United States Census, Mortality Schedules, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 15:59, 29 December 2010 by Joycebevans (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search
FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850 .
CID1420441
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
 


1850 United States Census Mortality.jpg

Collection Time History

Mortality schedules exist for the census year 1850, 1860 and 1880.

Record Description

The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators.

Record Content

Mortality schedules include the following genealogical information:

  • Name, sex, age, and color of the deceased
  • Whether married or widowed
  • Birthplace (state, territory, or country)
  • Month of death
  • Occupation (profession or trade)
  • Cause of death
  • If parents were foreign born (1870 only)
  • Length of residence in the United States (1880 only)
  • Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 only) 

How To Use The Record

Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.

Record History

Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules.

Why This Record Was Created

In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.”

Record Reliability

Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.

Related Web Sites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.

Related Wiki Articles

United States Census Mortality Schedules

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Sources of This Collection

"U.S. Census Mortality Schedule, 1850," database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States Census Office. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from the record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.


The suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections

Examples of Sourch Citations for a Record in This Collection

  • United States. Bureau of Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From Family Searc Internet (www.familysearch.org: Setpemper 29.2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B,line 71.
  • Mexico, Districto Federal, Catholic Church Records 1886-1933, digital imagbes, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Femandez Jimenez, 1 Feb, 1910, San Pedro Apostol, Cuahimalpa, Districto Federal, Mexico Film number 0227023