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(States and Territories Covered)
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/696888?availability=Family%20History%20Library Alabama]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/696888 Alabama]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698884 Arizona]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698885?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arkansas]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698885 Arkansas]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698886?availability=Family%20History%20Library California]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698887 Colorado]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698888?availability=Family%20History%20Library Connecticut]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698888 Connecticut]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698889?availability=Family%20History%20Library Dakota]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698890?availability=Family%20History%20Library Delaware]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698890 Delaware]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698891?availability=Family%20History%20Library District of Columbia]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698892?availability=Family%20History%20Library Florida]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698893?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/699190?availability=Family%20History%20Library Idaho]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/699190 Idaho]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698894?availability=Family%20History%20Library Illinois]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698894 Illinois]
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698895?availability=Family%20History%20Library Indiana]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698895 Indiana]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698896?availability=Family%20History%20Library Iowa]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698896 Iowa]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698897?availability=Family%20History%20Library Kansas]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698897 Kansas]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698898?availability=Family%20History%20Library Kentucky]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698898 Kentucky]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698899?availability=Family%20History%20Library Louisiana]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698899 Louisiana]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698900?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maine]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698900 Maine]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698901?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maryland]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698901 Maryland]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698902?availability=Family%20History%20Library Massachusetts]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698902 Massachusetts]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698903?availability=Family%20History%20Library Michigan]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698903 Michigan]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698904?availability=Family%20History%20Library Minnesota]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698904 Minnesota]
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698905?availability=Family%20History%20Library Mississippi]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698905 Mississippi]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698906?availability=Family%20History%20Library Missouri]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698906 Missouri]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698907?availability=Family%20History%20Library Montana]   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698907 Montana]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698908?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nebraska]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698908 Nebraska]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698909?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nevada]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698909 Nevada]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698910?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698910 New Hampshire]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698911?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Jersey]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698911 New Jersey]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698912?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Mexico]   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698912 New Mexico]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698913?availability=Family%20History%20Library New York]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698913 New York]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698914?availability=Family%20History%20Library North Carolina]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698914 North Carolina]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698915?availability=Family%20History%20Library Ohio]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698915 Ohio]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698916?availability=Family%20History%20Library Oregon]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698916 Oregon]
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698917?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698917 Pennsylvania]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698918?availability=Family%20History%20Library Rhode Island]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698918 Rhode Island]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698919?availability=Family%20History%20Library South Carolina]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698919 South Carolina]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698920?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tennessee]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698920 Tennessee]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698921?availability=Family%20History%20Library Texas]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698921 Texas]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698922?availability=Family%20History%20Library Utah]   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698922 Utah]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698923?availability=Family%20History%20Library Vermont]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698923 Vermont]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698924?availability=Family%20History%20Library Virginia]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698924 Virginia]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698925?availability=Family%20History%20Library Washington]   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698925 Washington]   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698926?availability=Family%20History%20Library West Virginia]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698926 West Virginia]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698928?availability=Family%20History%20Library Wisconsin]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698928 Wisconsin]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698929?availability=Family%20History%20Library Wyoming]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/698929 Wyoming]
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783024?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arizona] Mortality   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783024 Arizona] Mortality   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620295?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arkansas] Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620295 Arkansas] Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783096?availability=Family%20History%20Library Colorado] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783096 Colorado] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/41227?availability=Family%20History%20Library Connecticut] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/41227 Connecticut] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783143?availability=Family%20History%20Library District of Columbia] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783143 District of Columbia] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589484?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia]Agricultural,Manufactures, Social Statistics   
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589484 Georgia]Agricultural,Manufactures, Social Statistics   
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783149?availability=Family%20History%20Library Georgia] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783149 Georgia] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2287447?availability=Family%20History%20Library Illinois] Non-population
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2287447 Illinois] Non-population
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1180241?availability=Family%20History%20Library Indiana] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1180241 Indiana] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2274801?availability=Family%20History%20Library Iowa] Non-population
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2274801 Iowa] Non-population
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/531014?availability=Family%20History%20Library Iowa] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/531014 Iowa] Mortality
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783169?availability=Family%20History%20Library Louisiana] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/783169 Louisiana] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/292606?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maine] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/292606 Maine] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265418?availability=Family%20History%20Library Maryland] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265418 Maryland] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/565601?availability=Family%20History%20Library Massachusetts] Social Statistics; Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/565601 Massachusetts] Social Statistics; Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280?availability=Family%20History%20Library Michigan] Non-population
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280 Michigan] Non-population
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/408252?availability=Family%20History%20Library Michigan Mortality]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/408252 Michigan Mortality]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/98340?availability=Family%20History%20Library Minnesota] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/98340 Minnesota] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/279984?availability=Family%20History%20Library Nebraska] Agriculture, Industry, Social Statistics, Nemaha County
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/279984 Nebraska] Agriculture, Industry, Social Statistics, Nemaha County
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/431765?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/431765 New Hampshire] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/630096?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Hampshire] Non-Population
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/630096 New Hampshire] Non-Population
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265451?availability=Family%20History%20Library New Jersey] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/265451 New Jersey] Mortality
 
