United States Census 1900
Indexes and Images
For an article about 1900 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1900 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1900 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1900 federal censuses. A Soundex index for each state and for institutions is also available on microfilm.
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.
The 1900 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1900, for thirty days or two weeks for populations of 10,000+. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
- Relationship to head of household
- Month and year of birth
- Age at last birthday
- Marital status
- Number of years married
- Total children born to mother
- Number of children living
- Birthplace of parents
- Foreign born
- Year of Immigration
- Number of years in U.S.
- Citizenship status of over 21
- Read, write & speak English
- Home owned or rented
- Home was a farm
- Home was mortgaged
1900 Census Questions: Hosted by CensusFinder.com
The 1900 census can be used to:
- identify month of birth
- identify year of marriage
- determine year of immigration
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html
Unique Features and Problems
- Month & year of birth
- Number of years married
- Number of children born & living
- How long immigrant been in country & if naturalized
- Home/farm was owned/rented
- Property free or mortgaged
- Person Civil War Vet or widow of one
- A Soundex index is available for each state.
- Oklahoma census schedules and Soundex indexes are split between Oklahoma Territory to the northwest, and Indian Territory to the southeast.
States and Territories Covered
- All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:
- Alaska (unorganized)
- American Samoa (U.S. armed forces)
- Cuba (U.S. armed forces)
- Guam (U.S. armed forces)
- New Mexico
- Oklahoma — split between
- Philippines (U.S. armed forces)
- Puerto Rico (U.S. armed forces)
- No States Missing
Where to Find the Records
The 1900 Federal Census is available online.
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
How to Cite Your Sources
An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 12th census, 1900. United States Census, 1900. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Jennie Smith, Pike Township, Election District 2, Bradford, Pennsylvania, image number 00027.