)
P.O. Box 1500
Yellowknife, N.W.T. X1A 2R3
Telephone: 403-669-2500
Telephone: 403-669-2709
Internet: http://nwt-tno.inac-ainc.gc.ca/ism-sid/index_e.asp

DIAND (Yukon Region)
345-300 Main Street
Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2B5
Telephone: 867-667-3100
Fax: 867-667-3196

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (Quebec Region)
P.O. Box 51127
Postal Outlet G. Roy
320 St. Joseph Street East
Quebec, Quebec G1K 8Z7
Telephone: 418-648-7551
Fax: 418-648-4075
Internet: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/qc/index_e.html

Indian and Inuit Affairs (Manitoba Region)
Room 1100
275 Portage Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 3A3
Telephone: 204-983-4928
Fax: 204-983-7820

Indian and Inuit Affairs (Albert Region)
630 Canada Place
9700 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta  T5J 4G2
Telephone: 403-495-2773
Fax: 403-495-4088

For further information see:

Canadian Almanac & Directory.Toronto, Ontario: Copp, Clark. Annual. (FHL book 971 E4ca.) This is a listing of various libraries, government offices, and other information.

Russell, Bill. Records of the Federal Department of Indian Affairs at the National Archives of Canada: A Source for Genealogical Research.(FHL book 970.1 R911r.) This book includes a list of Indian records at the National Archives of Canada.

Tribal Offices

Since the Indian Reorganization Act in 1934, some tribes in the United States have started to keep their own records. They keep the same records as a county or town would keep, such as land, probate, or vital records. Be sure to call the office ahead of time to get the hours the office is open and what records are available. In Canada records at the tribal offices may start later than 1934.

Other Libraries

Public Libraries. Remember to use your local public library. Some have sections devoted to specialty areas such as genealogy, Native Americans, and other ethnic or historical collections.

Addresses of many private Canadian archives, libraries, museums, educational centers, tribal headquarters, newspapers, and other nongovernmental organizations controlled by or serving Indians, Inuit, and mixed-blood groups are listed in:

Snyder, Fred, ed. Native American Directory: Alaska, Canada, United States.San Carlos, Arizona: National Native American Co-Operative, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 B768s.)

Museums sometimes have archives or libraries with helpful information. For addresses, see:

Brascoupé, Simon, ed. Directory of North American Indian Museums & Cultural Centers. 1981. Niagra Falls, New York: North American Indian Museums Association, 1980. (FHL book 970.1 B736d.)

The following libraries also have exceptional Native American collections.

University of Oklahoma Library (Norman, Oklahoma). Some of the items included in the collection are “Ridge-Watie-Boudinot Families,” “Duke Indian Oral History Collection,” and “Cherokee Nation Papers.” The materials include personal papers such as correspondence, diaries, journals, scrapbooks, legal and financial records concerning the affairs of businesses and organizations, tribal records that include Indian laws, governments, relations with the U.S. Government, newspaper articles, brochures, and pamphlets. These are described in:

American Indian Resource Materials in the Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma.Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (FHL Book no. 970.1 Am35d.)

Gibson, Arrell M., ed. A Guide to Regional Manuscript Collections in the Division of Manuscripts: University of Oklahoma Library. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 976.6 H2g.)

Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma).Includes records of Cyrus Byinton a Presbyterian minister and missionary to the Choctaws, papers of Brinton Darlington an agent for the Cheyenne-Arapaho from1871 to 1972. These are described in:

Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art. A Guidebook to Manuscripts in the Library of the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art. Tulsa, Oklahoma: TGIAHA, 1969. (FHL book 976.6 A3k.) This guide includes a name and tribe index.

University of Tulsa Library (Tulsa, Oklahoma).Contains several records such as The Worcester-Robertson Family Papers (also known as the Alice Robertson Collection), which contains letters, newspapers, books, photographs, etc. The John W. Shleppy Collection contains mission and missionary histories, captivity narratives, etc. The library also contains muster rolls from Fort Gibson, and handwritten settler’s roll from the Cherokee Nation. These are described in:

“Indian Studies Resources at the University of Tulsa.”The Chronicles of Oklahoma 55 (Spring 1977). (FHL book 976.6 B2c.)

Guides to Other Native American Collections include:

Chepesiuk, Ron. American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL Book no. 970.1 C421a.) This guide contains an index and bibliography of holdings in repositories in the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Connecticut State Library (Hartford, Connecticut). Connecticut Archives, Indians, 1647-1789.Hartford, Connecticut: [N.p..], 1922. (FHL Film 376987 item 2.) This contains an index to the names of persons found in documents of the Connecticut Archives involving Indian affairs and legislation.

Tennessee. State Library and Archives.  Manuscript Division (Nashville). Cherokee Collection. Nashville, Tennessee: The Library, 1966. (FHL film 1425611 item 4.) This collections contains documents from 1755 to 1878, including the papers of John Ross, 1790-1866, who was a Chief of the Cherokees. It contains a name index and a chronology of events.

Mississippi. Department of Archives and History. Mississippi Provincial Archives [1757-1820] Spanish Dominion. Jackson, Mississippi: Photoduplication Div., 1969. (FHL Film 899972­80.) These records were copied from documents in the General Archive of the Indies in Seville, Spain. They are written in Spanish, French, and English and are unindexed. They contain records of the Spanish government and military regulations of early Louisiana and other Gulf coast states.

