Difference between revisions of "United States Census, Mortality Schedules, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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==== ''This wiki article describes a collections that is available for free online at FamilySearch Record Search. To access this collections, see:''[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420441;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable ''1850 United States Census (Mortality Schedule)''] ====
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420441 |title=United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>
  
[[Image:1850 United States Census Mortality.jpg|thumb|center]]
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== Record Description  ==
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The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators.  
  
== Collection Time History  ==
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For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1401638/waypoints].
  
Mortality schedules exist for the census year 1850, 1860 and 1880.  
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Mortality schedules exist for the census year 1850, 1860, and 1880.&nbsp;
  
== Record History  ==
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Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules.
  
Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested.&nbsp;Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules.  
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In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.
  
=== Why This&nbsp;Record Was Created  ===
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Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.
  
In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.”
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.  
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{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Census Office. United States census mortality schedules 1850-1880. NARA microfilm publication T655. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
  
== Record Description  ==
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[[United States Census Mortality Schedules, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators.&nbsp;
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== Record Content  ==
  
=== Record Content  ===
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'''These Mortality Schedules included the following genealogical information:'''
  
Mortality schedules include the following genealogical information:
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[[Image:1850 United States Census Mortality.jpg|thumb|center|1850 United States Census Mortality.jpg]]
  
*Name, sex, age, and color of the deceased  
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*Name, age, gender, and color of deceased  
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*Free person or slave
 
*Whether married or widowed  
 
*Whether married or widowed  
 
*Birthplace (state, territory, or country)  
 
*Birthplace (state, territory, or country)  
*Month of death  
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*Month in which death occurred
 
*Occupation (profession or trade)  
 
*Occupation (profession or trade)  
 
*Cause of death  
 
*Cause of death  
*If parents were foreign born (1870 only)  
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*If parents were foreign born (1870 Census only)  
*Length of residence in the United States (1880 only)  
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*Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)  
*Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 only)&nbsp;
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*Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)
 
 
== How To Use The Record  ==
 
  
Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.<br>
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== How to Use the Record  ==
  
== Related Websites ==
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To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State" category<br> ⇒Select the "County" category which takes you to the images<br>
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
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Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
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Or
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census_Mortality_Schedules United States Census Mortality Schedules]
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Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
 +
Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.<br>
  
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== Related Websites  ==
  
== Sources of This Collection ==
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[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]&nbsp;
  
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
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*[[United States|United States]]
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*[[United States Census Mortality Schedules]]
  
==== How to Cite Your Sources ====
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
''Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cite_Your_Sources_%28Source_Footnotes%29 Cite Your Sources (Source Footnotes)]''
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{{Contributor invite}}
  
<br>
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
<br>
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.<br>  
  
<br>
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
  
====== CID1420441 Please do not erase or change this indentification number ======
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
  
==== ''[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Collection_ID What's this?]'' ====
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"United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850," database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M9V8-G1C&nbsp;: accessed 4 April 2012), Amos Wright (Lee county, Lee, Iowa). Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]] [[Category:United_States_FamilySearch_Record_Collections]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census|1850]]

Revision as of 19:08, 8 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850 .
CID1420441
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Record Description

The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators.

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [1].

Mortality schedules exist for the census year 1850, 1860, and 1880. 

Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules.

In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.”

Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Census Office. United States census mortality schedules 1850-1880. NARA microfilm publication T655. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

These Mortality Schedules included the following genealogical information:

1850 United States Census Mortality.jpg
  • Name, age, gender, and color of deceased
  • Free person or slave
  • Whether married or widowed
  • Birthplace (state, territory, or country)
  • Month in which death occurred
  • Occupation (profession or trade)
  • Cause of death
  • If parents were foreign born (1870 Census only)
  • Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)
  • Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)

How to Use the Record

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Or

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.

Related Websites

United States Census Online 

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M9V8-G1C : accessed 4 April 2012), Amos Wright (Lee county, Lee, Iowa). Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.