United States Census Veterans Schedules

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Veterans schedules are available on microfilm at the National Archives and the Family History Library and online.

1840 - Census of Pensioners, alphabetical by state

1890 - surviving schedules include Washington D.C., part of Kentucky through the rest of the alphabet, Indian territories, and U.S. ships and navy yards.

Historical Background

1840 - A listing was made of Revolutionary War pensioners on the back side of the 1840 population schedules.  

1890 - Schedules were made of Union Civil War veterans or their widows.
        - Confederate veterans were mistakenly listed as well.


1840 Information includes:

                        Age of the veteran
                        Place where he was living
                        Name of the head of the household. 

1890 Information includes:
                        Rank, company, name of regiment or vessel
                        Date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service
                        Post office address
                        Disability incurred


Veteran's schedules can be used to:

                        Verify military service

                        Identify the specific military unit in which a person served

                        Trace Civil War veterans to their places of origin


1840 Federal Census

  •  A General Index to A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (FHL book 973 X2pc 1965 index; fiche 6046771; film 899835.)

The census of pensioners is published in:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. (FHL book 973 X2pc 1840; film 2321.)

1890 Veterans Schedules

1890 schedules have been indexed for every state for which schedules exist.

  • Nelson, Ken 1890 U.S. Census : Index to Surviving Population Schedules and Register of Film Numbers to the Special Census of Union Veterans, Salt Lake City, Utah : Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Library, c1984, c1991 HL: US/CAN Book 973 X2na .

Ancestry has included the indexing of this schedule as part of its 1890 Census Substitute. 

 Web Sites

Ancestry.com:  http://content.ancestry.com/

1840 Census of Pensioners:  http://www.usgennet.org/usa/topic/colonial/census/1840/


  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.