United States Census Slave Schedules

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Portal:United States Census 


The National Archives has retained and microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.

Slave schedules were kept for:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.

1850 name index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age, gender, and color data of the slaves in census states or territories. This was first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule.

Ancestry has images and every name indexes for 1850 and 1860 slave schedules.

Historical Background

1850-1860--Slaves were ususally not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owners name.


                         City, town, or subdistrict of slave owner
                         Name of slave owner
                         Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color
                         Manumitted (freed)
                         Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic


                         Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.  Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not. 

                         Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or  not, and its size.


Few slave schedules have been indexed.  Ancestry has indexes for 1850.

Web Sites

Ancestry.com (1850): http://content.ancestry.com/


  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.