United States Colored Troops in the Civil War
The United States Army began to organize African Americans into regimental units known as the United States Colored Troops (USCT) in 1863. The enlistment of free blacks and slaves was considered a key to winning the war. Many USCT regiments originated as state militia units before 1863. The regiments included cavalry, artillery and infantry.
Approximately 186,000 African Americans served in the United States Colored Troops volunteer cavalry, artillery,and infantry units during the Civil War.
The service records of the United States Colored Troops are indexed on M589 roll 49 FHL Film: 1276501(96 rolls FHL # 1266617) The service records have not yet been filmed, and are available from the National Archives.
For charts listing microfilmed military records available through the National Archive and Family History Library film numbers: click here.
In searching military or other records for an ancestors name that served with a United States Colored Troop (USCT) abbreviations or marks may be found within the record or following the name that may give clues about their military service.
Some of the abbreviations or marks may include.
- A.D. = African Descent
- C.d'A. Corps d'Afrique
- col.,cold., col. = Colored
- POC = Person of Color
- USCA Lt + U. S. Colored Artillery(Light)
- USCA Hvy = U.S. Colored Artillery (Heavy)
- USCC = U.C. Colored Cavalry
- USCHA = U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery
- USCI = U.S. Colored Infantry
- USCLtA = U.S. Colored Light Artillery
- USCT = U.S. Colored Troops
United States Colored Troops Military Units
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
The information in the lists of United States Colored Troops comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site is searchable by soldier's name.
Regiments of United States Colored Troops
A chronology chart of dates of formation, location, regiment and state is found at the following site:http://www.lwfaaf.net/cwdata/cwbattle.htm
These Regiment numbers are missing - failed to organize
- 129th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
- 130th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
- 131st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
- 132nd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
- 133rd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
- 134th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Battleground of the USCT's: http://www.nps.gov/rich/historyculture/background.htm
United States Colored Troops Cemteries
The following on line site sponsored by the Center for Civil War Research is developing pages to include information on the burial plots of United States Colored Troops in the United States.
USCT buried in the cemeteries and graveyards of Bedford County, Pennsylvania http://bedfordpahistory.com/civilwar/usct.html
United States Colored Troops Prisoners of War
Confederate prisions included: Andersonville inGeorgia, Salisbury, North Carolina,Danville, North Carolina,and Libby.
The U.S. Colored Troops at Andersonville Prision. by Bob O'Connor. Infinity Publishing, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. 2010. FHL Book: 975.8913/A2 M2o (title # 1861140)
Civil War Sesquicentellial - 150th Anniversary
This site shares news, events and websites for serveral states about the upcoming commemorations.
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- Fleming, Ann Carter,and Ruth Ann Abels Hager. "Slaves, Soldiers, and Citizens: Special Civil War Recruitment Lists,: National Genealogical Society Quarterly vol. 91 (June 2003):139-143.
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- Schaffer, Donald R. 'I Do Not Suppose that Uncle Sam Looks at the Skin': African Americans and the Civil War Pension System, 1865-1934.Civil War History 46 (June 2000): 132-142
- Smith, John David, editor. Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
- Trudeau, Noah Andre. Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865, Boston, Massacchusetts: Little Brown and Co, 1998.