An Essay Toward an Indian Bibliography: Being a Catalogue of Books Relating to the History, Antiquities, Languages, Customs, Religion, Wars, Literature and Origin of the American Indians in the Library of Thomas W. Field, with Bibliographical and Historical Notes and Synopses of the Contents of Some of the Works Least Known,1873 reprint. Columbus, Ohio: Long’s College Book Co., 1951. (FHL Book 970.1 F458e .) The sources in this bibliography are listed by the name of the author and include a description of the books.

California Indian Library Collections. Finding Guide to the California Indian Library Collections: California State Library. Berkeley, California: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. This set contains tribal collections deposited in twenty California public libraries, photographs, an index to three collections of sound recordings, 36 tribal bibliographies, and more.

Bibliography of Native Americans on Disc. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1992. This contains the most comprehensive general bibliography of articles and books about Native Americans.

NATIVE AMERICAN RECORDS IN OTHER COUNTRIES

Some records are in the archives of other governments.  To use these records, it will help to know the language of the country.

For instance, in the French Archives there are many records of the Jesuits, some dealing with the Hurons. There are other records dealing with Colonial America before the British took over. These records are written in French.

Records kept by the Russians for Alaska and parts of Canada are either housed in St. Petersburg (Church records) or Moscow (government records).  These records are in Russian or Finnish. Some of the church records are available at the Family History Library.

A guide book to help search British records is:

Reid, Judith Prowse. Genealogical Research in England’s Public Record Office: A Guide for North Americans. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1996. (FHL book 973 D27rjp.) This lists some of the record categories in the Public Record Office pertaining to North America, and how to find them and use them in genealogical research.

For further information, try the following Internet sites:

Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts www.hmc.gov.uk

Public Record Office www.pro.gov.uk  or

www.genuki.org.uk/big/#archives

For further information see:

Anderson, William L.  A Guide to Cherokee Documents in Foreign Archives. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1983. (FHL book 970.3 C424aw.) This lists material in archives in Canada, France, Great Britain, Mexico, and Spain dealing with Cherokee Indians.

Forbes, Jack D. Apache, Navaho [sic] and Spaniard. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. (FHL book 970.1 F744.) This lists records of the Apache and Navajo tribes in archives in Spain and Mexico.

Freeman, John F.  A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian in the Library of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: American Philosophical Society, 1966. (FHL book 970.1 F877g.) This lists some records that are in Archives in Mexico, Great Britain, and France.

Shankman, Arnold M. American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982. (FHL book 970.1 C421a.) Some libraries list other Archives, such as the Archives Nationale in Paris and the British Public Records Office, as additional places to look for records.

FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY

The Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a large collection of Native American records. The address is:

Family History Library
35 North West Temple St.
Salt Lake City, UT 84120
Telephone: 801-240-2331
Internet: www.familysearch.org

The key to finding a record in the Family History Library's collection is the Family History Library Catalog. The catalog describes each of the library's records and provides the call numbers. The catalog is available on compact disc as part of FamilySearch and on microfiche. It is at the Family History Library and at each family history center.

The Family History Library Catalog  has eight types of searches.  The following would be most useful for this application.

Place Search''

The Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists records according to the area they cover. Records relating to the entire nation, such as Indian handbooks, are listed under Canada or the United States. Some records are for province or state. Most records are listed under a specific county, town, or parish.

For example, in the Place Search look for:

  • The place where an ancestor lived, such as:

NORTH AMERICA(continent) CANADA(nation) QUEBEC(province or state) QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE(state or province, county) QUEBEC, LAPRAIRIE, CAUGHNAWAGA

(state or province, county, town)

  • Then the record type you want, such as:

NORTH AMERICA -NATIVE RACESUNITED STATES -MINORITIESOKLAHOMA -CENSUSOKLAHOMA, OTTAWA -VITAL RECORDSOKLAHOMA, OTTAWA, WYANDOTTE ­

SCHOOLS''

Almost any Place Search record type could include Indians, but two types are more closely associated with Indians than most. The “Native Races” record type is always about Indians if used with a locality in the United States or Canada. The “Minorities” record type is usually about other ethnic or religious groups, but occasionally it includes mixed ancestry groups which are partially Indian.

Subject Search''

You can also find many Indian records in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog on microfiche. First look under the name of the tribe or ethnic group, such as:

  • CHEROKEE INDIANS
  • CREE INDIANS
  • NAVAJO INDIANS

Some ethnic groups listed in the Subject Search have mixed ancestry which is partially Indian, such as:

  • CREOLES
  • MELUNGEONS
  • MÉTIS

The subject INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA includes the largest group of records about Indians. There are many subdivisions. A few examples are:

INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­BIOGRAPHY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - BRITISH

COLUMBIA INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CENSUS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - CLAIMS INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA ­

GENEALOGY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - HISTORY INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - MIXED

BLOODS
INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA -
RESERVATIONS - DIRECTORIES
INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA - TEXAS

Surname Search

Look for Indian biographies in the Surname Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the individual, such as:

  • BLACK HAWK, Sauk chief, 1767-1838.
  • POCAHONTAS, d. 1617.
  • ROSS, JOHN, Cherokee chief, 1790-1866.
  • TECUMSEH, Shawnee chief, 1768-1813.

Many Canadian and American families have some Indian ancestors. You can look for family histories listing Indian ancestors in the Surname Search under the family name, such as:

  • HOUSTON
  • RIDDLE
  • ROLFE
  • SMITH