United States Census State Censuses

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  State Censuses

State censuses were often taken in the years between the federal censuses, such as 1875 or 1892. For some states these exist from about 1825 to 1925. The originals are usually found in state archives, and copies of most are on microfilm at the Family History Library. The library's most complete collections of state censuses are for Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. However censuses exist for the following states also: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, District of ColumbiaFlorida, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington and Wyoming.

For lists of state, territorial, and colonial censuses, see:

  • each individual state's respective census Wiki page
  • Summer Owens blog article State Censuses
  • Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1992). (FHL 973 X2Lai). State-by-state list of censuses, and selected census substitutes. Describes dates, coverage, content, indexes and availability.
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Library, US/Canada Reference Staff, State Census Register, 3 vols. (Salt Lake City: Family History Library, 2005). (FHL 973 X23us). Available free online through Brigham Young University's Family History Archive: Vol. 1, Alabama - Kansas; Vol. 2, Kentucky - New York; Vol. 3, North Carolina - Wyoming.

State, colonial, and territorial censuses at the Family History Library are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under


Location of records--State census records may be found at state archives, state historical societies, state libraries, the Family History Library, or on the Internet. State census records at the Family History Library are in separate cabinets from the federal census microfilms.


State census records may help fill in the gaps in the years between the federal censuses. State census records may have asked different or unusual questions which may give additional information on the family. 


Indexes for state census records vary. You may find the following types of indexes:

No index
Surname index
Heads of house and strays index
Every name index
Soundex or Miracode index
Reconstructed index
Town, county, or state index
Multi-volume or multi-year indexes

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