United States Census 1880

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1880 Census - A Free Internet Index and Images can be viewed on the Family Search Pilort - Pilot Site. It  was taken beginning 1 June 1880, for thirty days or two weeks for communities with 10,000+ populations.  The following information was recorded by the census taker:
                        Race: (white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
                        Month of birth if born within year
                        Relationship to head of household
                        Single, married, widowed, divorced
                        Married within year
                        Occupation/months unemployed
                        Parents’ birthplace
                        School attendance within year
                       Whether unable to read if age 10+
                        Sick or temporarily disabled when enumerated & reason
                        Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled

Missing Data

A few localities in the 1880 U.S. census are either missing or were absorbed into other counties. When missing localities were reported, they were checked against their original census data. It was confirmed that the localities were missing in the original census returns. The following localities are missing data.  Details can be found on the state census page and individual county page.

Kentucky = Crittenden County
Michigan = Oscoda and Sanilac Counties
Missouri = St. Louis
New York = Bronx and Madison and Tioga Counties
North Carolina = Guilford County 
Ohio = Allen County 
Utah = Rich County
Virginia = Henrico and York Countues

New York City = includes all 5 boroughs, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Kings.

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

HCP entry  is an occasional footnote in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints abstract of the 1880 U.S. census.


The 1880 census can be used to:1

                        Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information
                        Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.
                        Identify relationships—surnamesof married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives
                        Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids
                        Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

1.  Asked the relationship to the head of household
2.  Asked marital status
3.  Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes
4.  Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation
5.  Lists number of months unemployed.
6  Lists birthplace of parents
7. People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.
8. Soundex: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years

States Covered and Missing

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

No states missing 


  • Arizona
  • Dakota
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • New Mexico
  • Utah
  • Wyoming

 Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html


1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

2.  Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.

To open the FamilySearch 1880 census search page, click here. For information about the 1880 census on the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service, click here.