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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420440 |title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>
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'''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]'''
 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1420440  
 +
| title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850  
 +
| location=United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Slave Schedules
 +
| record_group_nr = 29 
 +
| record_group_title = [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census]
 +
| start_year = 1850
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M432
 +
| micro_pub_title = Seventh Census of the United States, 1850
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/598246 598246]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1401638?collectionNameFilter=false 1850 Census]
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| FS_URL_02 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1420441?collectionNameFilter=false 1850 Mortality Schedules]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[United States|United States]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Census Slave Schedules]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1850-slave-schedules.pdf NARA 1850 Federal Census Slave Form]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation/ NARA Nonpopulation Census Records]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
 +
}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
+
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:
  
Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following places:&nbsp;
+
*Alabama, rolls 17-24
 +
*Arkansas, roll 32
 +
*Delaware, roll 55
 +
*District of Columbia, roll 57
 +
*Florida, roll 60
 +
*Georgia, rolls 88-96
 +
*Kentucky, rolls 223-228 
 +
*Louisiana, rolls 242-247
 +
*Maryland, rolls 300-302 
 +
*Mississippi, rolls 383-390 
 +
*Missouri, rolls 422-424
 +
*North Carolina, rolls 650-656 
 +
*South Carolina, rolls 861-868 
 +
*Tennessee, rolls 902-907 
 +
*Texas, rolls 917--918 
 +
*Utah Territory
 +
*Virginia, rolls 983-993
  
*Alabama
+
Slave schedules are not available for other states.
*Arkansas
 
*Delaware
 
*District of Columbia
 
*Florida
 
*Georgia
 
*Kentucky
 
*Louisiana
 
*Maryland
 
*Mississippi
 
*Missouri
 
*North Carolina
 
*South Carolina
 
*Tennessee
 
*Texas
 
*Utah Territory
 
*Virginia
 
  
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].
+
===To Browse This Collection===
  
U.S. Census Slave Schedule, 1850  
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1420440
 +
|title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
 +
}}
  
Census slave schedules are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|1850 Slave Schedule
 +
</gallery>
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
Slave schedules include the following information:
  
{{Collection citation
+
*Name of slave owner
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Census Office. United States federal census slavery schedule 1850. NARA microfilm publication M0432. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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*Number of slaves owned
 
+
*Age, gender, and color of slave
[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
*If slave is a fugitive, from what state
 +
*Has slave been emancipated
 +
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
  
== Record Content ==
+
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
  
Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the slave owner.
 +
*The age of the slave.
 +
*The state where the slave may have lived.
  
[[Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|thumb|center]]
+
=== Search the Index ===
 
+
{{Search Collection Link
*Name of slave owner
+
| CID=CID1420440
*Age, color, and sex of slave
+
}}
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves&nbsp;
+
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1420440|Browse Page|access=browse}}'''<br>
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
# Select '''State'''
 +
# Select '''County'''
 +
# Select '''Township or other division of county''' to view the images.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
+
Keep in mind:  
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>
 
⇒Select the "State" category<br>
 
⇒Select the "County"which takes you to the images<br>
 
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
Or
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.  Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1420440 United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.  
+
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 +
When you have located your possible ancestor on the slave schedule, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. The slave schedule could possibly provide clues to other records.
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
 +
*Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
+
== Known Issues With This Collection  ==
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-Slave-Schedule-1850-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
*[[United States|United States]]
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-Slave-Schedule-1850-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
*[[United States Census Slave Schedules]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
==Citing This Collection==
 +
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
;Collection Citation:
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850."Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp</nowiki>: accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.}}<br><br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Record_Citation}}
 +
 +
{{Image_Citation}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ," &nbsp;database and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVHW-T16&nbsp;: accessed 4 April 2012), Mary Adams (Washington city, Washington, District of Columbia).
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|fr=Etats-Unis : Recensement et Relevé des Esclaves en 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)}}
 +
[[Category:United_States_Census FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:37, 16 November 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 .
CID1420440
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Slave Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1850
Microfilm Publication M432. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850.
Arrangement Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
National Archives Identifier 598246
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama, rolls 17-24
  • Arkansas, roll 32
  • Delaware, roll 55
  • District of Columbia, roll 57
  • Florida, roll 60
  • Georgia, rolls 88-96
  • Kentucky, rolls 223-228
  • Louisiana, rolls 242-247
  • Maryland, rolls 300-302
  • Mississippi, rolls 383-390
  • Missouri, rolls 422-424
  • North Carolina, rolls 650-656
  • South Carolina, rolls 861-868
  • Tennessee, rolls 902-907
  • Texas, rolls 917--918
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia, rolls 983-993

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

Slave schedules include the following information:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

How Do I Search This Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the slave owner.
  • The age of the slave.
  • The state where the slave may have lived.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select State
  2. Select County
  3. Select Township or other division of county to view the images.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your possible ancestor on the slave schedule, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. The slave schedule could possibly provide clues to other records.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
  • Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850."Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp: accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.