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/165722?availability=Family%20History%20Library New York] Industry
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/165722 New York] Industry
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/92650?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/92650 Pennsylvania] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589398?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Agricultural
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589398 Pennsylvania] Agricultural
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589445?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Manufacturers
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589445 Pennsylvania] Manufacturers
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589409?availability=Family%20History%20Library Pennsylvania] Social Statistics
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589409 Pennsylvania] Social Statistics
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589494?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tennessee] Non-population
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/589494 Tennessee] Non-population
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/343874?availability=Family%20History%20Library Texas and Utah] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/343874 Texas and Utah] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/720647?availability=Family%20History%20Library Utah and Vermont] Mortality
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/720647 Utah and Vermont] Mortality
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620313?availability=Family%20History%20Library Utah] Mortality  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/620313 Utah] Mortality  
 
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Latest revision as of 09:11, 2 December 2019

Indexes and Images[edit | edit source]

The 1870 census was the ninth census taken by the United States.The census began on June 1, and was largely completed by January of 1871. Enumerators counted a national population of approximately 38,500,000 and was the first census to identify all African Americans by name. Census takers counted every person in each family on the 1st day of June. In addition to the population schedules,mortality, agriculture, manufacture ans social statistics schedules may also be available. The census is searchable on FamilySearch see United States Census, 1870. Census records are part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census at the National Archives.

Ninth Census Schedules - Forms

Finding Aids

Research Helps

Content[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

Population Schedule

  • Name: of every person whose place of abode on the 1st day of June, 1870, was in this family.
  • Age:at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12.
  • Sex: (M) Male); (F) Female
  • Color: (W) White; (Black (B); (M) Mulatto; (C) Chinese; (I) Indian.
  • Profession, occupation, trade of each person, male and female.
  • Value real estate
  • Value personal property
  • Birthplace: state or territory of the United States, or the country, if of foreign birth
  • Father foreign born

  • Mother foreign born
  • Month born in census year: state month.
  • Month married in census year: state month.
  • School in census year
  • Can’t read or write
  • Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
  • Male eligible to vote
  • Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards.
  • Male Citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.

Value[edit | edit source]

The 1870 census can be used to:

  • Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War
  • Parents of foreign birth may indicate naturalization records
  • Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  • First census to identify all African Americans by name.

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems[edit | edit source]

  1. Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
  2. Asked if born within the year and to give month
  3. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
  4. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
  5. If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
  6. The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)
  7. It has been said that many people were missed in the South
  8. Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
  9. Families numbered in order of visitation
  10. Name every person living in household
  11. Children under 1—months as fractions
  12. 1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth

States and Territories Covered[edit | edit source]

States - Population Schedules

Mortality, Agricultural and Manufacturer's Schedules

Missing Records[edit | edit source]

Where to Find the Records[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Websites[edit | edit source]

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

National Archives

References[edit | edit source]

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)


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